Published on June 7, 2019
1. THE HOLY SPIRIT'S LEADING EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Acts 15:28 It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you with anything beyond the following requirements: NOTE:There are many writings on this texts and not many deal with the kindness of the Holy Spirit. He is often ignored and hidden behind the scenes, but we need to be aware that He is involved in all that takes place in this verse and the context. It is the kindness of the leaders, supported by the Holy Spirit that relieved these new believers of the burden of the law. Had the Holy Spirit not gone along with this plan it would not have happened. It was His approval that made it a reality. He is behind the scenes andyet the keyactorin it all. You will note that it seemedgoodto Him first and then to us. It was the decisionof the Holy Spirit to be kind and the leaders agreedand carried out His plan. The Holy Spirit is the leader and not a follower, and so we will look at many things in this study, but the bottom line will be the LEADERSHIP OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. Acts 15:28-29 - The Holy Spirit Guides Us https://globalchristiancenter.com/ Welcome to our Bible study today! We are studying Spiritual Applications from the Book ofActs. My text today is Acts 15:28-29. The title of my message today is "The Holy Spirit Guides."
2. One of the historic meetings of the church early in its history was the JerusalemCouncil. Some men went from Jerusalemto Antioch to proclaim that the Gentiles had to be circumcisedin order to be saved. This was a controversialissue, so Pauland Barnabas went to Jerusalem. When they arrived, the JerusalemCouncil took place. During the Council the apostle Peterstrongly defended the position that the Gentiles, who were not circumcised, were acceptedby God. He told about the outpouring of the Spirit in Caesareaatthe house of Cornelius. Today, we will talk about what happened after Peterfinished speaking. 1. The Gospelis for All People. When Peter finished, the multitude was silent (verse 12)and listened to Barnabas and Paul speak. Theywere relating what signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles. When Barnabas and Paul stopped speaking, James spoke(Acts 15:13-21). He said (verse 14), "Simeon [Peter] has related how God first concernedHimself about taking from among the Gentiles a people for His name." When the Spirit was poured out on the Gentiles, Peterknew that God acceptedthem. Then James cites Amos 9:11-12. The main point he made is that the redeemed Gentiles are among God's people. The promises are for them too. The comments by James were great news for the Gentiles. Today, the gospelhas been preached worldwide. We who are not Jews are, in Biblical terms, Gentiles. Gentiles of all backgrounds have been won to Christ. Many Jews have come to acceptChrist as well. However, we wish that many more would agree that Jesus is the Messiahthatthey hope for and wish to see. Some Gentiles despair of ever reaching the Jewishpeople, but Paul says that in the future (Rom. 8:26) "all Israelwill be saved." 2. James gives guidelines for Christian living. Next, the apostle James (Acts 15:19-20)presentedhis judgment on the case. The judgment of James was that the Gentiles did not have to be circumcised to become believers. Without setting up requirements for salvation, James does setforth some guidelines for Christian living for the Gentiles. These guidelines would help the Jewishand Gentiles believers live in harmony. He
3. said, "Therefore itis my judgment that we do not trouble those who are turning to God from among the Gentiles, but that we write to them that they abstain from things contaminated by idols and from fornication and from what is strangled and from blood." It is important that we have guidelines for Christian living. We do not turn these guidelines into requirements to be saved, but they are important boundaries for us to have in order to be at our best for God. These guidelines often change over time. We know that cultures are different and our own culture changes. New guidelines emerge, but the basic moral principles remain. 3. A Group Takes a Letter to Antioch The judgment of James was obviously satisfactoryto the church. So, at this point it was the decisionof the apostles and elders and the whole church to choose menfrom among them to send to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas. They chose Judas calledBarsabbas and Silas. These were leading men among the brethren. The church sent a formal letter with this group to the church in Antioch announcing the judgment of James and the agreementof the church. Very clearly, circumcision would not be required. We take note of the importance of judgment of James and the support of the church in this matter. The founding church was in Jerusalem. Its approval and judgment was vital to the progress ofthe church everywhere. We do not live our lives alone, but we are a part of the body of Christ. We should seek to be in harmony with His body and to gain support from it. 4. The Holy Spirit Inspired the Decision. Although the church had made a decision, the letter made it clearthat they were led by the Holy Spirit. The letter (verse28)declares:"Forit seemedgood to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay upon you no greaterburden than these essentials:" Luke does not tell us how the Spirit made His wisdom known to the church. We simply know that He did. Led by the Spirit, the church had made the decisionthat circumcisionwould not be required.
4. As we follow the Lord, this experience of the early church will mean a lot to us. We, too, must recognize the absolute necessityof being led by the Spirit. Without His guidance, we will falter along the trail. With His guidance, all needs will be supplied, and He will make us effective beyond our largest dreams. Conclusion When you review the entire story of the JerusalemCouncil, the decisionmade was basedon God's direct intervention at Caesarea, OldTestamentScripture, the views of the apostles andelders, the accordof the church, the judgment of James, and the wisdom of the Holy Spirit. When we seek to know the will of God, this story is highly instructive for us. Let us gather all the evidence we can as we move aheadfor God." Key Thought https://www.heartlight.org/ Acts 15 is a remarkable reminder of the powerof the Holy Spirit to work within a group of people seeking to honor God. Today's verse is from the conclusionof the gathering of apostles, elders, and believers in Jerusalem where they were seeking to address questions about how much of Judaism would be required of Gentile converts to Christianity. There were radically different opinions on what should be done. Some of those opinions were wrong. Others were right. But as God's leaders — in the presence ofthe other members of Jesus'church in Jerusalem — prayed and discussedand listened, they came to a conviction they understood as the word of the Holy Spirit. Why is it so hard for us to come to such consensus andto a similar conviction? Today's Prayer O Father, give the leaders of your people Spirit-led insight and wisdom. Give us courage as your people to insist that our leaders be Spirit-filled. And, dear Father, please help us honor the work of your Spirit to lead us in the direction you want us to go. In Jesus'name, I pray. Amen.
