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Telecom competition in Chile

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Information about Telecom competition in Chile
Science-Technology

Published on December 23, 2008

Author: minges

Source: authorstream.com

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Tracking telecom competition in Chile : Tracking telecom competition in Chile Michael.Minges@itu.int Competition Policy in Telecommunications 20-22 November 2002 Geneva, Switzerland Measuring competition : Measuring competition Although competition is a “means” to the “ends” of enhancing telecom access, it is nonetheless useful to measure A high degree of competition would suggest that market is functioning properly and therefore prices should be lowest possible and access enhanced Telephone market 2001 : Telephone market 2001 Note: a) Based on market size indicator. Telefónica CTC considered incumbent for local and mobile, ENTEL for long distance (LD). b) Hirfindahl-Hirschman Index. A measure of market concentration. 1 = monopoly, 0.2 or less = perfect competition. c) Not including rural telephony concessions. Source: ITU adapted from CTC, SUBTEL data. Local market : Local market Of 11 local operators, four are rural only. Of 7 regular, three only operate in one region. Only incumbent operates nationwide in all 24 regions (“primary zones”). Level of local competition: Six regions have no local competition 10 have two operators 3 have three operators 2 have four operators 1 has five operators 2 have six operators Incumbent share has dropped… …but level of competition varies International long distance : International long distance May 2002: 33 operators licensed, 20 in operation (SUBTEL, includes some double counting). 12 operators at end of 2001 (CTC). Rapid drop in prices after introduction of full competition on 27 August 1994. Market almost reached “perfect competition” Rise in market concentration after 1997 and slight decline last two years. Pricing seems to precede market changes. Market correction in 1996 after competition settles in. Since 1996 prices have been steadily declining. Incumbent market share declined from 86% (92) to 38% (01). Market concentration and price of 3 minute call to US Mobile : Mobile Numerous mergers and changes in regional licensing complicate analysis. Six different companies over 10 years. Pricing seems to be relatively high compared to other Latin American nations Technologically diverse with two TDMA, one CDMA and one GSM network Mobile market share Competition impact : Competition impact What caused what in Chile’s telecommunication network development? Difficult to disentangle impact of (1) economic growth; (2) privatization; (3) regulation; and (4) competition. Network growth a mixture of four; pricing most likely competition Chile in the region : Chile in the region Chile had fifth fastest growing telephone network in Latin America during the 1990s Outperformed peers (e.g., Brazil, Mexico, Argentina) and regional average Annual average growth (1991-2001) Total telephone subscribers (fixed+mobile) Methodological considerations : Methodological considerations Need disaggregated data for competition analysis Operators claim because market competitive cannot provide information. Competitive market not straightforward Local concessions. Licenses for long distance when two services. Conclusions : Conclusions Privatization and economic growth have driven growth in local fixed market Impact of competition has been negligible except perhaps in spurring broadband. Mobile market is no more competitive than most other Latin American nations. Biggest impact of competition has been on long distance traffic.

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