The Gonds of Madhya Pradesh

60 %
40 %
Information about The Gonds of Madhya Pradesh

Published on July 28, 2009

Author: nfsc

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Describing the initial fieldwork experiences with the Gond community in Madhya Pradesh, this presentation lists some of the salient features of language and ritual that characterise this community. It also acknowledges the sources of information collected during the fieldwork visit conducted mid-2008 by Muthukumar and Aruvi towards setting up a Digital Community Archive at the location, describes software used to log in information and presents fieldwork methodology along with observations.

NFSC and JATAN

 

Our Collaborators J A T A N trust Baba Maya ram Nagendra Satyendra Mahesh Bhai

J A T A N trust

Baba Maya ram

Nagendra

Satyendra

Mahesh Bhai

Content Documentation Archives Dissemination of Information

Documentation

Archives

Dissemination of Information

 

Documentation Focus Villages visited and people met Rituals and ceremonies

Focus

Villages visited and people met

Rituals and ceremonies

 

Focus Gond Dictionary Rice goddess Folktales and Folk songs surrounding the medicinal plants Paintings and Metal crafts of Gond Festivals Clan structure

Gond Dictionary

Rice goddess

Folktales and Folk songs surrounding the medicinal plants

Paintings and Metal crafts of Gond

Festivals

Clan structure

Gond Dictionary The Gond dictionary – G.C. Trench The myth about the origins of Gondi language Relationship between Gondi and Dravidian languages Origin of the script Gondi language relationship with Indus script

The Gond dictionary – G.C. Trench

The myth about the origins of Gondi language

Relationship between Gondi and Dravidian languages

Origin of the script

Gondi language relationship with Indus script

Gond Dictionary MYTH ABOUT THE ORIGINS OF GONDI LANGUAGE The story of Kupar and Sambhu Mahadeva The words are created by vocalizing the notes created from the drum The first formed word is about his self existence and he addresses himself by the pronoun “ANA” meaning “I”

MYTH ABOUT THE ORIGINS OF GONDI LANGUAGE

The story of Kupar and Sambhu Mahadeva

The words are created by vocalizing the notes created from the drum

The first formed word is about his self existence and he addresses himself by the pronoun “ANA” meaning “I”

Gond Dictionary RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GONDI AND DRAVIDIAN LANGUAGE Numbers One - Undi - Onnu Two - Rand - Irandu Three - Mund - Moonru Four - Nalung - Naalu

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GONDI AND DRAVIDIAN LANGUAGE

Numbers

One - Undi - Onnu

Two - Rand - Irandu

Three - Mund - Moonru

Four - Nalung - Naalu

Gond Dictionary ORIGIN OF THE GONDI SCRIPT It is based on the Ashokan Brahmi script which dates back to third century B.C Relationship between Gondi and Indus script

ORIGIN OF THE GONDI SCRIPT

It is based on the Ashokan Brahmi script which dates back to third century B.C

Relationship between Gondi and Indus script

Gondi script

Medicinal Plants Folk tales and folk songs around the medicinal plants A farm with 300 varieties of medicinal plants near Pipariya

Folk tales and folk songs around the medicinal plants

A farm with 300 varieties of medicinal plants near Pipariya

Paintings and metal crafts of Gond

Festivals They celebrate atleast 23 festivals which are unique to Gonds. They differ from the mainstream Hindu celebration in many ways. (eg) They celebrate Dasshera not to celebrate the victory of Ram but be worried about the demise of Ravan. Our collaborators are documenting a festival called Gond Madai right now.

They celebrate atleast 23 festivals which are unique to Gonds.

They differ from the mainstream Hindu celebration in many ways. (eg) They celebrate Dasshera not to celebrate the victory of Ram but be worried about the demise of Ravan.

Our collaborators are documenting a festival called Gond Madai right now.

Clan structure There are 106 Gothras There are 12 main gods Each Gothra is having a separate totem symbol of plants and animals to which they do not any harm

There are 106 Gothras

There are 12 main gods

Each Gothra is having a separate totem symbol of plants and animals to which they do not any harm

 

Villages visited and people met Palia Pipariya Dokhri Kheda, Anhoni, Khurshikappa, Singanama, Matkuli Andhra Junheta Kodiya Khumkal, Dobighat,Arra Dongri, Akiya Panchayat P.S. Uike Shanti Raj Khusre Manmohan Batti Queen Raj Shri Dr. Motiravan Kangali Prof. Vijay Dua Payodhi Kallu Uike and Narendra Uike

Palia Pipariya

Dokhri Kheda, Anhoni, Khurshikappa, Singanama, Matkuli

Andhra

Junheta

Kodiya

Khumkal, Dobighat,Arra Dongri, Akiya Panchayat

P.S. Uike

Shanti Raj Khusre

Manmohan Batti

Queen Raj Shri

Dr. Motiravan Kangali

Prof. Vijay Dua

Payodhi

Kallu Uike and Narendra Uike

Part of M.P map

Palia Pipariya

Anhoni, Dokhri keda, Khurshikappa, Matkuli, Singanama

Andhra

Junheta

Kodiya

Arra Dongri, Aakiya Panchayat,Dobighat, Kumkal

P.S.Uike

Manmohan Batti

Queen Raj Shree

Dr. Motiravan Kangali

 

Rituals and ceremonies FUNERAL Ceremony on the day of death Third day ceremony Tenth day ceremony TONSURING Sixth day ceremony after birth

FUNERAL

Ceremony on the day of death

Third day ceremony

Tenth day ceremony

TONSURING

Sixth day ceremony after birth

Rituals and ceremonies UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE They go around the fire in anticlockwise direction There is no separate community to do the funeral work The son lights the fire at the foot with the smouldering dung cake brought from the house by walking backwards and setting fire As the pyre is on fire sickle and axe is thrown into the fire. Here only axe’s handle is thrown into the fire

UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE

They go around the fire in anticlockwise direction

There is no separate community to do the funeral work

The son lights the fire at the foot with the smouldering dung cake brought from the house by walking backwards and setting fire

As the pyre is on fire sickle and axe is thrown into the fire. Here only axe’s handle is thrown into the fire

Rituals and ceremonies UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE On the way back home the master of ceremonies breaks a branch from cherwa or bor tree and place it across the way leading into the village. Then he steps over and walks towards the village. Other men follow.

UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE

On the way back home the master of ceremonies breaks a branch from cherwa or bor tree and place it across the way leading into the village. Then he steps over and walks towards the village. Other men follow.

Rituals and ceremonies UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE A few yards from the house the master of ceremonies with the toes of the left foot picks up the pebble.Without bending down he lifts his foot till his hand can reach the pebble. Then without turning around he hands it to the next man walking behind.The stone is passed from one man to another till the last person and its thrown over his shoulders backwards.

UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE

A few yards from the house the master of ceremonies with the toes of the left foot picks up the pebble.Without bending down he lifts his foot till his hand can reach the pebble. Then without turning around he hands it to the next man walking behind.The stone is passed from one man to another till the last person and its thrown over his shoulders backwards.

Rituals and ceremonies UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE When they return home from cremation ground they place a light in the middle of the courtyardd. Then a flour is spread on the ground infrontof the light and covered with a new basket upside down.then the people go for a smoke/liquorand when they come backif they see disturbance of the pile of flour then they decide that the life spirit of the deceased had returned.

UNIQUE TO GONDI CULTURE

When they return home from cremation ground they place a light in the middle of the courtyardd. Then a flour is spread on the ground infrontof the light and covered with a new basket upside down.then the people go for a smoke/liquorand when they come backif they see disturbance of the pile of flour then they decide that the life spirit of the deceased had returned.

Rituals and ceremonies INFLUENZES FROM THE MAINSTREAM CULTURE In former times people were only buried. After getting in touch with Hindu customs people are burned. No Brahmin priest presides over the ritual and ceremonies in older times.

INFLUENZES FROM THE MAINSTREAM CULTURE

In former times people were only buried. After getting in touch with Hindu customs people are burned.

No Brahmin priest presides over the ritual and ceremonies in older times.

 

Archives Writing down the day to day report on the data notebook software Collection of photographs, audio and video files on the computer Writing logins for the collected data in English Creating wordlist in language explorer using the available dictionary Uploading the collected information on the wiki

Writing down the day to day report on the data notebook software

Collection of photographs, audio and video files on the computer

Writing logins for the collected data in English

Creating wordlist in language explorer using the available dictionary

Uploading the collected information on the wiki

Data Notebook

Language Explorer

 

Things to be done in Future Establishing the digital community archive in Kodiya village or Aakiya panchayat and continue the research. Writing down the logins in native language and transliterate Dissemination of information in the archives to the community members through unique system of search Rearranging the structure of the archives according to the world view of the people using language as a tool.

Establishing the digital community archive in Kodiya village or Aakiya panchayat and continue the research.

Writing down the logins in native language and transliterate

Dissemination of information in the archives to the community members through unique system of search

Rearranging the structure of the archives according to the world view of the people using language as a tool.

 

Add a comment

Related pages

Gondi people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Gondi (Gōndi) or Gond people are Dravidians people of central India, spread over the states of Madhya Pradesh, eastern Maharashtra , Chhattisgarh ...
Read more

Introduction about Gonds of Madhya Pradesh

Adivasi Art & Culture. THE BHILS. The Bhils; The Bhils of Madhya Pradesh; The Bhils of Rajasthan; THE GONDS. The Gonds of Madhya Pradesh; The Gond or ...
Read more

Madhya Pradesh Tribes, Tribal Madhya Pradesh, Central ...

Madhya Pradesh Tribes and tribal culture information. Information about Central India Tribes like Gonds, Baiga, Bhil, Korku, Abujhmar, Bharia, Sahariya
Read more

Madhya Pradesh Tribal Museum

In addition to Madhya Pradesh, the Gonds live in Maharashtra, Andhra ... they produced all the tribes. The Gonds living in different regions are known by ...
Read more

Tribals in Madhya Pradesh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tribals in Madhya Pradesh ... There are 46 recognized Scheduled Tribes in Madhya Pradesh, ... Gonds have major concentrations in Dindori ...
Read more

Gonds - Introduction, Location, Language, Folklore ...

... now known as eastern Madhya Pradesh, between the ninth and thirteenth centuries AD . Muslim ... Gonds live all over central India, ...
Read more

Tribal Music Of India: The Muria And Maria Gonds Of Madhya ...

Tribal Music Of India: The Muria And Maria Gonds Of Madhya Pradesh Verschiedene Künstler
Read more

Gond Paintings from Madhya Pradesh State | Indigo Arts

This inherent belief led the Gonds to decorating their houses and the floors with ... Patangarh, Madhya Pradesh State, India 2013 Acrylic and ink on ...
Read more

Tribal Music of India: The Muria and Maria Gonds of Madhya ...

Tribal Music of India: The Muria and Maria Gonds of Madhya Pradesh Various Artists FW04028 / FE 4028
Read more

Tribal Music Of India: The Muria And Maria Gonds Of Madhya ...

Tribal Music Of India: The Muria And Maria Gonds Of Madhya Pradesh Various Artists
Read more