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The Liboni Amphora Collection - Part 2

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Information about The Liboni Amphora Collection - Part 2

Published on February 25, 2009

Author: hpape

Source: slideshare.net

Description

The second part of my Research Master thesis (catalogue & drawings)
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THE LIBONI AMPHORA COLLECTION Roman maritime trade and the changing socio-economic system of the Pontine region Part 2: catalogue & drawings Name: H.G. Pape Student number: 1332961 E-mail: ace_scarab@orange.nl Date: May 2008 Research master Art History & Archaeology Tutor: prof. dr. P.A.J. Attema Second reader: dr. W.M. Jongman

CONTENTS PART 2 Contents 1 Catalogue 4 Amphorae with confronti 5 Tipo Py 5 5 Tipo Py 4A 5 Greco-Italic/Tipo MGS IV (Greco-Italiche antiche) 6 Greco-Italic/Tipo MGS V (Greco-Italiche antiche) 6 Greco-Italic/Tipo MGS VI (Greco-Italiche antiche) 7 Pompeii 38 8 Van der Werff 2 9 Dressel 1/Dressel 1 (Tipo 1A) 10 Dressel 1/Dressel 1 (Tipo 1B) 11 Dressel 1 13 Type 3 Unknown rim ‘type A’ 16 Type 4 Unknown rim ‘type B’ 16 Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ 17 Brindisian amphora 21 Dressel 2-4 Cos 21 Forlimpopoli 22 Agora F65-66 25 Haltern 70 26 Dressel 2-4 Italian 27 Rhodian Type 29 Dressel 2-4 Catalan 31 Tripolitanian 1 31 Tripolitanian 2 32 Peacock & Williams 66 33 Beltrán 2B 34 Dressel 21-22 34 Dressel 20 35 Gauloise 4 36 Beirut 3 42 Leptiminius 1 42 Empoli 43 Campanian almond-rim type 43 -1-

Africana 1 Piccolo 44 Africana 2A Grande 45 Dressel 30 - Keay 1A 53 Dressel 23 53 Dressel 30 - Keay 1B 54 Africana 3A 56 Africana 3B 58 Keay 52 59 Africana 3C 62 Spatheion 1 62 Keay 59 63 Keay 62 63 Keay 55 64 Amphorae without confronti 65 Drawings 80 Drawings of referenced LAC amphorae 81 Tipo Py 5 81 Tipo Py 4A 81 Greco-Italic/Tipo MGS IV (Greco-Italiche antiche) 82 Greco-Italic/Tipo MGS V (Greco-Italiche antiche) 82 Greco-Italic/Tipo MGS VI (Greco-Italiche antiche) 83 Pompeii 38 84 Van der Werff 2 84 Dressel 1/Dressel 1 (Tipo 1A) 85 Dressel 1/Dressel 1 (Tipo 1B) 86 Dressel 1 87 Type 3 Unknown rim ‘type A’ 88 Type 4 Unknown rim ‘type B’ 88 Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ 89 Brindisian amphora 89 Dressel 2-4 Cos 90 Forlimpopoli 91 Agora F65-66 91 Haltern 70 92 Dressel 2-4 Italian 93 Rhodian Type 94 Dressel 2-4 Catalan 94 Tripolitanian 1 95 Tripolitanian 2 96 Peacock & Williams 66 96 -2-

Beltrán 2B 97 Dressel 21-22 97 Dressel 20 98 Gauloise 4 98 Beirut 3 99 Leptiminius 1 99 Empoli 100 Campanian almond-rim type 101 Africana 1 Piccolo 101 Africana 2A Grande 102 Dressel 30 - Keay 1A 102 Dressel 23 103 Dressel 30 - Keay 1B 103 Africana 3A 104 Africana 3B 104 Keay 52 105 Africana 3C 105 Spatheion 1 105 Keay 59 106 Keay 62 106 Keay 55 107 Miscellaneous stamps 107 -3-

CATALOGUE The catalogue contains every amphora (fragment) present in the Liboni Amphora Collection. The entries have been divided in two categories, which are also used on the attached CD-ROM containing the photographs of the LAC: amphorae with confronti (sorted consecutively chronologically, by type, by inv. nr.), and amphorae without confronti (sorted by inv. nr.). -4-

AMPHORAE WITH CONFRONTI Tipo Py 5 Inv.nr: LAC/X54 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Rim of an amphora Description: Spreading rim, thickened on the outside; convex lip Colors: Ext. 2.5YR 5/6 red to 2.5YR 5/8 red Int. 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow to 10YR 7/3 very pale brown & 10YR 5/1 gray Core 2.5YR 5/6 red to 10YR 5/1 gray Measurements: 4.2x10.3x0.6 (wall) – 1.1 (lip). Diameter (lip): 22cm Comments: Worn and damaged; very coarse, ‘Archaic’ fabric with many augite inclusions, Etruscan? Confronti: Probably Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Tipo Py 5 (pp. 80); 550-450 BC Drawn: Yes Typo Py 4A Inv.nr: LAC/15 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Complete amphora Description: Tapering base, convex point; bulbous piriform body; no distinguishable neck; straight, spreading rim with external angle; convex lip; thick ring-handles, bending inwards on shoulder, round in section Colors: Ext. 2.5YR 6/6 light red, 7.5YR 7/4 pink to 2.5YR 4/6 red Int. 7.5YR 7/4 pink Core 7.5YR 7/4 pink Measurements: 61.3x43.4x0.6 (wall) – 1.6 (lip). Diameter (lip): 28.3cm Comments: Complete form; worn; circular hole in wall; some marine incrustations; very course fabric with lots of large (2mm+) augite inclusions (Archaic fabric?); inv.nr. marked on inside rim -5-

