The Ming and Qing Dynasties

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Information about The Ming and Qing Dynasties

Published on March 25, 2008

Author: Mentor


Gateway:  Gateway In three minutes, make a list of three positives and three negatives of trading. The Ming and Qing Dynasties:  The Ming and Qing Dynasties December 3, 2007 Ming Foreign policy:  Ming Foreign policy Chinese= master sailors Junks: large, sturdy ships More than 400 feet long Sailed long before Europeans Ming Emperors: Little interest in sea power or foreign trade Outlawed overseas trade Attitudes Toward Trade:  Attitudes Toward Trade Ming Emperors Want to rid China of Mongol influence Restored Confucianism Confucianism Social Classes:  Confucianism Social Classes Scholar-Gentry Highly literate, staff royal bureaucracy Farmers Produced food and paid taxes Artisans Made beautiful and useful objects Merchants Bottom of social order Lived by selling objects that artisans and peasants produced Ming Emperors:  Ming Emperors Wanted a “self-sufficient” China Refused to rely on foreign trade Opposite view of European monarchs The Northern Frontier:  The Northern Frontier Ming prevent invasions of China Strengthen Great Wall of China Encourage soldiers to live in the North Relocated capital to Beijing THEY CHOOSE DEFENSE OF THE NORTH OVER TRADE AND SEA TRAVEL!!! Founding the Qing Dynasty:  Founding the Qing Dynasty Manchuria: NE of China Nurachi unifies people into Manchu Captures eastern Mongolia and Korea Beginning of Qing Captures Beijing Ruled until 1912 Promote isolation of Manchu from Chinese Queue: Manchu female hair style Economy, Culture, and Society:  Economy, Culture, and Society Economy: Specialized in manufacture of certain goods Transported goods along waterways Goods to Central Asia and Russia: caravan Ships continue to SE Asia and India Crops from the Americas Peanuts, sweet potatoes, tobacco Growth of Cities: Increased trade Merchants supply city- dwellers with necessary goods Popular Culture and Society:  Popular Culture and Society Novels and plays are popular About bandits and corrupt officials Realistically portrayed Chinese life Scholarship Flourishes Detailed histories Essays on Confucian ethics Philology: history of literature and language Society: based on the family Decline of the Qing:  Decline of the Qing Rapid population boom Corruption in court Government inefficiency Floods and famine 1796: peasant rebellion White Lotus Rebellion The Final Five:  The Final Five Type II: In two minutes, use two sentences to explain what changes the growth of cities brought to China?

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