Published on March 4, 2014
What is Smart City ? “The use of Smart Computing technologies to make the critical infrastructure components and services of a city––which include city administration, education, healthcare, public safety, real estate, transportation, and utilities––more intelligent, interconnected, and efficient” A city can be defined as ‘smart’ when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory action and engagement. (Caragliu et al. 2009) The most effective definition of a smart city is a community that is efficient, livable, and sustainable— and these three elements go hand-in-hand. A city “connecting the physical infrastructure, the IT infrastructure, the social infrastructure, and the business infrastructure to leverage the collective intelligence of the city” A Smart City is one that is able to link physical capital with social one, and to develop better services and infrastructures. It is able to bring together technology, information, and political vision, into a coherent Programme of urban and service improvements. Forrester, Smart City is the combined use of software systems, server infrastructure, network infrastructure, and client devices to better connect seven critical city infrastructure components and services: city administration, education, healthcare, public safety, real estate, transportation, and utilities (Smart City, 2012). A city well performing in a forward-looking way in economy, people, governance, mobility, environment, and living, built on the smart combination of endowments and activities of self-decisive, independent and aware citizens. IBM’s Smart Cities digitize and connect infrastructures (IOT) to infuse them with new intelligence (IBM, 2012).
Why Do We Need a Smart City ? population growth There will be more than 9 billion humans in the world in 2050, and about 70 percent of them will live in urban areas The challenges of climate change There will be an urgent need for smarter, more sustainable cities to make life bearable for so many people New Technologies
The Smart City Model A Smart City is a city well performing in 6 characteristics Smart Economy (Competitiveness) • Different source of Money • Food Hub • Flexibility and Labor Market • Manufacturing distribution • Improving the environment for trade, tourism and investment • Power Grid Smart Environment (Natural Resources) • Reduce CO2 • Paperless in Governments • Green and energy Efficient Houses • More Trees in cities • Clean Energy • Unified Communication Smart People Smart Government (Social and Human Capital) (Participation) • Level of qualification • Open Mindedness • Awareness of Smart City • Flexibility • Relaxed Economy • Participation in public life • Open Data • Connected together • Employee Level of Qualification • Paperless Environment • E-Services • Employees Attitude Smart Living Smart Mobility (Participation) (Transportation) • Level of qualification • Smart Home • Smart Education and Health • Smart Applications • Different types of transportation • Smart Roads • Smart Applications • Car Pooling
The Smart City Challenges Implementation Governance, Policy, Rules and Regulations Privacy, Security and Trust Governments Connections and Open Data Citizen Engagement and Attitude Lock of Funding in Some Cities More Money For Vendors and Less money For my Kids Unstable Politically
Question Can information and technology improve the quality of life in cities?
Smart IT Custom Driven Store Once, Efficient Compliance Multiple Organizations Use
Smart IT Custom Driven Integration Store Once, With Efficient Compliance Multiple Outside Organization Use World
Smart City Development Framework 1. Governance 2. Vision and Roadmap 3. Identification of city priorities 4. Bringing in the right technology 5.Integration 6. Innovation and Simulation Lab 7. Driving Collaboration 8. Awareness and Training
Countries Economically Bahrain Politically Toward Smart Egypt KSA Qatar Syria Kuwait UAE Oman Iran Lebanon Yemen Algeria Tunis Jordan Sudan Morocco Palestine Iraq
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