The Anglo-Saxons and Beowulf

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Information about The Anglo-Saxons and Beowulf
Education

Published on December 2, 2008

Author: k8would

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A brief lesson on the early history of the Anglo-Saxons and the influences on the early epic poem \"Beowulf.\"

The Anglo-Saxons and Beowulf A presentation by Katelyn Wood ED 205-16 Quit

Table of Contents Anglo-Saxon Era: Timeline Anglo-Saxon society Pagan vs. Christianity Anglo-Saxon Literature Beowulf Resources Author’s slide Concept Map Quit

Anglo-Saxon Era: Timeline

Anglo-Saxon society

Pagan vs. Christianity

Anglo-Saxon Literature

Beowulf

Resources

Author’s slide

Concept Map

The Anglo-Saxon Era: Timeline 43CE Romans invade Britain. Encountered the Celts. Romans build roads, villas, huge buildings, and forts. Introduced Christianity. 420CE Romans leave. Link to video of life after the Romans Quit

43CE Romans invade Britain.

Encountered the Celts.

Romans build roads, villas, huge buildings, and forts.

Introduced Christianity.

420CE Romans leave.

Link to video of life after the Romans

Timeline Continued 450CE Jutes from Denmark, and the Angles and Saxons from Northern Germany invade England. Germanic tribes. Anglo-Saxons push out Celts Link to video of The Anglo-Saxon Invasion of Britain 597CE Anglo-Saxons become Christian Link to video of The Spread of Christianity Quit

450CE Jutes from Denmark, and the Angles and Saxons from Northern Germany invade England.

Germanic tribes.

Anglo-Saxons push out Celts

Link to video of The Anglo-Saxon Invasion of Britain

597CE Anglo-Saxons become Christian

Link to video of The Spread of Christianity

Timeline Continued 787CE Viking raids begin 871-899CE King Alfred the Great becomes King of England. Established education systems, rebuilt monasteries. Fought Danes and forced them from Wessex. Unified Anglo-Saxons under one king to resist the Viking invasions. Danes ruled in the North, Anglo-Saxons in the South. 1066CE Norman Conquest by William the Conqueror. From Norman French. Defeated Danes and Anglo-Saxons. Officially ended Anglo-Saxon era and brought about the beginning of the Medieval Period. Quit

787CE Viking raids begin

871-899CE King Alfred the Great becomes King of England.

Established education systems, rebuilt monasteries.

Fought Danes and forced them from Wessex.

Unified Anglo-Saxons under one king to resist the Viking invasions.

Danes ruled in the North, Anglo-Saxons in the South.

1066CE Norman Conquest by William the Conqueror.

From Norman French.

Defeated Danes and Anglo-Saxons.

Officially ended Anglo-Saxon era and brought about the beginning of the Medieval Period.

Anglo-Saxon Society Anglo-Saxon society. Lived in tribal groups with a high class of warriors. Kings emerged as society developed. Spoke Old English. This was the language that Beowulf was written in. Became Christian but still valued heroic ideals and traditional heroes. Their culture valued human contact, family, virtue, and a good story. They feared humiliation and loneliness in their lives. In addition, the Anglo-Saxons desired richness, power, and appreciated heroic actions of warriors. Quit

Anglo-Saxon society.

Lived in tribal groups with a high class of warriors.

Kings emerged as society developed.

Spoke Old English. This was the language that Beowulf was written in.

Became Christian but still valued heroic ideals and traditional heroes.

Their culture valued human contact, family, virtue, and a good story. They feared humiliation and loneliness in their lives. In addition, the Anglo-Saxons desired richness, power, and appreciated heroic actions of warriors.

Pagan vs. Christianity in Beowulf Pagan Strong nature presence Strength of the warrior Christianity God is mentioned by two of the main characters in the poem: Beowulf and Hrothgar. Grendel as Lucifer Both are outcasts Perform a task for God Grendel is described as a son or descendant of Cain, a clear Biblical reference. The Anglo-Saxons mixed both pagan and Christian traditions. Beowulf contains traces of both beliefs. Quit

Pagan

Strong nature presence

Strength of the warrior

Christianity

God is mentioned by two of the main characters in the poem: Beowulf and Hrothgar.

