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The Dawn of a New Era in Infection Control

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Information about The Dawn of a New Era in Infection Control
Health & Medicine

Published on June 4, 2013

Author: Novaerus

Source: slideshare.net

Description

There has not been a significant development in infection control since the late 19th century, when British surgeon Joseph Lister began using carbolic acid as an antiseptic in 1867. In this infographic, we talk about the history of infection control, the rising cost of health care facilities to combat health care acquired infections as well as the technologies that are available to combat infections.
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1918infectiousDiseasesTECHnologicaladvancementsTBDSOURCESThere has not been one significant development in infection control since the late 19thcentury. The mid-to-late 1800’s saw the discovery and adoption of a number ofinfection control protocols still enforced today: hand-washing, using heat to sterilizesurgical instruments, antiseptics, and surgical masks. As we moved through the 20thcentury to today, not only have traditional methods reached the point of diminishingreturns,but so too have antibiotics.Technology must step in where medicine is failing to close the infection control loop.infectiousDiseasesMEDICALadvancementsHieronymus Fracastorius described three modes of disease spread:direct contact with infected persons, indirect contact with fomites, andairborne transmission.1546First mandatory vaccination law in the U.S. was enacted, giving thegovernment the power to enforce mandatory vaccination or quarantine inthe event of a disease (smallpox) outbreak that posed a threat to thepublic health.18091883Sterile gowns and capswere introduced.Anton Van Leeuwenhoekinvents the microscope.1674Mortality rates dropped by 10- to 20-fold within 3months after a strict policy of hand-washing with achlorinated antiseptic solution was instituted.1847Incidence of smallpox increased in NorthAmerica during the 1700s, inoculationagainst the virus became more widely used.1721Spanish Flu: 500 million people had been infected and between 50 and 100million had died, roughly 3 percent of the population.Staphylococcus aureus (also knownas "Staph infection") is discovered,one of the earlier bacteria in whichpenicillin resistance was found.1947In the United States, evidence ofemergence of antibiotic-resistantbacterial strains due to wide use ofantibiotics to promote weight gain inlivestock was determined by the FDA.1977The H5N1 virus, also known as "avian flu" is first reported in Hong Kong.19972002Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcusaureus (MRSA) first detected in Britain.1961Carbolic Acid was used as anantiseptic in surgical procedures,significantly reducing mortalityrates from infection by 30percent within a decade.1867Heat sterilization of instrumentswas introduced, which provedsuperior to chemical sterilization.1897Surgical mask was invented.18911915The first school of hygiene andpublic health is created atJohns Hopkins University.1944U.S. produced the first massproduction of penicillin –2.3 million doses.1943Quarantine and isolation wereemphasized because diseases suchas smallpox and TB were seen inU.S. hospitals.* This is the last significantdevelopment in infection control.1928Alexander Fleming wasattributed with discovering theantibiotic properties of penicillin,which is derived from a fungus.SARS, or severe acute respiratorysyndrome, began withpneumonia-like symptoms in ahandful of Chinese, and within weeks,had spread to five continents.2009The World Health Organizationdeclared H1N1, "swine flu," a globalpandemic, the first such designationin 41 years.2004CDC reported an increasing number of Acinetobacter baumanniibloodstream infections in patients at military medical facilities.Most of these showed multidrug resistance (MRAB).2013The CDC reports a growing class of “nightmare” superbug, calledCarbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, or CRE, has been foundonly in nursing homes and hospitals; resistant to even the mostpowerful antibiotics. The data shows about four percent of acute-carehospitals, and 18 percent of long-term acute care hospitals inAmerica, reported at least one case of dangerous CRE bacteria.The Rising Cost toHealth Care FacilitiesDID YouKNOw?Today’s TechnologyFighting Against HAIs$30 Billion380,000in hospital costs annually dueto hospital infections andincreasing rapidly as moreinfections become drug-resistant.Traditional infection control developments have reached the point of diminishing returns.$34,179total cost of an outbreakof Influenza per facility.$40 Billionamount of additional healthcareper CDC estimate in 2002.estimated deaths among NH/SNFresidents every year due to infections4THLEADINGCause of death in America arehospital-acquired infections.99,000Americans died in 2011 fromhospital-acquired infections.200,000Americans died in 2012;double in just one year.$13.8 BillionCA-MRSA imposes an annual burdenof $1.4-13.8 billion on society.$17.4 Billion40%of Medicare patients arereadmitted within a month,costing annually.Plasma FieldTECHNOLOGYApplying an electromagnetic fieldto a gas creates a plasma fieldthat generates billions of particles- UV photons, electrons, ions andneutral particles – and that isuniquely destructive to allmicroorganisms.effective eradication99.9999999999%Hydrogen Peroxide& Vapor GenerationSupplemental room surfacedisinfection using Sanosil S010.The droplets fill the room andare drawn into every nook,crevice and corner, reachingsurfaces that regular cleaningand disinfecting can’t.airfiltersDesigned to maintaincleaning efforts long afterdisinfectants and cleaningagents have evaporated.Very few people, be they of what class theymay, have any idea of the exquisitecleanliness required in a sick room.Florence NightingaleThere havebeen nosignificantmedicaladvancementsin almost70 years.THENEWSCIENCEREVOLUTIONTo learn more about plasma fieldtechnology visit us on novaerus.com.

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