Confronti: Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Tipo Py 4A (pp. 79); 450-250 BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, base) Greco-Italic/Tipo MGS IV (Greco-Italiche antiche) Inv.nr: LAC/5 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (spike missing) Description: Spike missing, convex base where spike was attached visible; piriform body; somewhat carinated shoulder (hardly distinguishable due to wear); cylindrical/conical neck; straight, triangular rim, thickened on outside; slightly beveled , convex lip; long, straight band-handles from shoulder to neck, bending towards neck just below rim, oval in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 7/4 pink, 7.5YR 4/2 dark brown to 7.5YR 7/6 reddish yellow Int. 7.5YR 7/4 pink to 2.5YR 4/2 weak red Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 72.0x34.9x1.3 (wall) – 2.9 (lip). Diameter (lip): 17.9cm Comments: Complete form, save for missing spike; horizontal groove ca. 4cm below shoulder, running a third of amphora’s circumference (indication for wheel- throwing?); some marine incrustations, especially inside neck; inv.nr. marked on iron stand Confronti: USAP 2005, Greco-Italic (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =141); mid 4th to mid 2nd century BC ; Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Tipo MGS IV (Greco-Italiche antiche) (pp. 86); 4th to start 3rd century BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Greco-Italic/Tipo MGS V (Greco-Italiche antiche) Inv.nr: LAC/76 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Complete amphora (spike missing) -6-

Description: Missing spike; piriform body; carinated shoulder; short, conical/cylindrical neck, slightly spreading triangular rim, thickened on the outside; convex lip; fairly short, straight band-handles from shoulder to neck, bending towards neck just below rim, oval in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 6/4 light brown and 5YR 5/3 reddish brown to 5YR 3/2 dark reddish brown Int. 5YR 6/2 pinkish gray Core 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Measurements: 59.5x38.0x0.8 (wall) – 3.1 (lip). Diameter (lip): 17.6cm Comments: Complete form, save for missing spike; quite compact for its form; few marine incrustations; rim severely worn and chipped; inv.nr. marked on plastic wrapped around neck Confronti: USAP 2005, Greco-Italic (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =141); mid 4th to mid 2nd century BC ; Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Tipo MGS V (Greco-Italiche antiche) (pp. 88); mid 4th to mid 3rd century BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Greco-Italic/Tipo MGS VI (Greco-Italiche antiche) Inv.nr: LAC/35 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (spike damaged) Description: Solid, stumpy spike (most bottom part missing/damaged); piriform body; carinated shoulder (barely visible due to wear); wide cylindrical neck; triangular rim, nearly straight vertical inside, undercut outside; convex lip; band-handles from shoulder to neck, ovoid/diamond-shaped in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 5/6 strong brown to 5YR 5/4 reddish brown Int. 5YR 5/2 reddish gray Core 2.5YR 5/4 reddish brown Measurements: 65.5x37.5x0.7 (wall) – 2.6 (lip). Diameter (lip): 16.9cm Comments: Complete form, save for damaged/missing spike; some marine incrustations on exterior and interior; inv.nr. marked on tape around handle -7-

Confronti: USAP 2005, Greco-Italic (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =141); mid 4th to mid 2nd century BC ; Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Tipo MGS VI (Greco-Italiche antiche) (pp. 89); end 4th to 2nd century BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) Pompeii 38 Inv.nr: LAC/26 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Complete amphora Description: Short, tapering spike with eroded ridge; globular/piriform body; cylindrical neck; tapering, outcurving rim, thickened and undercut on the outside; convex lip; irregular ribbed band-handles, sharply bending towards neck where handles are almost level with rim, oval in section Colors: Ext. 2.5YR 6/6 light red to 2.5YR 5/4 reddish brown Int. 2.5YR 5/6 red to 2.5YR 6/6 light red Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 59.0x28.2x0.6 (wall) – 1.1 (lip). Diameter (lip): 7.2cm Comments: Complete form; entire body has shallow ribbing (wheel-turning marks?); some marine incrustations on exterior; inv.nr. marked on iron stand Confronti: Probably USAP 2005, Pompeii 38 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =281); 2nd century BC to end 2nd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) Inv.nr: LAC/TA.101.21/01 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder, neck, rim and handles of an amphora Description: Rounded shoulder; conical/cylindrical neck; slightly outcurving rim, thickening and undercut on the outside; convex lip; ribbed band-handles, bending just below rim Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/6 reddish yellow -8-

Int. 2.5YR 6/6 light red Core 2.5YR 6/8 light red to 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Measurements: 18.8x20.6x1.1 (wall) – 1.0 (lip). Diameter (lip): 7.3cm Comments: Worn and damaged; some marine incrustations Confronti: Probably USAP 2005, Pompeii 38 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =281); 2nd century BC to end 2nd century AD Drawn: Yes Van der Werff 2 Inv.nr: LAC/39 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Complete amphora Description: Fairly long, tapering spike; long, narrow, cylindrical body; short, fairly wide, cylindrical neck; outcurving rim, thickened and undercut on outside; convex lip; small ring-handles on body, bending on body below shoulder Colors: Ext. 10YR 8/1 white and 10YR 4/2 dark grayish brown to 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Int. 10YR 8/1 white to 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Core 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Measurements: 67.7x21.0x0.6 (wall) – 1.2 (lip). Diameter (lip): 11.4cm. Diameter (spike): 7.0cm Comments: Complete form; marine incrustations cover body, but do not obscure details; inv.nr. marked on note between handle and body Confronti: USAP 2005, Van der Werff 2 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =367); mid 2nd to 1st century BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) -9-

