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The Land League And The Land War

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Information about The Land League And The Land War
Education

Published on January 25, 2009

Author: samuelvalko

Source: slideshare.net

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The Land League and the Land War

Agricultural Depression 1877-9 poor harvests Reappearance of famine in the west Slump in food prices following import of cheap American grain Fewer jobs in England for migratory workers

1877-9 poor harvests

Reappearance of famine in the west

Slump in food prices following import of cheap American grain

Fewer jobs in England for migratory workers

Depression (contd) Drastic fall in farmers’ incomes They demanded reduction or remittance of rents

Drastic fall in farmers’ incomes

They demanded reduction or remittance of rents

Landlords’ response

The Land War What was needed was popular agrarian movement directed against landlords Organisation and leadership on national scale was required

What was needed was popular agrarian movement directed against landlords

Organisation and leadership on national scale was required

Michael Davitt His family had been evicted when he was a child Had been brought up in England where he worked in cotton mills Imprisoned for Fenian activity in England Believed in cooperation with constitutional nationalists

His family had been evicted when he was a child

Had been brought up in England where he worked in cotton mills

Imprisoned for Fenian activity in England

Believed in cooperation with constitutional nationalists

Land War Davitt believed agrarian war could lead to both land reform and constitutional change Started campaign of agitation in Mayo

Davitt believed agrarian war could lead to both land reform and constitutional change

Started campaign of agitation in Mayo

Davitt enlisted help of Parnell

The New Departure

The New Departure June 1879 Parnell: constitutional nationalism Devoy: Revolutionary nationalism Davitt: agrarian nationalism The fusing into one national movement of all the elements of Irish protest and grievance

June 1879

Parnell: constitutional nationalism

Devoy: Revolutionary nationalism

Davitt: agrarian nationalism

The fusing into one national movement of all the elements of Irish protest and grievance

Land War or Land Bill?

The Land League Formed Oct 1879 “ Land for the people!” Parnell as president Irish-American funding

Formed Oct 1879

“ Land for the people!”

Parnell as president

Irish-American funding

Parnell’s motives The 3 Fs Not a radical Sympathetic to landlords Believed support for agrarian movement would give leverage to Home Rulers in Westminster

The 3 Fs

Not a radical

Sympathetic to landlords

Believed support for agrarian movement would give leverage to Home Rulers in Westminster

contd Believed that agitation would bring land reform leading to better tenant/landlord relations and landlords would then support Home Rule Conservative aim of winning landlords to nationalist side rather than destroying them

Believed that agitation would bring land reform leading to better tenant/landlord relations and landlords would then support Home Rule

Conservative aim of winning landlords to nationalist side rather than destroying them

Tactics of the Land League: Boycotting

Tactics Help for those who were evicted Urged rent strikes Boycotting of both landlords and those who took over a farm where the previous tenants had been evicted

Help for those who were evicted

Urged rent strikes

Boycotting of both landlords and those who took over a farm where the previous tenants had been evicted

Land War In spite of leaders’ commitment to peaceful protest there were many outrages and murders Difficulty for Parnell of disassociating himself from the violence of which he disapproved

In spite of leaders’ commitment to peaceful protest there were many outrages and murders

Difficulty for Parnell of disassociating himself from the violence of which he disapproved

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