The Jackson Era Chap 11 7th Grade

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Information about The Jackson Era Chap 11 7th Grade

Published on May 4, 2008

Author: cuevasl

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Andrew Jackson; his policies, trail of tears, Indian Removal

The Jackson Era Chapter 11

Off and Running The Election of 1824 Monroe declines to run for 2 nd term 4 candidates for presidency James Monroe

The Election of 1824

Monroe declines to run for 2 nd term

4 candidates for presidency

William H. Crawford former congressman from GA limited federal government strong state powers defended slavery poor health weakened his chances

former congressman from GA

limited federal government

strong state powers

defended slavery

poor health weakened his chances

Andrew Jackson - Tennessee not a Washington politician war hero of 1812 raised in poverty spoke for the little people

- Tennessee

not a Washington politician

war hero of 1812

raised in poverty

spoke for the little people

Henry Clay - Kentucky Speaker of the House Fought for internal improvements, high tariffs wanted a strong national bank

- Kentucky

Speaker of the House

Fought for internal improvements, high tariffs

wanted a strong national bank

John Quincy Adams -Massachusetts Son of former President John Adams wanted to shift economy from farming to manufacturing

-Massachusetts

Son of former President John Adams

wanted to shift economy from farming to manufacturing

Jackson, Clay and Adams were “Favorite Son” candidates. Their states backed them, not the national party.

Jackson, Clay and Adams were “Favorite Son” candidates.

Their states backed them, not the national party.

Playing with Numbers Jackson received largest number of popular votes. No candidate received a majority (>1/2) of the electoral votes Jackson won 99 electoral votes, a plurality (largest, single share)

Jackson received largest number of popular votes.

No candidate received a majority (>1/2) of the electoral votes

Jackson won 99 electoral votes, a plurality (largest, single share)

12 th Amendment: When no candidate wins a majority, the House of Representatives chooses the President.

12 th Amendment:

When no candidate wins a majority, the House of Representatives chooses the President.

 

Clay and Adams plan a scheme Clay will use his influence as Speaker of House to sway votes towards Adams. In return, Clay to be named Sec. of State

Clay and Adams plan a scheme

Clay will use his influence as Speaker of House to sway votes towards Adams.

In return, Clay to be named Sec. of State

Jackson accuses men of making a “corrupt bargain” Adams appoints Clay secretary of state

Jackson accuses men of making a “corrupt bargain”

Adams appoints Clay secretary of state

ELECTION NUMBERS Candidate Electoral Popular House Vote Vote Vote Jackson 99 153,544 7 Adams 84 108,740 13 Crawford 41 41,618 4 Clay 37 47,136 0

Candidate Electoral Popular House

Vote Vote Vote

Jackson 99 153,544 7

Adams 84 108,740 13

Crawford 41 41,618 4

Clay 37 47,136 0

 

Adams Presidency Corrupt bargain cast a shadow over the presidency He wanted policies that ran against popular opinion Wanted a stronger navy Wanted federal government to direct economic growth Congress turned down many of his proposals

Corrupt bargain cast a shadow over the presidency

He wanted policies that ran against popular opinion

Wanted a stronger navy

Wanted federal government to direct economic growth

Congress turned down many of his proposals

Election of 1828 Republican Party Divides Democratic-Republicans - supported Jackson -favored states’ rights -mistrusted strong central government -immigrants, laborers, frontiersmen were democrats

Democratic-Republicans

- supported Jackson

-favored states’ rights

-mistrusted strong central government

-immigrants, laborers, frontiersmen were democrats

National-Republicans - supported Adams -wanted a strong central government -supported federal measures like road building, and Bank of the US (helps to shape the economy) -merchants, successful farmers were Republicans

- supported Adams

-wanted a strong central government

-supported federal measures like road building, and Bank of the US (helps to shape the economy)

-merchants, successful farmers were Republicans

New Kind of Campaign Both parties resorted to mudslinging Ruining the others’ reputation with insults Jackson’s camp: -accuses Adams of betraying interests of the people. -released handbills calling him “unholy and having selfish ambition” Slogans, rallies, buttons, B-B Q’s became a new element to campaigns

Both parties resorted to mudslinging

Ruining the others’ reputation with insults

Jackson’s camp:

-accuses Adams of betraying interests of the people.