5. Question:"The Fruit of the Holy Spirit – What is kindness?" https://www.gotquestions.org/ Answer: Galatians 5:22-23 lists the fruit of the Spirit—the resulting character of someone who is allowing the Holy Spirit to develop maturity in his or her life. The fifth characteristic,kindness, is called “gentleness”in the KJV. The Greek wordfor “kindness” is chrēstotēs.It means “benignity, tender concern, uprightness.” It is kindness of heart and kindness of act. Kindness is the characteristic thatled God to provide salvationfor us (Titus 3:4-5; Romans 2:4; 11:22). Kindness leads God to give us greenpastures, quiet waters, and the restorationof our souls when we're weary(Psalm 23:2- 3). It is God's tender care that makes Him want to gatherus under His wings, to protect us and keepus close to Him (Psalm17:8; 36:7; 61:4; Matthew 23:37). God expressedkindness when He provided for Elijah and the widow of Zarephath during a drought—and He showedmore kindness later when He raisedthe widow's only son from the dead (1 Kings 17:8-24). When Sarah exiled Hagar and Ishmael, God gave the outcasts kindness in the form of waterand hope (Genesis 21:9-21). On multiple occasions, kindness induced Jesus to stop what He was doing and help others in need (Mark 6:34; Mark 7:29; Mark 10:46-52). And kindness leads the Good Shepherd to rescue us when we stray (Luke 15:3-7). In kindness He “gathers the lambs in his arms and carries them close to his heart; he gently leads those that have young” (Isaiah 40:11). When we exhibit the kindness of God, we are tender, benevolent, and useful to others. Every action, every word will have the flavor of grace in it. To maintain this attitude toward those we love is hard enough. To express
6. kindness toward those who are againstus requires the work of God (2 Corinthians 6:4-6). That is why kindness is a fruit of the Spirit." In what way is kindness a fruit of the Holy Spirit? We are not naturally inclined to feel kindness to one another. The world teaches us to "look out for number one"—to dismiss others and concern ourselves insteadwith our own needs. To feel a beneficial, tender concern inspired by a good characteris not our natural tendency. Yet the Bible exhorts us to be kind (Colossians 3:12;2 Corinthians 6:4-6). The only way we can truly feelkindness towardothers is through the influence of the Holy Spirit. As a believer submits to the leading of the Holy Spirit, the Spirit works in the believer's heart to replace selfishness, anger, andcoarsenesswith love, patience, and gentleness. Thesequalities are the "fruit" or consequence ofthe Spirit. The kindness of the New Testament, chrēstotēs, is more than just doing something nice once in a while. It is the inclination of a person's character. When the Spirit works in us, we begin doing kind deeds because we are kind. There is no hypocrisy involved. The Spirit changes our hearts and thereby changes our actions. Chrēstotēs comesfrom the Greek chrēstos,anadjective meaning "good, mild, and fit for use." It was chrēstotēs that led God to offer us salvation. Chrēstotēs motivatedthe GoodSamaritan. And it is just such kindness that should motivate our behavior towardour antagonists:"Finally, all of you, have unity of mind, sympathy, brotherly love, a tender heart, and a humble mind. Do not repay evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary, bless, for to this you were called, that you may obtain a blessing" (1 Peter3:8- 9).
7. It is hard to show kindness to others, and even harder to feel it. Those who are "God's chosenones" (Colossians 3:12)are called to kindness. Thankfully, we're also empoweredby the Holy Spirit to make it happen. Kindness is His fruit." https://www.compellingtruth.org/ The Holy Spirit’s Role in Leadership By Stephen Blandino - July 12, 2012 It’s very easyin leadershipto grow increasinglydependent on our own abilities and skills. This tendency exists in all arenas ofleadership whether business, education, media, or the church. Because ofthis temptation, leaders often fail to recognize the role of the Holy Spirit in leadership. Last year I studied the Holy Spirit’s role throughout the book of Acts. During the study, I began to understand the Holy Spirit’s role in leadershiptoo. Unfortunately, some leaders view the Holy Spirit as spooky, weird, or even bizarre. The truth is, people are weird, not the Holy Spirit. Robert Morris observes, people who are weird with the Holy Spirit were weird before they receivedthe Holy Spirit…they’re just weird people. So regardless ofhow you view the Holy Spirit, if you want to fully embrace what the Spirit desires to do in you and through your leadership, you may need to unload your pre-conceivedbaggage first. Francis Chan, author of ForgottenGod, says it like this: “No matter what religious tradition you come from, you likely carry baggage andharbor stereotypes whenit comes to the Holy Spirit. It’s going to require laying aside
8. your baggageand stereotypes so you canbe open to what God wants to teach you. Are you willing to do that?” Regardlessofwhat your baggage looks like, I want you to know that the book of Acts describes the Holy Spirit in very practicalterms. While this isn’t an exhaustive list, here are six lessons onthe Holy Spirit’s role in leadership that I gleanedfrom Acts. Each lessonis refreshingly practical and is accompanied by a question for reflectionand application: 1. The Holy Spirit is Active in Leadership Recruitment and Selection Luke begins the book of Acts, “DearTheophilus, in the first volume of this book I wrote on everything that Jesus beganto do and teach until the day he said good-bye to the apostles, the ones he had chosenthrough the Holy Spirit, and was takenup to heaven.” Jesus himself was guided by the Holy Spirit in selecting His leaders. Thatsame pattern is continued throughout Acts. The presence ofthe Holy Spirit was a qualifier for leadershipwhen choosing sevenleaders to care for widows (Acts 6:3-6). The Holy Spirit guided the selectionof two leaders-Sauland Barnabas-and commissionedthem to preach the Gospelin Salamis (Acts 13:2-5). The Holy Spirit chose and appointed leaders to shepherd the church. Acts 20:28 says, “Keepwatch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers.Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood.” Question:What does it look like for the Holy Spirit to guide your leadership recruitment and development process? 2. The Holy Spirit Empowers Leaders with Boldness In Acts 4, the text acknowledgesthat Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, spoke to the leaders. Peterand John were empoweredby the Spirit with courage and boldness to speak unapologetic truth to the influential leaders of their
9. day. Acts 4:13 records their response:“When they saw the courage of Peter and John and realized that they were unschooled, ordinary men, they were astonishedand they took note that these men had been with Jesus.”This same boldness accompaniedStephen in Acts 6:9b: “These men beganto argue with Stephen, but they could not stand up againsthis wisdom or the Spirit by whom he spoke.”The Holy Spirit empowers us to embrace courageous leadership. Question:What bold leadershipdecisions do you need to make or actions do you need to take? Have you askedthe Holy Spirit to empoweryou in this crucial leadershipmoment? 3. The Holy Spirit Brings Encouragement, Strength, and Peace in Leadership Storms The church and its leaders experiencedplenty of suffering and persecution. However, the Holy Spirit wasn’tabsent during these trials. The Holy Spirit was present when Stephen was stoned(Acts 7:54-56) The Holy Spirit warned Paul about going to Jerusalem(Acts 21:4-14) The Holy Spirit brought seasonsofpeace and comfort to the church. Acts 9:31 says, “Thenthe church throughout Judea, Galilee and Samaria enjoyed a time of peace. It was strengthened; and encouragedby the Holy Spirit, it grew in numbers, living in the fear of the Lord.” Question:Are you in need of the Holy Spirit’s encouragement, strength, or peace right now? Has your leadership storm overshadowedyour ability to see the Holy Spirit at work within you and around you? How do you need to respond? Subscribe to ChurchLeaders!
