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Teaching Ethical Decision-Making to Healthcare Interpreters

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Information about Teaching Ethical Decision-Making to Healthcare Interpreters

Published on October 9, 2013

Author: NCIHC

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Ethics are at the core of any professional practice. Healthcare interpreting requires interpreters to respond to a wide array of difficult situations in an ethical manner. Trainers of Healthcare Interpreters must provide their students with both an understanding of interpreter ethics and practice in applying them. During this 90-minute webinar for interpreter trainers, veteran trainer Cindy Roat shared three different frameworks for introducing and practicing interpreter ethics; frameworks that can be implemented in an hour, a day or a semester. Specific problems in teaching ethical decision-making were discussed. http://www.ncihc.org/trainerswebinars
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NATIONALCOUNCILONINTERPRETINGINHEALTHCARE WWW.NCIHC.ORG Guest Speaker: Cynthia E. Roat, MPH Webinar Workgroup Hosts: Erin Rosales & Rachel Herring Teaching Ethical Decision-Making to Healthcare Interpreters www.ncihc.org/home-for-trainers March 22, 2013

NATIONALCOUNCILONINTERPRETINGINHEALTHCARE You can access the recording of the live webinar presentation at www.ncihc.org/trainerswebinars Home for Trainers Interpreter Trainers Webinars Workgroup is an initiative of the Standards and Training Committee http://www.ncihc.org/trainerswebinars

NATIONALCOUNCILONINTERPRETINGINHEALTHCARE Home for Trainers Interpreter Trainers Webinars Workgroup An initiative of the Standards and Training Committee www.ncihc.org/home-for-trainers Home for Trainers an initiative of the NCIHC Standards and Training Committee National Standards for Healthcare Interpreter Training Programs

• Mentoring Program • Support for Trainers of Interpreters in Languages of Limited Diffusion • Webinar Series Home for Trainers an initiative of the NCIHC Standards and Training Committee Home for Trainers Interpreter Trainers Webinars Workgroup An initiative of the Standards and Training Committee www.ncihc.org/home-for-trainers

NATIONALCOUNCILONINTERPRETINGINHEALTHCARE Welcome! Guest Speaker: Cynthia E. Roat, MPH “… one of the nation’s premier authorities on language access in health care.”

Teaching Ethical Decision-Making to Healthcare Interpreters Cynthia E. Roat, MPH for the NCIHC Home for Trainers March 2013

Goals for this workshop  Clarify what ethics are and why they are important to interpreters.  Review the National Code of Ethics for Healthcare Interpreters  Share some techniques for teaching ethical decision-making in short, medium, or longer courses. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 7

What are “ethics?” A principle of right or good conduct. - The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language The principles of conduct governing an individual or a group. - Merriam-Webster.com 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 8

Ethics reflect values  Beneficence  Fidelity  Respect for the importance of culture and cultural differences 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 9

How to use ethics: an evolution  To begin, a list of rules to be followed  As we grow, a guide to decision-making 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 10

Rules vs. guidelines Ethics as rules  Reflects a view of interpreting as a technical profession.  Focuses on learning the rules.  Less useful to practicing interpreters, but a necessary starting point? Ethics as guidelines  Reflects a view of interpreting as a practice profession.  Focuses on learning the principles behind the rules and how to apply them.  More useful to practicing interpreters, but takes time to develop professional judgment. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 11

Example: Confidentiality  What is the rule? “Interpreters treats as confidential, within the treating team, all information learned in the performance of their professional duties, while observing relevant requirements regarding disclosure.”  What is the purpose of the rule?  How can the rule be applied? 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 12

Ethical Dilemmas  These occur when two canons of the Code of Ethics seem to guide the interpreter to two mutually exclusive courses of action. Example: Provider speaks and asks the interpreter not to interpret. Accuracy or respect?  Or when following a canon of the Code seems to violate one of the values behind the Code. Example: Interpreter knows critical health information not shared with the provider. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 13

Resolving ethical dilemmas  Requires an understanding of the principle behind the canon.  There are often multiple possible resolutions. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 14

Teaching ethical decision-making How you teach depends on:  Your group: how experienced are they?  Your agenda: how much time do you have? 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 15

Teaching ethical decision-making, one hour 1. Introduce the concept of ethics. 2. Read the canons of the National Code of Ethics. 3. Apply to straightforward sample situations. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 16

Teaching ethical decision-making, four hours 1. Introduce the concept of ethics. 2. Break into small groups and have each group a) read a canon of the National Code of Ethics, b) explain the canon in their own words, and c) provide an example of how the canon could be applied. 3. Debrief in a large group. 4. Provide escalating ethical dilemmas. Which canon(s) apply? Provide clear answers. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 17

Teaching ethical decision-making, eight hours 1. Introduce the concept of ethics. 2. Break into small groups and have each group: a) read a canon of the National Code of Ethics, b) decide what the principle is underlying this canon; what it is trying to accomplish; what its purpose is, and c) provide an example of how the canon could be applied. 3. Debrief in a large group. 4. Provide escalating ethical dilemmas. Which canon(s) apply? Brainstorm options. Analyze consequences. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 18

Brainstorm options. Analyze consequences. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 19 From Robyn Dean, M.A., C.I./C.T., University of Rochester, Beyond “It Depends…”: The Practice Profession Shift in Interpreting, 2010. Intervened appropriately Did not intervene, but should have Intervened, but should not have

Brainstorm and analysis  What could you do?  What ELSE could you do? And what else?  What are reasonable positive outcomes of each option? How likely are they?  What are the reasonable negative outcomes of each option? How likely are they? 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 20

Let’s look at an example 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 21

Boundaries 1. The canon: The interpreter maintains the boundaries of the professional role, refraining from personal involvement. 2. What is the principle underlying this canon? What is it trying to accomplish? 3. Example 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 22

Boundaries, cont’d 4. Dilemmas Provide escalating ethical dilemmas. Which canon(s) apply? Brainstorm options. Analyze consequences. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 23

Summary  Ethics guide professional behavior.  A study of the Code of Ethics is most useful if understanding of the canons is followed by: 1. discussion of underlying principles, 2. concrete examples 3. consideration of dilemmas focusing on options and analysis of likely outcomes. 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 24

Discussion and Questions Cynthia E. Roat, MPH cindy.roat@alumni.williams.edu 206-546-1194 3/22/2013 Cynthia E. Roat, MPH 25

NATIONALCOUNCILONINTERPRETINGINHEALTHCARE - Future events - Session Evaluation - Follow up via email TrainersWebinars@ncihc.org Home for Trainers Interpreter Trainers Webinars Workgroup An initiative of the Standards and Training Committee www.ncihc.org/home-for-trainers Announcements

NATIONALCOUNCILONINTERPRETINGINHEALTHCARE WWW.NCIHC.ORG Guest Speaker: Cynthia E. Roat, MPH Teaching Ethical Decision-Making to Healthcare Interpreters www.ncihc.org/home-for-trainers Thank you! Home for Trainers Interpreter Trainers Webinars Workgroup An initiative of the Standards and Training Committee March 22, 2013

NATIONALCOUNCILONINTERPRETINGINHEALTHCARE You can access the recording of the live webinar presentation at www.ncihc.org/trainerswebinars Home for Trainers Interpreter Trainers Webinars Workgroup is an initiative of the Standards and Training Committee http://www.ncihc.org/trainerswebinars

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