The rise and fall of cotton and textile

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Information about The rise and fall of cotton and textile

Published on October 28, 2016

Author: cblyther


1. The Rise and Fall of Cotton, Textile Mills, Tourism, and More! 19th and 20th Century SC Standard 3-5.3

2. Cotton is King! (Well, it was before the Civil War) The cotton industry was good and bad in 19th and 20th century. During: Customers for SC cotton found new sources After: land owners made the sharecroppers continue to plant cotton. They needed it as a cash crop!

3.  LOTS of farmers depended on cotton for money, so they planted more and more.  All of a sudden, there was TOO much cotton!  What happened to the price of cotton if there was a surplus of it?  THE PRICE WENT DOWN! (no more money for the farmers…boo hoo)

4. Cotton Farm before Civil WarThey Planted More And planted even MORE

5.  Growing cotton took a toll on the soil.  The more cotton was grown (and there was A LOT of it) the more that the soil lost its nutrients.  Then farmers had to plant MORE so that they could get more to grow.  This increased the supply even more! What would they do with all that cotton?

6.  Textile Mills continued to be built. What do they need to make the cloth?  Cotton, of course!  Then the demand was increased. There was a place for all that cotton after all.  Then something came and started to destroy the cotton crops. A pesky little creature. What was his name?  The Boll Weevil!

7.  That boll weevil invaded the cotton fields and hurt the cotton economy.  No more money being made from those cotton farms. Who wants cotton infested with bugs???

8.  World War I (WWI) increased the need for cotton. Demand was up again!  Why do you think the demand went up again because of a war? What kind of things would they need cotton for?  Soldiers’ uniforms, bags and other cloth materials.  Cotton was finally bringing in some money for those poor farmers.

9.  What happened to the demand of cotton once the war ended?  The demand ended too. No one REALLY needed cotton quite as badly.  Still, farmers had lots of cotton, so the supply was high but the prices fell back down.

10.  Farming wasn’t the only industry that was struggling.  What else?  Textile mills had hard times in the 1920’s too.  They couldn’t get high prices for the products they made.  Workers wanted more money for the long hours they worked. (Wouldn’t you?)

11.  What was developed to replace cotton as cloth?  Synthetic fibers like polyester and rayon.  What happens to the demand for cotton and textile mills when cotton is replaced by a different (better) material?  Demand decreased for cotton and cotton textile mills.

12.  A time period called the Great Depression hurt the cotton farmers and the textile mills.  The Great Depression was a time of hardship and sadness. The economy was at an all-time low.

13.  World War II began – another hard time. But, it’s a war, and soldiers need supplies.  What happened to the demand for cotton and textile mills?  Demand increased!  Farmers and mill workers went back to work.  What kinds of things were they making?  Uniforms, supplies, bags, anything cloth.

14.  What happened when WWII ended?  Demand fell again! (Are you seeing a pattern yet?)  The farmers were tired of the inconsistency of the cotton industry. Sometimes it’s up, sometimes it’s down.  They decided to change the crop they were farming.  Any ideas of what they turned to instead?  Peaches and Tobacco

15.  Other parts of the world were growing cotton and had textile mills too. So, South Carolina wasn’t the only one.  Other parts of the world were more successful with this because they paid lower wages in other countries. (Us Americans like to get paid lots of money.)  So, many textile mills in SC got closed down. What happened to the demand of cotton with closed textile mills?  It DECREASED!

16.  We all know that people still farm in SC today! (Hooray for locally grown foods)  Some cotton is still grown in SC also. Not nearly as much.  Most farmers today farm crops like tobacco, pine trees and soybeans.  These 3 things are now the states most important crops.

17. Tourism~  What are some reasons people would want to come to Charleston during the 19th and 20th century?  To visit the historic city of Charleston and the beautiful beaches. Both wonderful in many ways.  Tourism was developed by entrepreneurs and the state government so people could enjoy these things.

18. What kinds of things were built to help the tourism industry? Hotels, restaurants, parks, etc. What are some major tourist cities in SC? Charleston and Myrtle Beach (built as a tourist attraction)

19. The Battery, Downtown Charleston The “new bridge” Carriages pulled by horses. (You see this a lot.)

20. Myrtle Beach- The Grand Strand

21.  What advances helped make it possible for these cities to be visited by tourists from other states?  Increased number of automobiles, more national highways and state roads  Air conditioning also boosted tourism. (It gets really hot on the beach in the summer)  Today, tourism is a MAJOR industry in South Carolina. The economy benefits a lot from it.

22.  War had a big impact (in a positive way) on the cotton and other industries.  Starting in WWI, ships were built in Charleston at the Navy Yard.  Military bases were built to train to soldiers from all over the US. (Like Camp Jackson in Columbia)  This continued through WWI and the Cold War.

23.  War needed a lot of supplies.  The national government built the Savannah River nuclear plant to make the materials used in bombs during the Cold War.  How did this plant help the economy?  It provided more jobs

24.  WWII increased world trade.  SC governors worked hard to make more industries come to South Carolina to make more jobs for the people.  Industries (businesses) did come to SC because the taxes and wages were low.  Jobs kept increasing because of more port facilities  All these new jobs stimulated the economy and increased demands for goods and services like grocery stores, gas stations and hospitals.

25.  All of these economic changes helped move people into the state of SC.  After what we talked about, who do you think was coming to SC?  Soldiers training at military bases, tourists, employees (workers), or retired people.  All of these different groups are what makes SC such a diverse community.

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