10. 4. The Holy Spirit Provides Guidance, Discernment, and Directionto Leaders When Paul encountered Elymas the Sorcerer, the Holy Spirit gave Paul the discernment to see Elymas as a “child of the devil” and then the Lord struck Elymas blind (Acts 13:7-12). And in Acts 16, the Holy Spirit directed Paul’s journeys as he preachedthe Gospel. Question:In what leadership issue do you need the Holy Spirit’s guidance, discernment, or direction? Have you askedHim to guide you? Are you listening for his response? 5. The Holy Spirit Helps Leaders SuccessfullyManage Conflict In Acts 15, a conflict arose in the church where some Jews insistedthat non- Jewishpeople must be circumcisedin order to be saved. After considerable discussionon the issue among Paul, Barnabas, James, the apostles, andsome believing Pharisees, a conclusionwas finally reached. A letter was drafted and sentto Antioch with this message:“It seemedgoodto the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you with anything beyond the following requirements: You are to abstain from food sacrificedto idols, from blood, from the meat of strangledanimals and from sexual immorality. You will do well to avoid these things” (Acts 15:28-29). The Spirit of God was interestedand active in the proper managementof conflictin the church. Here’s a more thorough look at lessons in Biblical conflict resolutionfrom Acts 15. Question:As a leader, how do you welcome the Holy Spirit in the managementand resolution of conflict? 6. The Holy Spirit Compels Leaders to Move Out of Their Comfort Zones Paul was profoundly used by the Holy Spirit to preach the Gospel. Was it always comfortable? Hardly! Acts 20:22-24 says, “And now, compelled by the Spirit, I am going to Jerusalem, not knowing what will happen to me there. I only know that in every city the Holy Spirit warns me that prison and hardships are facing me. However, I considermy life worth nothing to me, if
11. only I may finish the race and complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me—the task of testifying to the gospelof God’s grace.” Without the Holy Spirit’s prompting, we’ll find ourselves confined to our cul-de-sac ofcomfort. Question:How is the Holy Spirit prompting you to lead outside of your comfort zone? How are you responding to His prompting? The Holy Spirit’s presence and influence in your day-to-day leadership may be very active. Or you might find yourself doing leadership solelyin your own wisdom and strength. As Francis Chan observes, “We allhave to answerthe question: Do I want to lead or be led by the Spirit?” Why not start your day with a simple but sincere prayer: “Holy Spirit, lead my leadership.” Partnering with the Holy Spirit's Leadership By Bethany Stephens A couple of months ago, I was having a night of worship at my house. Before everyone arrived, I askedGodto show me what He would like to saythat evening. As a person who earnestlymakes an effort to recognize Godat the centerof everything, whether it is in my music or just life in general, I continued to pray the words, “Takeover.” But then I felt impressed in my spirit that I shouldn’t be praying that—not so much that it was bad or wrong, but rather inaccurate. I felt like the Holy Spirit saidto me, “Bethany, I am a leader; I am not a manager.” In that moment, all I could think was, Whatin the world? Why would You say that to me two minutes before people start arriving? Then it hit me, as all of the leadershiparticles, blogs, emails, books, and discussions I’d previously absorbedbegan to connect. There are some primary differences betweena leaderand a manager (borrowed from Kris Vallotton). Managers createsafe environments by
12. building systems that promote uniformity and predictability. On the other hand, leaders are always trying to reproduce what they see inside of them. They are constantlyredefining reality with new revelation. Have you ever seenor even experienceda moment where one of the bosses comes into the office and the entire team dynamic changes? Butwhen a true leaderwalks into the room, the flow of what is happening does not stop; it progresses!In fact, a place that does not progress when leadershippresents itself is unhealthy. The healthy response to a true leaderwill never be, “Shhh, quiet! They’re here.” It will always be, “You’re here!” With this in mind, I want to take a look at how we respond to the Holy Spirit’s leadership. I’ve noticed a pattern in our prayers—the ones where we ask Godto move by “invading” our worship services.It might be consideredan invasion if the worship leaderstarts singing a spontaneous, orprophetic, song over the congregationand a few people get touched. Or if the entire order of service is thrown out the window, and we’re all dancing like there’s no tomorrow (which, by the way, I have no problem with. I welcome these experienceswith open arms). But in any case, this is usually what I’ve come to expect about a Holy Spirit invasion. The word invade means “to enter forcefully as an enemy; go into with hostile intent; to enter like an enemy; to enter as if to take possession;to enter and affectinjuriously or destructively, as disease.” I realize that we use words in our prayers to show our heart’s desperationto God, but it doesn’t take words like these to getHis attention. We already have 100%of His attention. He gives us the honor of carrying His presence with us daily. More importantly, God isn’t a managerlooking to invade or control you; He is a leaderlooking to partner with a willing heart. I can’t recallone time in the Bible where God forced people to do things. In fact, in gracious ways, He allowedMoses to argue with Him about his
13. “inabilities.” He allowedJacobto wrestle Him. He allowedDavid to question Him. Goodleadership is servanthoodand partnership, not control. We read in the Bible that the crowds following Jesus always increased—becauseHe was a goodleader. Even when a leader leaves the room, the vision still resides with the team. We usually say, “They’re with us in spirit,” because a true leaderimparts vision so well that it just sticks. Whenthe Holy Spirit comes upon people in a worship service, it is not an invasion; it is an invitation to partnership. He is with us in spirit to redefine our reality and impart His vision into us. Somewhere in our theology, we’ve believed a myth that the Holy Spirit is here to take over and control, and we just need to surrender. If that were the case, then why would He create us with free will? To simply give up and let Him do the rest? (Of course, there are times to simply “stand and see the salvationof the Lord.”) What if surrender on our part actually looks like aligning with what He has already done? What if He is looking for willing hearts to partner with His vision, to run with it, own it, and stewardit well? In John 4:23, Jesus says, “Butthe time is coming—indeed it’s here now— when true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth. The Father is looking for those who will worship him that way” (NLT). Notice that He specificallysays, “The Father is looking...”He is searching fortrue, devoted worshipers that will worship Him daily, in spirit and in truth. The Holy Spirit isn't in the business of shutting down authenticity, but enabling it by being the perfect example of it Himself. This welcomes every type of expressionHe has given to the body of Christ, and I am in full belief that there is more to come. I personally love the Message translationof Romans 12:1: So here’s what I want you to do, God helping you: Take your everyday, ordinary life— your sleeping, eating, going-to-work, andwalking-around
14. life—and place it before God as an offering. Embracing what God does for you is the best thing you can do for him. (emphasis added) Even as I’m writing this, I’m challenging myself with this question, “How am I embracing what God has already done?” Worship is a lifestyle, not a service. If we can’t learn to follow and partner with His vision every day of our lives, if we can’t “embrace what God has already done”, then a worship service where we completely throw out a set list isn’t going to mean much. It will just be another thing that we can talk about on Monday morning. Here is my heart—I don’t want to just talk about this; I want to live it. I want His vision, as His DNA resides in my bones. I am passionate aboutseeing the Holy Spirit move in every aspectof my life. But I have too often confined myself to what I thought was God, out of my own humanity, and have pursued a hype or feeling because it felt right. I am done with all that. I am keento see Godtruly move in my life and in the lives of others, and I want to be a partner and goodsteward of what He is doing. And if I’m not seeing His movement in my day to day life, then being a worship leadermeans absolutely nothing. Maybe, instead of praying for God to “invade” our worship services, we could pray for our hearts to be aligned and positionedwith His heart. Maybe, instead of praying our normal prayer of surrender, we could pray that we would embrace more of what He has already accomplished. And just maybe, instead of praying for God to controlus and move us, we could learn what it looks like to lead and move with Him. https://www.generals.org/. Spirit-Led Leadership – By Jonathan Dodson
15. In his stirring book, David: Man of Prayer, Man of War, WalterChantry contrasts the life and leadership of David and Saul. Chantry’s little book is packedwith practicaland gospelinsights for leaders. Considerthe following differences betweentwo kings of Israel, David and Saul takenlargely from 1 Samuel 16-17. Saul was a head above most men. David was ruddy and smaller in stature. Saul was driven by an evil spirit and died a crazed, God-forsakenman. David drove an evil spirit from Saul with the sound of his lyre. Saul hid out in his tent when Goliath taunted the Israelites. David stoodup for his people and his God and defeatedGoliath. What made the difference betweenthese two leaders? Their Difference is the Spirit The Holy Spirit made all the difference betweenthese two men. The chronicler of Israel’s history reveals the primary difference betweenthese two kings:“And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuelrose up and went to Ramah. Now the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul…” (1 Sam 16:13-14). The ultimate contrast betweenthese men was not their appearance or experience;it was their spirit. We’re told that the Spirit rushed upon David, while the Spirit departed from Saul. One man was Spirit-filled and led. The other was Spirit-devoid and distrusting. David would plead with Godto not take his Spirit (Ps 51:11). God would take his Spirit from Saul. Considerthese 3 major differences in leadership betweenDavid and Saul: God’s Spirit Incites Zeal In the face of Philistine blasphemies, David was incited with zeal for the Lord: “He was stirred to the depths with concernfor the glory of God.” What is stirring you? Are you stirred…to depths…for the glory of God? Do hide out in your tent, your library, your office, or are you incited with zealfor the Lord to pursue his glory through your vocation? Are you passionately pursuing God’s glory or your own glory?
