Published on March 8, 2014
The Life Of LordSompong Yusoontorn Buddha Created By
On the full moon day of May, in the year 623 B.C., a noble prince was born in the Lumbini Park at Kapilavatthu, on the Indian borders. He was named Siddhattha which means “wish fulfilled”.
His father’s name was King Suddhodana, who was the king of Kabilaphattu City. His mother’s name was Queen Sirimahamaya who lived in Thevathaha City. The beloved queen died seven days after his birth.
The great ascetic named Asita smiled at first and then was sad. He smiled because the prince would eventually become a Buddha, an Enlightened One, and he was sad owing to his prior death and rebirth in a Formless Plane.
Seven of them raised two fingers each, predicted that the prince would either become a Universal Monarch or a Buddha. But the youngest, Kondanna raised only one finger and convincingly declared that the prince would definitely become a Buddha.
The pensive child sat cross - legged and seized the opportunity to commence that all important practice of intent concentration on the breath - on exhalations and inhalations.
Later on Prince Siddhartha was sent to study with Visavamit who was a famous and well-known teacher during that time. He gained distinction in every subject and became cleverer than his teachers.
When he grew up at the age of 16 years, he got married to a very beautiful Princess named Yasodhara. Thirteen years after their marriage, they had one son whose name was Rahula.
One day while traveling to a Royal Garden, he saw four sights, he saw an old man, a sick man, a dead body, and a Brahmin monk. These made him realize that only a luxurious life could not let him reach the real happiness of life.
Siddhartha played in a sunny world of gardens and groves, attended by dancing girls and musicians. He lived in a world of plenty and beauty. He could have whatever he wanted, yet he was not happy.
When he was 29 years old, the prince shaved his hair and beard and handing over his garments and ornaments to Channa with instructions to return to the palace, assumed the simple yellow garb of an ascetic.
“Great King, I have retired from the world for the sake of the supreme and absolute enlightenment of a Buddha”. The King said “You are sure to become a Buddha, but when that happens your first journey will be to my Kingdom”.
The ascetic Gotama learned meditation from Alara Kalama and Uddaha Ramaputta. Later he realized that his spiritual aspirations were far higher than both of them. He realized that there was none capable enough to teach him what he yearned for -- the highest Truth.
For six long years the ascetic Gotama made a super-human struggle and his delicate body was reduced to almost a skeleton. Kondanna, the youngest brahmin who predicted his future, and four sons of the other sages – Bhaddiya, Vappa, Mahanama, and Assaji -- also joined his company.
He realized that physical fitness was essential for spiritual progress. So he decided to nourish the body sparingly and took some coarse food both hard and soft. The five favourite disciples felt disappointed at this unexpected change of method. They went to Isipatana.
On the full moon day of the month Visak, Sujata caught sight of the Future Buddha, aged 35 years old, offered him milk-porridge in a golden bowl that was worth a hundred thousand pieces of money.
The god Mara, the Evil One, went back to his celestial realm and brought his army drawn out for battle. But the Future Buddha won a peaceful victory over Mara with the power of loving kindness, which he had practiced in his many past lives.
Mara knew Buddha put all his efforts in trying to lure Buddha back to the world. Buddha was steadfast and regarded everything that happened around him as just more happenings in the world, arising and passing away according to causes and conditions, with no abiding self to be found.
Buddha understood the world as it is, the Buddha was perfected in wisdom, never to be born again. Craving and destructive desire had been completely eradicated as a fire goes out for lack of fuel.
Mara then summons his three daughters and orders them to dance in the most seductive manner. Nothing can persuade Buddha from his path. Finally Mara accepts defeat and together with his confused daughters.
Finally, under the Tree of Enlightenment, Siddhartha became Buddha, the Enlightened One. He went on to become a great world teacher, as Asita had prophesied, and from his teachings, Buddhism was born.
Buddha sat under a big tree, a heavy rainstorm broke out. Then appeared the Mujjalint Naga, a seven-headed serpent coiled itself into the form of a seven-tiered seat for Lord Buddha and spread his head like an umbrella to protect the Lord from the rainstorm.
The Buddha thus carefully listened to Brahma and realized that the gates of Nirvana were wide open for all, and he was the destined instrument to lead it. Brahma requested Lord Buddha to announce his Sacca Dhamma.
Lord Buddha advised the Bhadda Vaggi to follow the Middle Way. For the first time he taught the Four Noble Truths and how to practice the Eightfold Path. With the conversion of the five ascetics at the Deer Park at Sarnath, the order of monks was established.
