Tendencias Storage

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Published on February 20, 2014

Author: franmod

Source: slideshare.net

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Storage Trends for Oracle

Hardware and Software Engineered to Work Together Fran Navarro Principal Sales Consultant Foco en almacenamiento

Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 2 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Transforming the Data Center From Best in Class to Engineered Systems Best-of-Breed Products 3 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Optimized Solutions Engineered Systems

Investing in Building the Best Hardware in the World Engineered Together at Every Layer For Your Success Storage 4 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Networking Servers

Creating Storage Challenges On-Demand Requirements and Greater Scale Create New Issues  Storage performance  Dynamic workloads  Application availability  Storage sprawl / Data silos  Lack of application-to-storage skills  Archiving / Long-term data retention  Software ROI  Total cost of ownership 5 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Customers are Being Inundated Dealing with Vendor-generated Buzzwords Everyday  Software Defined Everything  Clouds/ XaaS  Flash / SSD  Big Data / Analytics  Social Everything  Mobility / BYOD  Virtualize Everything  The Consumerization of IT 6 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

And Data is Growing Exponentially 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 Exabytes 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 2005 2010 2015 Source: IDC

An Expanding $1B Storage Portfolio Oracle disk storage systems, disk storage for databases and tape sales are in excess of $1B — “I believe Oracle has just become the #3 NAS guy with ZFS behind NTAP and EMC.” —Steve Duplessie, ESG

Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 9 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Applications & Compute Continue to Evolve Multiple Applications per Server Image are a Relic of the Past  1 application per – Physical server image – Per virtual server image  Lots of compute innovation around it – 1U servers – Blade servers – Micro servers – Virtual servers – Now virtual applications 10 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Storage Systems Have Not Kept Up Primarily Architected as General Purpose Storage  Lack any real application engineered capabilities  Applications have diverging requirements – Faster storage performance – Greater flexibility – Variable data protection – Dynamic changing performance 11 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is Driving the Storage System Evolution Application Engineered Storage Enterprise software drives system performance and efficiency Software-defined Storage Storage software drives system performance and efficiency Hardware-defined Storage Custom hardware drives system performance and efficiency

Do-It-Yourself Storage Poses Issues Maintain Upgrade Hardware Troubleshoot Install Tune 2/3rds of all enterprise storage costs are related to management Storage management costs could triple if customers took upon storage vendor responsibilities

ORACLE BRINGS CLARITY TO THE DATA CENTER

Oracle Database Storage Trends Storage Consumes More of the IT Budget Drivers More More Data Sources Capacity Consumers Performance Data Reuse Complexity Virtualization Management Long Retention 15 Storage Impact Risk Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

“Business As Usual” Squeezes Innovation Islands of Inefficient Storage Increase Risks and Costs PLM + Oracle Database HCM + Oracle Database CRM + Oracle Database E-Business + Oracle Database Continuing Operations 16 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Webcenter + Oracle Database

Oracle Storage Re-Enables Innovation Fewer, Faster, More Efficient Storage Platforms for Oracle Database PLM + Oracle Database HCM + Oracle Database CRM + Oracle Database E-Business + Oracle Database Continuing Operations 17 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Webcenter + Oracle Database

Oracle Optimized Storage Portfolio Best of Breed plus Unique Optimizations for Oracle Software Database NAS SAN Tape Applications Middleware Database Operating System Virtual Machine Servers Oracle Software Runs Faster and More Efficiently on Oracle Storage 18 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle Engineered Systems Mission: Simplify Your Environment Extreme Performance 19 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Low Risk Deployment Breakthrough Efficiency

Oracle Exadata Database Machine The Best Machine for OLTP, Data Warehouse, and Consolidation Exadata Smart Scan Smart Flash Cache Improve query performance by 10X 20 Hybrid Columnar Compression Reduce the size of database storage requirements by up-to 3-5X Improve query response times by 40% Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Big Data Appliance X4-2 Hardware: • 288 CPU cores with 1152 GB RAM • 864TB of raw disk storage • 40 Gb/s InfiniBand Integrated Software: • • • • • • • Oracle Linux Oracle Java VM Cloudera Distribution of Apache Hadoop (CDH) Cloudera Manager Cloudera Impala, Search, Navigator, HBase & BDR Oracle R Distribution NoSQL Database Community Edition All integrated software (except NoSQL DB CE) is supported as part of Premier Support for Systems and Premier Support for Operating Systems 21 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle ZS3 Storage Application Engineered Storage Extreme Performance World-record performance and leading price performance 22 Integrated Analytics Real-time visualizations cuts troubleshooting times by 50% Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Optimized for Oracle Software OISP cuts database tuning times by 65%; HCC delivers 10-50X compression