-released handbills calling him “unholy and having selfish ambition”

Slogans, rallies, buttons, B-B Q’s became a new element to campaigns

Adams’ camp: -created a vicious song against Jackson telling about embarrassing incidents in his life. -told of Jackson’s involvement in an execution of soldiers who deserted in War of 1812. -Adam’s called him a “barbarian and a savage”

Adams’ camp:

-created a vicious song against Jackson telling about embarrassing incidents in his life.

-told of Jackson’s involvement in an execution of soldiers who deserted in War of 1812.

-Adam’s called him a “barbarian and a savage”

Jackson Wins! He receives most of the votes in the frontier Receives many votes from the South His policy of states rights helped John C. Calhoun – South Carolina (Adams VP) switched parties and ran as Jackson’s VP They won by a landslide (overwhelming victory) 56% of the popular vote 178 electoral votes

He receives most of the votes in the frontier

Receives many votes from the South

His policy of states rights helped

John C. Calhoun – South Carolina (Adams VP) switched parties and ran as Jackson’s VP

They won by a landslide (overwhelming victory)

56% of the popular vote

178 electoral votes

Review for Section 1 Identify: Andrew Jackson Henry Clay John Quincy Adams Democratic-Republicans National-Republicans Define: favorite son majority plurality mudslinging landslide Compare/Contrast: Democratic-Republicans and National Republicans

Identify:

Andrew Jackson

Henry Clay

John Quincy Adams

Democratic-Republicans

National-Republicans

Define:

favorite son

majority

plurality

mudslinging

landslide

Compare/Contrast:

Democratic-Republicans and National Republicans

answers Identify: Andrew Jackson: winner of 1828 election Henry Clay: named Sec of State after Adams becomes President John Quincy Adams: winner of 1824 election Democratic-Republicans: split of the republican party/Jackson supported National-Republicans: split of the republican party/Adams supported Define: favorite son: backed by home states majority: more than ½ plurality: largest single share mudslinging: ruining opponents reputation landslide: overwhelming victory Compare/Contrast: Democratic-Republicans and National Republicans: DR supported Jackson, favored state's rights, mistrusted strong central government, were frontier people, immigrants, or laborers. NR supported Adams, a strong central government, Bank of the US

Identify:

Andrew Jackson: winner of 1828 election

Henry Clay: named Sec of State after Adams becomes President

John Quincy Adams: winner of 1824 election

Democratic-Republicans: split of the republican party/Jackson supported

National-Republicans: split of the republican party/Adams supported

Define:

favorite son: backed by home states

majority: more than ½

plurality: largest single share

mudslinging: ruining opponents reputation

landslide: overwhelming victory

Compare/Contrast:

Democratic-Republicans and National Republicans: DR supported Jackson, favored state's rights, mistrusted strong central government, were frontier people, immigrants, or laborers. NR supported Adams, a strong central government, Bank of the US

Jacksonian Democracy Background on Jackson Born in a log cabin parents were poor farmers they died before he was 15 He fought with the Patriots as a teenager during the American Revolution Elected to congress from Tennessee

Background on Jackson

Born in a log cabin

parents were poor farmers

they died before he was 15

He fought with the Patriots as a teenager during the American Revolution

Elected to congress from Tennessee

became famous in War of 1812 defeated Creek Nation in Battle of Horseshoe Bend victory at Battle of New Orleans Called “Old Hickory” because he was as tough as a hickory stick Popular with the “common man” because of his success story

became famous in War of 1812

defeated Creek Nation in Battle of Horseshoe Bend

victory at Battle of New Orleans

Called “Old Hickory” because he was as tough as a hickory stick

Popular with the “common man” because of his success story

New Voters Most states had limited suffrage -the right to vote -limited to men who owned property or paid taxes 1815 requirements loosened

Most states had limited suffrage

-the right to vote

-limited to men who owned property or paid taxes

1815 requirements loosened

Between 1824 – 1828: 57% of white males were voting from 37% earlier White male sharecroppers, factory workers etc. allowed to vote By 1840 80% of white males could vote, no women, African Americans or Native Americans

Between 1824 – 1828: 57% of white males were voting from 37% earlier

White male sharecroppers, factory workers etc. allowed to vote

By 1840 80% of white males could vote, no women, African Americans or Native Americans

Friends in High Places Democrats did not like bureaucracy -a system in which non-elected officials carry out laws Said that ordinary citizens could handle any government job

Democrats did not like bureaucracy

-a system in which non-elected officials carry out laws

Said that ordinary citizens could handle any government job

Jackson fired many government workers and replaced them with his supporters He said that a new set of government employees would be good for democracy Fired ones didn’t agree!

