The Devil and Satan

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Information about The Devil and Satan

Published on November 29, 2008

Author: andrewneileen


The Devil and Satan : The Devil and Satan Christadelphian Presentation What Satan Does : What Satan Does Satan enters people Satan has synagogues Satan tempts Satan can be bruised Satan fills people’s hearts Satan desires to have people Satan can destroy the flesh Satan afflicts people with disease Satan has power Satan can be bound Satan can wage war Who Satan is not : Who Satan is not the character of Satan is altogether richer and deeper than the one in Job and Zechariah Jewish Understanding : Jewish Understanding The first century Jewish understanding of Satan was different to that of Job and Zechariah. Jesus and the early church leaders refer to Satan within a Jewish context of understanding. Greek Religion : Greek Religion In Greek religion, demons might be the intermediaries of the gods, but no one particular god is signalled out as a leader of demons. The Greeks did not have the equivalent of a “god of evil” — a “Devil”. Overall Picture : Overall Picture “The idea that demons were responsible for all moral and physical evil had penetrated deeply into Jewish religious thought in the period following the Babylonian exile, no doubt as a result of Iranian influence on Judaism in the fifth and the fourth centuries BC when Palestine as well as Jews from the eastern Diaspora were subject to Persian rule.” The Jewish Addition : The Jewish Addition Jewish thought added the idea that such demons had a leader and he was given various names. Satan Mastema 1 Enoch : 1 Enoch “In those days, when the children of man had multiplied, it happened that there were born unto them handsome and beautiful daughters. And the angels, the children of heaven, saw them and desired them; and they said to one another, ‘Come, let us choose wives for ourselves from among the daughters of man and beget us children’…” 1 Enoch 6:1-2 1 Enoch cont. : 1 Enoch cont. “And they took wives unto themselves, and everyone (respectively) chose one woman for himself, and they began to go unto them. And they taught them magical medicine, incantations, the cutting of roots, and taught them about plants. And the women became pregnant and gave birth to great giants whose heights were three hundred cubits.” 1 Enoch 7:1-2 The Leader of the Angels : The Leader of the Angels These angels were led by Semyaz or Azaz’el. Enoch intercedes on behalf of the fallen angels (1 Enoch 13:4), but fails, and receives this judgement from God upon their leader, the Watchers as a whole, and their children. 1 Enoch cont. : 1 Enoch cont. “The Lord said to Raphael, ‘Bind Azaz’el hand and foot (and) throw him into the darkness!’ And he made a hole in the desert, which was in Duada’el and cast him there; he threw on top of him rugged and sharp rocks. And he covered his face in order that he may not see light, and in order that he may be sent into the fire on the great day of judgement…And to Gabriel the Lord said, ‘Proceed against the bastards and the reprobates and against the children of adultery; and destroy the children of adultery and expel the children of the Watchers from among the people.” 1 Enoch 10:4-9 Spirits of Dead Giants : Spirits of Dead Giants The judgment that is brought upon the giants is the Flood, and part of the punishment of the fallen angels will be to see their children (the giants) destroyed in the flood. However, from these dead giants there will proceed evil spirits. 1 Enoch cont. : 1 Enoch cont. “But now the giants who are born from the (union of) the spirits and the flesh shall be called evil spirits upon the earth, because their dwelling shall be upon the earth and inside the earth. Evil spirits have come out of their bodies. …They shall become evil upon the earth and shall be called evil spirits.” 1 Enoch 15:8-12 Summary of 1 Enoch : Summary of 1 Enoch the angels have a “leader”, Semyaz or Azaz’el they have children who become “evil spirits” the evil spirits are demons the evil spirits corrupt the people a final judgment will put an end to this situation Jubilees : Jubilees “And when the children of men began to multiply on the surface of the earth and daughters were born to them, that the angels of the Lord saw in a certain year of the Jubilee that they were good to look at. And they took wives for themselves from all of those whom they chose. And they bore children for them; and they were giants.” Jub 5:1 Jubilees : Jubilees The giants are destroyed with the sword. However, after the Flood, the spirits of the giants appear as demons tormenting the sons of Noah. Mastema : Mastema “And the Lord God bade us [Noah and his sons] to bind all. And the chief of the spirits, Mastema, came and said:  ‘Lord, Creator, let some of them remain before me and let them hearken to my voice, and do all that I shall say unto them; for if some of them are not left to me, I shall not be able to execute the power of my will on the children of men because they are intended to corrupt and lead astray before my judgment because the evil of the sons of men is great.’…and a tenth part of them we left that they might be subject before Satan.” Jub 10:1-14 Jewish Re-Writes of the OT : Jewish Re-Writes of the OT During the time of Serug (Gen 11:20), men turned to idolatry because It is Satan that proposes the trial of Abraham (Jub. 17:15-18:13)e of Mastema. It is Satan who attempts to kill Moses on his return to Egypt. It is Satan that provoked the Egyptians to pursue Israel after the Exodus Summary : Summary In 1 Enoch, the fallen angels are bound in darkness or in an abyss, or in fire. The spirits of the giants (demons) have no particular leader, unless we view their leader as Azaz’el directing affairs from his prison. In Jubilees, Satan or Mastema, is the chief of the spirits of the giants and he is allowed one tenth of the spirits to do his work. Satan : Satan Because Satan engages in dialogue with God and acts against Israel, Jewish thinking described him in personal terms. But he is not a (fallen) angel in Jewish thought – this is a later Christian idea. In Job, Satan is an obedient angel. The Prince of Demons : The Prince of Demons “And the scribes who came down from Jerusalem said, "He is possessed by Beelzebul, and by the prince of demons he casts out the demons.” Mark 3:22 “And cruel spirits assisted them and led them astray so that they might commit