Application Engineered Storage OISP ADO HCC Dynamic and automatic databasestorage tuning Advanced and dynamic database (data) optimization Superior database, data warehousing compression

Oracle Intelligent Storage Protocol 24 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Eliminates hundreds of hours spent tuning (and re-tuning) storage and database for optimal performance

Oracle Intelligent Storage Protocol (OISP) Cut Database and Storage Tuning Time in Half Oracle Intelligent Storage Protocol: Unique language that enables dynamic communication between an Oracle Database and Oracle’s ZFS Storage Appliances. Database data DB I/O metadata communicated to ZFS Storage Query Data Response Oracle Database • Available only for Oracle Database 12c customers using Oracle Direct NFS (dNFS) with Oracle ZFS Storage Appliances that are running software version OS8 ZFS Storage 0.03ms 2TB DRAM 0.10ms 10TB FLASH (R / W) 30.00ms 2PB DISK DB Control File Writes prioritized among other IO in ZFS Storage Oracle’s ZS3 systems dynamically assign system resources to optimize Oracle Database performance and efficiency

OS8 | OISP: Auto Tuning of Record Size, LogBias Without OISP With OISP OISP Tunes Logfile share NFS Server NFS Server Multiple shares, each with its own Record Size and LogBias setting /mnt/dbname/redo (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/control (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/pfile (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/datafile (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/tempfile (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/chgtrack (Record Size, LogBias) /mnt/dbname/backup (Record Size, LogBias) Datafile share Two shares: logfile and datafile /mnt/dbname/logfile (OISP sets Record Size, LogBias) redo /mnt/dbname/datafile (OISP sets Record Xize, LogBias) control pfile datafile tempfile chgtrack backup

Oracle Database Partitioning and Compression Only with Oracle Exadata, Pillar Axiom, Sun ZFS Storage Appliance Oracle Database Partitioning Higher performance & availability Simplified management Advanced Compression Option Suitable for active data Compresses all data types 2x to 4x Partitioning Option Typical 10x compression, faster scans Archival mode for old data Typical 15x-50x compression ratios 27 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Hybrid Columnar Compression Oracle Database Enterprise Edition Data Specific Compression Hybrid Columnar Compression Optimized for historical data Query mode for data warehousing Advanced Compression Option Active Less Active Historical

Hybrid Columnar Compression 28 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Increases database efficiency and performance, by enacting columnar compression for data warehousing, analytics, and mining operations

Hybrid Columnar Compression (HCC) Store Less Data AND Run Faster  Up to 50x space reduction  Only available on Oracle storage Uncompressed  735GB Increases performance for most data warehouse and data protection Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 94% Less 38GB 8x Faster 2 Hours, 22 Min, 44 Sec 29 With HCC Average 5x faster queries  Retail Data Warehouse Example 16 Min, 50 Sec

Sun ZFS Storage Appliance Higher Efficiency AND Performance with Hybrid Columnar Compression  HCC data stays compressed: – On disk – In storage caches Retail Original Database Tables – Over networks Size – In memory Query 1 52:06 10:52 4.7x – In system caches Query 2 2:22:44 16:50 8.4x Query 3 7:06 1:06 6.4x  Many data sets fit in memory  Shorter backup windows and remote replication for DR 30 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. HCC Tables Improvement 735 GB 38GB 19.3x

Automatic Data Optimization 31 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Increases database efficiency and performance, by dynamically moving data across storage tiers and compression algorithms

