Tectonic Storytelling with Open Source and Digital Object Identifiers - a case study about Plate Tectonics and the Geopark Bergstraße-Odenwald

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Science

Published on May 6, 2014

Author: loewe

Source: slideshare.net

Description

The communication of advances in research to the common public for both education and decision making is an important aspect of scientific work. An even more crucial task is to gain recognition within the scientific community,
which is judged by impact factor and citation counts. Recently, the latter concepts have been extended from
textual publications to include data and software publications.
This paper presents a case study for science communication and data citation. For this, tectonic models, Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), best practices for data citation and a multimedia online-portal for scientific content
are combined. This approach creates mutual benefits for the stakeholders: Target audiences receive information on
the latest research results, while the use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) increases the recognition and citation of
underlying scientific data. This creates favourable conditions for every researcher as DOI names ensure citeability and long term availability of scientific research.
In the developed application, the FOSS tool for tectonic modelling GPlates is used to visualise and manipulate
plate-tectonic reconstructions and associated data through geological time. These capabilities are augmented by the Science on a Halfsphere project (SoaH) with a robust and intuitive visualisation hardware environment.
The tectonic models used for science communication are provided by the AGH University of Science and Technology.
They focus on the Silurian to Early Carboniferous evolution of Central Europe (Bohemian Massif) and were
interpreted for the area of the Geopark Bergstraße Odenwald based on the GPlates/SoaH hardware- and software stack.
As scientific story-telling is volatile by nature, recordings are a natural means of preservation for further use, reference and analysis. For this, the upcoming portal for audiovisual media of the German National Library of Science and Technology TIB is expected to become a critical service infrastructure. It allows complex search queries, including metadata such as DOI and media fragment identifiers (MFI), thereby linking data citation and science
communication.

Tectonic Storytelling with Open Source Tools The cross-pollination of citable scientific data, science communication and multimedia preservation EGU GA 2014 ESSI2.7 2.5.2014 Peter Löwe (1), Jan Barmuta (2), Jens Klump (3,4), Janna Neumann (1), and Margret Plank (1) (1) Technische Informationsbibliothek TIB, Hannover, Germany (peter.loewe@tib.uni-hannover.de), (2) AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland, (3) Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Potsdam, Germany (4) Earth Science and Resource Engineering CISRO, Kensigton WA, Australia

2 Overview • Science: • Recognition = citation + acknowledgement • Science Communication + Nature Interpretation • Interpreting deep geologic time • FOSS Tools – made simple • The road ahead – the bigger picture

3 Science Recognition = citation + acknowledgement • A crucial goal for modern scientists is to gain recognition within their scientific community – which is measured by citations gained. • In the last years, the concept of citation has been extended from textual publications to include data and software publications. • Another significant task for scientists is to communicate the ongoing advances in research to the common public to educate and enable decision making. • Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) and open data enable new ways to communicate and advance science – in academia and society.

4 Science Communication • Public communication presenting science-related topics to non-experts. • aims to generate support for scientific research, or to enable informed decision making. • Growing emphasis on explaining methods rather than simply findings of science.

5 Free Open Source Software in Science Communication for Plate Tectonics • Data Publishers for Earth & Environmental Science: www.pangea.de • Free and Open Source GIS: www.osgeo.org • Gplates plate reconstruction tool: www.gplates.org • “Adaptable, interactive and quantitative paleographic maps” [Wright N. et al, 2012] Scientific Data Drill cores, Sediments, Paleomagnetism, Paleaobiology, etc. FOSS GIS Models Plate reconstruction and trajectories Science Communication

6 Environmental Interpretation: Location-based science communication I’ll interpret the rocks, learn the language of flood, storm and the avalanche. I’ll acquaint myself with the glaciers and wild gardens and get as near to the heart of the world as I can. [John Muir, 1871]

7 The Global Geoparks Network (GGN) • A Geopark is a unified area with significant geological heritage. • Geoparks use that heritage to promote awareness of key issues facing society. • The Global Geoparks Network is supported by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

8 Geopark Bergstraße-Odenwald Located in southern central Germany (Hessia / Bavaria / Baden- Württemberg) Geologic features from three phases: • Variscan Orogeny (380 – 320 Ma) • Mesozoic sediments (260 - 65 Ma) • Rheingraben (since 45 Ma) • Messel pit UNESCO World Heritage Site (Eocene) • Geopark Rangers act as environmental interpreters and science communicators.

