The Civil War Era

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Information about The Civil War Era

Published on February 12, 2008

Author: Donato


The Civil War Era :  The Civil War Era By 5th Grade Students at Forest Knolls Elementary School 0 Introduction:  Introduction We have researched famous people from the Civil War Era (early to mid-1800s) in Media Class and put them into e-Books. These Americans were very significant to this era. These include Clara H. Barton, Mathew B. Brady, Ulysses S. Grant, Abraham Lincoln, Sitting Bull, and Laura Ingalls Wilder. 0 Clara Barton:  Clara Barton By Adam 0 Introduction:  Introduction Clara Barton was an amazing American woman. Christened Clarissa Harlowe Barton, Clara was born on December 25, 1821. She attended school as a child for 12 years, with the exception of about one and a half years while nursing her brother, David, after he fell off of a barn roof. (She refused to go to school while this was happening.) Barton changed her name to what she thought was a more proper name, “Clara”, when she was 15. 0 Schoolteacher:  Schoolteacher She was a schoolteacher for two years. Every day on her way to school, she would see children wandering on the streets with no place to go. With this, she immediately ran off to the Clinton Liberal Institution for about three years to train herself better as a teacher. She came back to New Jersey and lobbied the school board to have a free school where everyone could go. This took one year. But she persuaded them to let her try and wound up with the first free public school in the state of New Jersey. This was Clara Barton’s first feat in history. Clara’s Challenges:  Clara’s Challenges Clara Barton had many challenges in her life. She took on the task of creating a school that all children could attend. She formed the American Red Cross. She was named “Angel of the Battlefield” because of her help to all Civil War surgeons. She took nine years to get the Americans to sign the Geneva Treaty. She organized a bureau so that families would know what had happened to their loved ones. This system is still in use today. Her timely arrival at her first battlefield, “Cornfield”, was no easy task. Countless Contributions:  Countless Contributions Ms. Barton is most remembered for being the founder of the American Red Cross (an organization of hospitals and relief services). Her first contribution was founding a school where all children (regardless of their family financial situation) could go. Another contribution, which is more of a pioneering effort, was to be the first woman clerk in the U.S. Patent Office, which opened up more congressional job options for women. She started up the American Red Cross, and was “Angel of the Battlefield”.   Angel of the Battlefield:  Angel of the Battlefield Barton walked around the infamous “Cornfield”, where surgeons dressed moaning soldiers’ wounds with cornhusks, since they were out of bandages. She stepped up to the top surgeon, Dr. James Dunn, and said, “Doctor, I think I might have some supplies you need.” Dunn stepped up to Clara Barton’s wagon and gasped. There were piles of all the supplies he needed-food, drinking water, bandages, medicines, and linens. Bureau of Missing Persons:  Bureau of Missing Persons After the Civil War, Clara decided to create a Missing Persons bureau so that she could inform families if someone had died. This system is still in use today. Ms. Red Cross:  Ms. Red Cross She traveled to Switzerland to rest, and found out about the International Red Cross (IRC), which had been formed after the War of 1812 in Europe. She was actually an International Red Cross surgeon on the battlefield during the Franco-Prussian war. When she got back to America, she immediately started to try to persuade Congress to sign the Geneva Treaty which would make them part of the IRC. After nine long years, she persuaded them by offering her house in Glen Echo, Maryland as the headquarters of the American Red Cross. You can visit her house today. The National Park Service has beautifully restored 11 rooms. Closing:  Closing Clarissa Harlowe Barton, who changed her name to Clara Barton, died of pneumonia on April 12, 1912. She lived to see the United States fight a Civil war, the first airplane, and other fantastic feats in US History. Citations:  Citations BOOKS Compassion: The Story Of Clara Barton by Deborah Woodworth, The Child’s World Press, © 1998, USA Illustrious Americans: Clara Barton by Marshal Fishwick, Silver Burdett Company, ©1966, USA Gallant Women by Sen. Margaret Chase Smith and H. Paul Jones, McGraw-Hill Book Company, ©1968, Pages 47-53, New York Heroic Nurses by Robin McKown, Putnam Publishing, New York, © 1966, Pages 101-120 Citations:  Citations ENCYCLOPEDIAS “Barton, Clara”, The World Book Encyclopedia, Volume 2, Pages 121-122, © 1995 “Barton, Clara”, Children’s Britannica, Volume 2, Page 239, © 1960 “Barton, Clara”, The New Grolier Encyclopedia, Volume 3, Page 309, © 1991 Citations:  Citations WEB SITES Clara Barton-Angel of the Battlefield, National Park Service, “Barton, Clara”, World Book Online Reference Center, . :  . One amazing American is Mathew B. Brady. He was born in 1823 and died in 1896. Mathew was born in upstate New York. When He Was Young:  When He Was Young When he was young, he wanted to be an artist. In 1839, the camera was made. Samuel Morse taught Mathew Brady how to use the camera. He stated taking pictures of famous people. Brady changed his life