Jackson fired many government workers and replaced them with his supporters

He said that a new set of government employees would be good for democracy

Fired ones didn’t agree!

Supporter of Jackson said “To the victors belong the “spoils” The practice of replacing government employees with the candidate’s supporters became known as the “spoils system”

Supporter of Jackson said “To the victors belong the “spoils”

The practice of replacing government employees with the candidate’s supporters became known as the “spoils system”

Electoral Changes Caucus system abandoned - where major political candidates were chosen by committees made up of members of congress Replaced by nominating conventions - where delegates from the states select the parties candidate Allowed more voter input

Caucus system abandoned

- where major political candidates were chosen by committees made up of members of congress

Replaced by nominating conventions

- where delegates from the states select the parties candidate

Allowed more voter input

Each state holds conventions to choose delegates to send to the national meeting

2008 Presidential Election

1 st democratic national party convention held in 1832 in Baltimore, Maryland. Drew delegates from each state Nominate candidate who could gather 2/3rds of vote Jackson won the nomination

1 st democratic national party convention held in 1832 in Baltimore, Maryland.

Drew delegates from each state

Nominate candidate who could gather 2/3rds of vote

Jackson won the nomination

T is for Tariff Tariff: a fee paid by merchants who imported goods Jackson faced a tariff crisis -1828 congress passed high tariff on manufactured goods from Europe

Tariff: a fee paid by merchants who imported goods

Jackson faced a tariff crisis

-1828 congress passed high tariff on manufactured goods from Europe

Manufacturers in NE liked it -made US goods more desirable -Southerners opposed . They traded cotton for European manufactured goods. $$

Manufacturers in NE liked it

-made US goods more desirable

-Southerners opposed .

They traded cotton for

European manufactured goods. $$

S is for South or Secede Southerners were outraged over tariffs VP Calhoun argued that a state or group of states had a right to nullify (cancel) a federal law it felt was unconstitutional Some southerners wanted to secede ( break away ) from the US and form their own government

Southerners were outraged over tariffs

VP Calhoun argued that a state or group of states had a right to nullify (cancel) a federal law it felt was unconstitutional

Some southerners wanted to secede ( break away ) from the US and form their own government

VP Calhoun pondered if a state had the right to go its own way if it didn’t agree with the federal government. Decided they did because of “state’s rights”- that states have many rights and powers that are independent of the federal government

VP Calhoun pondered if a state had the right to go its own way if it didn’t agree with the federal government.

Decided they did because of “state’s rights”- that states have many rights and powers that are independent of the federal government

Where does everybody stand? Webster/Hayne debate Daniel Webster-defends the constitution; says that nullification could only mean the end of the union

Webster/Hayne debate

Daniel Webster-defends the constitution; says that nullification could only mean the end of the union

Robert Hayne-defends the idea that states had a right to nullify acts of the federal government and even to secede

Robert Hayne-defends the idea that states had a right to nullify acts of the federal government and even to secede

Andrew Jackson-Southerners hoped he would side with them; however at a dinner party he said “Our federal government must be preserved”

Andrew Jackson-Southerners hoped he would side with them; however at a dinner party he said “Our federal government must be preserved”

John Calhoun- defender of states rights. After the President’s comments, he wins election to the senate to defend state’s rights and resigns as VP.

John Calhoun-

defender of states rights. After the President’s comments, he wins election to the senate to defend state’s rights and resigns as VP.