Grendel as Lucifer

Both are outcasts

Perform a task for God

Grendel is described as a son or descendant of Cain, a clear Biblical reference.

Anglo-Saxon Literature Anglo-Saxon literature began as an oral tradition. Stories, poems, and songs were all told aloud and passed from generation to generation orally through minstrels (also called scops). Poems traditionally had a strong beat, alliteration, and no rhyme. Caesura: “a cutting.” A break in a line of poetry, used in Old English to depict a half line. We use a comma for a modern effect. i.e. Da com of more under mistheleopum “ Out from the marsh, from the foot of the hills.” Kenning: derived from the Norse word “kenna” which means “to know, to recognize.” It is a compact metaphor that functions as a name. i.e. helmberend: “Helm bearer” or “warrior” Old English example Quit

Anglo-Saxon literature began as an oral tradition. Stories, poems, and songs were all told aloud and passed from generation to generation orally through minstrels (also called scops).

Poems traditionally had a strong beat, alliteration, and no rhyme.

Caesura: “a cutting.” A break in a line of poetry, used in Old English to depict a half line. We use a comma for a modern effect.

i.e. Da com of more under mistheleopum

“ Out from the marsh, from the foot of the hills.”

Kenning: derived from the Norse word “kenna” which means “to know, to recognize.” It is a compact metaphor that functions as a name.

i.e. helmberend: “Helm bearer” or “warrior”

Old English example

The Epic! Beowulf is the most well-known Anglo-Saxon poem, and is a form of poetry called the epic. Such other examples are Homer’s The Iliad and The Odessey. Long narrative that celebrates a hero’s long journeys and heroic deeds. J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Ring series and George Lucas’ Stars Wars could be called modern epics. Characteristics include a noble hero whose character traits reflect their society’s ideals. The hero performs brave acts and appears superhuman. Quit

Beowulf is the most well-known Anglo-Saxon poem, and is a form of poetry called the epic. Such other examples are Homer’s The Iliad and The Odessey.

Long narrative that celebrates a hero’s long journeys and heroic deeds.

J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Ring series and George Lucas’ Stars Wars could be called modern epics.

Characteristics include a noble hero whose character traits reflect their society’s ideals. The hero performs brave acts and appears superhuman.

Heroic Code The epic poem Beowulf strengthens the Heroic Code. This code was derived from the Anglo-Saxons’ Germanic roots, and called for strength, courage, and loyalty in warriors. It also required kings to be hospitable, generous, and have great political skills. This code was a basis for Anglo-Saxon honor. Quit

The epic poem Beowulf strengthens the Heroic Code. This code was derived from the Anglo-Saxons’ Germanic roots, and called for strength, courage, and loyalty in warriors. It also required kings to be hospitable, generous, and have great political skills. This code was a basis for Anglo-Saxon honor.

Common Themes Of an Epic Poem Universal themes of epic poetry Good vs. evil Beowulf vs. Grendel Isolation Courage and honor Beowulf is fearless and brave while fighting the monsters. Gods or semi-divine creatures Grendel, Grendel’s mother, the dragon Tale involves the fate of an entire race Beowulf saves Hrothgar’s village from Grendel. Quit

Universal themes of epic poetry

Good vs. evil

Beowulf vs. Grendel

Isolation

Courage and honor

Beowulf is fearless and brave while fighting the monsters.

Gods or semi-divine creatures

Grendel, Grendel’s mother, the dragon

Tale involves the fate of an entire race

Beowulf saves Hrothgar’s village from Grendel.

Beowulf Most famous of early Germanic poems Written anywhere between 400-1000, but most likely after the 500s. The author is unknown, but likely to be Christian. It is likely that a few different authors elaborated on the tale. Takes place in Sweden, Denmark, and Frisia. The Norse were at this time attacking Britain, thus allowing knowledge of places, people, and ancestors to be available. Quit

Most famous of early Germanic poems

Written anywhere between 400-1000, but most likely after the 500s.

The author is unknown, but likely to be Christian. It is likely that a few different authors elaborated on the tale.

Takes place in Sweden, Denmark, and Frisia.

The Norse were at this time attacking Britain, thus allowing knowledge of places, people, and ancestors to be available.

