TGchapter5 Concepts

75 %
25 %
Information about TGchapter5 Concepts
Travel-Nature

Published on March 30, 2008

Author: Christo

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. THE GEOGRAPHY OF TRANSPORT SYSTEMS Chapter 5 – International and Regional Transportation CONCEPTS Copyright © 1999-2008, Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY, 11549 USA. Jean-paul.Rodrigue@hofstra.edu You may use the figures within for educational purposes only. No modification or redistribution permitted. For more information: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans Concept 1:  Concept 1 The Strategic Space of International Transportation Maritime Routes and Strategic Locations:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Maritime Routes and Strategic Locations Oil Transited at Major Strategic Locations, 2006:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Oil Transited at Major Strategic Locations, 2006 Capacity of Key Strategic Passages:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Capacity of Key Strategic Passages Distance and Time Deviations from Malacca Strait Route:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Distance and Time Deviations from Malacca Strait Route The Panama Canal:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The Panama Canal Container Traffic Handled by the Panama Canal Railway, 2002-2005 (TEU):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Container Traffic Handled by the Panama Canal Railway, 2002-2005 (TEU) Traffic Transiting through the Panama Canal (in number of Ships):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Traffic Transiting through the Panama Canal (in number of Ships) Shipping Lanes and Strategic Passages in Pacific Asia:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Shipping Lanes and Strategic Passages in Pacific Asia Shipping Lanes, Strategic Passages and Oil Reserves in the Middle East:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Shipping Lanes, Strategic Passages and Oil Reserves in the Middle East Development of the Suez Canal, 1869-2001:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Development of the Suez Canal, 1869-2001 The Strait of Malacca:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The Strait of Malacca Indonesia Indonesia Malaysia Malaysia Thailand Indian Ocean Strait of Malacca Gulf of Thailand Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean Singapore Strait of Sunda South China Sea Traffic at the Strait of Malacca:  Traffic at the Strait of Malacca Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The Dardanelles and Bosporus Passages:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The Dardanelles and Bosporus Passages Black Sea Mediterranean Ocean Marmara Denizi Dardanelles Bosporus Istanbul Turkey Turkey Greece Oil Exports for the Persian Gulf by Outlet, 2002:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Oil Exports for the Persian Gulf by Outlet, 2002 The Northern East-West Freight Corridor:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The Northern East-West Freight Corridor Concept 2:  Concept 2 Transportation, Globalization and International Trade Economic Rationale of Trade:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Economic Rationale of Trade Country 1 Country 3 Country 2 Country 4 Major Global Trade Routes, 1400-1800:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Major Global Trade Routes, 1400-1800 Mexico Havana Peru Brazil West Africa Western Europe Manila Pacific Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean East Africa India China Southeast Asia Baltic Hormuz Aden Aceh North America Central Asia Canton Malacca Caribbean Atlantic Ocean Trade Route Dominant Capital Flow Changes in the Global Trade Environment:  Changes in the Global Trade Environment Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Changes in the Global Trade Environment:  Changes in the Global Trade Environment Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Immobile Factors of Production Mobility of Factors of Production Global Production Networks Bulk point-to-point Container shipping Country A Country B Global Market Commodity chain Commodity Market Before 1970s 1970s – 1990s 1990s onward World Exports of Merchandise, 1950-2006:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. World Exports of Merchandise, 1950-2006 Levels of Economic Integration:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Levels of Economic Integration Free trade between members: NAFTA, Mercosur, ASEAN (partial) Free Trade Common external tariffs Customs Union Factors of production move freely between members Common Market Common currency, harmonized tax rates, common monetary and fiscal policy: EU (partial) Economic Union Common government Political Union Level of integration Complexity Economic Integration and Interdependencies:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. a b c d e f g h a b c d e f g h G1 G2 Independent Nations Interdependent Groups of Nations Economic Integration and Interdependencies The “Four Ts” in International Trade (under construction):  The “Four Ts” in International Trade (under construction) Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Transaction costs Tariff and non-tariff costs Transport costs Time costs Average Customs Clearance Time (days):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Average Customs Clearance Time (days) Average Tariffs after the Uruguay Round (%):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Average Tariffs after the Uruguay Round (%) Changes in Global Trade Flows:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Changes in Global Trade Flows Industrial Pole Before 1970 After 1970 Developed Countries Developing Countries Developed Countries Developing Countries Flows of merchandises Flows of raw materials International Trade of Merchandises, 2003 (in billions of dollars and in % of all exports):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. International Trade of Merchandises, 2003 (in billions of dollars and in % of all exports) EU $164.7 (16.5 %) $218.9 (21.9%) North America (40.5 %) Asia $427.9 (22.5%) (49.9 %) (61.9 %) $272.3 (9.4 %) $297.6 (15.6 %) $227.2 (7.8 %) $403.7 $1795.4 $949.2 Impacts of Integration Processes on Networks and Flows:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Impacts of Integration Processes on Networks and Flows Network Flows Before Integration After Integration International border Characteristics of Free Trade Zones:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Characteristics of Free Trade Zones Value of