Sticks and Stones… Southerners anger builds A new, lower tariff is passed by congress It did not appease the south

Southerners anger builds

A new, lower tariff is passed by congress

It did not appease the south

South Carolina state legislature passed the “nullification act” declaring it would not pay the illegal tariffs. They threatened to secede if the feds interfered with them

South Carolina state legislature passed the “nullification act” declaring it would not pay the illegal tariffs.

They threatened to secede if the feds interfered with them

Jackson thinks they have gone mad Henry Clay proposes a bill to greatly lower the tariff. Jackson supports it. Jackson persuaded Congress to pass the “force bill” which allows the President to use military force to enforce the law.

Jackson thinks they have gone mad

Henry Clay proposes a bill to greatly lower the tariff.

Jackson supports it.

Jackson persuaded Congress to pass the “force bill” which allows the President to use military force to enforce the law.

South Carolina accepted the compromise tariff Jackson sent a strong message that the federal government would not allow a state to go its own way without a fight

South Carolina accepted the compromise tariff

Jackson sent a strong message that the federal government would not allow a state to go its own way without a fight

Review Identify: Nullification Act Force Bill Define: Suffrage: Bureaucracy Spoils system Caucus Nominating convention Tariff Nullify Secede States’ rights Why was President Jackson popular with the average citizen?

Identify:

Nullification Act

Force Bill

Define:

Suffrage:

Bureaucracy

Spoils system

Caucus

Nominating convention

Tariff

Nullify

Secede

States’ rights

Why was President Jackson popular with the average citizen?

Answers Identify: Nullification Act: declaring it would not pay the illegal tariffs of 1828 and 1832 Force Bill: allows President to use military force to enforce acts of congress Define: Suffrage: right to vote Bureaucracy: system in which non-elected officials carry out laws Spoils system: replacing government employees with the winning candidates supporters Caucus: major political candidates were chosen by committees made up of members of Congress Nominating convention: delegates from the states selected the party’s presidential candidate Tariff: a fee paid by merchants who imported goods Nullify: cancel Secede: break away States’ rights: rights and powers that are independent of the federal government Why was President Jackson popular with the average citizen? Average citizens identified with the president and felt they had a role in the government and the economy because Jackson came from humble beginnings.

Identify:

Nullification Act: declaring it would not pay the illegal tariffs of 1828 and 1832

Force Bill: allows President to use military force to enforce acts of congress

Define:

Suffrage: right to vote

Bureaucracy: system in which non-elected officials carry out laws

Spoils system: replacing government employees with the winning candidates supporters

Caucus: major political candidates were chosen by committees made up of members of Congress

Nominating convention: delegates from the states selected the party’s presidential candidate

Tariff: a fee paid by merchants who imported goods

Nullify: cancel

Secede: break away

States’ rights: rights and powers that are independent of the federal government

Why was President Jackson popular with the average citizen? Average citizens identified with the president and felt they had a role in the government and the economy because Jackson came from humble beginnings.

Whose land is it anyway? A few background facts -large #’s of Native Americans still lived in eastern part of US - GA, MS, FL, AL had valuable land that was held by the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole’s -

A few background facts

-large #’s of Native Americans still lived in eastern part of US

- GA, MS, FL, AL had valuable land that was held by the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole’s

-

- areas west of the MS river were dry and unsuitable for farming. -settlers wanted Native Americans to be “relocated” west of the MS river so valuable land would be available for them -President Jackson supported this idea.

- areas west of the MS river were dry and unsuitable for farming.

-settlers wanted Native Americans to be “relocated” west of the MS river so valuable land would be available for them

-President Jackson supported this idea.

Indian Removal Act of 1830 Act allowed government to pay Native Americans to move west Federal officials were sent to negotiate treaties with them Most accepted payment and agreed to move 1834 congress created the “Indian Territory” (present day Oklahoma) for them

Act allowed government to pay Native Americans to move west

Federal officials were sent to negotiate treaties with them

Most accepted payment and agreed to move

1834 congress created the “Indian Territory” (present day Oklahoma) for them

Indian Removal Act Indian Territory —area of land containing most of present-day Oklahoma Map of Indian Territory

Indian Territory —area of land containing most of present-day Oklahoma

Cherokee nation in GA refused . 1790’s GA had recognized them as a separate nation with its own laws They sued the state government; eventually went to Supreme Court (Worcester v. Georgia) Chief Justice John Marshall ruled GA had no right to interfere with Cherokee nation

Cherokee nation in GA refused .

