Published on February 14, 2009
Malay Fighting Arts and Silat Gayong
Introduction Silat is a Malay word which means martial arts. Malay silat is a generic term for many Malaysian martial arts. There are at least 150 known Malay silats in Malaysia. Most popular ones are Silat Gayong (pronounced Guy Yoog), Silat Cekak, Silat Sendeng, Silat Keris Lok 9 and Silat Gayong Fatani. There is also another silat style called silat Melayu. This silat is considered as the oldest Malay silat. Silat Gayong, or correctly referred to as Silat Seni Gayong, is a Malay art of self-defense; a fighting art, the art of stopping wars. The art is not merely about self-defense, it is also for the development of the self (belajar mengenal diri); becoming a better person so that you may serve humanity. It is a great way to develop and increase physical fitness, flexibility, mental conditioning, discipline and self-confidence. The philosophy of Gayong is strongly related to the Malay Adat Istiadat (Malay cultures and traditions), morals, adab (respect) and the teaching of religion. Religion is the inspiration, motivation and guidance for high quality behavior. It is a mark of peace and harmony. Gayong art has been passed down from generation to generation; from the Hulubalang Gayong to Tengku Panglima Hitam (Daeing Kuning), to Syed Zainal Idris Al-Atas, to Daeing Uda Mat Hashim, to Meor Abdul Aziz and Dato Meor Abdul Rahman (see picture on text book). Today, several practitioners have been entrusted to share the art with mankind. These include Abdul Majid Mat Isa, Siti Kalsom Meor Rahman, Razali Salleh, Hussain Kaslan, Awang Daud, Ahmad Lazim, Mat Nanyang and BadirulZaman. There are other Gayong practitioners dedicated to spreading the art of Gayong; Kahar Redza, Ismail Jantan, Mufti Ansari, Safiah Mohd Noor, Mustapa Kamal, Sani Morni, Rasul Abdul Ghani, Faid Musa, Azhar Abbas, Zainal Ishak, Rahim Hussain, Ariffin Mahidin, Ibrahim Yatim, Idris Abdul Rahaman, Jaafar Jamaludin, Hamzah Ahmad, Selamat Mat Raji, Mohd Anuar Hamid, Jebat Majid,.... and many more. Gayong is widely practiced in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. Due to different opinions and styles of managing a very large organization, Gayong carries many different names; Gayong Malaysia, Gayong Pusaka, Gayong Warisan and Gayong PASAK. Regardless of whatever names Gayong may carry, they all agreed on one thing...... that the Grand Master of Gayong will always be Dato Meor Abdul Rahman . Now, Gayong is slowly spreading into Europe and the Western world
Gayong Malaysia Silat Seni Gayong Malaysia is the first martial arts association to be registered in Malaysia. It was founded by the late Dato' Meor Abdul Rahman. He started to teach Silat Gayung at Pulau_Sudong (now part of Singapore) during the Japanese occupation of Malaya in World War II. The highest ranking master is Siti Kalsom and is named heiress to the late grandmaster. In Malaysia, Gayong is currently operated under an organization called P.S.S.G.M which stands for quot;Pertubuhan Silat Seni Gayong Malaysia.quot; This organization was led by Cikgu Haji Razali Salleh. Martial Arts Techniques This martial art covers hand and leg techniques. A student is also taught aerobics and weaponry. The core of the art is on Tapak which focuses on body mobility and coordination. Many of its techniques involve grippling and locking of opponents' limbs. Spiritual training is normally introduced at higher levels. There are various ancient Malay weapons in the Silat Seni Gayung syllibus such as kris, machette, staff, knife, tekpi (sai) and spear. Usually weaponry is introduced after two years of unarmed training. Today Silat Seni Gayung training centres can be found in USA, UK, France, Syria, Spain, South Africa, Russia and Maldives. Among the well known students of Silat Seni Gayung are the second and third prime minister of Malaysia. Background The origin of Silat Gayong as taught by the late grandmaster and founder, Dato' Meor Abdul Rahman is from Silat Sendi Harimau which means The Tiger's Joint Silat. This is why characteristics of a tiger can be found in the style. It can be clearly seen in the logo of the silat and many physical movements such as Lompat Anak Harimau (which means the cub's leaping techniques). The hand always imitate the paw of a tiger and the verbal sound when practising combat techniques sounds like the roam of a tiger. Basically, to master Silat Seni Gayong, practitioners must learn at least 4 out of seven stages of Silat. They are as follows:
1. Tapak Gayong (Foundation of Silat Seni Gayong - practitioners will study all techniques of self defence and offence using all parts of human body especially hand, leg, elbow, knee. No weapons are taught in this stage. Practitioners learn to use their bare hand as their weapon). 2. Seni Tapak Gayong (This is an advanced form of the foundation. Practitioners will study in depth about the possible development of free-hand techniques in the Silat Seni Gayong). 3. Seni Keris (Learning how to apply defensive or offensive techniques using Malay dagger and other small sized weapons such as Kerambit, knife, tekpi) 4. Seni Simbat (In this stage, practitioner learns how to apply defensive or offensive techniques using long weapons including spear, long stick, and parang). 5. Seni Yoi (Aerobic techniques that are applied to defeat stronger or bigger opponent. Silat practitioner will apply brilliant traps to ensnare their foes. Its approach is a cross breed between aikido and judo). 6. Seni Cindai (This technique applies ordinary clothes like kain sarung, belt, and tudung as weapons to defeat the opponent). 7. Seni Belian (Spiritual aspect of Silat Seni Gayong. Only Muslim practitioners who managed to achieve high level of discipline and dedication to Silat Seni Gayong have the opportunity to learn this technique - normally senior instructors and future leaders of silat organizations). Belt Ranking Silat Gayong has 5 color belt ranking: • Basic(empty) Black • White • Green • Red • Senior Red (1-3 Stripes) • Yellow • Senior Yellow (1-5 Stripes) • Senior Black (1-6 Stripes)
• Senior Black 7 Stripes cannot be obtained; it is the late Grandmaster's property only
Dato’ Meor Rahman started teaching Gayong at Sudong Island during the Japanese occupation of Malaya in World War II. Silat Gayong now operated under organization called Persatuan Silat Seni Gayong Malaysia.