16. God’s Spirit Incites Faith Saul relies on bribes to get others to fight Goliath (17:25). Saul discourages young leaders like David (to not fight Goliath) because he is motivated by fear not faith. Remember God doesn’t look at appearance but at the heart (16:7). Samuel would have never chosenDavid, but God did. Are you leading your employees, team, staff, or church basedon fearor faith? Do you insist on control or relinquish control to let other leaders rise up in faith? Are you judging by appearance orlooking at the heart? Very often we are too doubtful about some and too confident about others. Judge by the Spirit not the flesh, by faith not fear. God’s Spirit Incites Wisdom David’s zealous faith was markedby self-control. David wasn’tall zealand faith, but was tempered by wisdom. When mockedby his brothers, he did not pick a fight, defend his abilities, but channeled indignation towards his enemies (17:28-29). The Spirit produces leaders that balancedand discerning, not merely zealous and faith-filled. Instead of getting side trackedby petty issues, comments, and complaints, Spirit-led leaders learn to leadwith, as Spurgeon put it, “one blind eye and one deaf ear.” We need wisdom to discern what voices to listen to and which ones to shut out. We don’t entertain every idea. We follow the Spirit through wisdom, not ambition, in order to advance God’s glory in every sphere of society. May God make us zealous, faith-filled, and wise. May he never take his Holy Spirit from us. May we lead well and finish strong, ever dependent upon the Spirit, glorifying our greatSavior and King Jesus in all that we do! JonathanDodsonis the seniorpastor of City Life Church in Austin, Texas. He is the author of multiple books, including The Unbelievable Gospeland Gospel-CenteredDisciples
17. Leading with the Holy Spirit – By Brad Watson I often plead with leaders, coaches, andcommunities to depend on the Holy Spirit. I plead with Christians to rely on the Spirit, who Jesus promisedwould be our helper. But what does that mean? With so much confusionsurrounding the role, reality, and function of the Holy Spirit, it is best to simply look to the Scriptures as a whole. The Bible describes the giving of the Holy Spirit as him taking residence in the new heart of a person (Ezekiel35:25-27). Jesus promised, in John 15, that the Holy Spirit would enable a person to remember Jesus and obey him. This baptism or receiving of the Spirit is possible because we have been made right, forgiven, cleansed, andbrought into the family of God through Jesus Christ (Titus 3:4-7). A personwho is baptized in the Spirit is a new creation, in Christ, and a dwelling place or house for the Holy Spirit (2 Timothy 1:4, 2 Corinthians 5:1-5, 17, Romans 8:9). What an amazing grace from God and intentional closenessfrom our God. Not only did he save us from death, atone for our sins, and cleans us of our shame, he has made us new and dwells not among us, but in us. God gives us a new heart, and our bodies become the household of God that testifies the gospelto us, sanctifies us, and empowers us to obey all that God commanded. God fulfills the promises he made in the prophets. Jesus fulfills the promises he makes to his disciples. Be confident you are an heir. You are in Christ, reconciledand united with him. A Picture of the Spirit EmpoweredLife If we are given the gift of the Holy Spirit, as Jesus promises, how does it function in our lives? What does it look like to have the power of the Spirit in your life? This is what we see the Holy Spirit doing in the Bible. The Holy Spirit gives the Christian the powerto: Understand the gospel(1 Cor. 2:10-14)
18. Remember Jesus (John14:26, John 15:26) Obey God and be sanctified (John 14:15-20, John16:7-15, Ezz 36:25-27, 2 Thessalonians 2:13) Confess Jesus(1 John 4:2, 1 Cor. 12:3) Confess Godis our father and we are his children (Romans 8:15-16) Give Witness or Proclaim (speak out loud) Gospel, Christ and the Kingdom with Boldness (Acts 1:8, Acts 2:14-39, Acts 8:9-13, Acts 9:17-22 Acts 6:8-15, Acts 19:1-8) In missional direction and decisions through dreams, with fasting, in prayer, and through other people empoweredby the Spirit (Acts 13:1-4; Acts 16:6-10, Acts 19:21, Acts 20:22, Acts 21:4, 11) Unifies us with the body (1 Corinthians 12, Ephesians 4) A Christian who lives a life empoweredby the Spirt will be reminded of who Jesus is and what he taught, reminded of his characterand their identity in Christ. The spirit also gives us power for speaking the gospeland demonstrating the gospel. The Spirit empowers us to be disciples and make disciples. Leading with the Powerofthe Holy Spirit The best expressionof leading a gospelcommunity by the Spirit is through prayer. Prayers of petition and listening are the best way to begin leading by the Spirit. Leaders who regularly go to God and ask him to do something in the community are leading by the Spirit. Leaders who have difficult shepherding or missionproblems who turn to prayer are turning to the Spirit. Spirit led leaders are those who, facing crisis and dilemmas, turn to Godin quiet prayer asking Godto intervene. They listen to God to known what to do next. They wait to understand God’s heart and purposes. This is what it looks like to lead in the powerof the Spirit. A leaderwho is regularly turning to God in prayer for everything in their gospelcommunity will be led by the Spirit.
