Tajikistan wildlife

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Information about Tajikistan wildlife
Education

Published on January 15, 2008

Author: Reinardo

Source: authorstream.com

The status of wildlife of Tajikistan :  The status of wildlife of Tajikistan Reported by Tajik Team Dushanbe 2006 General Information:  General Information Tajikistan is inland country 93% of territory occupied by mountain Population 7.0 millions 70% of population live in rural location Forest is 3% of territory Tajikistan has luxuriant fauna on rather small territory (14,3 mil he) A total amount of wildlife achieves 8.5 thousand species. Variety of wildlife and wildlife resources:  Variety of wildlife and wildlife resources 84 species of mammal; 365 species of birds; 49 species of reptiles; 7-8 thousand species of insects. In low lands the hot deserts submitted -the grey monitor lizard, a cobra, an arrow-snake, a beauty bustard, a spotty cat, a leopard, the fox, and etc. Variety of wildlife and wildlife resources:  Variety of wildlife and wildlife resources The fauna in tugai forest are submitted tugai deer, a cane cat, the jackal, Vipera lebetina, the golden pheasant, swans, a striped hyena, etc; The low mountain zone (500-1000 m) -a steppe turtle, steppe agama, a porcupine, a hare - tolai, a gopher, a fox, etc. The middle mountain zone (1000-2500 m)-a bear, the fox, the wolf, snow leopard, Siberian ibex, a mouflon, Capra falconeri, etc. Variety of wildlife and wildlife resources:  Variety of wildlife and wildlife resources The fauna of the Alpine zone are Himalaya Tetraogallos, a snow griffon-vulture, Siberian ibex, a snow leopard, etc. The fauna of a high-mountainous of the Pamirs differs greatly from the fauna of all mountain ranges of Central Asia. Here submitted a Tibetan Tetraogallos, Tibetan Syrrhaptes, Himalayan Mergus, an Indian goose, a red duck, brown-headed seagull, a caress, an ermine, Mustela altaica, a fox, a lynx, a wolf, a bear, a snow leopard, Siberian ibex , Marko Polo sheep. Nature-protected territories of Tajikistan:  Nature-protected territories of Tajikistan Nature-protected territories of Tajikistan:  Nature-protected territories of Tajikistan Population density of main hunting species in different census areas of the Pamirs (2002) :  Population density of main hunting species in different census areas of the Pamirs (2002) Current situation in Tajikistan:  Current situation in Tajikistan Amateur and professional hunting on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan is allowed in specified period (depending on species). Amateur hunters are allowed to hunt wild animals and birds under licenses. Actions which can lead to death, reduction of numbers of violation of the habitat of the rare and endangered animal species are prohibited. Wildlife policy (main focus areas):  Wildlife policy (main focus areas) The government in the field of protection and use of fauna is carried out by the Government Specially authorized state body on protection and regulation of use of fauna is State Committee of Environmental Protection and Forestry R Objects of fauna are in charge of local Majlisis of People's Deputies. Terms of realization of separate kinds of using objects of fauna are established by the legislation. Possession and using objects of fauna in the Republics of Tajikistans is paid. The order and specifications of a payment and using objects of fauna are established by the Government WILDLIFE INSTITUTIONS :  WILDLIFE INSTITUTIONS Supervising - includes the ministries and committees which supervise performance existing legislatively - statutory acts Introducing - Agency of Forestry and Hunting and Oblast and rayon forestry production associations Implementing - timber enterprises, inspections, nursery forest farms, forest hunting farms Wildlife Education, research and NGO :  Wildlife Education, research and NGO Tajik Agrarian University Tajik National State University Tajik scientific research forestry institute Institute of zoology and parasitology Pamir biological institute Republican society of hunters and fishers Fund “Kuhiston”, “The Man and the Nature”, “Association of protection of wild animals”. WILDLIFE LEGISLATION:  WILDLIFE LEGISLATION The Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “About protection and use of fauna” The Law on nature protection The Forestry Code THE MAIN PROBLEMS :  THE MAIN PROBLEMS Development of new and perfection of existing methods and ways of protection of rare and disappearing species of animals, Mitigations of anthropogenous pressing on all complex of the animal population of the republic Creation of the scientific-methodical center; Creation of new nature protection systems; Wide propagation among local population about value natural protected territories and their uniqueness; Preparation of the documentation on creation of new SPT; Development of new specifications on a mode of SPT; Inventory of flora and fauna in SPT; For improving this situation it is important to carry out a regular monitoring POLITICY OPTIONS:  POLITICY OPTIONS All every state specially prtected territories is financed on behalf of the state budget The state increases the area of specially protected territories The state since 1997 has been paying much attention to restoration of the preserve and to organization of new specially protected territories PROPOSED TOPICS TO BE CONSIDERED WITHIN FAO TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROGRAMME :  PROPOSED TOPICS TO BE CONSIDERED WITHIN FAO TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROGRAMME Development of National Strategy and Action Plan on animal world protection and their rational use Zoning of the territory of Tajik National Park Establishing of Shahristan reserve (juniper) Establishing of pistachio preserve in Panj district Allocation of buffer zone of reserves Improvement of legislation and regulation in the sphere of animal world and hunting Providing Technical assistance to specially protected territories Establishing of a center training and re-training of specialists PROPOSED TOPICS TO BE CONSIDERED WITHIN FAO TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROGRAMME :  PROPOSED TOPICS TO BE CONSIDERED WITHIN FAO TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROGRAMME Establishing of the nursery for Bukhara Deer Creation of the three nurseries for breeding and expansion of the three subspecies of Pheasant Initiation of international reserve (Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China and Pakistan) Territorial expansion of Dashtijum reserve by joining it with neighboring Dashtijum sanctuary. It allows stabilizing the situation of the Markhor population To grant the status of reserve for habitats area of Bustard Thank you:  Thank you

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