Dressel 1/Dressel 1 (Tipo 1A) Inv.nr: LAC/2 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Tapering spike, slightly flaring at the bottom, rounded knob; slender, cylindrical/piriform body; carinated shoulder (worn); long, cylindrical neck; outcurving triangular rim, thickened with shallow undercut on the outside; convex lip; long, straight band-handles from shoulder to neck, bending sharply towards neck below rim, oval in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/4 pink to 7.5YR 6/4 light brown Int. 2.5YR 6/6 light red Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red to 2.5YR 5/6 red Measurements: 95.2x27.0x0.8 (wall) – 2.5 (lip). Diameter (lip): 16.3cm. Diameter (spike): 5.1cm Comments: Complete form; some marine incrustations; signs of wear on rim and lip; inv.nr. on inside rim Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC ; Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Dressel 1 (Tipo 1A) (pp. 98-99); mid 2nd to end 1st century BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) Inv.nr: LAC/7 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (spike damaged) Description: Tapering spike (damaged); slender, cylindrical/piriform body; carinated shoulder (worn); long, cylindrical neck; spreading, triangular rim, thickened on the outside; convex lip; long, straight band-handles from shoulder to neck, bending sharply towards neck below rim, oval in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/4 pink to 7.5YR 7/4 pink Int. 5YR 7/4 pink to 7.5YR 7/4 pink Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 93.2x28.8x1.0 (wall) – 2.4 (lip). Diameter (lip): 18.0cm - 10 -

Comments: Complete form, save for damaged spike; quite slender form; marine incrustations all over body, but not obscuring form; inv.nr. on inside rim Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC ; Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Dressel 1 (Tipo 1A) (pp. 98-99); mid 2nd to end 1st century BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) Dressel 1/Dressel 1 (Tipo 1B) Inv.nr: LAC/6 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (restored, spike damaged) Description: Tapering (damaged) spike; cylindrical body; long, cylindrical neck; slightly outcurving triangular collar-rim, thickened with shallow undercut on the outside; convex lip; very long, straight band-handles from shoulder to neck, bending sharply towards neck below rim, oval in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 6/4 light brown to 7.5YR 5/6 strong brown Int. 7.5YR 6/4 light brown and 5YR 5/1 gray to 5YR 3/1 dark gray Core 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow Measurements: 96.7x30.0x0.7 (wall) – 2.9 (lip). Diameter (lip): 18.0cm Comments: Complete form, save for damaged spike; neck is almost as long as body; few marine incrustations; inv.nr. on inside rim Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC ; Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Dressel 1 (Tipo 1B) (pp. 98-99); mid 2nd to end 1st century BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) Inv.nr: LAC/37 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Complete amphora (restored) - 11 -

Description: Solid spike, slightly flaring at the bottom; cylindrical body; rounded shoulder; long cylindrical neck, bent; straight, slightly spreading collar-rim; convex lip; long band-handles from shoulder to neck, oval in section Colors: Ext. 2.5YR 5/6 red to 7.5YR 7/6 reddish yellow Int. 2.5YR 5/6 red Core 2.5YR 5/8 red Measurements: 84.8x27.5x1.6 (wall) – 2.9 (lip). Diameter (lip): 19.1cm. Diameter (spike): 4.0cm Comments: Complete form; marine incrustations, especially around handle, obscuring the curvature at the attachment to neck; some old fractures still clearly visible; inv.nr. marked inside neck Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC ; Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Dressel 1 (Tipo 1B) (pp. 98-99); mid 2nd to end 1st century BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) Inv.nr: LAC/77 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Lower half of an amphora (restored, spike missing) Description: Lower half of piriform body Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/6 reddish yellow to 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Int. 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow to 5YR 6/2 pinkish gray Core 5YR 6/2 pinkish gray Measurements: 26.0x24.3 Comments: Only lower half of amphora remains, spike missing; hardly any marine incrustations; severely fragmented; inv.nr. marked on outside body Confronti: Probably USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC ; Probably Caravale & Toffoletti 1997, Dressel 1 (Tipo 1B) (pp. 98-99); mid 2nd to end 1st century BC Drawn: No - 12 -

Dressel 1 Inv.nr: LAC/22 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike, body and attachments of handles & neck + right handle + neck Description: Long, tapering spike; piriform/cylindrical body; carinated shoulder; long, cylindrical neck; no rim present; long, straight band-handle right (handle is loose fragment) from shoulder to neck, bending sharply towards neck just below (missing) rim (neck is loose fragment) Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 5/6 strong brown to 7.5YR 4/6 strong brown Int. 10R 4/2 weak red Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 97.2 (body + neck)/66.2 (body)x26.0x1.6 (wall) – 2.0 (neck). Diameter (neck): 13.9cm. Diameter (spike): 6.0cm Comments: Amphora consists of three fragments, photographed together as one form (held together with scotch tape) as well as separately; covered with marine incrustations; inv.nr. marked on inside of body and inside of neck Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC Drawn: Yes (handle, spike) Inv.nr: LAC/X2 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Body and neck of an amphora (restored, rim + most of handles + spike missing) Description: Spike missing; cylindrical body; carinated shoulder; long, cylindrical neck; no rim present; attachments and marginal pieces of band-handles from shoulder to neck, oval in section Colours Ext. 5YR 7/4 pink and 2.5YR 6/6 red to 2.5YR 6/8 red Int. 5YR 7/4 pink and 5YR 8/2 white to 7.5YR 5/6 strong brown Core 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Measurements: 92.0x30.0x1.0 (neck). Diameter (neck): 12.6cm - 13 -

Comments: Larger part of amphora remains; no marine incrustations; form has been restored badly (still severely damaged and remains of glue clearly visible); no inv.nr. on amphora Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC Drawn: No Inv.nr: LAC/X9 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Body of an amphora Description: Cylindrical/piriform body; cylindrical neck; handle-attachments of band- handles Colors: Ext. 10YR 6/1 light gray/gray to 10YR 5/1 gray Int. 10YR 6/1 light gray/gray Core 10YR 6/1 light gray/gray to 10YR 5/1 gray Measurements: 26.2x25.8x1.6 (wall). Diameter (neck): 14.7cm Comments: Only body remains (no spike, larger part of neck or rim); worn and damaged; no inv.nr. Confronti: Probably USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC Drawn: No Inv.nr: LAC/X10 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Body of an amphora Description: Cylindrical/piriform body; cylindrical neck Colors: Ext. 5YR 8/3 pink and 5YR 7/4 pink to 10R 6/6 light red Int. 2.5YR 6/6 light red Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 23.2x24.6x1.1 (wall). Diameter (neck): 11.7cm Comments: Only body remains (no spike, larger part of neck or rim); worn and damaged; no inv.nr. present - 14 -

