The Cochrane Collaboration Colloquium: Umbrella Reviews: What are they, and do we need them?

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Information about The Cochrane Collaboration Colloquium: Umbrella Reviews: What are they,...

Published on November 9, 2007

Author: Cochrane.Collaboration

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Lorne Becker speaking at the XIV Cochrane Colloquium in Dublin, Ireland

Plenary 1 Umbrella Reviews: what are they, and do we need them? Lorne Becker Pembroke

Umbrella Reviews What are they, and do we need them?

The Cochrane Vision That healthcare decision-making around the world will be informed by high quality, timely research evidence

That healthcare decision-making around the world will be informed by high quality, timely research evidence

The Clinician’s Reality

Lots of Unanswered Questions Random sample of 103 US family physicians Researcher recorded questions after every consultation 3.2 questions per 10 patients seen 2/3 questions not pursued Of questions pursued Mean time spent – 2 minutes Median time spent – 1 minute Ely et al BMJ 319, 1999, 358-361

Random sample of 103 US family physicians

Researcher recorded questions after every consultation

3.2 questions per 10 patients seen

2/3 questions not pursued

Of questions pursued

Mean time spent – 2 minutes

Median time spent – 1 minute

Median Minutes/Week Spent Reading About My Patients: Self-reports at 17 Grand Rounds: Medical Students: 90 minutes House Officers (PGY1): 0 (up to 70%=none) SHOs (PGY2-4): 20 (up to 15%=none) Registrars: 45 (up to 40%=none) Sr. Registrars 30 (up to 15%=none) Consultants: Grad. Post 1975: 45 (up to 30%=none) Grad. Pre 1975: 30 (up to 40%=none) Data Presented by David Sackett MD

Self-reports at 17 Grand Rounds:

Medical Students: 90 minutes

House Officers (PGY1): 0 (up to 70%=none)

SHOs (PGY2-4): 20 (up to 15%=none)

Registrars: 45 (up to 40%=none)

Sr. Registrars 30 (up to 15%=none)

Consultants:

Grad. Post 1975: 45 (up to 30%=none)

Grad. Pre 1975: 30 (up to 40%=none)

A Common Clinical Question What is the best treatment for a child who wets the bed?

What is the best treatment for a child who wets the bed?

Possible Treatments Alarm Systems Medications Tricyclic Antidepressants Desmopressin Others Behavioral interventions Complementary medicine approaches

Alarm Systems

Medications

Tricyclic Antidepressants

Desmopressin

Others

Behavioral interventions

Complementary medicine approaches

 

Cochrane Enuresis Reviews 7 Reviews Cover all of the potential interventions Reviews are up to date One from 2002 Two each from 2003, 2004, 2005

7 Reviews

Cover all of the potential interventions

Reviews are up to date

One from 2002

Two each from 2003, 2004, 2005

Clinical Reality 2 minutes per question 30 minutes per week 7 Cochrane Enuresis Reviews 410 pages Excluding tables figures and references - 73 pages Metaviews only 113 Metaviews

Clinical Reality

2 minutes per question

30 minutes per week

7 Cochrane

Enuresis Reviews

410 pages

Excluding tables figures and references

- 73 pages

Metaviews only

113 Metaviews

Umbrella Reviews Designed for busy decision makers A “friendly front end” Summarizes a group of related reviews Minimum of text 1-3 tables 0-2 figures Pointers to the full Cochrane Reviews

Designed for busy decision makers

A “friendly front end”

Summarizes a group of related reviews

Minimum of text

1-3 tables

0-2 figures

Pointers to the full Cochrane Reviews

4 Pages 2 Tables 7 References

4 Pages

2 Tables

7 References

Enuresis Umbrella Review

Enuresis Umbrella Review

Enuresis Umbrella Review

11 813 Imipramine vs. No Treatment 13 576 Alarm vs. No Treatment 3 208 Alarm vs. Imipramine Studies Subjects Comparison

Analyses and Figures

Umbrella Reviews Working Group Lorne Becker Jon Deeks Paul Glasziou Steff Lewis Yoon Loke Lara Maxwell Andy Oxman Deborah Pentesco-Gilbert Rebecca Ryan Peter Tugwell Janet Wale

Lorne Becker

Jon Deeks

Paul Glasziou

Steff Lewis

Yoon Loke

Lara Maxwell

Andy Oxman

Deborah Pentesco-Gilbert

Rebecca Ryan

Peter Tugwell

Janet Wale

Plenary 1 Co-chairs: Fiona Alderdice and Monica Kjeldstr ø m Pembroke

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