Characters Beowulf: main character, a hero featuring all the qualities of an epic hero. He has superhuman strength and is fearless and brave in battler. Hrothgar: the king of the village that Beowulf saves from Grendel. Grendel: a monster terrorizing Hrothgar’s village. Grendel’s mother: a monster set out to avenge her son’s death. Quit

Beowulf: main character, a hero featuring all the qualities of an epic hero. He has superhuman strength and is fearless and brave in battler.

Hrothgar: the king of the village that Beowulf saves from Grendel.

Grendel: a monster terrorizing Hrothgar’s village.

Grendel’s mother: a monster set out to avenge her son’s death.

The Plot …in six sentences. Beowulf travels to Hrothgar’s village to save them from Grendel, a terrifying monster eating their warriors. An epic battle ensues with Beowulf is the winner. Of course, Grendel’s mother comes seeking vengeance for her son’s death. Again, Beowulf is called upon to save them all, and he fights heroically and defeats the evil monster. After being vastly rewarded and refusing an offer from Hrothgar to be his heir, Beowulf makes the long trek back to his homeland where he becomes a mighty and generous king for many years. He fights a massive dragon who is threatening his people. He and the dragon both die in the struggle, but he is heroic until the end. Quit

Beowulf travels to Hrothgar’s village to save them from Grendel, a terrifying monster eating their warriors. An epic battle ensues with Beowulf is the winner. Of course, Grendel’s mother comes seeking vengeance for her son’s death. Again, Beowulf is called upon to save them all, and he fights heroically and defeats the evil monster. After being vastly rewarded and refusing an offer from Hrothgar to be his heir, Beowulf makes the long trek back to his homeland where he becomes a mighty and generous king for many years. He fights a massive dragon who is threatening his people. He and the dragon both die in the struggle, but he is heroic until the end.

Resources “ The Anglo-Saxon Invasions of Britain” and “The Spread of Christianity” http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=1A5DF869-F81A-463A-8E03-495F774C68EF&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US “ Life After the Romans” http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=BD1245FC-89CF-4423-A217-E0EBC8FF62A6&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Old English sample http://mockingbird.creighton.edu/english/fajardo/teaching/eng520/lang-samples-small.jpg Information of the Anglo-Saxon period and of Beowulf Anderson, Rachel. “Medieval Context: Beowulf .” ENG 220 British Literature I. Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI. 10 Jan. 2008. Schneider, Daniel. “English Literature: Anglo-Saxon Era and Beowulf. ” Honors English Literature. Linden High School, Linden, MI. 30 Aug. 2005. Quit

“ The Anglo-Saxon Invasions of Britain” and “The Spread of Christianity”

http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=1A5DF869-F81A-463A-8E03-495F774C68EF&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US

“ Life After the Romans”

http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=BD1245FC-89CF-4423-A217-E0EBC8FF62A6&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US

Old English sample

http://mockingbird.creighton.edu/english/fajardo/teaching/eng520/lang-samples-small.jpg

Information of the Anglo-Saxon period and of Beowulf

Anderson, Rachel. “Medieval Context: Beowulf .” ENG 220 British Literature I. Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI. 10 Jan. 2008.

Schneider, Daniel. “English Literature: Anglo-Saxon Era and Beowulf. ” Honors English Literature. Linden High School, Linden, MI. 30 Aug. 2005.

Author’s Slide I am Katelyn Wood, a student at Grand Valley State University currently majoring in Secondary Education for English and History. I enjoy learning about the Anglo-Saxon era and medieval England, which also explains my love for J.R.R. Tolkien’s works and spending entirely too much time reading many other good books. I spend my summers in CO enjoying peaches and the mountains, and I hope to live there permanently one day. You can email me at woodka@student.gvsu.edu Quit

I am Katelyn Wood, a student at Grand Valley State University currently majoring in Secondary Education for English and History. I enjoy learning about the Anglo-Saxon era and medieval England, which also explains my love for J.R.R. Tolkien’s works and spending entirely too much time reading many other good books. I spend my summers in CO enjoying peaches and the mountains, and I hope to live there permanently one day.

You can email me at woodka@student.gvsu.edu

Concept Map Quit

Old English Example Old English circa 500CE-1100CE “ Cyning” means “king,” so “Cyningas” must mean “kings.” What other words look familiar to today’s language? Quit

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