The Rome Republic Chap 14 6th Grade

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Information about The Rome Republic Chap 14 6th Grade

Published on February 16, 2008

Author: cuevasl

Source: slideshare.net

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Rome - The Republic
Middle School 6-8

The Rome Republic Chapter 14 509 BC – 30 BC

The Government Hierarchy of Government Chosen for life Veto power Administrators/ Military leaders handled daily problems protected rights of plebians 2 Consuls Senate 300 Senators Judges Assemblies Tribunes

 

 

The Twelve Tables Roman law not written down 450 BC 12 bronze tablets Foundation for future Roman Law Steps toward a democratic society

Roman law not written down

450 BC 12 bronze tablets

Foundation for future Roman Law

Steps toward a democratic society

Section 2 Feared Etruscan Revival Invasion alliance 290 BC – leading power in Central Italy Legions- strong army (5000) Subgroups of 60-120 Legionaries- soldiers

Feared Etruscan Revival

Invasion

alliance

290 BC – leading power in Central Italy

Legions- strong army (5000)

Subgroups of 60-120

Legionaries- soldiers

Legions vs. Phalanx Legions Smaller/move faster Fight independently Move to all sides of enemy Phalanx Fought as group 1 direction to fight enemy

Legions

Smaller/move faster

Fight independently

Move to all sides of enemy

Phalanx

Fought as group

1 direction to fight enemy

Legions as a Fighting Force Well trained Practiced with double edged swords Built fortified camps before nightfall when on the move Built roads from lava block for easier transportation of supplies

Well trained

Practiced with double edged swords

Built fortified camps before nightfall when on the move

Built roads from lava block for easier transportation of supplies

Those who were conquered… Romans – mild rulers Did not tax those they conquered (at first) Allowed to keep their own government Some allowed to become citizens IN RETURN Serve in army Support Roman foreign policy

Romans – mild rulers

Did not tax those they conquered (at first)

Allowed to keep their own government

Some allowed to become citizens

IN RETURN

Serve in army

Support Roman foreign policy

Roman Expansion

Section 3 THE PUNIC WARS

The set-up Romans still conquering lands Moved towards Phoenician city-Carthage Carthage controlled North & West Africa Most of present day Spain Western ½ of Sicily Romans wanted Sicily Felt threatened by Carthaginians Had some good grain on the island

The set-up

Romans still conquering lands

Moved towards Phoenician city-Carthage

Carthage controlled

North & West Africa

Most of present day Spain

Western ½ of Sicily

Romans wanted Sicily

Felt threatened by Carthaginians

Had some good grain on the island

1st Punic War

Started 264 B.C. Lasted 23 years! Carthage power rested in a strong navy Rome power came from its army Romans found Carthaginian ship on beach Modeled a ship after it Corvus – movable bridge-improvement Allowed Romans to board their ships Romans defeated them in 241 BC- Carthaginians left Sicily

Started 264 B.C.

Lasted 23 years!

Carthage power rested in a strong navy

Rome power came from its army

Romans found Carthaginian ship on beach

Modeled a ship after it

Corvus – movable bridge-improvement

Allowed Romans to board their ships

Romans defeated them in 241 BC-

Carthaginians left Sicily

2nd Punic War

218 B.C. Carthaginians started this one Led by General Hannibal Barca Surprise attack from the North through Gaul (present day France) - Then over Alps Used elephants for transportation Successful until he marched into Rome Didn’t have equipment need to break city walls

218 B.C.

Carthaginians started this one

Led by General Hannibal Barca

Surprise attack from the North through Gaul (present day France) - Then over Alps

Used elephants for transportation

Successful until he marched into Rome

Didn’t have equipment need to break city walls

Rome controlled the Navy and the Sea Hannibal wasn’t getting any supplies! Wandered for 15 years on S. Italy Raiding, burning towns, being rotten scoundrels! Rome attacked Carthage Hannibal called to protect it Failed Carthage paid $$$, gave up all its land and its resources –copper, gold, lead, iron

Rome controlled the Navy and the Sea

Hannibal wasn’t getting any supplies!

Wandered for 15 years on S. Italy

Raiding, burning towns, being rotten scoundrels!

Rome attacked Carthage

Hannibal called to protect it

Failed

Carthage paid $$$, gave up all its land and its resources –copper, gold, lead, iron

3rd Punic War

50 years of peace Carthage began to regain power Rome put the “thumbs down” on that 149 BC attacked Burned Carthage Ruined land – salt to earth Killed the people/sold into slavery

50 years of peace

Carthage began to regain power

Rome put the “thumbs down” on that

149 BC attacked

Burned Carthage

Ruined land – salt to earth

Killed the people/sold into slavery

Same time people of Corinth rose up against Rome, bad idea Corinth attacked – burned to the ground Places under Roman control Macedonia, Syria, Greece

Same time people of Corinth rose up against Rome, bad idea

Corinth attacked – burned to the ground

Places under Roman control

Macedonia, Syria, Greece

What do you know?

What happened to Carthage in the Third Punic War?

