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The challenge of obesity presentation

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Information about The challenge of obesity presentation
News-Reports

Published on June 17, 2007

Author: Octavio

Source: authorstream.com

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No Children Left On Their Behind:  No Children Left On Their Behind Office of Physical Education Baltimore County Public Schools 2004 Slide2:  Obesity A Growing Concern 1991 1995 2004 Slide3:  In July 1994, the Office of the Surgeon General authorized the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to serve as lead agency for preparing the first Surgeon General's report on physical activity and health. The CDC concluded::  The CDC concluded: People of all ages benefit from physical activity. Significant health benefits are obtained by moderate physical activity. Greater health benefits can be gained through greater amounts of physical activity. Defining overweight and obesity:  Defining overweight and obesity The following slides provide definitions and charts to determine levels of overweight and obesity. Definition::  Definition: Overweight is an excess amount of body weight that includes muscle, bone, fat, and water. Source: niddk.nih.gov Definition::  Definition: Obesity is excessively high amounts of body fat in relation to lean body mass. Slide8:  The human body is made up of water, fat, protein, carbohydrate and various vitamins and minerals. ‘Obesity’ is defined simply as too much body fat. Source: americanheart.org Fat is needed:  Fat is needed Everyone needs a certain amount of body fat for stored energy, heat insulation, shock absorption, and other functions. As a rule, women have more body fat than men. Source: niddk.nih.gov The Problem:  The Problem Poor diet and inactivity kill 400,000 people per year. 1/3 of Americans born in 2000 will develop diabetes. Cases of Type II diabetes are on the rise. Source: CDC, JAMA, March 10, 2004 The Problem:  The Problem CDC estimates 61% of Americans are overweight. (15% ages 6-19) U.S. Surgeon General states during the last 20 years, the number of overweight children has doubled, and the number of overweight adolescents has tripled. Source: Senate Bill 559 The Problem:  The Problem Overweight adolescents have a 70% chance of becoming obese adults. (Up to 80% if a parent is obese) The most immediate consequence, as perceived by children, is social discrimination. Source: Surgeon General’s Call to Action The Problem:  The Problem 'Children today have a shorter life expectancy than their parents for the first time in 100 years.' - Dr. Willia J. Klish, professor of pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine Cost of Obesity:  Cost of Obesity Nationally: $117 billion annually and growing. (Time, June 2004) Maryland: $2.5 billion is Maryland’s share. (House Bill 309) Passed on as taxes for Medicare. We all end up paying! Typical day in the life of children:  Typical day in the life of children 83% use screen media 79% read printed materials 79% listen to music (Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation) 50% of children 12-21 rarely or never exercise. (CDC) Children are too sedentary.:  Children are too sedentary. They: Spend 4 hours a day using electronic media. (PE 4 life) Watch TV 18.5 hours weekly. By age 17, a child has spent 38% more time in front of the TV than in school. (Time, June 2004) Television:  Television Obesity levels increase as the amount of time spent watching TV increases, especially female children and adolescents. (Archives of Pediatric and Adult Medicine) The Effects:  The Effects Nationally: An estimated 60 million Americans are obese. (American Obesity Association, 2002) 22.2 percent of adults are obese. (CDC, 2002) An estimated 300,000 deaths a year are attributed to problems of overweight and obesity. (American Obesity Association, 2002) Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1991-2002:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1991-2002 Source: CDC, 2002 PowerPoint Obesity Trends:  Obesity Trends The following slides show the obesity trends state by state from 1991 through 2002. Notice the trend for Maryland. Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1991:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1991 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1992:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1992 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1993:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1993 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1994:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1994 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1995:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1995 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1996:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1996 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1997:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1997 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1998:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1998 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults1999:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 1999 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults2000:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 2000 BRFSS Maryland Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults2001:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 2001 No Data andlt;10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25% BRFSS Maryland Slide32:  Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults 2002 BRFSS No Data andlt;10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25% Maryland Slide33:  2002 Obesity: A Growing Concern 1991-2002 BRFSS No Data andlt;10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25% Obesity Trends in Maryland:  Obesity Trends in Maryland The obesity rate among Maryland adults increased by 62% from 1990 to 2002. 