Chinese Exports and Received FDI, 1983-2004 (Billions of $US):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Value of Chinese Exports and Received FDI, 1983-2004 (Billions of $US) Changes in the Value World’s Merchandise Trade, Production and GDP, 1950-2006 (in %):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Changes in the Value World’s Merchandise Trade, Production and GDP, 1950-2006 (in %) Global Exports of Merchandises, 1963-2006:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Global Exports of Merchandises, 1963-2006 Merchandise Exports by Region (in billions of US$), 1948-2005:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Merchandise Exports by Region (in billions of US$), 1948-2005 Share of Merchandise Exports by Region, 1948-2005:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Share of Merchandise Exports by Region, 1948-2005 World’s 10 Largest Exporters and Importers, 2006:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. World’s 10 Largest Exporters and Importers, 2006 Yuan Exchange Rate (per USD), 1981-2007:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Yuan Exchange Rate (per USD), 1981-2007 Share of World Goods Exports, Selected Countries, 1950-2006:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Share of World Goods Exports, Selected Countries, 1950-2006 Total Freight Costs for Imports in World Trade (% of Total Costs):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Total Freight Costs for Imports in World Trade (% of Total Costs) Trade by Ocean, 1995:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Trade by Ocean, 1995 Merchandise Exports by Trade Agreement, 2005:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Merchandise Exports by Trade Agreement, 2005 Major Economic Blocs, 2007:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Major Economic Blocs, 2007 Share of Containerized Cargo in Global Merchandise Trade, 1980-2000:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Share of Containerized Cargo in Global Merchandise Trade, 1980-2000 International Trade and Transportation Chains:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. A B Rail Origin Destination Transport Chain Maritime Road International Trade Transshipment International Trade and Transportation Chains A B Assembly Disassembly Trade barrier Customs Modal Shares of U.S.-NAFTA-Partner Merchandise Trade by Value and Weight, 2004 :  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Modal Shares of U.S.-NAFTA-Partner Merchandise Trade by Value and Weight, 2004 Concept 3:  Concept 3 Commodity Chains and Freight Transport Elements of an Economic System:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Elements of an Economic System Economic System Consumption (demand) Production (supply) Manufacturing Regulation Circulation Distribution Labor Land Capital Global Financial Centers:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. London New York Los Angeles Singapore Hong Kong Tokyo Telecommunications Space Time Transport Stock Market Opening Period Global Financial Centers Industrial Agglomeration and Transportation:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Industrial Agglomeration and Transportation Agglomerated Diffused The World’s 20 Largest Corporations by Market Value, 2007 ($US millions):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The World’s 20 Largest Corporations by Market Value, 2007 ($US millions) Disconnection of Global Production and Distribution:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Disconnection of Global Production and Distribution Manufacturing Base Core Base Major Components to Price Reductions by the Chinese Manufacturing Sector, 2005:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Major Components to Price Reductions by the Chinese Manufacturing Sector, 2005 US Containerized Trade, 2003:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. US Containerized Trade, 2003 Largest American Importers of Asian Goods Through Maritime Container Transport, 2004 (in TEUs):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Largest American Importers of Asian Goods Through Maritime Container Transport, 2004 (in TEUs) Sectors of American Imports of Asian Goods Through Maritime Container Shipping, 2004 (in TEUs):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Sectors of American Imports of Asian Goods Through Maritime Container Shipping, 2004 (in TEUs) Modal Profile of Freight Transportation, United States:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Modal Profile of Freight Transportation, United States Benefits of Improved Freight Transportation:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Benefits of Improved Freight Transportation Commodity Chain:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Commodity Chain Flows Market Transport Chain Parts and raw materials Manufacturing and assembly Distribution Market Stage Bulk shipping Unit shipping High volumes Low frequency Low volumes High frequency LTL shipping Average volumes High frequency Commodities Final Goods Intermediate Goods Commodity Chains and Added Value:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Commodity Chains and Added Value Commodity chain Added value Low High Manufacturing R&D Globalization Distribution Design Branding Marketing Sales / Service Concept Logistics Global Production Networks:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Supply Demand Space Goods Links/Flows Global Production Networks Global Production Networks Geographical and Functional Integration:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Geographical and Functional Integration Functional Integration Geographical Integration S M D D S M M S Origin / Destination Relationships 1 2 3 4 S M D Supply / Demand Relationships Information Flows Physical Flows Supplying Manufacturing Distribution S M D Producer and Buyer-driven Commodity Chains:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Producer and Buyer-driven Commodity Chains Manufacturers Distributors Retailers and Dealers Producer-driven Domestic and foreign subsidiaries and subcontractors Buyer-driven Factories Traders Overseas Buyers Branded Manufacturers Retailers Branded Marketers International National Characteristics of Producer-Driven and Buyer-Driven Global Commodity Chains:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Characteristics of Producer-Driven and Buyer-Driven Global Commodity Chains Product Life Cycle:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Product Life Cycle Sales Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Monopoly Competition