19. Brad Watsonis a pastor in Portland, Oregon. He is the author of Called Together:A Guide to Forming MissionalCommunities. He also serves as the executive director of GospelCenteredDiscipleship. The Leading Of The Holy Spirit INTRODUCTION 1. The Scriptures speak of the Christian being led by the Holy Spirit... a. Those led by the Spirit are the sons of God - Ro 8:14 b. Those led by the Spirit are not under the law - Ga 5:18 -- So it is important that the Christian be led by the Spirit of God 2. How does the Spirit leadthe Christian...? a. Is it by the Word of Godonly? b. Is through feelings, impressions, visions, dreams, etc.? -- There is much confusionas to how the Christian is led by the Spirit 3. Conflicting ideas on this subject is one reasonfor much religious confusion...
20. a. Many justify their beliefs and practices saying, "The Spirit led me to this..." b. Catholic, Protestant, Pentecostal, non-Pentecostal, allclaiming to be led by the Spirit -- Yet the Spirit of truth (Jn 16:13)does not lead people into confusion- cf. 1Co 14:33 [How then does the Spirit lead? Here are some thoughts regarding...] I. HOW THE SPIRIT LEADS THE CHRISTIAN A. THE SPIRIT LEADS BOTHEXTERNALLY AND INTERNALLY... 1. "The leading is both internal and external. To whateverextent the Holy Spirit by its indwelling strengthens the human spirit to enable it to control the flesh, to that extent the leading is internal; to whateverextent the motives of 'the law of the Spirit,' when brought to bear on the heart in the New Testament, enlighten and strengthen, and so enable it to keep the body in subjection, to that extent the leading is external. The leading, then, consists ofthe whole of the influences of every kind exercisedby the Holy Spirit on the human spirit, enabling it to keep the body under. - David Lipscomb and J.W. Shepherd, A Commentary on the NT Epistles, Vol. I, Romans,
21. p.149 (commenting on Ro 8:14) 2. "But what kind of "leading" is here meant--an occult, internal, inexplicable leading, or an external, explicable one by the truth? Before replying, let us ask, who are led? Certainly not the unconverted, but Christians. In those led, then, the Holy Spirit already dwells. What kind of leading then is it? I answer, both internal and external. To whateverextent the Holy Spirit by its indwelling strengthens the human spirit, to enable it to control the flesh, to that extent the leading is internal. To whateverextent the motives of the gospel, when brought to bear on the mind in the written word, enlighten and strengthen it, and so enable it to keepthe body in subjection, to that extent the leading is external. The leading, then, consists ofthe whole of the influences of every kind, spent by the Holy Spirit on the human spirit, in enabling it to keepthe body under. More definitely than this it would not be wise to attempt to speak." -Moses Lard, A Commentary on Romans, p.264 (commenting on Ro 8:14) 3. "The Spirit leads both externally and internally. Externally, the Spirit supplies the gospeltruth as set forth in the New Testament, and the rules and precepts therein found are for the instruction and guidance of God's children. Internally, the Spirit aids by ministering strength and comfort to the
22. disciples in his effort to conform to the revealedtruth and will of God." - J.W. McGarveyand Philip Y. Pendleton, Thessalonians, Corinthians, Galatians and Romans, p. 361 (commenting on Ro 8:14) 4. "...Christmost likely refers here to an influence of the Spirit, over and above that which it exercises through the word of truth and the ordinary workings of Divine providence; an influence, by means of which it helps our infirmities (Ro 8.26);strengthens us with might even into the inner man (Ep 3.16);and enables us to bring forth abundantly in our lives the fruits of 'love, joy, peace, long suffering, gentleness, goodness,fidelity, meekness, andtemperance'(Ga 5.22,23)." - Robert Milligan, The Scheme of Redemption, p.283 (commenting on Jn 7:38-39) -- Note the distinction made betweenan external and internal influence by which the Spirit leads; now let's take a closer look at this distinction... B. THE SPIRIT LEADS EXTERNALLY THROUGH THE WORD... 1. The Word is the instrument used by the Spirit to instruct and convict... a. The Spirit was sentto convictthe world - Jn 16:7-11 b. The Spirit guided the apostles into all the truth - Jn 16:
23. 12-13;cf. Ac 20:27;2Pe 1:3 1) What the Spirit revealed, the apostles receivedand preached- 1Co 2:9-13 2) What they received, they wrote that we might understand - Ep 3:3-5 3) Thus the early church continued steadfastlyin the apostles'doctrine - Ac 2:42 c. Thus the Word is the "sword" (instrument) used by the Spirit - cf. Ep 6:17 2. To resistthe Word is to resistthe Spirit... a. As when Israel resistedthe inspired word given through prophets - Ac 7:51-53 b. As when we resistthe inspired word given through apostles - 1Co 14:36-37 3. When one sets their mind on the things of the Spirit (i.e., His revealedWord)... a. They will live according to the Spirit - Ro 8:5 b. They will experience life and peace - Ro 8:6 4. When one walks in the Spirit (by heeding His Word)... a. They will not fulfill the lust of the flesh - Ga 5:16 b. They will be thus led by the Spirit - Ga 5:18 c. They will so produce the fruit of the Spirit - Ga 5:22-25 -- Do you desire to be led by the Spirit? Then let Him leadyou
24. through His Word! C. THE SPIRIT LEADS INTERNALLY THROUGH HIS INDWELLING... 1. By strengthening the inner man... a. God is at work in the Christian - Ep 3:20 b. Even as we are working out our ownsalvation - Php 2:12-13; Php 4:13 c. The instrument by which God strengthens the Christian is His Spirit in the inner man - Ep 3:16 d. By His indwelling Spirit, we are able to put to death the deeds of the body - Ro 8:13 e. In this way the Spirit likewise leads us - Ro 8:14 (cf. Ro 8:11) 2. In conjunction with the Word... a. When we make effort to heed the Word, the Spirit aids us 1) Supplying what strength we may need 2) So that which is produced may rightly be called the "fruit" of the Spirit b. To illustrate, considerthe development of a Christ-like character 1) Peterreminds us of the need for diligence on our part - 2Pe 1:5-10 2) Paul explains these qualities produced are the "fruit" of
25. the Spirit - Ga 5:22-23 -- Do you desire to be led by the Spirit? Then let Him strengthen you as you obey His Word! [The Spirit leads both externally (via the Word of God) and internally (via His strengthening). But there are some misconceptions about the Spirit's leading that we should be carefulto note...] II. HOW THE SPIRIT DOES NOT LEAD THE CHRISTIAN A. THROUGH FEELINGS, INTUITION... 1. Many people believe their feelings or intuitions are "leadings" of the Spirit 2. Yet the Spirit did not lead people through such subjective means - cf. Ac 16:6-7 a. If Paul and his companions had been led by their own feelings, they would have gone to Asia or Bithynia b. In some audible or visible way, the Spirit forbade them 3. Much religious confusion is the result of failing to note this distinction a. People appealto "feelings" to justify their beliefs and practices 1) The heart (emotions, feelings)can be a deceptive guide
26. - Pr 28:26; Jer17:9 2) What may "seem" to be right, may not be right - Pro 14:12;e.g., Ac 26:9 b. Ratherthan appealing to the Word of God, the sword of the Spirit 1) God is not the author of confusion - 1Co 14:33 2) He has provided an objective standard by which to know the truth - 2Ti3:16-17 3) That standard is the Word of God, not one's feelings -- Don't let feelings of the human spirit keepyou from following the teachings ofthe Holy Spirit! B. THROUGH VISIONS, DREAMS... 1. Yes, God did at one time reveal truth through such means a. As exemplified in the example we just considered - Ac 16: 9-10 b. As part of the Spirit's work in being poured out - Ac 2:17 2. But this was part of the process ofrevealing and confirming God's truth a. Along with signs, wonders, and miracles - cf. He 2:3-4 b. Which confirmed whether such visions or dreams were from God c. Which was a temporary process, finishedwhen God's Word was complete - 1Co 13:8-10