9 Earliest Phase: Variscan Orogeny / Plate Tectonics 1.Variscan Orogeny (380 – 320 Ma) 2.Mesozoic sediments (260 - 65 Ma) 3.Rheingraben (since 45 Ma)

10 Latest Phase: Oberrheingraben Landscape development 1.Variscan Orogeny (380 – 320 Ma) 2.Mesozoic sediments (260 - 65 Ma) 3.Rheingraben (since 45 Ma)

11 Real world situation The recent geomorphological features hide the underlying parts of the deeper geologic past. Frankenstein Castle Rheingraben 1.Variscan Orogeny (380 – 320 Ma) 2.Mesozoic sediments (260 - 65 Ma) 3.Rheingraben (since 45 Ma)

12 How to communicate deep geologic time ? Avalon(-ia) ? Armorica ? future Odenwald Geopark

13 How to communicate deep geologic time ? Avalon(-ia) ? Armorica ? future Odenwald Geopark

14 How to communicate deep geologic time ? Avalon(-ia) ? Armorica ? future Odenwald Geopark King Arthur

15 How to communicate deep geologic time ? Avalon(-ia) ? Armorica ? future Odenwald Geopark King Arthur + Asterix

16 How to communicate deep geologic time ? Avalon(-ia) ? Armorica ? = Communication breakdown future Odenwald Geopark King Arthur + Asterix

17 Research meets Interpretation Paleozoic amalgamation of Central Europe AGH University of Science and Technology Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environment Protection Research focus: Central Europe, second order tectonic features ● Armorican Terrane assemblage • Reconstruction of terrane trajecories • Gplates for kinematic and geometrical verification

18 Reality Check: Free and Open Source Software as Interpretation Props • „Auxiliary aids should form a relationship with the participants and should support the message. • They serve the phenomenon and should in no case dominate.“ • „This danger is especially prevalent in the case of highly technical apparatus when their manner of functioning gets into the foreground. Such “aids” should not be used.“ [T.Ludwig, Interpreter Handbook 2012] Keep it simple, stupidKISS

19 Great off-the-shelf solutions exist • Science on a Sphere Project [www.sos.noaa.gov] • Various hardware solutions (internal/external projectors) • Large set of preproduced scientific film data sets. • Cost intense.

20 „Science on a Halfsphere“ Project: Low-tech DIY alternative „hands on“ FOSS for the real world Models, FOSS Soft- ware stack Simple „Hardware“ Intuitive wireless Interface Interactive Spatio- Temporal Visualisation IR-LED IR- Sensor

21 Interactive spatio-temporal Interpretation Long Night of Science Event @ GFZ Potsdam 2013

22 The road ahead: Integrating long term access, reference and preservation Data Model Communication / Interpretation References, Citation Impact

23 Preserving data, models and interpretation ... Jazz Preservation Hall, New Orleans

24 Lost reference, lost data ?

25 Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for Geologic Data … and Models ! • The use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) names ensures citeability and long term availability of scientific research. • DOI increase the recognition and citation of underlying scientific data.

26 Premanent Identifiers for long term reference. Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

27 PANGAEA DOI

28 KomFor Project

29 Preserving science communication: The TIB AV-Portal • Scientific story-telling events are volatile by nature. • Recordings allow for further use, reference and analysis. • The TIB AV-Portal allows to store and search for scientific films. • This will include queries including DOI to provide credit, references to the model data and semantic cross-ontology linkage. Released today !http://www.tib-hannover.de

30 TIB AV-Portal DOI-based citation Advanced Search options •Reuse of science communication •Content preservation •Citation

31 Summary • The approach allows to use recent research data models for science communication and interpretation. • Target audiences can gain information about the latest research results, while the recognition and citation of the scientific work of the producers of the underlying scientific data sets is increased. • The application of Digital Object Indentifiers (DOI) to the data models ensures their citability and long term availability. Data Model Communication / Interpretation References, Citation Impact

32 Thanks for listening ! I’ll interpret the rocks, learn the language of flood, storm and the avalanche. I’ll acquaint myself with the glaciers and wild gardens and get as near to the heart of the world as I can. John Muir, 1871

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