1790’s GA had recognized them as a separate nation with its own laws

They sued the state government; eventually went to Supreme Court (Worcester v. Georgia)

Chief Justice John Marshall ruled GA had no right to interfere with Cherokee nation

“… [the Cherokee nation] is a distinct community, occupying its own territory,…in which the laws of Georgia have no force.” --Chief Justice John Marshall

“ John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it.” --Andrew Jackson

The Trail of Tears 1835 a few Cherokee signed a treaty giving up their land 17000 refused to honor the treaty They wrote a protest letter to the government and people of the US

1835 a few Cherokee signed a treaty giving up their land

17000 refused to honor the treaty

They wrote a protest letter to the government and people of the US

1838 General Winfield Scott and 7000 troops came to remove them from their homes They were told if they did not go peacefully they would have to go by force

1838 General Winfield Scott and 7000 troops came to remove them from their homes

They were told if they did not go peacefully they would have to go by force

Cherokee leaders knew fighting would only lead to their end and gave in Brutal weather, sickness claimed thousands of Cherokee lives on the way. Their sadness and death gave it the name- “trail of tears”

Cherokee leaders knew fighting would only lead to their end and gave in

Brutal weather, sickness claimed thousands of Cherokee lives on the way. Their sadness and death gave it the name- “trail of tears”

Some fought back 1832 the Sauk Chieftain Black Hawk led the Sauk and Fox peoples back to Illinois, their homeland

1832 the Sauk Chieftain Black Hawk led the Sauk and Fox peoples back to Illinois, their homeland

Met by militia, killing hundreds of the Native Americans and chasing the remaining ones over the border into Iowa. US troops pursued the retreating Indians and slaughtered them

Met by militia, killing hundreds of the Native Americans and chasing the remaining ones over the border into Iowa.

US troops pursued the retreating Indians and slaughtered them

Seminole Wars Pressured to sign treaties in the early 1830’s to sell land Chief Osceola and his people refused to leave Decided to go to war against US instead Joined with group of runaway African Americans

Pressured to sign treaties in the early 1830’s to sell land

Chief Osceola and his people refused to leave

Decided to go to war against US instead

Joined with group of runaway African Americans

Used guerilla tactics (surprise attacks) By 1842 more than 1500 of 10000 American soldiers had died, mostly from disease Government gave up and let them remain in FL Many Seminole had died or been captured and sent west Only a few scattered groups lived east of the MS

Used guerilla tactics (surprise attacks)

By 1842 more than 1500 of 10000 American soldiers had died, mostly from disease

Government gave up and let them remain in FL

Many Seminole had died or been captured and sent west

Only a few scattered groups lived east of the MS

Review Identify Indian Removal Act General Winfield Scott Trail of Tears Black Hawk Osceola Define: relocate: guerrilla: Describe how President Jackson reacted to the Supreme Court decision regarding the Cherokee

Identify

Indian Removal Act

General Winfield Scott

Trail of Tears

Black Hawk

Osceola

Define:

relocate:

guerrilla:

Describe how President Jackson reacted to the Supreme Court decision regarding the Cherokee

Answers Identify Indian Removal Act: act allowing Federal Government to pay Native Americans to move West General Winfield Scott: Led the 7000 troops to remove the Cherokee from their homes in GA Trail of Tears: name given to journey of the Cherokee as they were forced westward-the trail where they cried Black Hawk: Sauk Chieftain who tried to reclaim land in Illinois Osceola: Seminole leader who refused to leave FL Define: relocate: to force a person to move guerrilla: surprise attacks or raids Describe how President Jackson reacted to the Supreme Court decision regarding the Cherokee: He ignored the ruling and sided with GA and its efforts to remove the Cherokee

Identify

Indian Removal Act: act allowing Federal Government to pay Native Americans to move West

General Winfield Scott: Led the 7000 troops to remove the Cherokee from their homes in GA

Trail of Tears: name given to journey of the Cherokee as they were forced westward-the trail where they cried