27. 3. Even when such dreams and visions were used by God, tests were provided a. Such as whether it was in harmony with God's revealedWord - Deut 13:1-5 b. Such as whether the dream came to pass - Deut 18:20-22 4. The Scriptures warn againstthe dangerof being led astray by dreams a. They can be vanity - Ec 5:7 b. They be the tools of false prophets - Jer 23:25-32;Zec 10:2 c. They canbe the product of our imagination - Jer 29:8 -- We have God's Word fully and completely revealed;let it be your guide, and not the dreams and visions of others or your own! C. THROUGH ENLIGHTENMENT... 1. In order to understand the Word a. Many believe that they need the Spirit's leading to understand the Bible 1) Basedupon a misapplication of 1Co 2:14 a) Concluding one cannot understand the Bible without the leading of the Spirit b) Which leads to much religious confusion, because everyone claims the Spirit led them to this
28. interpretation or that one 2) The context is contrasting the apostles with philosophers a) Philosophers cannotknow God's will simply by wisdom - 1Co 1:18-20 b) The apostles have receivedGod's will by the Spirit - 1Co 2:6-14 3) The "natural man" is simply one who does not have the benefit of the Spirit's revelation, whereas the "spiritual man" is one like Paul who did! b. The Spirit has revealedGod's will to us through the apostles and prophets 1) When we read their writings, we can understand! - e.g., Ep 3:3-5 2) When we read the apostles, we canknow! - e.g., 1Jn5:13 c. We don't need the Spirit's help to understand what the Spirit Himself reveals! 1) We simply need to have goodand honesthearts - e.g., Ac 17:11 2) We can certainly pray that God help us to be free from preconceivedideas so as to be completelyopen to His Word - e.g., Ps 119:18 -- Let the Spirit's Word, revealedthat we might know and understand God's will by a simple reading and contemplation
29. of it, be your guide! 2. In order to be led to new truth a. Many believe the Spirit is leading His church into new truth 1) Basedupon a misapplication of Jn 16:13 a) Believing the Spirit is still guiding us into new truth b) Which leads to much religious confusion, as people say the Spirit tells them to now accepthomosexuality, leadership of women in the church, etc. 2) The context is the work of the Spirit in the lives of the apostles a) Jesus is preparing them for their work as apostles - Jn 16:1-7 b) Togetherwith the Spirit, they would be witnesses - Jn 15:26-27 c) The Spirit would aid them in this task, reminding them of what Jesus taught, revealing the restof what Jesus wanted them to know - Jn 14:25-26;16:12-13 b. The Spirit led the apostles into "all" the truth, just as Jesus saidHe would 1) Paul had receivedthe "whole" counselofGod - Ac 20:27 2) Peterhad received"all things" that pertain to life and godliness - 2Pe 1:3
30. 3) Jude said the faith was "once" (lit., once for all) delivered to the saints - Jude 3 c. The Spirit fulfilled His work of revealing and confirming the truth 1) With the aid of inspired Scriptures, we have what is need to be "complete, thoroughly equipped for every goodwork" - 2Ti 3:16-17 2) Those who claim to be led by the Spirit to new truth, need to back up with the same sort of signs, wonders and miracles the Spirit used to confirm the apostles! -- Let the "sword" of the Spirit be your guide, not the pronouncements of human councils, synods, or individuals who claim to be led by the Spirit, but unable to prove it! CONCLUSION 1. It is a wonderful blessing to be led by the Spirit... a. As He guides us through His revealedWord b. As He strengthens us through indwelling our bodies 2. It is a blessing to know... a. That we have a Guide to direct us as we live in this world b. That we have a Helper to strengthen us as needed
31. 3. But this blessing is only for those... a. Who become the sons of God - Ga 4:6; cf. Ac 2:38; 5:32 b. Who are willing to set their minds on the things of the Spirit - cf. Ro 8:5-6 c. Who are willing to diligently work out their salvation - cf. Php 2: 12-13 Are you willing to be led by the Spirit? Then walk in the Spirit by heeding His Word and praying that the Father strengthenyou by His Spirit in the inner man! << Previous | Index | Next >> Home Page Have A Bible Question? | Want A Free Bible Study Course? | Looking ForA Church NearYou? Want To Talk With Someone By Phone? | Want To Discuss The Bible By Email? SearchThe Outlines Executable Outlines, Copyright © Mark A. Copeland, 2016
32. BIBLEHUB.ORG RESOURCES Reasonable And Unreasonable Burdens Acts 15:28, 29 R. Tuck To lay upon you no greaterburden than these necessarythings. The precise nature of the things which the council thought essentialto Christian standing and life are discussedin the Expository Portion of this Commentary, and materials for the introduction of our subjectwill be found in it. "The letter does not saywhy these things were necessary, and the term was probably chosenas covering alike the views of those who held, like the Pharisee Christians, that they were binding on the Church for ever, and those who, like St. Paul, held that they were necessaryonly for a time, and as a measure of wise expediency." The letter is a most wise and carefulone; it avoids the details of the dispute, or any report of the discussionin the council. It accuses no one, but by implication supports the positionwhich St. Paul had taken. It effectually checkedfora time the agitationcreatedby the Judaizing party. Two dangers attended the young Christian Church. 1. A false conceptionof liberty in Christ, which really meant "license,"and ruinous loosening of self-restraintand reasonable rule. 2. A mischievous bondage to mere forms, out of which the life and meaning had long faded, and passed. The councilwisely met the twofold danger by declaring that the old forms were no longer binding, but that the Christian liberty ought to be set under safe, prudent, and mutually acceptedrules and restraints. The laying on Gentile Christians of the old Judaic burdens was unreasonable. But the laying on them of burdens coming from the relations of Christian principles to the sins and evils of society, all must recognize to be reasonable. Theywere free, but they must not use their liberty unwisely, or so as to injure the conscience andsensitive feeling of even the weakestbrother
33. among them. We may gatherfrom this advice given to the Antiochene Church some cleardistinctions betweenthe reasonable andunreasonable in burdens laid on us as Christians. I. THE BURDEN OF CUSTOM IS UNREASONABLE. The plea, "Everybody does it, therefore you must," is one which the Christian is quite justified in rejecting. Fashion in religious conduct, or in religious worship, or in religious doctrine, if it is imposed as a burden, the Christian may call unreasonable. He is in no sense obligedto follow such lead unless he can clearly discernthat the fashion or custom expressesthe claim of the right. Oftentimes customs grow up which become a terrible slavery, and it becomes necessaryfor some Christians to break the bonds as resolutelyas St. Paul did the bonds of these Judaizing teachers. Illustrate from the three spheres: (1) religious doctrine; (2) religious worship; (3) religious society. II. THE BURDEN OF ABROGATED LAW IS UNREASONABLE. Recognizing the progressionofDivine revelation, we see that a stepupwards involves freedom from the step below. Judaism was one step in Divine revelation, and it prepared for the spiritual revelationin Christ, which was a step higher. It was unreasonable to press the demands of formal Judaism, and much more unreasonable to press the claims of rabbinical Judaism, on those who had been lifted up to the spiritual and Christian platform. This point is well argued by Phillips Brooks, ina most suggestive sermonon the 'Symbol and the Reality.' He says, "There is no better testof men's progress than this advancing powerto do without the things which used to be essentialto their lives. As we climb a high mountain, we must keepour footing strong upon one ledge until we have fastenedourselves stronglyon the next; then we may let the lowerfoothold go. The lives of men who have been always growing are strewedalong their whole course with the things which they have learned to do without." What an overburdened life ours would be if we were compelled to carry all the old things we once valued and used with us in our advance to the new! Yet there is a sense in which, even in our Christian times, men press