Oracle Database 12c Automatic Data Optimization  Heat Maps and Usage Patterns Drive Auto-Tiering 32 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Automatic Data Optimization Usage Based Data Compression 01110101010010 10000100010101 01011100001010 Hot Data 10101010111010100110101 11000010100010110111010 10100101001001000010001 011100001010001011011 01010110100101101001110 101010100101001001000 00010100100101000010010 010001010101101001011 00010001010101110011010 010101001010010010001 10100101001001000010001 3X Advanced Row Compression 33 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Warm Data Archive Data 1010101011101010011010111000010100 101010101110101001101011100001010001011011 0101101110101010010100100100001000 101010100101001001000010001010101101001011 1010101101001011010011100001010010 010011100001010010010100001001000010001010 0101101110101010010100100100001000 0101000010010000100010101011010010 101010101110101001101011100001010001011011 1010101101001011010011100001010010 1000010100100101001010110111000010 101010101110101001101011100001011101011001 1110010100100101001010110111011010 10X 15X Columnar Query Compression Columnar Archive Compression

Application Engineered Storage Capabilities Anyone Can Integrate, Only Oracle Can Co-Engineer HYBRID COLUMNAR COMPRESSION Increases Oracle Database storage efficiency BUY MORE EXPENSIVE STORAGE and performance AUTOMATIC DATA OPTIMIZATION WITH HCC Automates SPEND MORE ON MANUALdynamically performance optimization by TIERING, COMPRESSION across storage tiers moving Oracle Database data AND SOFTWARE LICENSES and compression algorithms ORACLE INTELLIGENT STORAGE PROTOCOL Eliminates hundreds of hours spent tuning (and re-tuning) SPEND MORE ON MANUAL TUNING, storage and database for optimal performance, freeing IT CHALLENGES OF MORE HUMAN ERRORS resources to grow the business ORACLE ENGINEERED SYSTEMS INTEGRATION Optimizes data center BLOCK FORMAT IS OPAQUE preRMAN BACKUP efficiency and reduces risk with tested deployments andDEDUPE data protection TO THIRD PARTY superior DEVICES 34 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 35 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle Virtual Networking Wire Once Infrastructure for the Software Defined Data Center Software Defined Networking Oracle Virtual Compute Appliance Reduces network infrastructure complexity by over 70% 36 Oracle Fabric Interconnect 100X faster server management, 70% fewer cables and cards Power-to-production in under an hour Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Run any OracleMigrate Connectivity Virtual Networking Resources to OS or Hypervisor: Oracle Add Up Close Solaris, Linux & vNIC vNIC vNIC on Demand vHBA Connect vHBA any Server to any Network and Storage Live Servers vNIC OVM, RHEL, MS Windows & vHBA vNIC vNIC vHBA Hyper-V, VMware QoS Controls for Add Application Predictableisolated networks on demand Performance PCI 37 BU DMZ Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle Fabric Up to 80 Gb/s Interconnect Per Server • Two cables • Wire once Prod FC FC iSCSI NAS

Simplify Your Data Center Infrastructure PHYSICAL HOST • Converged infrastructure • Fewer switches, cards and cables Ethernet FC • Flat architecture • Simple topology, fewer tiers • Software defined networking Converged infrastructure Oracle Fabric Interconnect • Connections defined in software Network “A” PROD 38 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. SAN

Oracle Virtual Networking Summary Next Generation Data Center Fabric • Simple DB DB VM VDI - 70% less I/O complexity - 50% less cost - Wire-once infrastructure • Agile W Oracle Virtual Networking - Dynamically connect any server to any network and storage • Fast - 80Gbp/s throughput eliminates I/O bottleneck 39 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. DMZ PROD NAS SAN iSCSI E

Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 40 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

New Technology for Big, “Forever” Archives A variety of factors are driving a mindset of “keep everything forever.” Research Preservation Data & Content Growth 41 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Collaboration Compliance & E-Discovery Digitization

Data Growth 300 Exabytes Driven by Unstructured Data Unstructured Data 80 Exabytes 12% Structured Data 2013 Database 88% Application Storage Options Backup & Archive Backup 2015 * Source: ESG Digital Archive Market Forecast

Oracle Education Storage Solution Map

Full Lifecycle Content Management View  Holistic Approach  Legacy Integration  Portal Features  Tiered Storage  Best of Breed