Confronti: Probably USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC Drawn: No Inv.nr: LAC/X61 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Handle of an amphora Description: Long band-handle Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/8 reddish yellow Int. 5YR 7/8 reddish yellow Core 5YR 7/8 reddish yellow Measurements: 16.1x4.4 Comments: Worn and damaged Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC Drawn: Yes Inv.nr: LAC/X62 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of neck, rim and part of handle-attachment of an amphora Description: Conical neck, outcurving rim, shallowly doubly thickened on the outside; convex lip, ribbed band-handle-attachment, roughly rectangular in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 7/6 reddish yellow to 5YR 7/4 pink & 5YR 7/1 light gray Int. 5YR 7/4 pink to 5YR 7/1 light gray Core 5YR 7/4 pink Measurements: 9.0x9.7x0.9 (wall) – 1.5 (lip). Diameter (lip): 12cm Comments: Worn and damaged Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =324); 130/140 to end 1st century BC Drawn: Yes - 15 -

Type 3 Unknown rim ‘type A’ Inv.nr: LAC/Ct.971.01/01 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder, neck, rim and one handle of an amphora Description: Rounded shoulder; short conical neck; slightly outcurving straight rim, thickened and undercut on the outside; convex lip; one band-handles, bending below rim, roughly oval in section Colors: Ext. 10YR 8/2 white & 2.5YR 5/6 red Int. 10YR 8/2 white Core 10YR 8/2 white Measurements: 16.6x17.2x0.8 (wall) – 1.3 (lip). Diameter (lip): 12.5cm Comments: Worn and damaged; findspot Cretarossa Confronti: Probably Attema et al. 2003, Type 3 Unknown rim ‘type A’ (134); end 2nd to start 1st century BC Drawn: Yes Type 4 Unknown rim ‘type B’ Inv.nr: LAC/X26 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder, neck, rim and handle-attachments of an amphora Description: Cylindrical neck; straight rim, undercut on the outside; flattened lip; handle- attachments, oval in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/4 pink Int. 5YR 7/4 pink Core 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown to 2.5 YR N 3/ very dark gray Measurements: 17.4x14.3x1.1 (wall) – 1.2 (lip). Diameter (lip): 14.3cm Comments: Worn and damaged; irregular outer facing of rim; some rather large inclusions visible (>2mm); fabric uniformly speckled very dark gray Attema et al. 2003, Type 4 Unknown rim ‘type B’ (134); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes - 16 -

Inv.nr: LAC/X30 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of neck and rim of an amphora Description: Cylindrical neck; spreading, triangular rim; flattened, convex lip Colors: Ext. 5YR 8/3 pink Int. 5YR 8/3 pink Core 5YR 7/6 reddish yellow Measurements: 14.1x6.8x1.1 (wall) – 1.2 (lip). Diameter (lip): 13.1cm Comments: Worn and damaged; some marine incrustations Attema et al. 2003, Type 4 Unknown rim ‘type B’ (134); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ Inv.nr: LAC/Ct.971.01/02 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike of an amphora Description: Knobbed spike, flattened outside, encircling groove; flaring wall Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/4 pink & 5YR 5/3 reddish brown Int. 5YR 7/6 reddish yellow to 2.5YR 6/6 light red Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 11.6x15.0x1.1 (wall). Diameter (spike): 5.7cm Comments: Worn and damaged; irregular surface; fingerprints on wall; findspot Cretarossa Attema et al. 2003, Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ (135); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes Inv.nr: LAC/Ct.971.01/03 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike of an amphora Description: Knobbed spike, flattened outside, encircling groove; flaring wall - 17 -

Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/4 pink & 5YR 5/3 reddish brown Int. 5YR 7/6 reddish yellow to 2.5YR 6/6 light red Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 8.1x14.5x0.8 (wall). Diameter (spike): 5.2cm Comments: Worn and damaged; irregular surface; fingerprints on wall; findspot Cretarossa Attema et al. 2003, Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ (135); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes Inv.nr: LAC/Ct.971.01/04 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike of an amphora Description: Knobbed spike, flattened outside, encircling groove; flaring wall Colors: Ext. 10YR 8/2 white Int. 10YR 8/2 white Core 10YR 8/3 very pale brown Measurements: 9.9x13.7x1.0 (wall). Diameter (spike): 5.4cm Comments: Worn and damaged; irregular surface; fingerprints on wall; findspot Cretarossa Attema et al. 2003, Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ (135); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes Inv.nr: LAC/Ct.971.01/05 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike of an amphora Description: Knobbed spike, flattened outside, encircling groove; flaring wall Colors: Ext. 10YR 8/2 white Int. 10YR 8/2 white Core 10YR 8/3 very pale brown Measurements: 6.6x10.2x0.8 (wall). Diameter (spike): 5.6cm Comments: Worn and damaged; findspot Cretarossa Attema et al. 2003, Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ (135); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes - 18 -

Inv.nr: LAC/Ct.971.01/06 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike of an amphora Description: Knobbed spike, flattened outside; flaring wall Colors: Ext. 10YR 8/2 white Int. 10YR 8/2 white to 10YR 8/3 very pale brown Core 10YR 8/3 very pale brown Measurements: 11.8x8.6x0.9 (wall). Diameter (spike): 4.9cm Comments: Worn and damaged; irregular surface; findspot Cretarossa Attema et al. 2003, Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ (135); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes Inv.nr: LAC/Ct.971.01/07 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike of an amphora Description: Knobbed spike, flattened outside, encircling groove; flaring wall Colors: Ext. 10YR 8/2 white Int. 10YR 8/2 white to 10YR 8/3 very pale brown Core 10YR 8/3 very pale brown Measurements: 7.4x9.4x0.8 (wall). Diameter (spike): 5.3cm Comments: Worn and damaged; irregular surface; findspot Cretarossa Attema et al. 2003, Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ (135); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes Inv.nr: LAC/Ct.971.01/08 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike of an amphora Description: Knobbed spike, flattened outside, encircling groove; flaring wall Colors: Ext. 10YR 8/2 white Int. 10YR 8/2 white Core 10YR 8/3 very pale brown - 19 -