Research and development Maturity Decline First competitors Mass production Innovating firm Competitors Growth Stage 4 Promotion Idea Decline of production Commodity Chains and Types of Transported Freight:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Commodity Chains and Types of Transported Freight Raw materials Semi-finished products Manufactured goods Extraction Transfer Processing Intra-industrial linkages Manufacturing Retailing Distribution Changes in the Value of World’s Trade per Type of Merchandise, 1950-2005 (in %):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Changes in the Value of World’s Trade per Type of Merchandise, 1950-2005 (in %) Global Merchandises Exports by Product, 1990-2005 (in % of value):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Global Merchandises Exports by Product, 1990-2005 (in % of value) Geographical Growth of a Multinational Corporation:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Geographical Growth of a Multinational Corporation Center Nation Other Nation Tariff Basic Enterprise Penetration of a National Market Penetration of Foreign Markets 1 2 3 4 Factory Distribution center Representative Multinational Corporation Global Production Networks and Location Strategies:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Centralized Production Regional Production Regional Specialization Vertical Integration Country A Country B Country C Country D Global Production Networks and Location Strategies The Velocity of Freight:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The Velocity of Freight Push Logistics Shipment Speed Transshipment Speed Pull Logistics Containerization Speed barrier Logistical threshold Future improvements NAFTA Transborder Truck Flows and Traffic at US Ports of Entry, 2002:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. NAFTA Transborder Truck Flows and Traffic at US Ports of Entry, 2002 Market Share by Freight Transport Mode, Western Europe, 1980-2002 (in ton-km):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Market Share by Freight Transport Mode, Western Europe, 1980-2002 (in ton-km) Market Share by Freight Transport Mode, United States, 1965-2005 (in ton-miles):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Market Share by Freight Transport Mode, United States, 1965-2005 (in ton-miles) Fluxes in a Fordist and Post-Fordist Production System:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Fordism Post-Fordism Raw materials and parts Manufacturing Sales and distribution Fluxes in a Fordist and Post-Fordist Production System Fordist and Post-Fordist Corporate Structure:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Fordist and Post-Fordist Corporate Structure Level of Embeddedness of Production and Distribution:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Level of Embeddedness of Production and Distribution Design Parts Assembly Distribution Market Design Parts Assembly Distribution Market Pure Standardization Segmented Standardization Design Parts Assembly Distribution Market Customized Standardization Design Parts Assembly Distribution Market Tailored Customization Design Parts Assembly Distribution Market Pure Customization Processing without order Shipment to order Assembly to order Manufacturing to order Design to order Embeddedness Push (expectation) Pull (response) The Global Car Production Network, 2003:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The Global Car Production Network, 2003 Ford Jaguar Land Rover Volvo Aston Martin Mazda Isuzu Suzuki GM Vauxhall Opel Daewoo Saab VAG Bentley Skoda Seat Audi VW Dailmer Chrysler Mercedes Benz Chrysler Jeep Fiat Lancia Maserati Ferrari Alfa Romeo Toyota Daihatsu Porsche Nissan Renault Hyundai PSA Peugeot Citroen BMW Rolls Royce Mitsubishi Honda Equity ownership Joint venture Equity relationship Functionally integrated group The Automobile Supply Chain:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The Automobile Supply Chain Supplying industries Steel and other metals Rubber Electronics Plastic Glass Textiles Bodies Components Engines and transmissions Final Assembly Manufacture and stamping of body panels Body assembling and painting Manufacture of mechanical and electrical components (wheels, tires, seats, breaking systems, windshields, exhausts, etc.) Forging and casting of engine and transmission components Machining and assembly of engines and transmissions Consumer market Cereals Supply Chain:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Cereals Supply Chain Farm Wood Pulp Mfg Processing Facility Packaging Label Mfg Converter Distributor Store Packaged Cereal Packaged Cereal Grain Wood Pulp Paperboard Labels Wood Pulp Cereal Distribution and Retailing Manufacturing Extraction The Cold Chain:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. The Cold Chain Potential integrity breach Temperature Temperature Range Potential integrity breach Transport Time Unloading – Warehousing – Loading Transport Concept 4:  Concept 4 Logistics Logistics Operations:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Logistics Operations Demand Transportation Stock Management Purchase Orders Processing Handling Packaging Purchase Sales Production Scheduling Warehousing Logistics and Integrated Transport Demand:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Logistics and Integrated Transport Demand Logistics (Integrated Demand) Materials Management Physical Distribution Induced Demand Derived Demand Value-Added Functions of Logistics:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Value-Added Functions of Logistics Production Location Time Control Logistics Total Logistics Costs Tradeoff:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Total Logistics Costs Tradeoff Costs Shipment Size or Number of Warehouses Transport Costs Total Logistics Costs Warehousing Costs Logistics Costs and Economic Development:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Logistics Costs and Economic Development Agriculture Mining Industry Services Information Logistics Costs / GNP Economic Development United States Japan Singapore Argentina Kenya Brazil Poland Ukraine Belgium Canada Worldwide Logistics Costs, 2002:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Worldwide Logistics Costs, 2002 Evolution of Logistical Integration, 1960-2000:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Evolution of Logistical Integration, 1960-2000 Demand Forecasting Purchasing Requirements Planning Production Planning Manufacturing Inventory Warehousing Materials Handling Packaging Inventory Distribution Planning Order Processing