While Lord Buddha was still at Sarnath a young man called Yasa left home out of dispassion for the householders life. Indeed Yasa got enlightened. Yasa ordained and when his friends heard of this, they too requested ordination. Now there were 60 monks.
Lord Buddha went to Uruvela to convert a thousand hermits headed by the three Kassapa brothers. The thousand hermits became monks and with this retinue, the Blessed One proceeded to Gayasisa. On arrival there he preached to them again and they all became arahants.
The Buddha went to Rajagaha and dwelt in the Toddy Palm Grove. King Bimbisara went there to pay his respects to the Buddha. The Venerable Kassapa acknowledged the Buddha superiority, saying, “My teacher, Lord, is the Lord, I am the disciple” repeatedly.
“The Doctrine shows suffering, cause of suffering, cessation of suffering and the path leading to the cessation of suffering”. On hearing this, Sariputta went to tell his friend the good news and Moggallana was also established in the first holy stage of the Ariyan Path.
On the full moon day of the 3rd lunar month, Makha, of the year, there were 1,250 Sangha followers, that came to see Buddha that evening without any schedule. All of them were “Arhantas”. The Buddha gave those Arhantas the principles of the Buddhism, called “The Ovadhapatimokha”.
Lord Buddha arrived at Kabillapath City gave Dhamma to the King, his relatives. They understood, accepted and ready to practice the Sacca Dhamma in their life. They announced themselves to be male and female Buddhist.
Yasodara, Rahula's mother, was watching the Buddha from her chamber and she saw him begging for food from house to house. So she was overwhelmed with grief. She also held her son in her arms and pointed to the Buddha saying “That is your father!”
As the Buddha left the palace Rahula followed him saying, “Give me my inheritance.” Coming to the park the Buddha thought, “I shall instead give him what I know and thus give him an excellent inheritance.” The Buddha then asked Sariputta, one of his disciples, to ordain Rahula.
The Buddha took Phra Nandha to visit Heaven pointed out the beautiful girls. The Buddha taught that once we saw something better, we would say that the latter was much better. This was an endless process. Phra Nandha realized this fact and attained Arahanta.
Mahamaya, the Buddha's mother, who was living among the devas in the Dusita heaven, also came to listen to the Buddha's teaching. Hearing the teaching, the Buddha's mother attained Stream Entry, while a great number of devas attained the Path and Fruit according to their dispositions.
Load Buddha stood where he was and sent out his loving-kindness towards the elephants Nalagiri, which was running towards him to crush him down. When the elephant came near the Buddha, it stood quietly before Him listening to the words of advice uttered by him.
“I am merciful to all living beings; But you are merciless to living beings. Therefore I stand still and you stand not still.” Angulimala threw away his sword knelt before him. The Buddha blessed him and took him to the monastery, where he became Arahanta later.
Phra Devadhat was so weak and asked his servants to carry him on a stretch and headed for the Vihara of Lord Buddha. On his way to see Lord Buddha, because of his bad past activities and his intention to split the Bikkhu, Phra Devadhat was consumed to death by quick sand.
Upon hearing of His father’s imminent death, Buddha visited Kabillapath to give His last discourse to His father. On hearing the Dhamma, King Suddhodana attained Arahanthship. Seven days later he passed away. The Buddha was about forty years old at the time of His father’s death.
Herein a noble disciple has absolute confidence in the Buddha, Dharma and Sangha. A noble disciple shall be able to predict for himself that he shall not fall back to lower states like hell, the animal world, the ghost world and other sorrowful and unhappy states.
When the Buddha and his disciples arrived at Pava, Cunda invited the party to a meal called sukaramaddava, or “boar's delight.” But soon after this, the Buddha suffered from an attack of the dysentery he had been suffering from earlier and sharp pains came upon him.
“O Subhadda, if only my disciples live rightly and follow my precepts or training rules, the world will never be without genuine arahants.” Then Subhadda, the last disciple in Buddha life asked to be admitted to the order of monks and the Buddha granted his request.
Then the Buddha addressed all the monks once more, and these were the very last words he spoke: “Behold, O monks, this is my last advice to you. All component things in the world are changeable. They are not lasting. Work hard to gain your own salvation.”
The passing away, or the final nirvana of the Buddha, occurred in 543 BC on a full-moon day in the month of May, known in the Indian calendar as Vesak.
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