The ABC's of the Bible

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Information about The ABC's of the Bible

Published on September 23, 2007

Author: guest9006ab



The Bible is the most copied, translated, and studied book ever written. It was composed by more than 40 authors from a variety of backgrounds and is used in many religions. But how many people have actually read it? Bible stories are often referenced or portrayed in the media today but it may be worth looking at the origins or those stories. In this talk we will examine the structure and layout of the Bible and give an overview of the history it provides. We'll also look over some of the more interesting stories that it tells.

From the Un-Distinguished Lecture Series ( The talk was given Jun. 1, 2007.

The ABC's of the Bible Lloyd Markle June 1, 2007

Quick Facts ● Translated into 1,000+ different languages ● In 1998, the United Bible Societies distributed 20.8 million Bibles worldwide. ● Divided into two main sections – Old Testament (OT) – New Testament (NT)

Quick Facts ● Over 5,300 Greek manuscripts for the New Testament ● Over 24,000 manuscript copies of portions of the New Testament “There are enough quotations from the early church fathers that even if we did not have a single copy of the Bible, scholars could still reconstruct all but 11 verses of the entire New Testament from material written within 150 to 200 years from the time of Christ.” -- Ron Rhodes


Bible History ● Stories passed for generations ● Eventually written down ● Copied for generations thereafter ● Text is estimated to be have been written between 1400 BC and 100 AD.

Bible History ● OT canonized between 200 BC and 200 AD. ● Current OT translations are based primarily on three sets of documents – Masoretic texts – Septuagint – Dead Sea Scrolls ● NT was canonized in 397 AD.

Bible Structure ● 66 books in total ● Each book divided into chapters ● Each chapter divided into verses ● Bible references take this form: “[BookAbbrev]. [Chapter]:[Verse]”

Bible Structure Old Testament ● 39 Books ● Generally considered in three groups – History/Law – Wisdom/Poetry – Prophecy ● Focus on the history of Israel

Bible Structure New Testament ● 27 Books ● Generally divided into four groups – Gospels – Acts – Letters – Revelation ● Focus on Jesus and the early Christian church

Bible Books Genesis Isaiah Matthew Titus Exodus Jeremiah Mark Philemon Leviticus Lamentations Luke Hebrews Number Ezekiel John James Deuteronomy Daniel Acts 1, 2 Peter Joshua Hosea Romans 1, 2, 3 John Judges Joel 1, 2 Corinthians Jude Ruth Amos Galatians Revelation 1, 2 Samuel Obadiah Ephesians 1, 2 Kings Jonah Philippians 1, 2 Chronicles Micah Colossians Ezra Nahum 1, 2 Thessalonians Nehemiah Habakkuk 1, 2 Timothy Esther Zephaniah Job Haggai Psalms Zechariah Proverbs Malachi Ecclesiastes Song of Songs

On the Lighter Side

Famous Bible Typo's ● “Thou shalt commit adultery.” Ex. 20:18 – Known as the “Wicked Bible” ● “Printers have persecuted me.” Ps. 119:161 – Known as the “Printers Bible” ● “... the unrighteous shall inherit the kingdom of God” 1 Cor. 6:9 – Known as the “Unrighteous Bible” ● Most of these have been destroyed

Bible Stories

In the beginning... ● God made everything – universe (planets, stars, etc.) – plants – animals – people ● He worked for six days ● Rested the seventh

Adam and Eve [Gen. 1-4]

Noah [Gen. 6-9]

Abraham [Gen. 12-25]

Abraham Isaac Ishmael

Abraham Isaac Ishmael Jacob/Israel Esau

Abraham Isaac Ishmael Jacob/Israel Esau Reuben Gad Asher Naphtali Levi Simeon Joseph Benjamin Dan Judah Issachar Zebulun

Abraham Isaac Ishmael Jacob/Israel Esau Reuben Gad Asher Naphtali Levi Simeon Joseph Benjamin Dan Judah Issachar Zebulun

Moses [Ex. 1 – Deut. 33]

Joshua [Josh. 1-24]

Judge Sampson [Judges 13-16]

King David [1 Sam. 16 – 1 Kings 2, 1 Chron. 11-29]

King Solomon [1 Kings 1-11, 2 Chron. 1-9]

Remaining Kings [Stories in books of Kings and Chronicles]

The Prophets [Books of prophecy]

Jesus [Matthew, Mark, Luke, John]

Acts [Book of Acts]

Paul [Acts, Various letters in the NT]

Revelation [Last book in the NT]


Feedback ● Too much/little information? ● Interesting? ● Useful? ● Relevant? ● Presentation style?

References ● “Printing errors in the Bible.” Accessed May 2007. ● “Biblical Facts.” Accessed May 2007. ● R. Anthony. “Old Testament Manuscripts.” Accessed May 2007. ● R. Rhodes. “Manuscript Support for the Bible's Reliability.” Accessed May 2007.

Images Slide 1 – “ABC Blocks” (used without permission) Slide 1 - “Holy Bible” (used without permission) Slides 4,11,13,33 - “Scroll” (used without permission)

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