Measurements: 7.2x8.9x0.9 (wall). Diameter (spike): 5.3cm Comments: Worn and damaged; irregular surface; findspot Cretarossa Attema et al. 2003, Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ (135); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes Inv.nr: LAC/Pol.205.10/01 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike of an amphora Description: Knobbed spike, concave inside, flattened outside, encircling groove; flaring wall, thickening inside towards spike with ridge on transition Colors: Ext. 10YR 8/2 white Int. 10YR 8/2 white Core 10YR 8/3 very pale brown Measurements: 8.3x8.0x1.2 (wall) Comments: Very worn and damaged; very light coloured fabric, reminiscent of Cretarossa spikes (LAC/Ct.971.01/04-08) Attema et al. 2003, Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ (135); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes Inv.nr: LAC/X58 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike of an amphora Description: Knobbed spike, rounded outside, encircling groove; flaring wall Colors: Ext. 2.5YR 6/6 light red to 5YR 7/8 reddish yellow & 5YR 6/1 gray/light gray Int. 2.5YR 6/6 light red to 5YR 6/1 gray/light gray Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 6.2x7.8x0.8 (wall) – Diameter (spike): 6.6cm Comments: Worn and damaged Attema et al. 2003, Type 8 Unknown base ‘type B’ (135); end 2nd to start 1st Confronti: century BC Drawn: Yes - 20 -

Brindisian amphora Inv.nr: LAC/X1 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Neck, rim and part of shoulder with handle of an amphora (+ loose handle- attachment) Description: Short, cylindrical neck; outcurving rim, thickened on inside, thickened and undercut outside; convex lip; short ring-handle at the right from shoulder to neck, bending just below rim, round in section; attachment and small piece of ring-handle at the left (as loose fragment) Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 5/4 brown Int. 7.5YR 5/4 brown to 7.5YR 6/4 light brown Core 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Measurements: 16.5x22.5x1.0 (wall) – 2.4 (lip). Diameter (lip): 15.7cm Comments: Only top of the amphora remains; loose handle-attachment; no marine incrustations; no inv.nr. on either fragment Confronti: Probably USAP 2005, Brindisian amphora (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =51); end 2nd to end 1st century BC Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Dressel 2-4 Cos Inv.nr: LAC/117750 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (rim damaged) Description: Tapering spike; cylindrical/piriform body; carinated shoulder; fairly long, cylindrical neck; outcurving rim, thickened on both in- and outside; convex lip; long, straight, double-bar handles from shoulder to neck, bending sharply just below rim; double cylindrical in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/4 pink to 2.5YR 6/6 light red Int. 5YR 7/4 pink to 2.5YR 6/6 light red Core 10R 6/4 pale red - 21 -

Measurements: 91.2x21.5x1.2 (wall) – 1.4 (lip). Diameter (lip): 11.2cm. Diameter (spike): 4.2cm Comments: Complete form, save for slightly damaged rim; worn horizontal groove on transition shoulder-neck; inv.nr. marked on inside left handle. Find location Torre Astura Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 2-4 Cos (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =95); 1st century BC to 2nd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) Forlimpopoli Inv.nr: LAC/11 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Complete amphora Description: Flaring base-ring, rounded edge, outside convex, inside slightly concave; piriform body; conical neck; outcurving rim, slightly undercut on outside; convex lip; long band-handles from shoulder to neck, bending just below the rim, oval in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 6/6 reddish yellow, 2.5YR 5/6 red to 7.5YR 4/6 strong brown Int. 2.5YR 5/4 reddish brown Core 10R 6/4 pale red Measurements: 46.4x26.8x0.7 (wall) – 0.5 (lip). Diameter (lip): 7.7cm. Diameter (base): 11cm Comments: Complete form; some marine incrustations, especially on neck; traces of brown slip on body and neck (5YR 3/3 dark reddish brown); inv.nr. marked on inside rim Confronti: USAP 2005, Forlimpopoli (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =130); 1st century BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, base-ring) Inv.nr: LAC/18 Ware: IVc amphora - 22 -

Shape: Complete amphora Description: Raised base-ring, tapering beveled edge, inside slightly concave, outside concave turning to convex centre-point; piriform body; carinated shoulder; small cylindrical neck; outturning thickened rim with internal (rounded) angle, undercut outside; flattened lip; ribbed ring-handles from shoulder to neck, round in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow to 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Int. 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Core 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow Measurements: 48.6x28.8x0.7 (wall) – 0.9 (lip). Diameter (lip): 7.0cm. Diameter (base-ring): 9.2cm Comments: Complete form; some pieces chipped off from lip and base-ring; two grooves on neck between handles; some marine incrustations; blackened by firing (2.5YR N4/ dark gray); inv.nr. marked on iron stand Confronti: USAP 2005, Forlimpopoli (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =130); 1st century BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, base-ring) Inv.nr: LAC/19 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (base-ring and rim damaged) Description: Raised base-ring, rounded edge, flat inside, convex outside; piriform body; long cylindrical neck; outturning rim, slightly thickening on the outside; convex lip; straight, long band-handles from shoulder to neck, 90° bend towards neck, oval in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown to 7.5YR 6/6 reddish yellow Int. 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Core 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Measurements: 48.2x28.8x0.5 (wall) – 0.6 (lip). Diameter (lip): 7.3 cm. Diameter (base-ring): 10.0cm Comments: Complete form, save for damaged base-ring and rim; some marine incrustations on lower part of the body, neck and handles; inv.nr. marked on iron stand - 23 -