34. on us the burden of that which is past, abrogated, and done with. It may be effectively illustrated in relation to Christian doctrine. It is said that Judaic forms of sacrifice explainthe Christian redemption; and we may urge that this is an unreasonable burden, and all that we need to acceptis, that Judaic sacrifice was the figure and symbol, by the help of which men were prepared to apprehend and receive the moral and spiritual redemption wrought in and by the Lord Jesus. We, as wellas the early disciples, may properly refuse the burden of Mosaic symbols and forms, which have had their day, done their work, and ceasedto be. III. THE BURDEN OF AGREED RULES IS REASONABLE. All associations of persons togetherinvolve mutual acceptance ofconditions of fellowship;and those conditions must put limitations on personalliberty. Illustrate by the necessaryrules of a nation, a club, a family, a congregation. Theseare reasonable, andare no infringements of liberty, but a proper expressionof it. No one feels such to be a burden. Further than this, society, as constituted in eachcountry and age, has an unwritten code of manners and morals, and this need not be unreasonable, nor is it felt to be a burden so long as it manifestly concerns the preservationof socialvirtue and goodness. As with the early Church, the conditions of societymay make specific demands on Christians, such as are indicated in ver. 29;but these may reasonablybe acceptedas the restraints of the few for the goodof the whole. IV. THE BURDEN OF CHARITY IS REASONABLE. Here we come upon ground which St. Paul's teaching to the Corinthians has made very familiar. Christian love even rejoices to put itself into bonds if thus it can gain influence on others. In conclusion, urge that life properly refuses bonds, and demands free expression;but the life in Christ willingly puts itself under rules for his sake and for others' sake. -R.T. Biblical Illustrator For it seemedgoodunto the Holy Ghost and to us.
35. Acts 15:28-31 The Holy Spirit and the Church J. W. Burn. Here we have — I. THE SPIRIT GUIDING THE CHURCH. 1. This was in accordancewith the Saviour's promise. 2. This was demonstratedby the previous history. Pentecost;the mission of Philip to Samaria, and to the Eunuch; that of Peterto Cornelius;that of the disciples to Antioch, and that of Paul and Barnabas to Cyprus and Asia Minor. With eachof these the work of the Spirit was directly connected, and eachpointed to the widening of the Church's boundaries so as to embrace the Gentiles. 3. This is guaranteedstill, and may be detected. (1)In the evangelistic impulses of the Church. (2)In the doors of opportunity opening to the Church — the secondinvariably following the first. II. THE SPIRIT'S GUIDANCE ACKNOWLEDGED BYTHE CHURCH. "It seemedgood," etc. 1. "And to us" is not an assumption of co-ordinate authority, for the Church is a creature and servant of the Spirit. It simply means acquiescence inthe decisionof the Spirit as indicated by recent events and no doubt by special inspiration. 2. "And to us" gives weight to the Spirit's decision, inasmuch as — (1)Part of the Church had been opposedto what was now clearly the mind of the Spirit. (2)Part of the Church had known the Spirit's mind, but had taken no further steps.
36. (3)Part of the Church had fully actedin the disclosures ofthe mind of the Spirit.So the divided Church was now united upon the only true basis of union. This is a lessonto the Church in all ages. Whenmen, in spite of early training, prejudice, etc., give themselves to the work of God, what a mighty testimony to the Spirit's guidance. III. THE SPIRIT'S GUIDANCE SEEN IN THE DECISION OF THE CHURCH. 1. In the liberality of its sentiment, "Where the Spirit of the Lord is there is liberty." 2. In its sanctified common sense. Certainthings were "necessary" in order that Jews and Gentiles might work together. (J. W. Burn.) The upshot of the first ecclesiasticalassemblya triumph of the Holy Ghost K. Gerok. 1. As a Spirit of freedom over the yoke of external ordinances. 2. As a Spirit of faith over the illusions of our own wisdom and righteousness. 3. As a Spirit of love over pride, obstinacy, and narrow-mindedness. (K. Gerok.) The first principles of Church life and action 1. In things necessary, unity (ver. 11). 2. In things doubtful, liberty (ver. 19). 3. In all things, charity (vers. 7, 11, 20). ( Irenaeus.)
37. STUDYLIGHT.ORG RESOURCES Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Acts 15:28 Acts 15:27 Acts 15 Acts 15:29 "Forit seemedgoodto the Holy Spirit and to us to lay upon you no greater burden than these essentials: Jump to: Clarke Commentary • Barne's Notes • Gill's Exposition• Geneva Study Bible • Robertson's WordPictures • Wesley's Notes • Abbott's New Testament• Calvin's Commentary • Trapp's Commentary • Coke's Commentary • Alford's Commentary • Bengel's Gnomon • Poole's Annotations • Family Bible New Testament• Cambridge Greek Testament• Whedon's Commentary • Schaff's New TestamentCommentary • Expositor's Greek Testament• Haydock's Catholic Commentary • DunaganCommentary • Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes • Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged • Ellicott's Commentary • Treasuryof Knowledge
38. Other Authors Range Specific BirdgewayBible Commentary Box's Commentaries on SelectedBooks Constable's ExpositoryNotes Meyer's Commentary Godbey's NT Commentary Gary Hampton Commentary Everett's Study Notes Meyer's Commentary The Bible Study New Testament Commentary Critical and Explanatory Gray's Commentary The People's Bible Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures MacLaren's Expositions Henry's Complete Henry's Concise Commentary on Acts Pett's Bible Commentary Peake'sBible Commentary Preacher's HomileticalCommentary
39. Hawker's PoorMan's Commentary People's New Testament Benson's Commentary Biblical Illustrator Chapter Specific Adam Clarke Commentary For it seemedgoodto the Holy Ghost, and to us - The whole council had met under his direction; had consulted under his influence; and gave forth their decree from his especialinspiration. Necessarythings - They were necessary, howsoeverburthensome they might appear; and necessary, notonly for the time, place, or occasion;but for all times, all places, and all occasions. See this proved in the observations at the end of this chapter. Copyright Statement These files are public domain. Bibliography Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Acts 15:28". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/acts- 15.html. 1832. return to 'Jump List' Albert Barnes'Notes onthe Whole Bible For it seemedgoodto the Holy Ghost - This is a strong and undoubted claim to inspiration. It was with specialreference to the organization of the church that the Holy Spirit had been promised to them by the Lord Jesus, Matthew 18:18-20;John 14:26.
