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The imf

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Information about The imf
imf

Published on October 15, 2014

Author: ls011159

Source: slideshare.net

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1. THE IMF INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

2. What is the IMF? • It is a global economic institution for helping developing countries.

3. THE International Monetary Fund managing director, Christine Lagarde

4. Fast Facts on the IMF • Membership: 188 countries • Headquarters: Washington, D.C. • Executive Board: 24 Directors representing countries or groups of countries • Staff: Approximately 2,600 from 142 countries • Total quotas: US$362 billion (as of 8/28/14) • Biggest borrowers (amount outstanding as of 8/28/14): Greece, Portugal, Ireland, Ukraine • Biggest precautionary loans (amount agreed as of 8/28/14): Mexico, Poland, Colombia, Morocco

5. THE GOAL OF IMF • To help developing countries to stabilize their economies.

6. How does the IMF work? • Developed countries make loans to developing counties but the IMF is facing criticism for how it makes loans

7. How does the IMF make loans? • The IMF lends money to developing countries but with conditions. • Examples of conditions : • Cuts in education, health, cuts of public services in general. • These conditions forces developing countries to adopt unpopular policies

8. CONDITIONALITY • The conditions and adjustments that governments agree to when they seek loans from the IMF and the World Bank

9. IMF DEVELOP COUNTRIES • Voting rights • Make loans • Conditionality (conditions to the loans) DEVELOPING COUNTRIES • Take loans • Use the funding to build roads and schools and invest in their people. • They struggle under the weight of all their loans. • They seek loan forgiveness or debt relief

10. VOTING SYSTEM • Developed countries have greater voting rights because voting is weighted based on contributions to the IMF. • QUOTA: How much money countries are obligated to provide to the IMF. This also determines their voting power in the IMF.

11. Crititicism • Conditionality • Voting system

12. QUOTAS http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/memdir/m embers.aspx

13. VOCABULARY • Balance of payments • Revenues • Expenditures • GDP (Gross domestic product) • Loan • Budget surplus • Budget deficit • Borrower (donor country) • Creditor (debtor country) • Debt • Lend, lender • Currency

14. ISSUES DELEGATES MUST ADDRESS • Conditionality • Loan forgiveness • Voting system

15. SOURCES www.imf.org/external/np/exr/facts/howlend.ht m www.imf.org/external/about.htm www.imf.org/external/np/exr/key/lending.htm www.imf.org/external/np/key/quotav.htm www.imf.org/external/country/index.htm

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