What happened to Carthage in the Third Punic War?

What happened to Carthage in the Third Punic War? City was burned, land was destroyed by plowing salt into the land, people killed/sold into slavery

What happened to Carthage in the Third Punic War?

City was burned, land was destroyed by plowing salt into the land, people killed/sold into slavery

Who led the Carthaginians in the 2 nd Punic War?

Who led the Carthaginians in the 2 nd Punic War?

Who led the Carthaginians in the 2 nd Punic War? Hannibal

Who led the Carthaginians in the 2 nd Punic War?

Hannibal

What unusual mode of transportation did they use?

What unusual mode of transportation did they use?

What unusual mode of transportation did they use? Elephants

What unusual mode of transportation did they use?

Elephants

Section 4 Effects of Conquest

Changes in Rome and its people Decline of Roman Republic Flourishing democratic society City life Farm life Coming of slavery Many free people Big Estates Small Farms

Changes in Rome and its people

Let’s break it down! Agricultural changes Small Farmer Hard work Service To Rome Grew wheat Latifundias Crops,sheep Cattle-sell At market Imported wheat

Agricultural changes

Why the change? Main reason- Hannibal’s invasion His soldiers lived off land Roman farmers burned fields/crops to keep away from Hannibal’s men Noble, but ruined land No $ to fix farms, land after war for average guy Patricians and rich business men bought small farms Combined them to make latifundias

Main reason-

Hannibal’s invasion

His soldiers lived off land

Roman farmers burned fields/crops to keep away from Hannibal’s men

Noble, but ruined land

No $ to fix farms, land after war for average guy

Patricians and rich business men bought small farms

Combined them to make latifundias

Introduction of Slavery Remember the kind, gentle Roman take over? All Gone! Greece, Syria, Carthage all had slaves All were very wealthy Romans impressed with how they used the slaves Began enslaving the people they conquered Worked them in the latifundias

Remember the kind, gentle Roman take over? All Gone!

Greece, Syria, Carthage all had slaves

All were very wealthy

Romans impressed with how they used the slaves

Began enslaving the people they conquered

Worked them in the latifundias

Tradin’ in the plow for a tie! Once the little guy sold his land Stay and work for new owner Go to the city for work Most did this Living conditions bad Crowded into wooded apartment type buildings No aqueducts for water No sewer systems either Buildings often collapsed/burned Widespread Typhus

Once the little guy sold his land

Stay and work for new owner

Go to the city for work

Most did this

Living conditions bad

Crowded into wooded apartment type buildings

No aqueducts for water

No sewer systems either

Buildings often collapsed/burned

Widespread Typhus

Little industry in Rome Farmers were mainly construction workers Businesses staffed by enslaved people from Greece Main way to get money was to sell their “votes” to politicians

Little industry in Rome

Farmers were mainly construction workers

Businesses staffed by enslaved people from Greece

Main way to get money was to sell their “votes” to politicians

What goes up, must come down! The bigger Rome got, the more demands they made upon its people Demanded taxes Slaves from conquered areas Tax contracts- Publicans prepaid taxes; then collected from conquered lands-at a higher rate (10%)

The bigger Rome got, the more demands they made upon its people

Demanded taxes

Slaves from conquered areas

Tax contracts-

Publicans prepaid taxes; then collected from conquered lands-at a higher rate (10%)

Cutting off you nose in spite of your face. . . 135 BC Rome is feeling consequences for its actions Farmers lost their economic & political independence with loss of their land Merchants lost wealth- rich Romans bought luxuries elsewhere Artisans lost work – rich Romans looked to Greece/Syria for goods Government officials too busy getting rich- not minding the “store” Huge division between rich/poor now-not politically stable

135 BC Rome is feeling consequences for its actions

Farmers lost their economic & political independence with loss of their land

Merchants lost wealth- rich Romans bought luxuries elsewhere

Artisans lost work – rich Romans looked to Greece/Syria for goods

Government officials too busy getting rich- not minding the “store”

Huge division between rich/poor now-not politically stable

what do you remember?

What is a Latifundias?

What is a Latifundias?

What is a Latifundias? Large farming estate

What is a Latifundias?

Large farming estate

What is a publican?

What is a publican?

What is a publican? Roman Tax Collectors

What is a publican?

Roman Tax Collectors

What did Roman farmers do to keep Hannibal’s armies from using their land?

What did Roman farmers do to keep Hannibal’s armies from using their land?

What did Roman farmers do to keep Hannibal’s armies from using their land? Burned their fields and crops

What did Roman farmers do to keep Hannibal’s armies from using their land?