Economics of Tiered Storage Tape is the Foundation: Most of the Data Stored at the Lowest Cost 5% 15% 80% Current (<7 days) : Flash/Performance Disk • Frequent changes • Immediate access • Instantaneous protection Recent (7-90 days) : SAS/SATA • Infrequent changes • modifications change classification to “Current” • Slight access delay acceptable Archival (>90 days) : Tape • Very infrequent / no changes • Offsite / offline / nearline protected

Balancing Growth with TCO Flash Storage $50/GB Performance Disk $5 - $10/GB Capacity Disk $1 - $4/GB Single Tier Disk Storage Modern Tiered Storage $$$$ 46 Disk-only Tiered Storage $$ $ Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Tape Storage <$.15/GB

Disk is 26x the Cost of Tape “The Average Disk Based Solution Costs 26 Times the TCO of the Average Tape-Based Solution” – The Clipper Group, 2013 Tape Cost Advantage Expected to Grow  Increasing Areal Density Drives Down Cost  Tape Areal Density Increasing 2X Faster Than Disk Source: INSIC roadmap areal density projections translated into $/TB 47 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

What About the Future? Tape’s advantage is increasing! Tape 100000 Disk Optical Blu-ray MLC NAND Flash up to 4 bits/cell 10000 SLC NAND Flash $/TB 1000 Disk improvements: ~20%/yr Tape improvements: ~40%/yr 100 10 1 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Source: INSIC roadmap areal density projections translated into $/TB 2014 Year 2016 2018

It’s Not Only About Cost/TB Disk Tape Total cost of ownership (archive)1 15X X Total cost of ownership (backup)2 2-5X X Max shelf life (bit rot) 10 years 30 years Best practices for data migration to new technology 3-5 years 8-12 years 10-14 ( ~10’s of TB) 10-19 (~1 million TB) Power and cooling1 >200X X Labor (TB managed per storage admin)3 100’s 1000’s Uncorrected Bit Error Rate, (probability average 1 error in x TB) “The cost of energy alone for the average disk-based (archive) solution exceeds the entire TCO of the average tape-based solution.”1 The Clipper Group, “In Search of the Long-term Archiving Solution” Enterprise Strategy Group, Inc. “A Comparative TCO Study: VTLs and Physical Tape Solution” 3 Moore, F. Horison Information Strategies, “Tiered Storage Takes Center Stage,” 1 2 If a vendor offers the disk for “free,” it is a BAD DEAL!!!!

Oracle StorageTek Tape Strategy  Extend our leadership market position in tape by focusing on technology innovation for tiered storage for heterogeneous environments, including mainframe and open systems  Integrate with Oracle applications to deliver tiered storage business ready systems  Accelerate product development and innovation – Extend our leadership in scalability, availability/reliability, and TCO

Oracle Tiered Storage: Automated By Software Not flash or disk or tape, but making it easier to use them together Oracle software to migrate the data across the tiers of storage Tiered Storage Software Average Days Since creation Recovery Time Objectives (RTO) Disk Storage Secondary Primary • Mission Critical Databases • High-Performance Applications • Flash Storage • Hybrid Storage • • • • • Fixed Content Backup and Recovery Business Continuity Snap/Mirror/Replication Online Archive Business Applications (11g partitions), ZFSSA, Axiom Tape Storage • Video, Medical, Data Archive • Regulatory Compliance • Disaster Recovery SAM and VSM 0 Days 30+ Days 90 Days to Forever Immediate Fast Moderate

Tiered Storage For Enterprise Archives Archive Servers (Application & File Data)  Keep active data on disk Activity Data Volume Policy-based Storage Tiering: Capacity Disk Performance Disk Tape Systems  Less active data on tape  Store copies on different tiers ─ Recall from fastest tier 52 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 0 Days 15 1 Months 6 1 Years 5 15 25 50+

Oracle StorageTek Tape Portfolio • Best scalability • Best reliability and availability • Best TCO and investment protection SL8500 Entry SL3000 Software SL150 LTO T9840 T10000 VLE VSM Device Management Data Management Tiered Storage Virtualization Encryption

