tf_yao_05

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Sports

Published on January 14, 2009

Author: aSGuest10562

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Youth Athletic Outreach:Finding a Balance : 1 Youth Athletic Outreach:Finding a Balance Matt Lydum Defiance College Coaching Education Clinic USATF Annual Meeting Jacksonville, Florida December 2, 2005 Overview : 2 Overview Part I: Outreach, Part II: Critical issues in youth sport, Part III: Existing outreach efforts, Part IV: Ideas for the future. Part IOUTREACH : 3 Part IOUTREACH While youth sport seems to proliferate, a 2003 CDC study1 suggests that there are still many children that do not engage in organized sport. “from a survey of 3,500 families, as few as 39% of children ages 9-13 were reported to participate in organized sport afterschool.” 1. MMWR, August 22 2003/52(33); 785-788, www.cdc.gov/mmwr Lack of Participation is a Problem : 4 Lack of Participation is a Problem childhood overweight & obesity epidemic, less organic PA, less unstructured sport, fast food, less PE, fewer kids walk to school, etc., etc. The Consequences of the Problem : 5 The Consequences of the Problem diabetes, sleep apnea, heart disease, gallbladder disease, and cancer, cognition problems, social stigmatization, etc., etc. Economic Impact : 6 Economic Impact “Obese patients add an estimated $75 billion a year to the nation's medical bill.” - Daniel Costello, Los Angeles Times, 10/31/2005 “By the year 2025 the U.S. will nearly triple its spending on costs associated with diabetes to $351 billion.” - Derek Yach of the Yale School of Public Health OUTREACH : 7 OUTREACH So, growing opportunities has positive implications for individuals and communities. And, our sport has potential to serve millions of children. At the 2003 USTCA Hall of Fame luncheon, Bob Fraley of Fresno State spoke passionately about this issue: “No other sport has the outreach potential of track & field.” Slide 8: 8 www.sportsdonerightmaine.org Limitations : 9 Limitations facilities, coaches, meets (officials). Facilities : 10 Facilities Community tracks: how many community soccer fields have been built in your area over the last decade?  How many public tracks?  Get the message to: - parks and recreation, - YMCA, - urban planners, - real estate developers. 200m outdoor tracks : 11 200m outdoor tracks Several years ago, former Executive Director of USTCA, Jimmy Carnes, asked: “Why not build 220-yard tracks at as many elementary and middle schools as possible?” Other locations: public parks and recreation facilities, churches, YMCA’s. Coaching Education : 12 Coaching Education Needs to be responsive to youth coaches’ needs: CE appropriate to backgrounds of new coaches (most are not trained as educators). LI curriculum has very few developmental considerations. LII happens during the championship phase of the summer track program. Attrition: recruitment and constant training are needed as many youth coaches are parents. Meets and Officials : 13 Meets and Officials There are pockets of the country where youth track is big, some meets can last all day for two days in a row.  Literally thousands of athletes compete in some meets. Other places meets are few and far between and have minimal participation. Growing youth track without adding more meets and recruiting more officials would not work. OUTREACH : 14 OUTREACH Track & Field has an opportunity to reach out and expose more children to athletics, develop their interest, and increase overall participation numbers.  Better health or our children, communities and society, and, more champions at the highest levels of competition will result. Slide 15: 15 Pyramid Power The broader the base, the higher the peak. Riordan, J. (1977). Sport in Soviet Society: Development of Sport and Physical Education in Russia and The USSR. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Slide 16: 16 A greater number of athletes participating in the developmental programs should yield more elite competitors. Developing more champions is a good thing, but, let us be prudent and observe some current problematic trends in youth sport to ensure our outreach efforts do not harm children. Part II:critical issues in youth sport : 17 Part II:critical issues in youth sport Early specialization Elitism and access Overzealous parents Poor coaching Overemphasis on winning These issues are increasingly covered by the media. How can we grow our sport at the grassroots without contributing to the problems? Early Specialization : 18 Early Specialization Another pyramid: Broader multilateral development through (early) adolescence can produce greater adaptation to specific training later in life. http://www.cityofworcester.gov.uk/sports/sportsdevelopment.asp Bompa, T. (1999). Periodization: Theory & Methodology of Training, 4th Ed. (p. 31). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. : 19 Bompa, T. (1999). Periodization: Theory & Methodology of Training, 4th Ed. (p. 31). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Elitism & Access : 20 Elitism & Access Soccer mom Transportation issues Pay-to-play Club fees Equipment and uniforms Parents : 21 Parents Coaching : 22 Coaching Sports Done Right calls poor coaching the number 2 problem in contemporary youth sport (out-of-control parents are number 1) Coaching education Attrition problem Winning at all costs : 23 Winning at all costs Cheating Doping Injuries Sacrificing long-term development for short term gains Part IIIExisting outreach efforts : 24 Part IIIExisting outreach efforts Long Island Church groups Be a Champion Tucson Elementary League Run, Jump, and Throw Camps and clinics Playdays PE curricula Grant Money : 25 Grant Money http://www.wtgrantfoundation.org/ http://www.albertsons.com/abs_inthecommunity/default.asp http://www.medtronic.com/foundation/programs_fan_guidelines.html http://www.healthinschools.org/home.asp http://www.actionforhealthykids.org/ Part IVIdeas for the future : 26 Part IVIdeas for the future What's missing is a (systematic and organized) bridge to the summer program. Bridge : 27 Bridge One part of the bridge is already in place: The existing association database of clubs on the web. (families just need to get pointed to that site). Possible Solution : 28 Possible Solution Perhaps association based leaders could create materials that explain the summer club programs and guide families to existing programs.  In other words, connect the existing and emerging outreach programs to the existing and emerging clubs. This will likely have to be done at the association (grassroots) level. Issues for further investigation and consideration: : 29 Issues for further investigation and consideration: Leadership training and development. Tracking development of individuals over time.  Developmental patterns could be shifting rapidly as our lifestyles are changing. Talent identification and appropriate training and competition in track and field for potential stars. Remember, some stars will fade and some will show up where we least expect (late bloomers). Outreach to Elite : 30 Outreach to Elite What can we do to nurture athletes on all parts of this continuum? It happens at the local level: parents, clubs & coaches, schools. For More Information: http://www.sportsmanship.org Baker, J, et al. (2003). Nurturing sport expertise: Factors influencing the development of elite athlete. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2, 1-9. http://www.jssm.org/vol2/n1/1/v2n1-1pdf.pdf Hedstrom, R & Gould, D. (2004). Research in youth sports: Critical issues status. White Paper Summary for the Institute for the Study of Youth Sports, Michigan State University. http://ed-web3.educ.msu.edu/ysi/project/CriticalIssuesYouthSports.pdf

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