when he took pictures of Lincoln and soldiers. After that day he took pictures of the Civil War showing wounded soldiers, battlefields, and camps. Slide18:  Mathew Brady faced many challenges. He didn’t have much money. Brady had to learn how to use the camera. He had to take pictures of the Civil War. When he got older his eyesight got worse. Brady was almost blind. Brady had to get close enough to take good pictures of the Civil War so he had to take risks. Slide19:  Brady did a lot of good things. He took the only visual pictures of the Civil War. He also took pictures of famous people. Brady showed what really happened at the Civil War. Mathew Brady is remembered for his great achievements. He took Civil War photos, pictures of people, pictures of people that were hurt, and pictures of gunfire. He also took pictures of attacks. He was the only person that took real pictures of the Civil War. He made people realize how awful and destructive it was. Elizabeth Van Steennwyk Franklin Watts 1997 New York All pages Brady, Mathew B. World Book 2,000 2 547 2,000:  Elizabeth Van Steennwyk Franklin Watts 1997 New York All pages Brady, Mathew B. World Book 2,000 2 547 2,000 Mathew B. Brady, Civil War Photographer Slide21:  By Phillip Early Life:  Early Life Ulysses Grant led an interesting life. He was born on April 27, 1822 in Ohio. His real name is Hiram. As a child, he was good at math and horseback riding. He graduated West Point, the U.S army military academy. Even though he didn’t like war and wanted to be a math teacher, but because West Point was a military academy had to join the army for a short period of time. He was a captain during the Mexican-American war. the Civil War:  the Civil War About 20 years later, he began fighting in the Civil War. He quickly handed the Union their first victories at Fort Henry and Dolsen and snatched victory from defeat at Shiloh. After many skirmishes, he fought the deceive battle of Vicksburg, which spilt the confederacy in two, and then rushed north to halt the southern advance at Chattanooga. Seeing his success, the government appointed him to commander-in-chief of all Union armies. Sending his second in command, Sherman to wreck havoc along the Atlantic coast, he turned on another brilliant southern general, Robert Lee. After many indecisive battles, he surrounded Lee in Appomattox court house. After many break out attempts, Lee surrendered. Later years:  Later years After the war, Grant became president twice. He went bankrupt and died in July 23, 1885 of throat cancer. Contributions :  Contributions Grant made many contributions to the United States. Besides leading the northern troops during the Civil War, he also helped during the Mexican-American war. As president he got money from Britain to help the South rebuild the former Confederacy. After being president, he wrote the often-read memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant. Remembered :  Remembered Grant is most remembered for ending the Civil War. He also helped turn the tides in the West at Vicksburg. Last, he is considered the greatest general in American history for his perseverance and his ability to learn from his mistakes. Challenges:  Challenges Grant faced many challenges. During war he often fought battles against the odds, such as Shiloh and Chattanooga. As president, there was a scandal. Near the time of his death he went bankrupt. He was also a horrible businessman since childhood, one strange occurrence being when his dad sent him to buy a horse and he said “my dad said to offer 15 dollars and if you say no to that to offer 20 and if you say no to that to offer 25 and that should be my final offer.” Abraham Lincoln :  Abraham Lincoln By Caren Lincoln’s Life:  Lincoln’s Life Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky, on February 12th 1809. As a child, he was different from other children. He was a mischievous child. His family all worked on a farm, but didn’t make a lot of money. It was rare for a child to read or write but Lincoln did both. He wrote poems although he was not allowed to. At a young age, Lincoln almost drowned in a near by river. Luckily a neighbor was close by and saved him. The family had almost no money. They had to make their own food, clothes furniture and tools. The Lincolns ate cabbage, bacon, pork, deer and, cornbread. Abraham Lincoln often had to wear deerskin for his pants and for his shirts and raccoon for hats and shoes. In 1815, he started school at age 6 ½. More Background :  More Background Soon after he started school, the Lincoln’s moved to Indiana. Two years after the move, his mother died and his father married a widow named Sarah Bush. In 1839, he met a woman named Mary Todd. Mary was a daughter of a wealthy Kentucky family. She was well educated. Mary spoke French. She enjoyed talking to Lincoln about poetry and politics. Three years later they were married on November 4th. Mary’s father bought them a house in Springfield. Their first son was named Robert who was born in 1843.Their second child was named Edward and was born in March 1850. William was born in 1850. Later the same year their second, Edward died from an illness. In 1853, their son Thomas was born. Lincoln other sons died later on. Lincoln accomplished many things in his life. He also suffered from depression. His Career:  His Career In 1837, he became a lawyer in Springfield, Illinois. He was elected to the U.S House of Representatives in 1846. After that he returned