The Mongols

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Information about The Mongols

Published on March 26, 2008

Author: rhalter

Source: slideshare.net

THE MONGOLS

Background Around 1200, the Mongols moved out of central Asia to build one of the largest empires in the world Under leaders such as Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan, Mongol warriors conquered an area from China to Europe

Around 1200, the Mongols moved out of central Asia to build one of the largest empires in the world

Under leaders such as Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan, Mongol warriors conquered an area from China to Europe

Mongol Empire

Rise of the Mongols The Mongols were a group from central Asia and were nomadic herders who roamed the grasslands with their horses and sheep The Mongols were skillful riders and fierce fighters Under Genghis Khan, the Mongols built the largest empire in the world

The Mongols were a group from central Asia and were nomadic herders who roamed the grasslands with their horses and sheep

The Mongols were skillful riders and fierce fighters

Under Genghis Khan, the Mongols built the largest empire in the world

Sketch of Mongol Warriors

Genghis Khan When translated, Genghis Khan means “World Emperor” Under his leadership, the Mongols took control of most of Asia, Persia, India, and northern China. He also controlled much of Russia and eastern Europe Reasons for success: Skillful riders, archers, and new technology such as the cannon borrowed from the Chinese They were known as the “golden Horde” because of the color of their tents

When translated, Genghis Khan means “World Emperor”

Under his leadership, the Mongols took control of most of Asia, Persia, India, and northern China. He also controlled much of Russia and eastern Europe

Reasons for success: Skillful riders, archers, and new technology such as the cannon borrowed from the Chinese

They were known as the “golden Horde” because of the color of their tents

Genghis Khan

Mongol Dynasty in China In 1279 Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, conquered china and also took over parts of Korea, Tibet, and Vietnam Called the Yuan Dynasty in China He prevented the Mongol people however from being absorbed into the Chinese culture, he wanted them to maintain their Mongol heritage

In 1279 Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, conquered china and also took over parts of Korea, Tibet, and Vietnam

Called the Yuan Dynasty in China

He prevented the Mongol people however from being absorbed into the Chinese culture, he wanted them to maintain their Mongol heritage

Yuan Dynasty

Destruction and Conquest Mongol warriors spread terror and destruction throughout the regions they conquered They often looted and burned cities to the ground Mongol rulers did however rule with some tolerance, allowing conquered people to keep their religions Conquered people were often allowed to live as they did before, as long as they paid tribute

Mongol warriors spread terror and destruction throughout the regions they conquered

They often looted and burned cities to the ground

Mongol rulers did however rule with some tolerance, allowing conquered people to keep their religions

Conquered people were often allowed to live as they did before, as long as they paid tribute

Mongolia

Effects on Russia The Mongols ruled Russia for about 250 years Absolutist Government – The absolute power of the Mongol rulers served as a model for later Russian rulers who also expected to rule without interference from anyone Isolation – Mongol rule cut off Russia from western Europe. This limited their advances in technology, arts, and sciences

The Mongols ruled Russia for about 250 years

Absolutist Government – The absolute power of the Mongol rulers served as a model for later Russian rulers who also expected to rule without interference from anyone

Isolation – Mongol rule cut off Russia from western Europe. This limited their advances in technology, arts, and sciences

Prosperity in China The Yuan Dynasty ruled China for 150 years Their capital was Khanbalik (Beijing) The capital was a large and well planned city Since only the Mongols could serve in the military, there was strong Chinese resentment and uprising occurred often

The Yuan Dynasty ruled China for 150 years

Their capital was Khanbalik (Beijing)

The capital was a large and well planned city

Since only the Mongols could serve in the military, there was strong Chinese resentment and uprising occurred often

Mongol Soldier Ready for Battle

Pax Mongolia and Trade Period of political stability for the Mongol Empire The Mongols provided safe travel along the once dangerous Silk Road, as a result, trade flourished linking east and west Marco Polo, an Italian merchant, traveled to the court of Kublai Khan in the 1200’s and remained there for many years. His writing introduced Europeans to the riches of China

Period of political stability for the Mongol Empire

The Mongols provided safe travel along the once dangerous Silk Road, as a result, trade flourished linking east and west

Marco Polo, an Italian merchant, traveled to the court of Kublai Khan in the 1200’s and remained there for many years. His writing introduced Europeans to the riches of China

Marco Polo Meeting Kublai Khan

Decline on Mongol Power There are several reasons for the decline of the Mongol Empire: Lands were to large and diverse to govern Little experience with organized government Death of strong leaders such as Genghis and Kublai Khan Resentment of Mongol rule in China and Russia

There are several reasons for the decline of the Mongol Empire:

Lands were to large and diverse to govern

Little experience with organized government

Death of strong leaders such as Genghis and Kublai Khan

Resentment of Mongol rule in China and Russia

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