Transportation Customer Service Strategic Planning Materials Management Physical Distribution Logistics Supply Chain Management Information Technology Marketing 1980s 1990s 2000s 1960s Fragmentation Consolidation Warehousing Materials Handling Packaging Functional Integration Value Capture From Push to Pull Logistics:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. From Push to Pull Logistics Supplier Supplier Supplier Manufacturer Customer Distributor Supplier Supplier Supplier Supplier Supplier Supplier Supplier Manufacturer Distributor Customer 3PL Returns / Recycling Point-of-sale data Freight flow Push Pull Benefits of Demand-Driven Supply Systems:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Benefits of Demand-Driven Supply Systems Inventory turnover Working capital Cause Consequence Customer service Net income Labor productivity Operating expenses Capacity utilization Return on assets Logistics costs Operating expenses Fragmentation of the Production System and the Logistics Industry:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Fragmentation of the Production System and the Logistics Industry Inputs Outputs Factory Region A Region A Region B Region C Logistics Conventional Emerging Distribution Logistical Improvements, Manufacturing Sector, 1960s to 2000s:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Logistical Improvements, Manufacturing Sector, 1960s to 2000s Changes in the Relative Importance of Logistical Functions in Distribution Systems:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Changes in the Relative Importance of Logistical Functions in Distribution Systems Average Order Lead Times of European Manufacturers, Wholesalers, and Retailers:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Average Order Lead Times of European Manufacturers, Wholesalers, and Retailers Inventory Profile in the Automotive Supply Chain, UK 1999:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Inventory Profile in the Automotive Supply Chain, UK 1999 Logistics Costs, United States, 1980-2002 (in billions of $):  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Logistics Costs, United States, 1980-2002 (in billions of $) % of Products Shipped for “Just-in-Time” Manufacturing:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. % of Products Shipped for “Just-in-Time” Manufacturing Product Life Cycle of a Television, 1960-1996:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Product Life Cycle of a Television, 1960-1996 Taxonomy of Logistics Decisions:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Taxonomy of Logistics Decisions Conventional and Contemporary Arrangement of Goods Flow:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Conventional and Contemporary Arrangement of Goods Flow Raw Materials & Parts Manufacturing Distribution Raw Materials Storage National Distribution Regional Storage Local Distribution Retailers Supply Chain Management Raw Materials Distribution Center Retailers Manufacturing Customers Customers Conventional Contemporary Material flow (delivery) Information flow (order) Core component Third and Fourth Party Logistics Providers:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Third and Fourth Party Logistics Providers Modes Distribution Centers Management 3PL 3PL 4PL 3PL 3PL Manufacturers Parts and Raw Materials Retailers Consumers Services Offered by Third Party Logistics Providers:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Services Offered by Third Party Logistics Providers Percentage of Manufacturers Using 3PL, United States:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Percentage of Manufacturers Using 3PL, United States Forward and Reverse Distribution:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Forward and Reverse Distribution Consumers Producers Distributors Collectors Recyclers Forward Channel Reverse Channel Suppliers Nodes and Freight Distribution:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Globalization of Consumption Nodes and Freight Distribution Production Consumption Local Global Distribution Scale Distribution Scope Globalization of Production DC Global Distribution Manufacturing Retailing Regional Distribution Characteristics of Large-scale Distribution Centers:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Characteristics of Large-scale Distribution Centers Proximity and Intermediacy for Distribution Clusters:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Proximity and Intermediacy for Distribution Clusters DC DC DC Long distance transport corridor Intermediacy Proximity Proximity Metropolitan Area Value-added Activities Performed at Distribution Clusters:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Value-added Activities Performed at Distribution Clusters Terminal Pickup Delivery Warehousing Inventory Management Inspection Transloading Packing Labeling / RFID Assembly / Customizing Cross-Docking Distribution Center:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Cross-Docking Distribution Center Suppliers Customers Receiving Shipping Sorting Distribution Center Before Cross-Docking LTL Suppliers Customers After Cross-Docking TL TL Cross-Docking DC National Semiconductors, Supply Chain, 1993, 2001, 2005:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. National Semiconductors, Supply Chain, 1993, 2001, 2005 Wafer Fabrication Assembly & Testing Distribution Center South Portland (Maine) Salt Lake City (UT) Santa Clara (CA) Arlington (TX) Greenock (Scotland) Migdal Haemek (Israel) Cebu (Philippines) Bangkok (Thailand) Penang (Malaysia) Melaka (Malaysia) Toa Payoh (Singapore) Santa Clara Swindon (UK) Tokyo Hong Kong South Portland Regional Distribution Centers (1993) South Portland (Maine) Salt Lake City (UT) Santa Clara (CA) Arlington (TX) Greenock (Scotland) Cebu (Philippines) Bangkok (Thailand) Penang (Malaysia) Melaka (Malaysia) Toa Payoh (Singapore) Global Distribution Center (2001) Singapore (GDC) Singapore (GDC) South Portland (Maine) Arlington (TX) Greenock (Scotland) Supply Chain Rationalization (2005) Suzhou (China) Melaka (Malaysia) Toa Payoh (Singapore) Customers Freight Distribution and Network Strategies:  Copyright © 1998-2007, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University. For personal or classroom use ONLY. This material (including graphics) is not public domain and cannot be published, in whole or in part, in ANY form (printed or electronic) and on any media without consent. This includes conference presentations. Permission MUST be requested prior to use. Freight Distribution and Network Strategies A B Point-to-Point

