The Jamestown Colony

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Information about The Jamestown Colony

Published on March 3, 2008

Author: Dolorada


Slide3:  Why did the King of England want an American colony? Slide4:  Some European countries, including England, were in competition to increase their wealth and power by expanding their empires to America. Slide5:  England wanted to establish an American colony to increase her wealth and power. Slide6:  England hoped to find gold and silver in America, as the Spanish had done in Mexico and South America. Slide7:  Why did the Jamestown settlers come to America? Each dot on this map of England shows a place where a Jamestown settler came from. Historians have read the 400-year-old records of Jamestown to find where the settlers came from. Slide8:  Jamestown was founded in 1607 as an economic venture. What are these people doing? Where are they? What year is it? Slide9:  An American settlement would furnish raw materials that could not be grown or obtained in England. What raw materials do you see here? Slide10:  An American settlement would open new markets for trade. Slide11:  An American settlement would open new markets for trade. England needed raw materials, such as lumber and tobacco. Virginia needed manufactured goods, such as furniture, tools, needles, and muskets. Sewing with needles from England Slide12:  Jamestown was established (started) by the Virginia Company of London as an economic venture. The Virginia Company hoped to make a huge profit on their investment. Coat of arms of the Virginia Company of London Slide13:  Seal of the Virginia Company The Virginia Company was a group of people who got others to invest their money. Slide14:  After the Jamestown settlement made money, the investors were supposed to get a profit from their money. Slide15:  Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in America. Slide16:  Where is Jamestown located? Jamestown Slide17:  When the settlers chose the location in 1607, Jamestown was located on a narrow peninsula bordered on three sides by the James River. the James River the peninsula Slide18:  Today, Jamestown is located on an island in the James River. This is an aerial view of part of Jamestown fort. Slide19:  Why did the settlers choose the site at Jamestown? This is one of the very first maps of Virginia. Can you find the Chesapeake Bay? Slide20:  The location could be easily defended from attack by sea. The English feared a sea attack by the Spanish. Slide21:  The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock. Slide22:  The English believed they had a good supply of fresh water. Slide23:  What was the importance of the charters of the Virginia Company of London to the Jamestown settlement? Slide24:  The King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London. London in the 1600s Slide25:  The charters gave the Virginia Company the right to establish a settlement in North America. Slide26:  The first charter of the Virginia Company of London established companies to begin colonies in the New World. Slide27:  The charters extended English rights to the colonists. The Houses of Parliament, where English laws were made The Capitol at Williamsburg, where the House of Burgesses met to make Virginia’s laws Slide28:  As Jamestown grew, the system of government evolved. Slide29:  What was this system of government called? Houses in Jamestown looked like English houses. Slide30:  In 1619, the governor of Virginia called a meeting of the Virginia Assembly. The Assembly included two citizen representatives, called “burgesses.” Slide31:  The burgesses came from each of the divisions of Virginia. Slide32:  The Assembly also included the governor’s council and the governor. John Smith was an early governor of Virginia. Slide33:  At that time, only adult men were considered citizens. Slide34:  By the 1640s, the burgesses became a separate legislative body, called the Virginia House of Burgesses. Patrick Henry speaks in the Virginia House of Burgesses. Slide35:  The government of the Virginia colony was based on the English model of a representative government. This is the church in Jamestown where the House of Burgesses first met. Slide36:  The House of Burgesses was modeled after the English Parliament. Slide37:  The House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in America, giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government. This is an old engraving showing colonial Virginia men voting. Slide38:  Today it is called the General Assembly and is the oldest legislative body in the western hemisphere. An 1800s drawing of the General Assembly building in Richmond Slide39:  The House of Burgesses became the Virginia General Assembly, which continues to this day. the state capitol building in Richmond, where the Virginia General Assembly meets to make our laws Slide40:  Jamestown became a more diverse colony by 1620. Slide41:  What was the impact of the arrival of women on the Jamestown settlement? Slide42:  In 1620, the Virginia Company of London sent a ship with 90 young women to Jamestown. A man who wanted to marry one of these women, had to pay 120 pounds of tobacco to the ship’s captain for her trip to Jamestown. Slide43:  The arrival of women in 1620 made it possible for the settlers to establish families and a more permanent settlement at Jamestown. 1600s drawings of children at play Slide44:  What was the impact of the arrival of Africans on the Jamestown settlement? African Americans re-enact slaves listening to a slave preacher on a plantation. Slide45:  Africans arrived in Jamestown against their will. It is believed that they arrived as baptized Christians and therefore were labeled indentured servants for a period of 5 to 7 years. Slide46:  But Virginia planters soon saw that they would need a cheap supply of labor for a long time. Tidewater plantations were expanding because people could make so much money from tobacco. Slide47:  The arrival of Africans made it possible to expand the tobacco economy. Slide48:  How did the Powhatan people and the English settlers interact? This is a 1600s drawing of Powhatan Indians smoking fish over a fire. Slide49:  The Powhatan people and the English settlers at Jamestown established trading relationships and for a while had positive interactions. 1600s drawing of a Powhatan village Slide50:  Captain John Smith initiated (started) trading relationships with the Powhatans. Slide51:  The Powhatans traded food, furs, and leather with the English in exchange for tools, pots, guns, and other goods. Powhatan shelter and cooking fire at Jamestown Slide52:  The Powhatan people contributed to the survival of the Jamestown settlers in several ways. Cooking pot found at Jamestown Powhatan style reed and grass shelter 1600s drawing of a Powhatan warrior Modern drawing of a Powhatan man Slide53:  Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, believed the English and American Indians (First Americans) could live in harmony. different portraits of Pocahontas Slide54:  Pocahontas began a friendship with the colonists that helped them survive. Powhatan Indian building a dugout canoe Slide55:  The Powhatans introduced new crops to the English, including corn and tobacco. Slide56:  Why did the relationship between the Jamestown settlers and the Powhatans change? Powhatan shelter at Jamestown Slide57:  The Powhatan people realized the English settlement would continue to grow. blacksmith at work in Jamestown Slide58:  The Powhatans saw the colonists as invaders that would take over their land. cannon at Jamestown fort armour from the 1600s Slide59:  So we see that from 1607, Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America, changed forever how Virginia looked and worked. William and Mary College in the 1600s Slide60:  The English brought with them English laws and customs, which were influenced by their relationship with the Powhatans. Slide61:  The English also began the terrible institution of slavery in Virginia, which lasted a long time, because of its dependence on a tobacco economy. Slide62:  But Virginia grew into a culture very different from that of England, because of the influence of Africans and the Powhatan. Slide63:  How does your life today show the influence of the English, the Africans, and the Powhatan? Let us always be grateful for the lives of those who went before us.

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