Temperate Woodland

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Information about Temperate Woodland

Published on September 14, 2007

Author: Mentor

Source: authorstream.com

Temperate Woodland:  Temperate Woodland By: Jordan Wright Here’s What they look like:  Here’s What they look like Here’s Where to find one:  Here’s Where to find one = Temperate Woodland Producers:  Producers Large areas of grasses and wildflowers are generally widespread. Shrubs with leathery leaves can also be found, along with oily herbs that grow in the winter. Primary Consumers:  Primary Consumers The most generally noted primary consumers are small rodents like wood mice, shrews and voles. Yet there are other larger animals present in this category. An example being the blacktailed deer. Secondary Consumers:  Secondary Consumers The most common secondary consumers in the area are small carnivores like foxes, weasels, and badgers. Yet as the food chain progresses the size of the consumers does gradually rise, eventually leading to one of the largest secondary consumers in the area, the coyote. Tertiary Consumers:  Tertiary Consumers Just as the secondary consumers before them, the size of the tertiary consumers does gradually rise from one species to another. Animals like wolves and Lynxes are some of the larger carnivores while the largest of the tertiary consumers would be the mountain lion. Decomposers:  Decomposers At ground level, there is actually quite a variety of fungi. Many different types of mushrooms can be easily seen. As well as the toadstools which grow in certain seasons along with the mushrooms. There are also bacteria that break down dead organisms. Food Web:  Food Web Grasses Shrubs/seeds deer voles shrews mice foxes coyotes weasels badgers wolves lynxes Mountain lion Mushrooms/toadstools bacteria Adaptations-Producers:  Adaptations-Producers The first and most obvious adaptation that must be made, is to the ever changing weather. The Temperate Woodland has hot dry summers and cool moist winters. Because these seasons are so different, many plants are not present year-round. The second adaptation that must be made among the plant life of the Temperate Woodland is to the unusual population density. There are many areas on the ground level that are thickly populated with shrubs, these areas are referred to as chaparral. As a result of the chaparral other plants in the area must find ways to obtain energy and water that aren’t prevented or hindered by the lack of space. The third adaptation that must be made is actually connected to the second. Because of the growth of dense, low plants with flammable oils, fire is a serious threat. So the plants in the area must cope with this constant possibility. Adaptations-Primary Consumers:  Adaptations-Primary Consumers As I have previously stated, the blacktailed deer is one primary consumer that is native to the Temperate Woodland. One adaptation that the blacktailed deer must make is to the necessary yet dangerous plant life. Although the deer eats plants, some plants in the area release lethal toxins. To combat this defense mechanism the deer will actually periodically ingest a small amount of the toxins in order to build an immunity. Another adaptation that the deer must make is to its predators. The deer uses ridges and hills during the day as heated-air rises to carry the smells of predators up to alert the deer. Much like the other organisms present, the deer must also adapt to the changes in weather. Not only do the deer try to avoid living in certain temperatures, the plants that the deer eats also appear in certain. Which means the deer must find other ways to obtain food. Adaptations-Secondary Consumers:  Adaptations-Secondary Consumers An example of a secondary consumer is the badger. A badger must often adapt to the other larger predators in the area. Rather its usual routine of simply gathering food, sometimes the badger must challenge other predators and compete for the catch. Another issue that the badger must adapt to is the frequent possibility of fires. To prevent damage to the badgers family and home, the badger creates a very intricate system of underground tunnels where the badger and his family resides. Because the badger cannot always win the competition for food sometimes the badger must also rely on eating plants. Yet the badger must adapt to the harmful plants as well as the blacktailed deer. Unlike the deer, the badger does not develop an immunity instead it diligently searches for certain berries or roots that it can ingest. Adaptations-Tertiary Consumers:  Adaptations-Tertiary Consumers An example of a tertiary consumer is the mountain lion. One adaptation that the mountain lion can easily make is to the many different forms of terrain and wildlife that may be in its habitat. Because of the mountain lions speed, strength and high position on the food chain it can adapt to almost any surrounding. In a sense, the mountain lion must also adapt to population density. Because of the other predators that may challenge the mountain lion, the lion prevents invasion from others by marking its territory with visible spots of feces. A very serious adaptation that the mountain lion must make is to the human population. Humans have hunted mountain lions until now they are very close to being extinct. In order to prevent this threat the mountain lion is very weary of its surroundings and uses its speed to its advantage when escaping from others. Bibliography:  Bibliography http://www.bornfree.org.uk/edupack/habitat/.htm http://www.projectwildlife.org/living-deer.htm http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/dfwimg/dfw_red_fox_yawn.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/wolf http://www.burkesbackyard.com.au/2004/_data/page/4388/toadstools.jpg http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/aa/aa0409_full.html http://www.fungibank.csiro.au/topic_3_1_3.htm

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