The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

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Published on May 8, 2009

Author: magisterschwarz

Source: authorstream.com

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon : The Hanging Gardens of Babylon Connor Appel Toader Sanjay Describe the ancient city of Babylon. Be sure to include some of Herodotus’ description as well. Interestingly, what did Herodotus leave out of his description? : Describe the ancient city of Babylon. Be sure to include some of Herodotus’ description as well. Interestingly, what did Herodotus leave out of his description? Babylon was a splendid city, “a wonder to the traveler’s eyes.” Herodotus said it had: Outer walls 56 miles long 80 feet thick 320 feet wide There was a giant temple called “the Tower of Babel” But the Hanging Gardens aren’t even mentioned by Herodotus. Who built the Hanging Gardens? Why? (Be Specific!) : Who built the Hanging Gardens? Why? (Be Specific!) It was built by King Nebuchadnezzar. He built the gardens to cheer up his homesick wife, who came from a mountainous, green land. It was built like an mountain to remind her of her home. What else did this individual build? : What else did this individual build? King Nebuchadnezzar also built temples, streets, palaces, and walls. What was Babylon like under this person’s reign? : What was Babylon like under this person’s reign? It was awesome! Did the Hanging Gardens really “hang”? Explain. : Did the Hanging Gardens really “hang”? Explain. No. They actually ‘overhang’ Babylon, like a balcony or a terrace. How did the Greek geographer Strabo describe the gardens? : How did the Greek geographer Strabo describe the gardens? He said it had vaulted terraces raised one above another. Resting upon cube-shaped pillars Hollow and filled with earth to allow trees to be planted. What were the primary building materials used in the gardens and throughout all of Babylon? : What were the primary building materials used in the gardens and throughout all of Babylon? They were made of baked brick and asphalt. What was the most amazing feature of the gardens? : What was the most amazing feature of the gardens? The chain pumps used to irrigate the gardens. What is a “chain pump”? Describe in detail how it worked. : What is a “chain pump”? Describe in detail how it worked. It is two large wheels connected by a chain. On the chain are buckets, carrying water up to the gardens. Aside from finding a way to get water to the top, what was another factor that complicated the construction of the gardens? : Aside from finding a way to get water to the top, what was another factor that complicated the construction of the gardens? Having to avoid having the water ruin the foundation. How was this problem solved? : How was this problem solved? A cover of lead was put on it. According to the Greek historian Diodorus, how big were the gardens? What do other accounts tell us about the size? Why is the exact size of the gardens ultimately not important? : According to the Greek historian Diodorus, how big were the gardens? What do other accounts tell us about the size? Why is the exact size of the gardens ultimately not important? He said they were 400 feet wide, 400 feet long, and 80 feet high. Other people say they were 320 feet high. The size wasn’t important because it was still an amazing mountain raising off the flat plain. Why do some people question whether the Hanging Gardens actually existed? : Why do some people question whether the Hanging Gardens actually existed? The evidence that Koldewey found was too far away from the river to be the Garden. Though the location of Babylon was well-known, what caused problems for archaeologists attempting to study the ancient city? : Though the location of Babylon was well-known, what caused problems for archaeologists attempting to study the ancient city? Nothing visible was left of the architecture. Name some of the features of Babylon that the nineteenth century archaeologist Robert Koldewey found during his fourteen years of digging at the site. : Name some of the features of Babylon that the nineteenth century archaeologist Robert Koldewey found during his fourteen years of digging at the site. Outer walls Inner walls Foundation of the Tower of Babel Nebuchadnezzar’s palaces Wide professional roadway through the heart of the city Describe the “basement” Koldewey discovered. Why was he confident that he had found the cellar of the gardens? : Describe the “basement” Koldewey discovered. Why was he confident that he had found the cellar of the gardens? It had 14 large rooms with stone arch ceilings. He thought it was the cellar because there were only 2 places made of stone, and this was the 2nd one. What else did Koldewey find that he considered evidence of the gardens? : What else did Koldewey find that he considered evidence of the gardens? He also found some of the features reported by Diodorus, like a chain pump room. Why do some modern archaeologists question Koldewey’s discoveries? : Why do some modern archaeologists question Koldewey’s discoveries? They thought it was too far from the river to be the gardens.

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