Confronti: Probably USAP 2005, Forlimpopoli (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =130); 1st century BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, base-ring) Inv.nr: LAC/Bol.820.05/01 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder, neck, rim and one handle of an amphora Description: Rounded shoulder; tapering conical neck, ridged four times on the outside; slightly outcurving rim, thickened and undercut on the outside; convex lip; one band-handle, bending sharply on level with rim, roughly oval in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR N 6/ gray/light gray Int. 7.5YR 8/2 pinkish white to 7.5YR 7/2 pinkish gray Core 7.5YR 5/2 brown Measurements: 18.1x17.7x0.9 (wall) – 1.4 (lip). Diameter (lip): 6.3cm (front)/7.2cm (side) Worn and damaged; rim diameter is oval; tituli picti on the neck behind the Comments: handle? Confronti: USAP 2005, Forlimpopoli (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =130); 1st century BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes Inv.nr: LAC/X15 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder, neck, rim and handles of an amphora Description: Rounded shoulder; short, conical/cylindrical neck; straight rim, thickened and undercut outside; convex lip; ring-handles bending sharply on level with rim, round in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 6/0 light gray/gray Int. 10YR 6/4 light yellowish brown Core 10YR 5/1 gray Measurements: 14.7x23.8x0.7 (wall) – 1.1 (lip). Diameter (lip): 7.3cm Comments: Worn and damaged; no inv.nr. present - 24 -

Confronti: USAP 2005, Forlimpopoli (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =130); 1st century BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Inv.nr: LAC/X16 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder, neck, rim and handles of an amphora Description: Rounded shoulder; fairly short, cylindrical neck; straight, spreading rim, thickened on both in- and outside; beveled/convex lip; band-handles bending sharply on level with rim, roughly oval in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/6 reddish yellow to 7.5YR 8/4 pink Int. 5YR 4/1 dark gray Core 2.5YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 15.2x21.9x0.7 (wall) – 0.9 (lip). Diameter (lip): 7.4cm Comments: Worn and damaged; some marine incrustations; no inv.nr. present Confronti: USAP 2005, Forlimpopoli (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =130); 1st century BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Agora F65-66 Inv.nr: LAC/X3 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (rim damaged/missing) Description: Flaring spike, beveled edge, outside concave turning to strongly convex/pointed centre-point; rilled ovoid/globular body; no distinguishable shoulder; no rim present; one small, ribbed band-handle bending sharply on body just below and against neck, roughly oval in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 6/6 reddish yellow Int. 7.5YR 6/6 reddish yellow Core 7.5YR 6/6 reddish yellow - 25 -

Measurements: 48.0x22.0x0.5 (wall) – 0.6 (lip) – 1.4 (spike). Diameter (lip): 4.5cm. Diameter (spike): 5.0cm Comments: Almost complete form, save for damaged/missing rim; marine incrustations evenly spread over body; inv.nr. marked on note inside body Confronti: USAP 2005, Agora F65-66 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =311); mid 1st century BC to 4th century AD Drawn: Yes (handle, spike) Haltern 70 Inv.nr: LAC/13 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Complete amphora Description: Long, solid, tapering spike; slightly bulbous, cylindrical body; somewhat carinated shoulder (hardly distinguishable due to wear); fairly long, cylindrical neck; slightly outcurving collar-rim, thickened and undercut outside, thickened below lip inside; convex lip; long, ribbed band-handles, with deep vertical groove in the middle, from shoulder to neck, bending toward neck just below rim Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 7/4 pink to 7.5YR 6/4 light brown Int. 7.5YR 7/4 pink, 7.5YR 6/4 light brown to 7.5YR 5/4 brown Core 7.5YR 7/4 pink Measurements: 82.6x30.3x0.7 (wall) – 1.6 (lip). Diameter (lip): 16.9cm. Diameter (spike): 9.2cm Comments: Complete form; some marine incrustations, especially on handles; horizontal groove ca. 4cm below shoulder, running two thirds of amphora’s circumference (indication for wheel-throwing?); inv.nr. marked on inside rim Confronti: USAP 2005, Haltern 70 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =148); 80/60 BC to the Antonine period Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) - 26 -

Dressel 2-4 Italian Inv.nr: LAC/1 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike (damaged), body and small part of the neck of an amphora Description: Damaged spike; cylindrical body; carinated shoulder; start of conical/cylindrical neck; no rim or lip present; attachments of double-bar handles on neck, handles not present Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/6 reddish yellow to 2.5YR 6/6 light red Int. 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Core 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Measurements: 77.5x32.5x1.3 (neck). Diameter (shoulder): 27.8cm. Comments: Worn spike; neck severely damaged; marine incrustations on both exterior and interior, obscuring left handle; inv.nr. marked on tape on body Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 2-4 Italian (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =102); 70 BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (spike) Inv.nr: LAC/12 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (spike missing) Description: Spike missing; cylindrical/piriform body; carinated shoulder; fairly long, cylindrical neck; spreading rim, thickened on the outside; convex lip; long, straight double-bar handles from shoulder to neck, bending sharply towards neck just below rim, double-circled in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 5/6 strong brown and 7.5YR 6/6 reddish yellow to 10YR 4/4 dark yellowish brown Int. 10YR 4/4 dark yellowish brown Core 7.5YR 6/6 reddish yellow Measurements: 88.0x27.0x0.6 (wall) – 2.3 (lip). Diameter (lip): 15.0cm Comments: Complete form, save for missing spike; larger part of body, neck and handles covered in marine incrustations (obscuring details); inv.nr. marked on inside rim - 27 -

Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 2-4 Italian (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =102); 70 BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Inv.nr: LAC/88 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Spike, body and very small part of neck of an amphora Description: Tapering spike, flaring at the bottom, rounded knob; cylindrical/piriform body; carinated shoulder; very small part of cylindrical or conical neck; no rim present; attachments of double-bar handles from shoulder to…, double circular in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow and 7.5YR 7/4 pink to 7.5YR 7/2 pinkish gray Int. 7.5YR 7/4 pink to 7.5YR 7/2 pinkish gray Core 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Measurements: 70.5x28.0x1.4 (neck). Diameter (neck): 12.5cm. Diameter (spike): 6.5cm Comments: Larger part of amphora remains; few marine incrustations (but obscuring details, like handles); inv.nr. marked on sticker on outside shoulder Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 2-4 Italian (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =102); 70 BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (spike) Inv.nr: LAC/117749 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Complete amphora Description: Short, tapering spike; fairly long, cylindrical body; carinated shoulder; cylindrical neck; outcurving rim, thickened on both in- and outside; convex lip; long, straight double-bar handles from shoulder to neck, bending sharply just below rim, double cylindrical in section Colors: Ext. 2.5YR 5/8 red and 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow to 5YR 8/1 white Int. 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow Core 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown - 28 -

Measurements: 91.5x28.6x0.7 (wall) – 1.1 (lip). Diameter (lip): 11.4cm. Diameter (spike): 4.0cm Comments: Complete form; rim irregular in diameter (diameter noted is average); body is dented halfway on one side; strong contrast in color; results of misfiring and/or poor drying? Find location Torre Astura Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 2-4 Italian (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =102); 70 BC to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle, spike) Inv.nr: LAC/X27 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder, neck, rim and handle-attachments of an amphora Description: Long, cylindrical neck; outcurving rim; convex lip; ribbed band-handle- attachments, irregularly oval in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/4 pink to 2.5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Int. 5YR 7/2 pinkish gray to 2.5YR 6/8 light red Core 2.5 YR 6/6 light red Measurements: 23.7x21.3x1.2 (wall) – 1.2 (lip). Diameter (lip): 14.8cm Comments: Worn and damaged; shoulder-neck transition is doubly ridged on the outside; clear wheel-turning marks on inside neck Confronti: Probably USAP 2005, Dressel 2-4 Italian (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =102); 70 BC to start 3rd century AD. Parallel in the ‘Colle Falcone amphora’ found during profile cleaning (11-07- 2007). Local production? Drawn: Yes Rhodian Type Inv.nr: LAC/74 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Upper half of an amphora - 29 -

Description: Cylindrical/piriform body; long, upwards tapering, cylindrical neck; outcurving rim, thickened and undercut on the outside; long, straight, ring-handles from shoulder to neck, bending sharply towards neck just below rim, handles pointed on top at level with rim Colors: Ext. 10YR 8/4 very pale brown to 7.5YR 5/4 brown Int. 2.5Y 8/4 pale yellow Core 5YR 8/3 pink Measurements: 62.0x25.8x1.3 (wall) – 1.7 (lip). Diameter (lip): 12.3cm Comments: Only upper half of amphora remains; few marine incrustations; inv.nr. marked on inside body Confronti: USAP 2005, Rhodian Type (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =74); end 1st century BC to mid 2nd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Inv.nr: LAC/78 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Shoulder, neck, rim, right handle and attachment of left handle of an amphora Description: Long, cylindrical neck; rectangular rim, thickening on the outside; flattened lip; long, straight band-handles from shoulder to neck, bending sharply downwards towards neck just below rim, oval in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 6/2 pinkish gray to 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Int. 5YR 4/1 dark gray Core 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow Measurements: 33.0x29.5x1.1 9 (wall) – 1. 4 (lip). Diameter (lip): 11.4cm Comments: Only part of shoulder preserved, neck is in good condition save for piece broken off through to rim (recent fracture?); very few marine incrustations; inv.nr. marked on inside shoulder Confronti: USAP 2005, Rhodian Type (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =74); end 1st century BC to mid 2nd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) - 30 -

Dressel 2-4 Catalan Inv.nr: LAC/X56 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder of an amphora Description: Rounded shoulder Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/2 pinkish gray to 5YR 8/3 pink Int. 5YR 8/3 pink Core 10R 6/6 light red Measurements: 13.4x14.7x3.3 (wall) Comments: Worn and damaged; outside shoulder stamped C E L S; findspot Poligono Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 2-4 Catalan (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =94); end 1st century BC to end 2nd century AD Drawn: Yes Tripolitanian 1 Inv.nr: LAC/X29 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder, neck, rim and one handle of an amphora Description: Cylindrical/conical neck; outcurving rim, thickened twice on the outside; convex lip; short band-handle from shoulder to neck, bending sharply just below rim, roughly oval in section Colors: Ext. 5YR 7/4 pink to 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow Int. 5YR 7/4 pink Core 5YR 7/4 pink Measurements: 20.5x23.2x1.6 (wall) – 2.5 (lip). Diameter (lip): 15.8cm Comments: Worn and damaged; some marine incrustations; some rather large inclusions visible (>2mm) Confronti: USAP 2005, Tripolitanian 1 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =304); 1st to mid 2nd century AD - 31 -

Drawn: Yes Tripolitanian 2 Inv.nr: LAC/X4 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Rim fragment of an amphora Description: Part of conical neck; outcurving rim, thickened twice outside (thickening below lip is pointed); convex lip Colors: Ext. 5YR 6/3 reddish brown Int. 10YR 5/6 yellowish brown Core 10R 5/6 red Measurements: 23.0x13.0x1.3 (wall) – 2.2 (lip). Diameter (lip): 17.0cm Comments: Only rim of amphora remains; some marine incrustations; no inv.nr. present Confronti: USAP 2005, Tripolitanian 2 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =305); 1st to 4th century AD Drawn: Yes (rim) Inv.nr: LAC/X38 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of shoulder, neck and rim of an amphora Description: Rounded shoulder; short cylindrical/conical neck; outcurving rim, thickened twice on the outside; convex lip Colors: Ext. 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown Int. 5YR 6/4 light reddish brown to 2.5YR 5/6 red Core 2.5YR 5/6 red Measurements: 12.4x22.2x0.8 (wall) – 3.2 (lip). Diameter (lip): 17cm Comments: Worn and damaged; many marine incrustations Confronti: USAP 2005, Tripolitanian 2 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =305); 1st to 4th century AD Drawn: Yes - 32 -