Black Hawk: Sauk Chieftain who tried to reclaim land in Illinois

Osceola: Seminole leader who refused to leave FL

Define:

relocate: to force a person to move

guerrilla: surprise attacks or raids

Describe how President Jackson reacted to the Supreme Court decision regarding the Cherokee: He ignored the ruling and sided with GA and its efforts to remove the Cherokee

Money, Money, Money, Money,… Jackson thought the Bank of the US was an organization of wealthy Easterners where ordinary people had no control The bank held ALL of the governments money It controlled much of the country’s money supply

Jackson thought the Bank of the US was an organization of wealthy Easterners where ordinary people had no control

The bank held ALL of the governments money

It controlled much of the country’s money supply

Bank was originally chartered by Congress Now run by private bankers, not elected officials President of bank, Nicholas Biddle, opposite of Jackson

Bank was originally chartered by Congress

Now run by private bankers, not elected officials

President of bank, Nicholas Biddle, opposite of Jackson

Henry Clay Ran against Jackson Wanted a strong, national bank Daniel Webster Defender of the Constitution Strong, national government

Ran against Jackson

Wanted a strong, national bank

Henry Clay and Daniel Webster planned to use the bank against Jackson in the next presidential election Bank has to have a charter to operate Biddle asked early to have the bank’s charter renewed, knowing that Jackson would veto it. They wanted to make him look bad.

Henry Clay and Daniel Webster planned to use the bank against Jackson in the next presidential election

Bank has to have a charter to operate

Biddle asked early to have the bank’s charter renewed, knowing that Jackson would veto it. They wanted to make him look bad.

Jackson vetoed it. Said the bank favored the rich and hurt the poor. Clay and Webster’s plan backfired Veto actually helped him. He was re-elected in 1832 Jackson withdrew all of the government money from the bank. By 1836, the bank closed its doors.

Jackson vetoed it. Said the bank favored the rich and hurt the poor.

Clay and Webster’s plan backfired

Veto actually helped him. He was re-elected in 1832

Jackson withdrew all of the government money from the bank. By 1836, the bank closed its doors.

New blood in the White House Jackson does not run for 3 rd term in 1836 Democrats select Martin Van Buren – New York as candidate Whigs- a new political party emerged.

Jackson does not run for 3 rd term in 1836

Democrats select Martin Van Buren – New York as candidate

Whigs- a new political party emerged.

With Jackson’s support, Van Buren wins -Economic depression sets in- panic of 1837 -land values drop, investments decline -banks fail, people lose confidence in the economy; thousands lose jobs -poor can’t pay rent or buy food

With Jackson’s support, Van Buren wins

-Economic depression sets in- panic of 1837

-land values drop, investments decline

-banks fail, people lose confidence in the economy; thousands lose jobs

-poor can’t pay rent or buy food

Panic of 1837 leads to economic depression Result of Jackson’s policies Van Buren blamed and defeated in election of 1840

Panic of 1837 leads to economic depression

Result of Jackson’s policies

Van Buren blamed and defeated in election of 1840

Van Buren believed in a “laissez-faire” government- it should interfere as little as possible in the nations economy. Lasted 6 years, people turned against VanBuren

Van Buren believed in a “laissez-faire” government- it should interfere as little as possible in the nations economy.

Lasted 6 years, people turned against VanBuren

Washington flipped its “Whig” 1840 presidential election William Henry Harrison- hero of War of 1812 (defeated Tecumseh at the Battle of Tippecanoe) ran against Van Buren. He represented the Whig party

1840 presidential election

William Henry Harrison- hero of War of 1812 (defeated Tecumseh at the Battle of Tippecanoe)

ran against Van Buren. He represented the Whig party

John Tyler- a planter from VA was his running mate Their slogan was “Tippecanoe and Tyler too”

John Tyler- a planter from VA was his running mate

Their slogan was “Tippecanoe and Tyler too”

They adopted a “log cabin” as their symbol to show people that they were a “man of the people” even though they came from wealthy backgrounds Called the “log cabin campaign”

They adopted a “log cabin” as their symbol to show people that they were a “man of the people” even though they came from wealthy backgrounds

Called the “log cabin campaign”

Harrison won by a wide margin Harrison was the 1 st Whig president; 4 weeks after taking office, he died of pneumonia.