40. No greaterburden - To impose no greaterrestraints to enjoin no other observances. See the notes on Acts 15:10. Than these necessarythings - Necessary: (1) In order to preserve the peace ofthe church. (2) to conciliate the minds of the Jewishconverts, Acts 15:21. (3) in their circumstances particularly, because the crime which is specified - licentiousness was one to which all early converts were especiallyexposed. See the notes on Acts 15:20. Copyright Statement These files are public domain. Bibliography Barnes, Albert. "Commentaryon Acts 15:28". "Barnes'Notes onthe New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/acts- 15.html. 1870. return to 'Jump List' John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible For it seemedgoodto the Holy Ghost, and to us,.... By various things they had reasondoubtless to conclude, that they were under the influence and direction of the Holy Ghostin this affair; as by the spirit of prayer that was among them; by that powerand energywith which many of them spoke on this occasion, and that so agreeableto the word of God; and by that unanimity with which they came into the advice given. With respectto the form here used, compare 1 Chronicles 13:2 and the Targum on it, which renders the words thus; "if it be beautiful before you, and acceptable before the Lord, let us send, &c.'
41. It follows here, to lay upon you no greaterburden than these necessarythings; not that they were necessaryto salvation, but necessaryto secure the peace ofthe churches, and at leastwere necessary, atthat present time; and therefore since it appearedto be necessaryto enjoin them for the present, they hoped they would not refuse to bear them; and especially, since, thoughthey must own they were burdens, and a part of the yoke of bondage, yet they were not many, nor very heavy, and for the future they should lay no other, nor more upon them; and what they did, was to prevent any other or greaterburden to be laid; and so the Syriac version renders it, "lestany more, or greaterburden should be laid upon you." Copyright Statement The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernisedand adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario. A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855 Bibliography Gill, John. "Commentary on Acts 15:28". "The New John Gill Expositionof the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/acts- 15.html. 1999. return to 'Jump List' Geneva Study Bible 11 For it seemedgoodto the n Holy Ghost, and o to us, to lay upon you no greaterburden than these p necessarythings; (11) That is a lawful council, which the Holy Spirit rules.
42. (n) First they made mention of the Holy Spirit, so that it may not seemto be any man's work. (o) Not that men have any authority of themselves, but to show the faithfulness that they used in their ministry and labour. (p) This was no absolute necessity, but in respectof the state of that time, so that the Gentiles and the Jews might live togethermore peaceably, with less occasionto quarrel. Copyright Statement These files are public domain. Text Courtesyof BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission. Bibliography Beza, Theodore. "Commentaryon Acts 15:28". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/acts-15.html. 1599-1645. return to 'Jump List' Robertson's WordPictures in the New Testament To the Holy Spirit and to us (τωι πνευματι τωι αγιωι και ημιν — tōi pneumati tōi hagiōi kaihēmin). Dative case after εδοχεν — edoxen (third example, verses, 22, 25, 28). Definite claim that the church in this actionhad the guidance of the Holy Spirit. That fact was plain to the church from what had takenplace in Caesareaand in this campaignof Paul and Barnabas (Acts 15:8). Jesus had promised that the Holy Spirit would guide them into all truth (John 16:13). Even so the church deliberated carefully before deciding. What a blessing it would be if this were always true! But even so the Judaizers are only silencedfor the present, not convinced and only waiting for a better day to start over again.
43. No greaterburden (μηδεν πλεον βαρος — mēden pleon baros). The restrictions named did constitute some burden (cf. Matthew 20:12), for the old word βαρος — baros means weight or heaviness. Morality itself is a restraint upon one‘s impulses as is all law a prohibition againstlicense. Than these necessarythings (plēn toutōn tōn epanagkes).This old adverb (from epi and anagkē)means oncompulsion, of necessity. Here only in the N.T. For discussionof these items see note on Acts 15:20, note on Acts 15:21. In comparisonwith the freedom won this “burden” is light and not to be regardedas a compromise in spite of the arguments of Lightfoot and Ramsay. It was such a concessionas any convertedGentile would be glad to make even if “things strangled” be included. This “necessity” was nota matter of salvationbut only for fellowship betweenJews and Gentiles. The Judaizers made the law of Moses essentialto salvation(Acts 15:16). Copyright Statement The Robertson's WordPictures of the New Testament. Copyright � Broadman Press 1932,33,Renewal1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern BaptistSunday SchoolBoard) Bibliography Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Acts 15:28". "Robertson's WordPictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/acts-15.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal1960. return to 'Jump List' Wesley's ExplanatoryNotes For it seemedgoodto the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessarythings;
44. These necessarythings — All of these were necessaryforthat time. But the first of them was not necessarylong;and the direction concerning it was therefore repealedby the same Spirit, as we read in the former Epistle to the Corinthians. Copyright Statement These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian ClassicsEtherealLibrary Website. Bibliography Wesley, John. "Commentary on Acts 15:28". "JohnWesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/acts-15.html. 1765. return to 'Jump List' Abbott's Illustrated New Testament To the Holy Ghost, and to us; to us under the guidance of the Holy Ghost. Copyright Statement These files are public domain. Bibliography Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentaryon Acts 15:28". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/acts-15.html. 1878. return to 'Jump List' Calvin's Commentary on the Bible −
45. 28.It seemedgoodto the Holy Ghost and to us. Whereas the apostles and elders match and join themselves with the Holy Ghost, they attribute nothing to themselves apart therein; but this speechimporteth as much as if they should say, that the Holy Ghost was the captain, guide, and governor, and that they did setdown, and decreedthat which they write as he did indite it to them. − (149)For this manner of speechis used commonly in the Scripture, to give the ministers the secondplace after that the name of God is once expressed. When it is said that the people believed Godand his servant Moses, ( Exodus 14:31,)faith is not rent in pieces, as if it did addict itself partly to God, and partly to mortal man. What then? to wit, whereas the people had God for the sole author of their faith, they believed or gave credence t