Inv.nr: LAC/TA.101.22/01 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of neck and rim of an amphora Description: Short, cylindrical neck; slightly outcurving rim, undercut and thickened twice on the outside; convex lip Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 8/2 pinkish white to 7.5YR 8/4 pink Int. 7.5YR 8/2 pinkish white Core 2.5 YR 6/4 light reddish brown Measurements: 19.8x17.3x1.1 (wall) – 2.8 (lip). Diameter (lip): 16.6cm Comments: Worn and damaged; some marine incrustations Confronti: USAP 2005, Tripolitanian 2 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =305); 1st to 4th century AD Drawn: Yes Peacock & Williams 66 Inv.nr: LAC/65 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (restored) Description: Spike missing; cylindrical rilled body without distinguishable shoulder; straight vertical rim, thickening on the inside vertical rim; convex lip; small, small ring- handle left, irregular in section; right handle missing save for attachment (recent fracture) Colors: Ext. 5YR 6/6 reddish yellow to 5YR 6/8 reddish yellow Int. 5YR 5/4 reddish brown Core 10R 5/6 red to 10R 5/8 red Measurements: 61.3x25.2x0.8 (wall) – 0.6 (lip). Diameter (lip): 11.2cm Comments: Complete form, save for missing (recently fractured) right handle and missing spike; amphora covered in marine incrustations; blackened by firing (2.5YR N4/ dark gray); inv.nr. marked on tape around handle - 33 -

Confronti: USAP 2005, Peacock & Williams 66 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =59); start 1st to start 3rd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Beltrán 2B Inv.nr: LAC/61 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Almost complete amphora (restored) Description: Spike missing; long, sagging body which widens towards base; no distinguishable shoulder; short cylindrical neck; outcurving rim, thickening on the inside; tapering, rounded lip; long band-handles from body to rim (meshes into rim), oval in section Colors: Ext. 7.5YR 6/4 light brown to 7.5YR 5/6 strong brown Int. 7.5YR 6/4 light brown to 7.5YR 6/2 pinkish gray Core 7.5YR 6/4 light brown Measurements: 91.5x34.4x1.4 (wall) – 3.4 (lip). Diameter (lip): 20.5cm Comments: Almost complete form, save for missing spike; pieces of rim chipped off; two grooves running beneath outcurving part of rim for about 14cm at the back of the amphora. Although rim is chipped, remaining complete sections at the front do not show similar or continuation of grooves; inv.nr. marked on paper at left handle Confronti: USAP 2005, Beltrán 2B (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =44); Tiberian-Claudian to mid 2nd century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Dressel 21-22 Inv.nr: LAC/50 Ware: IVc amphora - 34 -

Shape: Almost complete amphora (restored, spike damaged) Description: Tapering spike; spindle-shaped/piriform body; no distinguishable neck; outcurving rim, thickened and undercut outside; convex lip; short, ribbed band- handles bending on body, ovoid/diamond-shaped in section Colors: Ext. 10YR 7/3 very pale brown and 7.5YR 7/4 pink to 2.5YR 4/4 reddish brown Int. 7.5YR 7/4 pink Core 7.5YR 7/4 pink to 2.5YR 4/4 reddish brown Measurements: 59.3x18.4x0.7 (wall) – 2.1 (lip). Diameter (lip): 15.8cm Comments: Complete form, save for damaged spike; marine incrustations cover body; inv.nr. marked on tape inside rim Confronti: USAP 2005, Dressel 21-22 (http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/archive/amphora_ahrb_2005/details.cfm?id =86); mid to end 1st century AD Drawn: Yes (rim, handle) Dressel 20 Inv.nr: LAC/Bol.820.02/01 Ware: IVc amphora Shape: Part of neck, rim and one handle (= separate fragment) of an amphora Description: Cylindrical neck; outcurving rim, severely thickened on the outside and concave on the inside; convex lip; very thick ring-handle bending below rim, roughly oval in section Colors: Ext. 10YR 7/1 to 10YR 7/2 light gray Int. 10YR 7/1 to 10YR 7/2 light gray & 10YR 8/1 white Core 2.5Y N 4/ dark gray to 10YR 8/1 white Measurements: 18.4x19.3 (23.3 with handle)x1.6 (wall) – 4.2 (lip). Diameter (lip): 18cm Comments: Worn and damaged; handle is separate fragment, fracture (recent?) added in drawing; stamped S AE NI C HE (most probably SAENICHE, see e

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The Hits Collection Part 2vonSimon & Garfunkel als CD. ... Hits Collection Part 2, The. CD (ID: 432022) Simon & Garfunkel The Hits Collection Part 2
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My Anime Collection, Part 2. - YouTube

Here is part 2 of My Anime Collection series of videos. More to come, thank you for your patience
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Digimon Book Collection [part 2 of 2] - YouTube

Digimon Book Collection [part 2 of 2] Jessi Cat. Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 42 42. Loading... Loading... Working... Add to. Want to watch ...
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Amphora Resort - Privately Managed Apartments - Palm Cove

Amphora Resort – Privately Managed. ... Resort today with The Boutique Collection, ... accommodation you provided us at Amphora as part of the ...
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Amphorae from the coastal zone between Anzio and Torre ...

... Anzio and Torre Astura (Pontine region, Central ... 2. amphora types in the liboni collection. amphora type ... 75 larger part of an amphora ...
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Greatest Hits Parts 1 & 2 (Complete collection) 1962-1970 ...

... Greatest Hits Parts 1 & 2 (Complete collection) 1962-1970 jetzt kaufen. Bewertung 4.7, THE BEATLES GREATEST HITS PART 1 1962-1965 PART 2 1966-1970 2CD ...
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Amphora - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For the most part, however, an amphora was tableware, ... amphora, pl. amphorae. [2] ... Collection of amphoras on Island of Vis, ...
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