to Springfield and became a successful lawyer. In 1850, he was making $5000 dollars a year, which was three times as much as a governor. Later in 1855, Lincoln ran for U.S Senate but lost. His Career :  His Career He ran for a new political party, the Republicans in 1858. His wife Mary became mentally ill and very sick in 1860. In 1861, Lincoln was elected the 16th president of the United States. While he was president, he helped end slavery in the United States. He also led the North to victory in the Civil War while he was president. He was very determined to keep America together during the Civil War. Soon after he was elected for his second term he was shot and died in 1865. Lincoln:  Lincoln Some remember him for leading the nation in the Civil War. Others just remember him for being a wonderful president who kept the nation together. Lincoln is also remembered for ending slavery. He accomplished so much when he started out with so little. He was a great president and will be remembered in history. Cast:  Cast Caren Mrs. Taylor Encyclopedia Abraham Lincoln The True story Sitting Bull:  Sitting Bull By: Andrew Who is Sitting Bull?:  Who is Sitting Bull? Who is Sitting Bull? Sitting Bull was born March 1831. Sitting Bull proved a worthy leader at a very young age. When he was ten he killed his first buffalo and when he was 14 he counted first coup, attacking an enemy without them knowing it. Because he was an Indian he had little of our type of education although in his tribe he was considered very educated. Sitting Bull’s Challenges:  Sitting Bull’s Challenges In his life, he faced many challenges. For example, when prospectors found gold on the tribe’s reservation they swarmed in and broke the treaty. Some prospectors even killed the Indians. Although the treaty was broken, the government did not remove the prospectors. This made Sitting Bull mad. Later the army massacred a peaceful Cheyenne village killing 100 men, women, and children. That was when the Indians started fighting the USA more than before. Why is he important?:  Why is he important? Sitting Bull took his father’s place as a great Sioux chief in 1868. Sitting Bull was a good leader but he new their lands would be stained with blood for many years to come. Then on June 25, 1876, Custer, a colonel from the USA, attacked Sitting Bulls army. This was Custer’s last stand and last mistake because none of his men escaped. This was known as The Battle Of Little Big Horn. Sitting Bull fled to Canada for a couple years, then he surrendered to the USA. When he was released from jail, he was sent to a reservation. When he Died :  When he Died The reservation commander said he was dangerous and sent the reservation police to find him. In a struggle to stay with his people, both Sitting Bull and adopted his son were killed.He is most known for being one of the best Indian chiefs as well as winning The Battle Of Little Big Horn. Citations:  Citations Encyclopedias “Sitting Bull” World Book Volume s-sn Page # 477 Copyright 2004 Citations:  Citations Books Bravery, the Story of Sitting Bull By Peter Murray; Printed in USA by The Child's World, Inc. in 1998 Sitting Bull By Randy T. Gosda; Printed in Minnesota by ABDO Publishing Company in 2002 Websites :  Websites AND http:/ Slide44:  Laura Ingalls is recognized for writing books. She was born in Feb. 7, 1867, in Wisconsin. Back then girls like Laura helped a lot around the house. Every Sunday she would go to Sunday school for her education. Every year Laura Ingalls would get pennies for Christmas and she and her sisters would be so happy. Her family moved a lot to be in new wilderness areas. When her sisters and she would look out the window, they would see Indians destroying things because the Indians thought settlers were taking land. Slide45:  Her dad soon got a job at a hotel, which paid them $200 a year. When Laura was 11 years old, she got a job at the hotel with her dad and got paid $0.50 a week. Grace, (her baby sister) was born right after her baby brother died. Around the ages 10-17 she wrote many poems. In her twenties, she got married to a man named Almanzo. They then had a daughter named Rose. Her daughter also became a writer. When Laura was sixty, she wanted to bring back again her life on paper, so she wrote her first book called Little House in the Big Woods in 1932. She missed everything that had happened in her life. Slide46:  Back then, people had to build their own houses. Laura’s dad would always build their house. They were little and comfortable. One of her sisters, Mary, got sick. Mary got so sick with the scarlet fever that when she was better she was blind. Back then they didn’t have cure for that. Almanzo and Laura Ingalls worked very hard, but still not enough to pay the bills. Both were very sad when their beautiful little house burn down. They got so sick after that, that when Almanzo limped for the rest of his life. In 1949, Almanzo died and Laura didn’t want to write anymore of her books. Slide47:  Her books were so good that she was not just given awards but awards were actually named after her! Some libraries were named after her, too. All the books she wrote were autobiographies since she wanted to write about her life. Slide48:  The thing that she is remembered for is for writing books for children about her life in the wilderness. THE CAST:  THE CAST Adam Andrew Caren Geovanni Phillip Silvia Audio: Library Of Congress

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