talking freight

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Information about talking freight
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Published on November 7, 2007

Author: Flemel

Source: authorstream.com

June 16, 2004 FHWA Talking Freight Seminar:  June 16, 2004 FHWA Talking Freight Seminar Programming for Trade Growth Louis Rubenstein Port Traffic Engineer r8 Outline:  Outline Growth Trends Container Shipping Basics Bigger Ships, Terminals Landside Impact Constraints Expansion Programs Environment Reducing Truck Impacts Slide4:  Why has West Coast Trade Increased? Overall Growth in World Trade Income growth—as reflected in GDP growth Decline in tariff barriers—1974=7.1%; current=1.9% Decline in transportation cost—large ships; double tracks West Coast Competitive Advantages Increase in Asia trades--% U.S. in 1970=8%; 2002=40% Post Panamax container vessels—ships>106 ft beam Intermodal rail system and connecting freeways Good weather Large local market Labor supply Socal Ports May Lose Market Share:  Socal Ports May Lose Market Share Showing a steady increase since the mid-1990’s, the Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles lost 1.5% market share in the first half of 2003 Increased capacity at PNW ports Increased capacity on all-water routes West coast currently 48% US total sea trade Growing freeway congestion National Demand:  National Demand One half of all LB cargo moves east of Rockies. Chicago: 3- 4 days. NY: 5-6 days. 2. Container Shipping Basics:  2. Container Shipping Basics Competition Service and market share higher priority than cost Sample fee – ship 20 ft container from Shanghai to Oakland $1900, to Chicago $2500 - Oakland to Shanghai $700 Volume measured in TEUs, twenty foot equivalent units, 80% are FEUs (40 ft+) Weekly service – N Asia loading 4 days, sea journey 2x6500 miles (27 days) – N America loading 4 days 6000 TEU ship capital cost $120 m or $20,000/TEU Operating cost 4000 TEU ship - $15/TEU/Day 12,000 TEU ship - $12/TEU/Day Terminal Land Throughput Factors: dwell time, value, stack height, empties, crane rates, # handlings, # sorts, random pick up, inspection:  Terminal Land Throughput Factors: dwell time, value, stack height, empties, crane rates, # handlings, # sorts, random pick up, inspection Container Yard $/TEU 8500 TEU/acre/yr new stacking system 7000 TEU/acre/yr grounded 3800 TEU/acre/yr wheeled On Dock Rail Yard 10 container lifts/track foot year 1 acre of rail yard/1000 feet track Slide9:    www.rutner.com/LOGT4232/slides/LOGT%204232%20Ch06%20-%20Liners.pdf 3. Bigger Ships Bigger Terminals:  3. Bigger Ships Bigger Terminals 10,000 TEU ship weekly service, 85% discharge 442,000 x 2 = 884,000 TEU/yr If wheeled: 3800 TEU/acre/yr = 230 acres If grounded: 7000 TEU/acre/yr = 125 acres If 25% by rail 221,000/10 = 22,100 track feet rail yard = 22 acres 20% TEU, 80% FEU – 491,000 containers/yr 1.3 truck trips/container, 5.3 days/wk – 2300 truck trips/ day (0% rail) Megaships:  Megaships 8000 TEU Ships:  8000 TEU Ships Limits to Ship Size:  Limits to Ship Size Demand Suez Canal 12,000 TEU L: 1312’, W: 185’, D:56’, AD: 185’ Panama Canal Current: 4,400 TEU W:106’ Future: 12,000 TEU Malacca Strait 18,000 TEU Port Infrastructure Bridge heights, channel depths & widths 4. Landside Impact - POLA/LB Inland Flows:  4. Landside Impact - POLA/LB Inland Flows Slide15:  POLB/POLA Daily Trips 230,235 PCEs 98,490 PCEs (Passenger-car-equivalents) 5. Constraints -Major California / Federal Laws:  5. Constraints -Major California / Federal Laws CA: Existing ports encouraged to modernize & construct within existing boundaries No new ports allowed on coastline Limits physical boundaries of Port Tidelands Trust Truck appointments EIR Federal: Wetlands, EIS Marine Transportation Security Act Community Relations:  Community Relations Some activists are calling for a halt to Port growth If we don’t grow responsibly, public opposition could grow Infrastructure improvements depend on community support All stakeholders in the supply chain must become more aware of community concerns 6. Expansion Programs Megaterminals:  6. Expansion Programs Megaterminals Mega-Container Terminal Program:  Mega-Container Terminal Program 5 Terminals Each 300+ Acres Piers T, A, E, G, J Pier S (217 Acres) North Harbor Planning Study Moving Toyota to North Harbor & Expanding Pier A – current Hanjin location Megaterminal Program Cost:  Megaterminal Program Cost Total Cost $1.9 Billion – in process of revising upward Does Not Include: Pier W – big fill North Harbor Redevelopment Further Landfill:  Further Landfill TONNAGE SHARE OF U.S. CONTAINER TRADE—National Dredging Needs Study of U.S. Ports and Harbors: Update 2000 (USACE & DRI WEFA) :  TONNAGE SHARE OF U.S. CONTAINER TRADE—National Dredging Needs Study of U.S. Ports and Harbors: Update 2000 (USACE & DRI WEFA) Slide23:  Est. cost: $711M (escalated$) Part of I 710 Freeway expansion, 20 miles $4+ billion Gerald Desmond Bridge Replacement H-Tower with Straight Legs:  H-Tower with Straight Legs Slide25:  Railyard capacity model Intermodal mode split analysis Rail simulation model; rail LOS Port of Long Beach Rail Master Planning Study Baseline Rail Yard Projects (2020) Mega-Terminal Program:  Baseline Rail Yard Projects (2020) Mega-Terminal Program Total Cost: $293 million 7. Environment:  7. Environment Port equipment alternative fuels study Yard equipment diesel equipment reduction program Yard equipment alternative fuels Slow ship lanes Cold ironing Short line RR diesel emission reduction Coke terminal dust control Slide28:  Marine & Locomotive Contribution to Statewide NOx Emissions 2000 2020 2010 3% 6% 9% 7% 5% 5% Slide29:  Marine & Locomotive Contribution to Statewide Diesel PM Emissions 2000 2020 2010 10% 6% 8% 15% 26% 10% 8. Reducing Truck Impacts:  8. Reducing Truck Impacts Extended gate hours 15% night  40% Virtual empty container yard (-5%) Virtual weigh in motion Electronic seals, RFID tags – improved terminal/trucker communications Additional on dock, near dock rail (-10% ) Share train yard Shuttle trains - east and west bound, local, intermodal SR47 (Alameda St) Truck Expressway (-7%) I710, bridge improvements Slide31:  Port Container Traffic - Rail vs. Truck Agile Port:  Agile Port “Block Swap” Full-length trains are built at the on-dock yard, but they consist of blocks of cars (10 containers/car) each sorted for specific eastern destinations. At the inland facility, these blocks are then sorted with blocks from other trains to create destination-specific unit trains. “No Sort” Shuttle Trains Unsorted full-length trains are built at the marine terminal. All sorting of containers into destination-specific unit trains is done at the inland facility. Requires the container to be offloaded from the inland facility to other destination specific trains.

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