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The Ottoman Empire

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Information about The Ottoman Empire

Published on March 26, 2008

Author: rhalter

Source: slideshare.net

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The Ottoman Empire

Rise of the Ottoman empire By the 1400’s, the once mighty Byzantine Empire had been in decline for nearly two centuries They faced a growing threat from the Ottomans, a nomadic group that had migrated from central Asia to Asia Minor In 1453, the Ottomans surrounded the capital of Constantinople During a two month siege, Ottoman cannons pounded Constantinople's city walls allowing attackers to break through and capture the city The Ottomans changed the name of the city to Istanbul and made the ancient Christian city the capital of their Muslim empire

By the 1400’s, the once mighty Byzantine Empire had been in decline for nearly two centuries

They faced a growing threat from the Ottomans, a nomadic group that had migrated from central Asia to Asia Minor

In 1453, the Ottomans surrounded the capital of Constantinople

During a two month siege, Ottoman cannons pounded Constantinople's city walls allowing attackers to break through and capture the city

The Ottomans changed the name of the city to Istanbul and made the ancient Christian city the capital of their Muslim empire

Ottoman Siege of Constantinople

Geographic Expansion With well armed forces and effective military strategies, the Ottoman empire grew quickly After 1453, the Ottomans expanded into the Middle East, Egypt, the Balkans, and Russia By the 1500’s, the Ottomans had created the largest empire in the Middle East and Europe

With well armed forces and effective military strategies, the Ottoman empire grew quickly

After 1453, the Ottomans expanded into the Middle East, Egypt, the Balkans, and Russia

By the 1500’s, the Ottomans had created the largest empire in the Middle East and Europe

Ottoman Expansion

Reasons for Ottoman Success Ottoman success was largely due to military technology, such as cannons In addition to cannons, the Ottoman army equipped soldiers with muskets This improved battlefield success and eliminated the need for cavalry

Ottoman success was largely due to military technology, such as cannons

In addition to cannons, the Ottoman army equipped soldiers with muskets

This improved battlefield success and eliminated the need for cavalry

Clockwise from top left: Constantinople City walls, Ottoman Janissaries, Byzantine flag, Ottoman Cannon

Europeans Search for New Trade Routes As the Ottoman empire expanded, European trade routes were disrupted For example, Ottoman control of the eastern Mediterranean interfered with Europe's trade with East Asia The Portuguese sent sailors out across the oceans to search for new trade routes

As the Ottoman empire expanded, European trade routes were disrupted

For example, Ottoman control of the eastern Mediterranean interfered with Europe's trade with East Asia

The Portuguese sent sailors out across the oceans to search for new trade routes

Ottoman Territory

Suleiman’s Golden Age Called Suleiman the Magnificent by westerners, he ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566 He was a Sultan, a name Turks give to their rulers The years of his rule are considered the Golden Age of Ottoman History Suleiman strengthened the government and improved the system of justice throughout the empire Law was based on the Islamic system of law, Sharia Suleiman held absolute power, but consulted his advisors and council before making important decisions

Called Suleiman the Magnificent by westerners, he ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566

He was a Sultan, a name Turks give to their rulers

The years of his rule are considered the Golden Age of Ottoman History

Suleiman strengthened the government and improved the system of justice throughout the empire

Law was based on the Islamic system of law, Sharia

Suleiman held absolute power, but consulted his advisors and council before making important decisions

Suleiman the Magnificent

Ottoman Society The Ottomans ruled a large area that included many diverse people and religions The empire consisted of four social classes: Men of the Pen – highly educated: scientists, lawyers, judges, doctors Men of the Sword – military personnel Men of Negotiation – merchants, artisans, and tax collectors Men of Husbandry – farmers and herders

The Ottomans ruled a large area that included many diverse people and religions

The empire consisted of four social classes:

Men of the Pen – highly educated: scientists, lawyers, judges, doctors

Men of the Sword – military personnel

Men of Negotiation – merchants, artisans, and tax collectors

Men of Husbandry – farmers and herders

Ottoman Society Continued The top two classes were made up entirely of Muslims Millets – non-Muslim organize religious communities that were allowed to practice their religion freely as long as they paid a tax and obeyed Ottoman law Janissaries – Boys from non-Muslim families were sometimes required to turn their sons over to the government for military service. The best soldiers became Janissaries, members of an elite force in the Ottoman army

The top two classes were made up entirely of Muslims

Millets – non-Muslim organize religious communities that were allowed to practice their religion freely as long as they paid a tax and obeyed Ottoman law

Janissaries – Boys from non-Muslim families were sometimes required to turn their sons over to the government for military service. The best soldiers became Janissaries, members of an elite force in the Ottoman army

Decline of the Ottoman Empire Problems developed within the Ottoman empire including poor leadership an corruption The rising power of European nations also led to it’s decline The Ottomans were cut off from global trade routes, limiting cultural diffusion and new ideas By the 1700’s, European technology surpassed that of the Ottomans European nations began to industrialize while the Ottomans remained an agricultural society

Problems developed within the Ottoman empire including poor leadership an corruption

The rising power of European nations also led to it’s decline

The Ottomans were cut off from global trade routes, limiting cultural diffusion and new ideas

By the 1700’s, European technology surpassed that of the Ottomans

European nations began to industrialize while the Ottomans remained an agricultural society

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