The Language of Medicine Ch2 Anne Osman

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Information about The Language of Medicine Ch2 Anne Osman
Education

Published on December 3, 2008

Author: AnneOsman

Source: authorstream.com

Chapter 2 1 Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole : Chapter 2 1 Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Cell: the basic unit The cell membrane surrounds and protects the cell. The nucleus controls the cell. Chromosomes, inside the nucleus, contain the genes. Genes are made of DNA: dexoyribonucleic acid DNA controls the activities of the cell. A karyotype is a description of the chromosomes in a cell. Cell structure : Cell structure cell membrane chromosomes cytoplasm DNA endoplasmic reticulum genes (on each chromosome) mitochondria nucleus ribosomes Cells: other terms : Cells: other terms metabolism: all of the chemical processes in a cell. Includes: anabolism: building complex proteins from simple materials. catabolism: breaking down complex materials (food) to 1) form simpler materials 2) release energy Types of cells : Types of cells muscle nerve epithelial fat Tissue: cells working together to do a specific job : Tissue: cells working together to do a specific job Epithelial: linings of organs, surface of skin Muscle: voluntary: body parts we control involuntary: body parts we can’t control cardiac: heart muscle Connective: fat, cartilage, bone, blood Nerve tissue: nerves all over the body Tissue: cells working together to do a specific job : Tissue: cells working together to do a specific job Organ: a structure made of several kinds of tissue Viscera: internal organs System: a group of organs working together Body Systems:groups of organs working together to perform complex functions : Body Systems:groups of organs working together to perform complex functions Learn the organs in each body system. (Pg 38-39.) Terms to Learn : Terms to Learn adipose tissue cartilage epithelial cells histologist larynx pharynx trachea viscera collection of fat cells flexible connective tissue skin cells (cover body, line organs) specialist in the study of cells voice box throat windpipe internal organs Body Cavities : Body Cavities Cranial cavity (skull): brain, pituitary gland Thoracic (chest): lungs, heart, esophagus, bronchial tubes, thymus, aorta Abdominal: stomach, intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, gallbladder Lined by peritoneum (a membrane) Body Cavities : Body Cavities Pelvic : Portions of small and large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, ureter. Female: uterus, vagina Spinal: Nerves of the spinal cord. Dorsal cavities are in back. Ventral cavities are in front. Contents of cavities : Contents of cavities Cranial Thoracic Abdominal brain, pituitary gland pleural cavity: lungs mediastinum: heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus, bronchial tubes, lymph nodes stomach, intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, gallbladder Contents of cavities : Contents of cavities Pelvic Spinal parts of large and small intestines rectum urinary bladder urethra ureters uterus vagina nerves of the spinal cord. Abdominopelvic Regions : Abdominopelvic Regions Abdominopelvic Quadrants : Abdominopelvic Quadrants Divisions of the Spinal Column : Divisions of the Spinal Column “This is your spinal column. It’s a bunch of bones that runs up and down your back and keeps your legs from going all the way up to your neck." Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Coccygeal SPINAL COLUMN : SPINAL COLUMN A series of vertebra (bones) from the neck to the tailbone. Vertebra is singular. (One.) Vertebrae is plural. (More than one.) Vertebrae are separated by intervertebral discs. The spinal cord (nerve) runs from the neck to the coccyx. Review: abdominopelvic regions : Review: abdominopelvic regions abdomen pelvic hypochondriac epigastric lumbar umbilical inguinal hypogastric The body between the ribs and the pelvis. The lower part of the body. Upper right and left regions beneath the ribs. Upper middle region above the stomach. Middle right and left regions near the waist. Central region near the navel. Lower right and left regions near the groin. Lower middle region below the umbilicus. Divisions of the Back : Divisions of the Back cervical thoracic lumbar sacral coccygeal neck region chest region loin (waist) region region of the sacrum region of the coccyx (tailbone) Position and Direction : Position and Direction anterior: front posterior: back proximal: near the body distal: far from the body inferior: below superior: above medial: middle lateral: side Positions : Positions Locations Deep: away from the surface Superficial: on the surface PLANES of the body : PLANES of the body 1. Frontal (coronal) 2. Saggital (lateral) 3. Transverse (cross-sectional or axial) Word Building : Word Building Slide 23: Word Building Word Building : Word Building

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