Que me va a contar Oracle……..  Storage adaptado a las aplicaciones.  Virtualización de Red  Archivado del almacenamiento  Uso eficiente de Flash 54 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Why Applications Don’t Perform Waiting for DATA Server  Today’s Multi-Core, Multi-Socket application server design are increasingly held back by slow storage  When requesting data, the server spends Multi-Core, High Performance Multi Socket CPUs DRAM most of its time waiting for storage 260 Times Slower  Application performance remains sluggish regardless of the Server CPU horsepower Storage  The traditional remedy of adding more DRAM or “short-stroking” HDDs is both expensive and inefficient 55 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 15K RPM Disk Drives

CPUs Have Become I/O Starved Server and Storage Performance Discontinuity HDD vs. CPU Relative Performance Improvement • Moore’s Law has out-stripped improvements to disk drive technology by two orders of magnitude during the last decade • Today’s servers are hopelessly unbalanced between the CPUs need for data and the HDDs ability to keep up 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 56 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Characteristics of Flash Storage Delivers Low Latency Requires Less Power Less than 1/20th the Latency of HDD Up to 100x less power per IO Provides More Throughput Over 50X better IOPS than HDD 57 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Uses Less Space Over100x less space per IO

New Storage Architecture Enabled with Flash Server High Performance DRAM Multi-Core, Multi Socket CPUs Flash Performance Affinity High Performance Flash Devices (Cache/Tier 0 Storage) Storage Capacity Expansion High Capacity HDDs 58 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle’s Sun Flash Accelerator F80 PCIe Card Accelerates applications, increases server efficiency  800 GB (1TB raw) capacity New ! New  Over 155K read/133K write IOPS (8K)  Over 2.1 GB/s throughput (1M)  84 microseconds write latency  High write endurance  End-to-End data integrity and power fail protection  Proactive health and flash endurance monitoring Ideal for Database Use • High read and write IOPS • Consistent low-latency  Best $/GB, IOPS/$, IOPS/GB • High reliability and endurance  Optimized for Oracle’s systems and software • Oracle systems and Smart Flash Cache software optimized  Enterprise quality and reliability 59 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle’s SW and Systems Driven Flash Strategy Optimized Enterprise Flash with Advanced System Integration and Intelligent Software for Maximum Performance, Efficiency and Ease-of-Use Software Database Storage Hardware Smart Flash Cache, ADO, Com pression, Partitioni ng Hybrid Storage Pools, Dynamic Caching F80/F40/F20 Flash Cards F80/F40/F20 Flash Cards SSD’s Hardware and Software Engineered to Work Together 60 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Integrated Systems Engineered Systems • Exadata • Exalytics • Super Cluster Hybrid/Flash Enabled Storage • ZFS Storage Appliances • Axiom Storage Arrays

Flash Storage Deployment Comparison Good Better Flash Disks in Storage Array New ! Best Database Smart Flash Cache • Higher latency • Low latency • HW RAID/SAN bottlenecks • Linear scalability • Extra DRAM • • Manual data placement Smart cache (read-only, nodespecific) • Can be used as shared storage • Can be used for mixed workloads 61 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. • PCIe Flash cards or direct connect Flash arrays New ! Exadata Smart Flash Cache in Storage Nodes • InfiniBand: lowest latency, high throughput • Smart cache, or mirrored flash storage • Write cache • Flash cache shared by all cluster nodes • Uses PCIe Flash cards

Flash Storage Deployment Models Accelerating Databases and I/O intensive applications constrained by storage I/O  Tiered Storage (Tier 0/1) 1 - good – 2X Performance Improvement – Accelerates write as well as read intensive workloads – High Availability with mirroring  Smart Flash Cache (Oracle 11gR2) - better – 5X Performance Improvement 2 – Intelligent, dynamic, easy to use (cache extension) – Highest Flash efficiency (optimum Flash use at lowest price) – 11gR2 Single Node and RAC (with Database Smart Flash Cache)  Integrated Systems/Engineered Solutions – Exadata Database Machine 3 62 – Exalytics In-Memory Machine – Sun ZFS Storage Appliances Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. - best

