Published on September 6, 2016
1. The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald
2. Learning Objectives: •Demonstrate knowledge about the author of the Great Gatsby •Be able to cite important and historical events in the author’s life and the 1920s •Understand the author’s characteristics based on the Great Gatsby characters
3. The Author Name: Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald Birthdate: September 24, 1896 Place: St. Paul, Minnesota
4. The Author Education 1911: was sent to a boarding school in New Jersey 1913: Princeton University 1917: enlisted in the army
5. The Author Love life Place: Camp Sheridan, Montgomery, Alabama Zelda Sayre: 17 years old His Military Rank: Second Lieutenant About Zelda: she has desire for wealth, fun, and leisure
6. The Author Zelda Sayre
7. The Author Facts Famous Chronicler of the 1920s America Jazz Age - a post-World War I movement in the 1920s, from which Jazz music and dance emerged. 1923 – 1924 - Great Gatsby was written in America and France 1925 – The Great Gatsby was published
8. The Jazz Age
9. The Author Facts Prohibition - the ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol Organized Crime - made millionaires out of bootleggers, and an underground culture of revelry sprang up
11. Organized Crime
12. The Author Comparison to his characters Fitzgerald Nick Gatsby Many of the events from Fitzgerald’s early life appear in his most famous novel, The Great Gatsby, published in 1925. thoughtful young man from Minnesota, educated at an Ivy League school (in Nick’s case, Yale), who moves to New York after the war. a sensitive young man who idolizes wealth and luxury and who falls in love with a beautiful young woman while stationed at a military camp in the South.
13. The Author Comparison to his characters Fitzgerald Nick Gatsby He found himself in an era in which unrestrained materialism set the tone of society, particularly in the large cities of the East. Like Nick, Fitzgerald saw through the glitter of the Jazz Age to the moral emptiness and hypocrisy beneath, and part of him longed for this absent moral center. Like Gatsby, Fitzgerald was driven by his love for a woman who symbolized everything he wanted, even as she led him toward everything he despised.
14. The Author Comparison to events in the story Fitzgerald Nick Gatsby Having become a celebrity, Fitzgerald fell into a wild, reckless life-style of parties and decadence, while desperately trying to please Zelda by writing to earn money. Like Nick in The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald found this new lifestyle seductive and exciting Gatsby amasses a great deal of wealth at a relatively young age, and devotes himself to acquiring possessions and throwing parties that he believes will enable him to win Daisy’s love.
15. Who is the Author of the The Great Gatsby? Questions Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald
16. How old was Fitzgerald when he was sent to New Jersey Boarding School? Questions 15 years old
17. What did Fitzgerald do when he failed to graduate from Princeton? Questions He enlisted in the military
18. Who was Fitzgerald’s first love? Questions Zelda Sayre
19. Where did Fitzgerald met Zelda? Questions Camp Sheridan, Montgomery, Alabama
20. What kind of job did Fitzgerald do? Questions Writer / Chronicler
21. The 1920s America was also known as _______________. Questions The Jazz Age
22. When was The Great Gatsby published? Questions 1925
23. What do you call the ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol? Questions Prohibition
24. It is an illicit or illegal selling of alcoholic drinks and liquor in the 1920s. Questions Organized Crime
25. THE GREAT GATSBY Key Facts
26. Learning Objectives: •Gain insight about the novel •Know the different events in the novel •Understand the causes and effects of the events in the novel
27. Vocabulary Words
28. amass - gather together or accumulate (a large amount or number of valuable material or things) over a period of time.
30. lavish - being large in amount or expensive; more than enough.
32. reunion - an instance of two or more people coming together again after a period of separation.
34. confront -meet (someone) face to face with hostile or argumentative intent.
36. reject - to refuse to accept, approve, or believe.
38. dock - a raised, flat surface that is built out into the water.
40. wreck - the broken remains of something
42. quest - a long search for something.
44. Nick Carraway: Carraway not only narrates the story but implies that he is the book’s author Narrator
46. MAJOR CONFLICT · Gatsby has amassed a vast fortune in order to win the affections of the upper-class Daisy Buchanan, but his mysterious past stands in the way of his being accepted by her.