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Chapter 5 - International Trade and Freight Distribution

Perspective. Issues. Conquest. Acquire and conquer oceans, territories and resources. Maritime and railroad technology. Competition. Mean to compete on the ...
Read more

Ppt Freight-forwarder-strategy | Powerpoint Presentations ...

View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on FREIGHT FORWARDER STRATEGY PPT. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com ...
Read more

Ppt Fedex-freight-ltl | Powerpoint Presentations and ...

View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on FEDEX FREIGHT LTL PPT. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free ...
Read more

Chapter 5 The LC-2 | PPT Directory

Chapter 5 Introduction to Computing Systems. from bits & gates to C & beyond . Chapter 5 . The LC-2 Instruction Set Architecture . Operate
Read more

Panalpina Tracking Air Freight PPT - Ebookinga

https://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/gallery/TGchapter5_Concepts.pptx. Date added: March 22, 2014 - Views: 40. Title, Font size: 30pt max. 2 Lines -...
Read more

The Inland Pacific Hub: A Global Reach for Commerce | PPT ...

http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/gallery/TGchapter5_Concepts.pptx. Preview. Download. Filesize: 5090 KB | format : .PPT .
Read more

Geography of International Trade | Many PPT

Geography of International Trade Geography of International Trade . Jinan University Department of International Economics and Trade . Students of Year 2001
Read more

panalpina PPT Powerpoint Templates, Presentations, Lecture ...

Free PPT Templates, Presentations, Lecture Notes, Files for Download, View and Edit - panalpina, Free PowerPoint templates for download and edit - Perspective.
Read more