Oracle Database Smart Flash Cache Built into Oracle 11gR2 or later (Flash Enabled dB)  Database Smart Flash Cache transparently extends buffer cache with Flash (L2 Cache/SGA) – – Buffer Cache Buffer Cache New ! Many I/O’s Database Smart Flash Cache F80/F40 Order of magnitude larger cache size Reduces latency, eliminate I/O bottlenecks (Cache eliminates most read I/Os to disk) – Intelligent, dynamic, and easy-to-use – Uses PCIe cards or flash arrays – Supported on Solaris and OEL  Benefits 63 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. More throughput Big jobs run faster Lower power – Mid-Range Storage • Fewer Shelves – – Enterprise Storage •Multiple Cabinets Better response time – Few I/O’s – Fewer disks needed – Less powerful array needed – Significantly lower TCO

Database Smart Flash Cache Accelerates database performance intelligently, efficiently • • • Huge increase in cache size/SGA with up to 15X faster I/O service times Automatically keeps hot data in flash (dynamic data management/replacement) Most of the benefits of storing everything on flash, for much less cost Warm Data Hot Data 16+ GB Buffer Cache 1. Blocks read into 3. Clean blocks LRU’ed to Flash Cache* 400GB Flash Cards or 1.9TB Flash Arrays 4. Database looks for 2. Dirty blocks flushed to disk blocks first in buffer cache then flash cache buffer cache Cold Data 3600 GB Magnetic Disks 64 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. * Headers for Flash Cache blocks kept in SGA

Flash Storage Deployment Models Accelerating Databases and I/O intensive applications constrained by storage I/O  Tiered Storage (Tier 0/1) 1 - good – 2X Performance Improvement – Accelerates write as well as read intensive workloads – High Availability with mirroring  Smart Flash Cache (Oracle 11gR2) - better – 5X Performance Improvement 2 – Intelligent, dynamic, easy to use (cache extension) – Highest Flash efficiency (optimum Flash use at lowest price) – 11gR2 Single Node and RAC (with Database Smart Flash Cache)  Integrated Systems/Engineered Solutions – Exadata Database Machine 3 65 – Exalogic Elastic Cloud – Sun ZFS Storage Appliances Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. - best

Oracle Exadata Smart Flash Cache Oracle Flash Cards Used as Integrated Smart Flash Cache World's fastest database machine uses Sun Flash Accelerator Cards New ! Up to 56 Flash Cards for Smart Flash Cache World's fastest system for Data Warehousing and Online Transaction Processing. A huge leap in performance over the competition with numerous world benchmark records. • 20x increase in random I/O • 5x speedup in I/O bandwidth with Sun PCIe Flash Card technology • 2x the compute and network performance capacity 66 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle’s new ZS3 Series New ! Sept’13 Hybrid Storage Appliance 2x Faster 3x More Scalable OS8 Storage OS Support ZS3-2 • • • • • • Single or Dual Controllers 512GB DRAM 8 PCIe Slots 16 Disk Enclosures* 12TB Read Flash 2TB Write Flash * ZS3-2 will release with expansion to 8 disk enclosures. Scale to 16 expected within 6 months of release. ZS3-4 • • • • • • • Single or Dual Controllers 2TB DRAM 14 PCIe Slots 36 Disk Enclosures 12TB Read Flash 10TB Write Flash All Flash Configuration

Sun ZFS Storage Appliance Flash Use with ZFS Dynamic Hybrid Storage Pools • • ZFS Automatically : • Writes new data to very fast DRAM/ Flash pool as write cache (ZIL) Determines data access patterns and stores frequently accessed data in the Flash based read cache (L2ARC) Bundles IO into sequential lazy writes for more efficient use of low cost mechanical disks • • 68 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. • Data is intelligently and automatically migrated between DRAM, Flash and Disk Continuously optimizes storage system performance and efficiency. Simplifies management, transparently managed as a single storage pool. Reduces Cost. DRAM Write/ ZIL Flash Read/ Read/ L2ARC L2ARC Flash Flash Scalable Deep SATA Storage Pool ZFS Storage Appliance

HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERED TO WORK TOGETHER Get Better Results with Oracle 69 Copyright © 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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