Burned their fields and crops

Section 5 Roman Leadership

The Reformers Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus-133 BC Thought making small farmers leave their land caused Rome’s troubles Became a tribune – wanted to limit how much land 1 person could own Wanted to divide up public land and give it to the poor Another tribune vetoed his idea; he talked to the assembly-got his idea in-other tribune out Ran for 2 nd term-against law Senate staged a riot-got he and hundreds of followers killed

Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus-133 BC

Thought making small farmers leave their land caused Rome’s troubles

Became a tribune – wanted to limit how much land 1 person could own

Wanted to divide up public land and give it to the poor

Another tribune vetoed his idea; he talked to the assembly-got his idea in-other tribune out

Ran for 2 nd term-against law

Senate staged a riot-got he and hundreds of followers killed

123 BC Gaius Sempronius Gracchus (brother) elected tribune Thought should move poor back to the country Continued work of his brother Had government take over wheat sales Sold to poor –below market Soon given away – 1 out of 3 got free wheat Senate began to feel threatened-had him killed

123 BC Gaius Sempronius Gracchus (brother) elected tribune

Thought should move poor back to the country

Continued work of his brother

Had government take over wheat sales

Sold to poor –below market

Soon given away – 1 out of 3 got free wheat

Senate began to feel threatened-had him killed

The Generals 107 BC General Gaius Marius Military hero Son of a day laborer 1 st lower class Roman to be elected to high office Supported by military Wanted to set up a professional army Open to everyone; not just property owners Convinced poor to join by offering pay, land, pensions People loyal to the general/not the government

107 BC General Gaius Marius

Military hero

Son of a day laborer

1 st lower class Roman to be elected to high office

Supported by military

Wanted to set up a professional army

Open to everyone; not just property owners

Convinced poor to join by offering pay, land, pensions

People loyal to the general/not the government

But I Want It!!!!!!! General Lucius Cornelius Sulla Given a military post Marius wanted the same post Marius tried to get Assembly to take it away from Sulla and give it to him Sulla got mad and marched into Rome-Civil War ensued Sulla declared himself “Dictator” at his victory

General Lucius Cornelius Sulla

Given a military post

Marius wanted the same post

Marius tried to get Assembly to take it away from Sulla and give it to him

Sulla got mad and marched into Rome-Civil War ensued

Sulla declared himself “Dictator” at his victory

Immediately increased power of Senate-doubled their size Weakened power of tribune Generals could only hold command 1 yr

Immediately increased power of Senate-doubled their size

Weakened power of tribune

Generals could only hold command 1 yr

Julius Caesar Sulla retires Generals fight for control Triumvirate is formed 3 persons with equal power 1 st Triumvirate Marcus Licinius Crassus Gnaeus Pomeius-believed in a republic ruled upper class senators Julius Caesar- believed in one-man rule

Sulla retires

Generals fight for control

Triumvirate is formed

3 persons with equal power

1 st Triumvirate

Marcus Licinius Crassus

Gnaeus Pomeius-believed in a republic ruled upper class senators

Julius Caesar- believed in one-man rule

Crassus dies Pompey is murdered Caesar is in control 46 BC he is dictator of Rome

Crassus dies

Pompey is murdered

Caesar is in control

46 BC he is dictator of Rome

His Reforms Redistributed state lands in Italy Founded new colonies Gave land to ex-soldiers Began public works programs-roads etc. Free gladiator games to public Doubled the senate – gave business people a chance to gain entry Cut back activities of publicans Gave citizenship to Greeks, Spaniards, Gauls Adopted a new calendar-based on Egyptian Called the Julian- still used today

Redistributed state lands in Italy

Founded new colonies

Gave land to ex-soldiers

Began public works programs-roads etc.

Free gladiator games to public

Doubled the senate – gave business people a chance to gain entry

Cut back activities of publicans

Gave citizenship to Greeks, Spaniards, Gauls

Adopted a new calendar-based on Egyptian

Called the Julian- still used today

Beware the Ides of March! Fears he would make himself King 60 men-senators plotted his death Entered the Senate on the “Ides of March” March 15- stabbed to death

Fears he would make himself King

60 men-senators plotted his death

Entered the Senate on the “Ides of March” March 15- stabbed to death

End of the Republic People turned away from the Senate Power passed to another triumvirate Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony) Caesar’s closest follower- took eastern territory Octavian Caesar’s grand-nephew(adopted son) – took charge of West Marcus Aemilius Lepidus Caesar’s top officer- took over rule in Africa

People turned away from the Senate

Power passed to another triumvirate

Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony)

Caesar’s closest follower- took eastern territory

Octavian

Caesar’s grand-nephew(adopted son) – took charge of West

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus

Caesar’s top officer- took over rule in Africa

Worked for a little while Fights broke out between them 31 BC Octavian won Within 4 years- sole ruler of Roman Empire

Worked for a little while

Fights broke out between them

31 BC Octavian won

Within 4 years- sole ruler of Roman Empire

Mind Bender

What is a triumvirate?

What is a triumvirate?

What is a triumvirate? 3 person rule

What is a triumvirate?

3 person rule

What is a dictator?

What is a dictator?

What is a dictator? Someone who rules with absolute power

What is a dictator?

Someone who rules with absolute power

Why was Julius Caesar murdered?

Why was Julius Caesar murdered?

Why was Julius Caesar murdered? They feared he would become King

Why was Julius Caesar murdered?

They feared he would become King

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