The 14th Amendment

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Information about The 14th Amendment
Education

Published on January 31, 2009

Author: dkennedy56

Source: slideshare.net

Description

From states' rights to equal protection under the law.

The 14th Amendment From states’ rights toequal protection under the law

James Madison Wrote the First Amendment

James Madison Wrote the First Amendment Wanted to protect against state action

James Madison Wrote the First Amendment Wanted to protect against state action Failure to do so was a huge setback

Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Kentucky Resolutions

Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Kentucky Resolutions Said states could nullify unconstitutional federal laws

Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Kentucky Resolutions Said states could nullify unconstitutional federal laws States’ rights also used to defend slavery

Marbury v. Madison (1803) John Marshall (left) established idea of judicial review

Marbury v. Madison (1803) John Marshall (left) established idea of judicial review Constitutional law must trump laws passed by Congress

Marbury v. Madison (1803) John Marshall (left) established idea of judicial review Constitutional law must trump laws passed by Congress No one seriously questions the Court’s role today

Barron v. Baltimore (1833) Barron sought redress under the “just compensation” clause of the Fifth Amendment

Barron v. Baltimore (1833) Barron sought redress under the “just compensation” clause of the Fifth Amendment Supreme Court, under Justice Marshall, said the U.S. Constitution can’t be applied to state laws

Barron v. Baltimore (1833) Barron sought redress under the “just compensation” clause of the Fifth Amendment Supreme Court, under Justice Marshall, said the U.S. Constitution can’t be applied to state laws A major boost for states’ rights

Post–Civil War amendments 13th Amendment abolished slavery

Post–Civil War amendments 13th Amendment abolished slavery 15th Amendment granted voting rights

Post–Civil War amendments 13th Amendment abolished slavery 15th Amendment granted voting rights 14th Amendment, passed in 1868: Citizens of the United States “Due process” and “equal protection” cannot be abridged by the states The United States becomes an it instead of a they — a union at last

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) “Separate but equal”

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) “Separate but equal” Justice Brown ruled there was no issue involving the 14th Amendment

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) “Separate but equal” Justice Brown ruled there was no issue involving the 14th Amendment Justice Harlan wrote a stirring dissent to Brown’s “pernicious” decision

Brown v. Board of Education(1954) Ended separate but equal

Brown v. Board of Education(1954) Ended separate but equal NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall (right) represented defendants

Brown v. Board of Education(1954) Ended separate but equal NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall (right) represented defendants Turned the promise of the 14th Amendment into reality

Gitlow v. New York (1925) Gitlow (left) loses, but Justice Sanford paves the way for future victories

Gitlow v. New York (1925) Gitlow (left) loses, but Justice Sanford paves the way for future victories The 14th Amendment is incorporated into the First Amendment

Justice Sanford “[W]e may and do assume that freedom of speech and of the press … are … protected by the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment from impairment by the States.”

Justice Holmes “The great principle of free speech, it seems to me, must be taken to be included in the Fourteenth Amendment”

Justice Holmes “The great principle of free speech, it seems to me, must be taken to be included in the Fourteenth Amendment” “Every idea is an incitement”

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