Harrison won by a wide margin

Harrison was the 1 st Whig president; 4 weeks after taking office, he died of pneumonia.

Tyler Steps In John Tyler was the 1 st VP to take office of President at a death -Tyler had been a democrat before he became a Whig -disagreed with many Whig policies -strong supporter of State’s rights -vetoed several bills sponsored by the Whigs -Whig leaders eventually expel him from their party

John Tyler was the 1 st VP to take office of President at a death

-Tyler had been a democrat before he became a Whig

-disagreed with many Whig policies

-strong supporter of State’s rights

-vetoed several bills sponsored by the Whigs

-Whig leaders eventually expel him from their party

Whigs could agree on parties goals. More than not they voted on things according to their sections (north, south, etc) caused too much division 1844 James Polk becomes President (non Whig)

Whigs could agree on parties goals. More than not they voted on things according to their sections (north, south, etc) caused too much division

1844 James Polk becomes President (non Whig)

Procession of Presidents George Washington 1789-1797 John Adams 1797-1801 Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 James Madison 1809-1817 James Monroe 1817-1825 John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 Martin VanBuren 1837-1841 William H. Harrison 1841 John Tyler 1841-1845 James Polk 1845-1849

George Washington 1789-1797

John Adams 1797-1801

Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809

James Madison 1809-1817

James Monroe 1817-1825

John Quincy Adams 1825-1829

Andrew Jackson 1829-1837

Martin VanBuren 1837-1841

William H. Harrison 1841

John Tyler 1841-1845

James Polk 1845-1849

Review Identify -Nicholas Biddle: -Henry Clay: -Daniel Webster: -Martin Van Buren: -Whigs: New political group -Panic of 1837: -William Henry Harrison: -James Polk: Define Veto: Depression: Laissez-faire: Log cabin campaign: List the reasons for Jackson wanting to “kill” the Bank of the US

Identify

-Nicholas Biddle:

-Henry Clay:

-Daniel Webster:

-Martin Van Buren:

-Whigs: New political group

-Panic of 1837:

-William Henry Harrison:

-James Polk:

Define

Veto:

Depression:

Laissez-faire:

Log cabin campaign:

List the reasons for Jackson wanting to “kill” the Bank of the US

Answers Identify -Nicholas Biddle: President of the Bank of the US -Henry Clay: Presidential hopeful against Jackson, plots with Webster in bank plan -Daniel Webster: plots with Clay in bank plan -Martin Van Buren: Jackson’s VP who runs for President -Whigs: New political group -Panic of 1837: depression that lasted 6 years -William Henry Harrison:1 st Whig President, died 4 weeks into office -James Polk: 1844 president elect Define Veto: reject Depression: business and employment fall to a very low level Laissez-faire: government should interfere as little as possible in the nations economy Log cabin campaign: Name given to the Whig/Harrison campaign List the reasons for Jackson wanting to “kill” the Bank of the US He believed it favored the rich and hurt the poor and that it had too much power.

Identify

-Nicholas Biddle: President of the Bank of the US

-Henry Clay: Presidential hopeful against Jackson, plots with Webster in bank plan

-Daniel Webster: plots with Clay in bank plan

-Martin Van Buren: Jackson’s VP who runs for President

-Whigs: New political group

-Panic of 1837: depression that lasted 6 years

-William Henry Harrison:1 st Whig President, died 4 weeks into office

-James Polk: 1844 president elect

Define

Veto: reject

Depression: business and employment fall to a very low level

Laissez-faire: government should interfere as little as possible in the nations economy

Log cabin campaign: Name given to the Whig/Harrison campaign

List the reasons for Jackson wanting to “kill” the Bank of the US

He believed it favored the rich and hurt the poor and that it had too much power.

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8th Grade Social Studies.

8th Grade Social Studies. ... Chapter 11 The Jackson Era 1824-1845 Chapter 12 Manifest Destiny 1818-1853 Chapter 13 North & South 1820-1860
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Quia - Social Studies

Quia Web allows users to create and share online educational activities in dozens of subjects, including Social Studies.
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