Published on March 12, 2014
Indus Valley Civilization Nasir Hameed
Distribution of Ancient Civilizations:
The Indus Valley Region:
Did you ever noticed?
The Location: These settlements were established along the Indus River some 5000 years ago. These were one of the world's earliest major urban settlements.
Indus civilization is also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization,
Mohenjo-daro, the modern name for the site, simply means “Mound of the Dead” in Sindhi.
It was not discovered until the 1920's
The Indus civilization is known to have comprised two large cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, and more than 100 towns and villages, often of relatively small size but well planned and walled also.
Trade and Agriculture were the major sources of their income. Harappa to have been far larger than once thought, perhaps supporting a population of 50,000 at certain periods
These cities were well planned with wide streets, public and private wells, drains, bathing platforms and reservoirs. One of its most well-known structures is the Great Bath of Mohenjo Daro .
A photo of Mohenjo-Daro today. On top of the ancient citadel-mound is a stupa, or Buddhist shrine. It was built long after the Indus people lived here.
The inscriptions used by them are yet to be decoded in an understandable language.
Clay model of a cart, pulled by oxen or water buffalo. Many things found during the Excavations.
Maze puzzles and dice games were enjoyed by children and adults. People in the Indus Valley played board games like this, moving pieces between squares.
A piece of painted pottery from Harappa, as it was found by archaeologists.
The “Priest King” Found in Mohenjo Daro, Sindh.
Jewelry found during the excavations…
Alone Harappa was home to approximately 40, 000 people.
& Some seals also….
Many hypothesis were laid down for the reasons of its destruction • Indus River changed course (flood?) • Earthquake? • Wars? The causes of its mysterious destruction are yet to be known for us!