47. RISING ACTION · Gatsby’s lavish parties, Gatsby’s arrangement of a meeting with Daisy at Nick’s
48. CLIMAX · There are two possible climaxes: Gatsby’s reunion with Daisy in Chapters 5–6; the confrontation between Gatsby and Tom in the Plaza Hotel in Chapter 7.
49. FALLING ACTION · Daisy’s rejection of Gatsby, Myrtle’s death, Gatsby’s murder
50. THEMES · The decline of the American dream, the spirit of the 1920s, the difference between social classes, the role of symbols in the human conception of meaning, the role of the past in dreams of the future
51. MOTIFS · The connection between events and weather, the connection between geographical location and social values, images of time, extravagant parties, the quest for wealth
52. SYMBOLS · The green light on Daisy’s dock, the eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg, the valley of ashes, Gatsby’s parties, East Egg, West Egg
53. FORESHADOWING · The car wreck after Gatsby’s party, Owl Eyes’s comments about the theatricality of Gatsby’s life, the mysterious telephone calls Gatsby receives from Chicago and Philadelphia
54. Nick Carraway narrates in both first and third person, presenting only what he himself observes. Nick alternates sections where he presents events objectively, as they appeared to him at the time, with sections where he gives his own interpretations of the story’s meaning and of the motivations of the other characters. POINT OF VIEW
55. Nick’s attitudes toward Gatsby and Gatsby’s story are ambivalent and contradictory. At times he seems to disapprove of Gatsby’s excesses and breaches of manners and ethics, but he also romanticizes and admires Gatsby, describing the events of the novel in a nostalgic and elegiac tone. TONE
56. TENSE · Past SETTING (TIME) · Summer 1922 SETTINGS (PLACE) · Long Island and New York City PROTAGONIST · Gatsby and/or Nick
58. LONG ISLAND
59. VALLEY OF ASHES
60. PLAZA HOTEL
62. THE EYES OF Doctor T. J. Eckleburg
63. The green light on Daisy’s dock
65. • Nick Carraway – young man from Minnesota, moves to New York (1922 summer) to learn about the bond business Plot Overview
66. • Nick Carraway – He rents a house in the West Egg district of Long Island, New York Plot Overview
67. • Nick Carraway’s cottage Plot Overview
68. • The West Egg and East Egg in Long Island Plot Overview
69. • The West Egg and East Egg in Long Island Plot Overview
70. • The West Egg and East Egg in Long Island Plot Overview
71. • Nick’s next-door neighbor in West Egg is a mysterious man named Jay Gatsby, who lives in a gigantic Gothic mansion and throws extravagant parties every Saturday night. Plot Overview
72. Gatsby’s Gothic mansion in the West Egg Plot Overview
73. Tom and Daisy Buchanan’s Mansion in the East Egg Plot Overview
74. Nick was invited to Tom and Daisy’s mansion and met the famous golfer Jordan Baker Plot Overview
75. Jordan tells Nick that Tom has a lover, Myrtle Wilson, who lives in the valley of ashes, a gray industrial dumping ground between West Egg and New York City. Plot Overview
76. Myrtle Wilson Plot Overview
77. Valley of Ashes Plot Overview
78. As the summer progresses, Nick eventually garners an invitation to one of Gatsby’s legendary parties. He finally met Jay Gatsby, who calls everyone “Old Sport” Plot Overview
79. Party at Gatsby’s Mansion Plot Overview
80. Jay Gatsby Plot Overview
81. Gatsby spends many nights staring at the green light at the end of her dock, across the bay from his mansion. Plot Overview
82. Plot Overview
83. Plot Overview Nick invites Daisy to have tea at his house, without telling her that Gatsby will also be there.
84. Plot Overview Gatsby and Daisy reestablish their connection. Their love rekindled, they begin an affair.
85. Plot Overview Tom suspects that Daisy and Gatsby are having an affair.
86. Plot Overview Tom forces the Daisy, Gatsby with Nick and Jordan, to drive into New York City, where he confronts Gatsby in a suite at the Plaza Hotel.
87. Plot Overview When Nick, Jordan, and Tom drive through the valley of ashes, however, they discover that Gatsby’s car has struck and killed Myrtle, Tom’s lover.
88. Plot Overview
89. Plot Overview The next day, Tom tells Myrtle’s husband, George, that Gatsby was the driver of the car.
90. Plot Overview What happens next?