Pentjak Silat Gayong 70's Training Part 1 http://www.youtube.com/v/QKuWiK_FJVw&hl=zh_CN&fs=1 Part 2 http://www.youtube.com/v/9c0j8Q3Ht28&hl=zh_CN&fs=1
The Story of Silat Gayong http://malayfightingarts.blogspot.com/ The Story of Silat Gayong Silat Gayong is one of a Malay self-defense; a fighting art and the art of stopping wars. The art is not merely about self-defense, it is also for the development of the self becoming a better person. It is a great way to develop and increase physical fitness, flexibility, mental conditioning, discipline and self-confidence. The philosophy of Gayong is strongly related to the Malay culture. Silat Gayong is believed to have originated from Bugis tribe in the Sulawesi Island. It was existed since the late fourteenth century at which time it was used to protect the Malay Empire and its people. Gayong art has been passed down from generation to generation; from the Gayong Warrior to Tengku Panglima Hitam to Syed Zainal Idris Al-Atas, to Daeng Uda Mat Hashim, to Meor Abdul Aziz and Dato Meor Abdul Rahman. Today, several practitioners have been entrusted to share the art with mankind. Dato’ Meor Rahman started teaching Gayong at Sudong Island during the Japanese occupation of Malaya in World War II. Silat Gayong now operated under organization called Persatuan Silat Seni Gayong Malaysia. Basically there are seven stages of silat : Tapak Gayong Seni Tapak Gayong Seni Keris Seni Simbat Seni Yoi Seni Cindai Seni Belian Gayong is widely practiced in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. Due to different opinions and styles of managing a very large organization, Gayong carries many different names; Gayong Malaysia, Gayong Pusaka, Gayong Warisan and Gayong PASAK. Regardless of whatever names Gayong may carry, they all agreed on one thing: that the Grand Master of Gayong will always be Dato Meor Abdul Rahman. Now, Gayong
Pictures of Malay Fighting Arts
Dance of Silat Dance of Silat Some people say a man is not really capable of defending himself against attacker unless he knows something about silat. It is Malay martial arts that dated back to the early 15th century and today is still popular. The art enjoys such popularity that it can be practiced by anyone whether he’s eight or sixty years old. When the art was first introduced to the Malacca court by a religious teacher from North Sumatra, Indonesia, it became a necessary part of young man’s education.
There have been considerable changes made in the original style and through the years it was practiced in secret with complicated rituals and customs. Silat attract many young men to its evening classes. Particularly youth living in villages and suburban areas indulge in the art. They are taught the fine points of parrying or avoiding an attack by an opponent who may be armed with a kris or pedang or parang panjang. Young folks nowadays take up silat as an artistic form of physical exercise and they often demonstrated the art at ceremonials. Instructors emphasize its use as a form of self defense. Basically, silat exist in two forms, One, the Silat Pulut, is purely for exhibition at weddings and other ceremonials. The other is known as Silat Buah and is used for serious fighting. Dance of Silat ading into Europe and the Western world. The Story of Silat Gayong Silat Components http://www.youtube.com/v/Tjnv2lkjpuc&hl=zh_CN&fs=1 Silat Components What comprises a good silat system? Following are some of the key components: Efficient entry system The style must have techniques that allow you to move quickly and efficiently into close range of your opponent. It must also included training methods that will hone your timing, precision and accuracy when employing those techniques. Effective follow-up techniques The system must have effective punching and kicking techniques. Heavy duty techniques such as head-butts, knee smashes and elbow strikes, must be highly developed. “Finishing” techniques are more effective if your opponent is properly “tranquilized.”
Devastating finishing techniques After have entered into close range and applied a “tranquilizing” technique to the opponent, the next step is to apply a “finishing” technique – throw, sweep, takedown, lock, choke – to end the confrontation. Locking maneuvers will break or render ineffective an opponent’s joint. Choking techniques will produce unconsciousness, takedowns, throws or sweeps will slam the opponent into the ground or other objects with enough force t0 end a confrontation. Realistic weapons training Most silat systems emphasis weapons training at some point. This training will include realistic contact-oriented drills rather than forms practice, and will greatly improve your reflexes, timing accuracy, rhythm and precision. It’s amazing how quickly practitioners improve when facing a bladed weapon traveling at a high rate of speed. Silat Components http://www.kali-majapahit.com/medias/ntma_main.swf
More Youtube Videos on Malay fighting arts: http://www.youtube.com/profile?user=tn2006&hl=en&view=videos
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