19.4% of Maryland citizens are obese. 58% of Maryland adults are overweight or obese. Source: CDC, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance, 2002 Adult Obesity in Maryland:  Adult Obesity in Maryland The following slides show adult obesity in Maryland by county, a 3-year average from 2000 to 2002. Notice the average for Baltimore County. Slide36:  Baltimore County:  Baltimore County Adult Obesity 15-19.9% Slide38:  Youth in the United States:  Youth in the United States 15% are overweight or obese. (Washington Post) In minority populations, obesity equals 20%. (Time, June 2004) 10% of pre-school children are overweight. (Dept. of Health and Human Services, Oct. 2002) Obese children have an 80% chance of becoming obese adults. (AACAP, Oct. 29, 2003) Youth in the United States:  Youth in the United States 1964 = 5% obese 1994 = 13% obese Today = 20% obese and rising (Obesity among children) If the current rate continues … 2030 = almost everyone could be obese (USA Today) How active is the U.S.?:  How active is the U.S.? Ages 12-21 years: Only 25% get light to moderate activity (i.e., walk, bike) nearly every day. Only 50% regularly do vigorous activity. 25% get no vigorous activity. 14% state no recent vigorous, or light to moderate activity. Source: niddk.nih.gov How active is the U.S.?:  Adults: Less than 31% get regular leisure-time physical activity. 10% do NO physical activity at all in their leisure time. Source: niddk.nih.gov How active is the U.S.? Conclusion:  Conclusion Most Americans are not active. Possible Solution:  Possible Solution Increase physical activity and increase exercise in the daily lives of people at all ages. Exercise Benefits:  Exercise Benefits Healthy arteries to the brain Healthy lungs Strong heart muscle Elevated metabolism Healthy arteries in the heart Lower blood pressure Controlled cholesterol Reduced risk of heart disease Source: Fitness for Life, fifth edition, p. 45 Exercise Benefits:  Exercise Benefits Healthy immune system Fit muscles Improved sleep Increased mobility Improved intellectual capacity Strengthened skeletal muscles Healthy bones Source: Fitness for Life, fifth edition, p. 45 CDC and the National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) encourage parents to::  CDC and the National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) encourage parents to: Advocate for quality, daily Physical Education. National Standards in Physical Education recommend daily physical education.:  National Standards in Physical Education recommend daily physical education. NASPE recommends:  NASPE recommends Elementary physical education for 150 minutes per week Middle School physical education 225 minutes per week High School physical education 225 minutes per week What can be done outside of school?:  What can be done outside of school? CDC and NASPE stateparents can also::  CDC and NASPE state parents can also: Promote after-school extra-curricular activities and intramurals. Encourage regular exercise and participation in sports. Provide a healthy diet. Be an active role model. After school:  After school Single most important time to increase physical activity is after school between 3 and 6 p.m. Parents must help their children find safe and enjoyable opportunities to be active during this time period. Source: NASPE – Children Need Greater Amounts of Physical Activity Possible Solutions:  Possible Solutions Find time to do something active everyday. Limit TV, video games, and computer time to 1 - 2 hours a day combined. (Obesity among children) Children need at least 60 minutes of activity each day. (NASPE – Children Need Greater Amounts of Physical Activity) Possible Solutions:  Possible Solutions Encourage new activities Gymnastics Martial Arts Dancing In-line Skating Swimming Kayaking Family Fitness Ideas:  Family Fitness Ideas Take a walk/hike. Go on a bike ride. Visit a park, or playground. Use the stairs. Visit the recreation center. Join a health club. Family Fitness Ideas:  Family Fitness Ideas Go dancing. Go skating. Walk the mall. Go backpacking. Go rock climbing. Go boating. Give gifts that promote fitness:  Give gifts that promote fitness Skates Pedometers Jump Ropes Bicycles Walking/Hiking gear Heart rate monitors Gift certificates to athletic clubs Plan Parties With Active Themes:  Plan Parties With Active Themes Skating Swimming Bowling Adventure Gyms Gymnastics Sports Centers Slide59:  Contact Information:  Contact Information Sarajane Quinn, Coordinator, squinn@bcps.org Mike Mason, Resource Teacher, mmason2@bcps.org Sally Nazelrod, Supervisor, snazelrod@bcps.org Linda Webbert, Adapted Physical Education Consultant, lwebbert@bcps.org Phone: 410-887-4014 Fax: 410-887-4038 Website: http://www.bcps.org/offices/physed/ Slide61:  BE ACTIVE! This CD is authorized for distribution and use by Baltimore County Public Schools personnel and programs. Other uses and copying are prohibited.:  This CD is authorized for distribution and use by Baltimore County Public Schools personnel and programs. Other uses and copying are prohibited. Summer 2004 Slide63:  Contributors: BCPS Office of Physical Education Staff Curriculum Workshop Participants – 2004 Creator: Christy Rawlins

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