The Growth of the Global Hydropower Industry

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Information about The Growth of the Global Hydropower Industry

Published on March 16, 2016

Author: Procorre


1. Hydropower Industry Hydropower Industry Hydropower is a growing industry which is expected to provide 19% of the world’s electricity by 2020, leading to an increasing demand for specialists in this area. Jobs in large and small hydropower combined amounted to 1.7 million in 2014, most of which fell in construction and installation in China. Growth of the Global Where Does the World Currently Get its Power? Fossil-derived energy accounts for 68% of the world’s electricity, with renewables providing 21%. Source: IEA 2014 (data from 2012) 5% Oil Gas 22% 41% Coal 11% Nuclear 2% Biomass and waste 3% Other renewables 16% Hydro How Does Hydropower Compare to Other Renewables? Installed Renewable Power Capacity - Cumulative Capacity Source: IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 Capacity (GW) Hydropower Wind Energy Solar Energy Bioenergy Geothermal Energy Tide, Wave and Ocean Energy 10 Countries with the Greatest Hydropower Capacity China, along with Brazil, the United States, Canada, Russia, India, Turkey, Norway, Japan and France, make up the top ten producers of hydropower across the globe. Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA) 2012 China 856 1 Brazil 411 2 Canada373 3 Global ranking By billion kilowatt hours per year United States 276 4 Russia164 5 Norway 140 6 India 124 7 Venezuela 81 8 Sweden78 9 Japan74 10 Where are the Most Jobs in Renewable Energy at the Moment? Source: IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency) 500,000 0 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 Jobs2,273,000 1,453,000 834,000 782,000 503,000 264,000 184,000 156,000 43,000 Solar Photovoltaic Liquid Biofuels Wind Power Biomass Solar Heating/Cooling Biogas Geothermal Small Hydropower Concentrated Solar Power 6.5 million jobs in 2013 In 2013, 46% of global hydropower employment was accounted for by China, followed by Brazil (8%), India (7%) and The Russian Federation (6%), according to IRENA’s Renewable Energy and Jobs Annual Review 2015. Source: Lehr and Nieters (2015) 28% Rest of the World Total: 1.5 million jobs China 45.8% 1 Brazil 7.6% 2 India 6.9% 3 Russian Federation 5.7% 4 Vietnam 3% 5 Iran 2.9% 6 Which Countries Have the Most Hydropower Jobs? Major Hydropower Projects Underway in Key Employment Hotspots • Due to start producing energy in 2019 • When complete in 2021 will be the largest in the world • Expected installed capacity of 3,600 MW China, Hebei province: Fengning Pumped Storage Station Turkey: Kargı Hydropower project • Currently under construction with 102 MW capacity on completion & • Estimated up to 15 GW of new capacity currently under construction in Turkey: Yusufeli (540 MW), Çetin (517 MW) and Kığı (180 MW) projects • Construction began in 2007 and is due to complete in late-2016 • Total installed capacity will reach 330 MW • • India: Kishanganga project $250 USD million invested $687 USD million invested $1.87 USD billion invested What Roles are Available in Hydropower? Hydrologists Plan large hydropower projects and manage resultant water resources. Mechanical engineers Consider the physics involved in the operation of hydropower systems, often in the planning and development stages of a project. Civil engineers Design structural aspects of a power plant and consider ways to harness the power of running water. Environment scientist Evaluate the potential effects of a plant on its surroundings and provide solutions for negative environmental impacts. Installers and operators Build, maintain and operate hydropower plants, as well as analyse data to keep the plant functioning properly. Plant electrician Test and inspect electrical components and make sure everything is properly installed, repaired and maintained.

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