Published on March 3, 2014
M. Bulgakov’ s Literary Memorial Museum THE TURBIN’S HOUSE
Bulgakov envisioned and began his beloved novel The Master and Margarita in 1928, and did the last editing two weeks before his death. The refusal of the authorities to let him work in the theater and the provocations of the critics seemed to damage his health. He became seriously ill and died on March 10, 1940.
The Bulgakov Literary Memorial Museum was founded in February 1989 as a branch (филиал) of the State Museum of Kiev’s History. The address is well known to anyone who appreciates(высоко ценит) the works of the Great Master. It was mentioned in The White Guard(Белая Гвардия) novel:13 Andreyevsky Descent, Kiev. Victor Nekrasov, whose essay “The Turbins’ House” was published in Novy Mir magazine in 1967 , took the first steps back towards this house. Since then this humble(скромный) house is known as the Turbin Family House. It became a new legend of the ancient city.
Mikhail Afanas`evich Bulgakov, a prominent Russian author and playwright, was born in Kiev on May 3 (15), 1891, into the family of an assistant professor at the Kiev Theological Academy, A.I. Bulgakov. Mikhail was one of seven children, the oldest of three brothers. After the death of his father in 1907, Mikhail`s mother - a well-educated and extraordinary diligent person, assumed responsibility for his education. From 1901 to 1904, Mikhail attended the First Kiev Gymnasium. After graduation, Bulgakov entered the Medical Faculty of St. Vladimir University, which he finished with special commendation. He became a physician(врач) at the Kiev Military Hospital. After serving as a surgeon at Chernovtsy hospital, he was appointed provincial physican to Smolensk province. His life in those days were is reflected in his Notes of a Young Physician.
Mikhail Bulgakov himself shared this room with the cousin Konstantin. For now Mikhail is living in Kiev. The young, elegant doctor who graduated with honours from St Vladimir University is working as a volunteer in the Red Cross hospital(It’s the time of thr First World War). Looking just like we see him in the famous photo, he would leave his native town forever. But his characters would return to his house and occupy “their” rooms in it.Nikolka would “inhabit” this room.
The room with its strange corner, like a prow of a ship, protrudes into space. All these are here ( his personal things)… The green light from Bulgakov’s lamp illuminates the desktop(рабочий стол) -the launch pad for anticipating(угадывающихся, приближающихся) situations in life and future plots.
In 1918, Mikhail Bulgakov returned to Kiev where he opened a private practice at his home at no. 13 Andreyevsky Descent. Here he experienced the dreadful years of the Russian Civil War and witnessed ten coups(свидетелем 10 государственных переворотов). Several times successive governments drafted (призыв на воинскую службу) the young doctor into their service. In 1919, he was drafted by the White Army, again as an army physician and then transferred to the Northern Caucasus. There he became seriously ill and barely survived. After this illness he abandoned his career as a doctor for that of a writer. In his autobiography, Bulgakov recalls how he started writing : "Once in 1919 when I was traveling at night by train I wrote a short story. In the town where the train stopped, I took the story to the publisher of the newspaper who published the story".
Bulgakov`s began writing the story about the Civil War in Ukraine in 1923, which he published in the journal Rossiia under the title The White Guard. At the request of Moscow Art Theater (MKHAT), Bulgakov wrote on the basis of this story the play The Days of the Turbins (1926), which was staged on the stage of MKHAT with great success.
In his childhood Mikhail Bulgakov himself shared this rooms with his cousin Konstantin. Here, Nikolka and Lariosik, his cousin from Zhytomir, would hide the precious box of guns in the narrow chink(щель) between the walls. You can still see this chink through the window…and the box.
If you really fond of literature and like magic secrets take my advice to visit the house, where words and phrase from his novels become real… I promise you will amazed and impressed a lot.