sin and pollution, And the prince, Mastema, acted forcefully to do all of this.” Jub 11:5 Personification : Personification To speak of something that is not personal as if it were a person. Personifier Personified Any personal being could be the basis of a personification God, angels, humans, spirits. Personification (2) : Personification (2) Fabula Personification Personification used throughout a fable or story Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress (“Hypocrisy”, “Prudence”, etc.) Phrase Personification Personification used in a one-off figure of speech Satan/Devil : Satan/Devil “Satan” or “the Devil” is like a fabula personification throughout the account of the Gospels, Acts and Revelation. This understanding of “Satan” is carried forward by the apostles and it informs the language of their own experience which comes through in their letters. Personification of What? : Personification of What? Opposition Jews Example (1) : Example (1) “And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts.” Mark 4:15 The word was taken away from bystanders by “Satan” who here personifies those who oppose the Gospel. Example (2) : Example (2) “Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie;” Revelation 3:9 The synagogue of the Jews is the synagogue of Satan – the opposition to the truth. Example (3) : Example (3) “Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.” Luke 22:3 Judas went away and conspired with the priests. “Satan” here personifies opposition to Christ. Example (4) : Example (4) “And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat” Luke 22:31 Those who were enemies desired to turn the “leading” disciple. Example (5) : Example (5) “Wherefore we would have come unto you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us.” 1 Thess 2:18 Those who opposed Paul hindered his preaching – these were the Jews. Example (6) : Example (6) “Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.” 1 Tim 1:20 The local Jewish synagogue would have laws about blasphemy and are therefore “Satan”. Example (7) : Example (7) “For some are already turned aside after Satan.” 1 Tim 5:15 The young widows had been persuaded against remaining Christians by local Jews who are personified by “Satan”. Example (8) : Example (8) “Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices.” 2 Cor 2:11 Paul’s constant opponents were the Jews who would have sought every advantage. Example (9) : Example (9) “And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into a messenger of light.” 2 Cor 11:14 One of the strategies employed by the Jews was to pose as messengers of the Gospel which was “the Light”. Example (10) : Example (10) “And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure.” 2 Cor12:7 Paul’s constant conflicts with the Jews produced stress –related illness which he attributed to them. Example (11) : Example (11) “And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.” Rms 16:20 Those that opposed the new ecclesias (the Jews) would be dealt a blow like that dealt to the Serpent, the Father of lies. Example (12) : Example (12) “But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?” Acts 5:3 Ananias had been influenced by the Jews to hold back his donations to the common funds. Example (13) : Example (13) “To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.” Acts 26:18 Paul was to be delivered from “the people and Gentiles” unto whom he was sent in order to deliver them from Satan – i.e. Jewish missionaries. Example (14) : Example (14) “But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.” Matt 16:23 Peter was opposing Jesus’ destiny as the appointed sacrifice for sin. Jesus is identifying him as a typical Jew who did not expect a suffering Messiah. Example (15) : Example (15) “I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.” Rev 2:13  Pergamum was a regional centre for the Jewish network of synagogues. Example (16) : Example (16) “But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden.” Rev 2:24 The depths of tortured logic to which the Jews would go in opposing the truth. Example (17) : Example (17) “And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.” Luke 4:8 Satan personifies the priests, scribes and Pharisees who “tempted” Jesus throughout his ministry. Example (19) : Example (19) “And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the Sabbath day?” Luke 13:16 The woman has been bound under Jewish traditions about the Law for eighteen years since Jesus was shown in the temple at the age of 12. Worked Case (1) : Worked Case (1) “To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.” 1 Cor 5:5 Satan is not doing the destroying; we can translate the Greek as “until the destruction of the flesh” This destruction will take place in the “day of the Lord”. Worked Case (1) cont. : Worked Case (1) cont. Destruction is a rare term in the Greek NT. (1 Thess 5:3, 2 Thess 1:9, 1 Tim 6:9). All contexts refer to the “day of the Lord” in which Jesus will come. The “destruction” in 1 Cor 5:5 is therefore a destruction at the end of days. Hence, Paul hopes the spirit might be saved. Worked Case (1) cont. : Worked Case (1) cont. The man was handed back to “Satan” – the Jews – because it was upon them that the judgments of the Lord were to fall in the “day of his coming”. He was a Jew and the ecclesia should exclude him from fellowship. Worked Case (2) : Worked Case (2) “And he called them unto him, and said unto them in parables, How can Satan cast out Satan?” Mark 3:23 “And if Satan rise up against himself, and be divided, he cannot stand, but hath an end.” Mark 3:26 “If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand?” Luke 11:18 Worked case (2) : Worked case (2) In choosing these similes Jesus has focused his opponents’ attention on their history, and in this way he is making them into “Satan” — adversaries — owners of a divided kingdom and in need of the king of David. They had inherited the spirit of Jeroboam’s apostasy in wanting to be divided from the Davidic Messiah. Their leadership was like the false priesthood of Jeroboam and the associated idols. This state of affairs was being confronted by Jesus in the casting out of demons by the finger of God. Homework : Homework “And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.” Luke 10:18 A visionary statement tied in with the meaning of Rev 12:9 and the fall of Satan from heaven.

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