Published on February 18, 2014
atMusallah at-Taqwa Saturday December 19, 2009 Islamic College of Canberra Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles Class Notes – Term 4, Week 7 : . : : . . And His saying : Say: O People of the book, come to a word of justice between us, that we will single Allah out with all worship and will not worship anything besides Him, and will disassociate ourselves from everything that is worshipped besides Him. Nor will we take one another as lords besides Allah by obeying one another in that which involves disobedience to Allah. So if they turn away, then say: Bear witness that we are Muslims, submitting to Allah and making our worship purely and sincerely for Him, and not worshipping anything else besides Him [Aal-Imran; 3:64]. The proof for the testification that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, is the saying of Allah (swt): There has indeed come to you Allah’s Messenger from amongst yourselves and known to you. It grieves him that you should suffer. He is eager and anxious for the guidance of those of you who are astray , and that they should repent and return to the truth, and he is full of compassion and mercy for the believers [at-Tawbah; 9:128]. The meaning of the testification that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah is: to obey him in whatever he commands, to believe and testify to the truth of everything he informs of; to avoid whatever he forbade and prohibited, and that you worship Allah only with that which he prescribed. The Meaning of the Shahadah (continued) • Last week we went through the first verse used by the Sheikh (ra) to clarify and explain the meaning of the shahadah. It was the statement of Ibrahim (as) to his father and to his people that he disassociated from that which they worshipped from idols, and only worshipped the One who created Him (i.e. Allah). From that verse in Surat Az-Zukhruf we derived the two components of the shahadah which were denial and affirmation. • This verse was revealed to the Prophet (saw) for his debate with the People of the Book. Here Allah (swt) order the Prophet (saw) to tell the Jews and the Christians to agree to common terms, upon a matter which we do not disagree upon, and the recognition that we are both obliged to follow this matter. • This word or this matter is that ‘we will not worship except Allah (swt), we will not associate anything in worship along with Him, and will not take one another as lords besides Allah’. ‘We will not worship anything
besides Allah’ is the meaning of the shahadah, and the meaning of ‘come to a word of justice between us’ is that we should be the same in that (i.e. the common ground between us). • ‘Nor will we take each other as Lords besides Allah’ means that none of us will take as Lords others besides Allah (swt), and will not revere one another as we revere Allah (swt), not worship one another as we worship Allah (swt), not making judgment and jurisdiction for than Him. • If they then choose to turn away from the call to single out Allah (swt) in worship, then state to them and call them to witness that you are Muslims, submitting to Allah (swt), and we are free from that which they are upon with regard to their obstinate refusal and rejection of this great shahadah. • This verse is evidence to the necessity of making clear to the disbelievers until they understand and acknowledge that what they are upon is not the correct religion, and that Islam is the opposite of their way way and vice-versa! Second Part of the Shahadah • We mentioned previously that the shahadah is made up of two complimentary parts. The second of these • Whoever singles out Allah (swt) with all worship, but does not believe in the Messenger of Allah (swt), then parts is the testification that ‘Muhammad is the messenger of Allah’. they are outright disbelievers. Thus, it is obligatory to believe in both Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saw). Allah (swt) says in this regard: ßÏΒ÷σçΡ šχθä9θà)tƒuρ Ï&Î#ß™â‘uρ «!$# t÷t/ (#θè%Ìhx ãƒ βr& šχρß‰ƒÌãƒuρ Ï&Î#ß™â‘uρ «!$$Î/ tβρãà õ3tƒ šÏ%©!$# ¨βÎ) 4 $y)ym tβρãÏ ≈s3ø9$# ãΝèδ y7Í×≈s9'ρé& ∩⊇∈⊃∪ ¸ξ‹Î6y™ y7Ï9≡sŒ t÷t/ (#ρä‹Ï‚−Gtƒ βr& tβρß‰ƒÌãƒuρ <Ù÷èt7Î/ ãà ò6tΡuρ <Ù÷èt7Î/ ∩⊇∈⊇∪ $YΨŠÎγ•Β $/#x‹tã tÌÏ ≈s3ù=Ï9 $tΡô‰tFôãr&uρ Verily, those who disbelieve In Allah and his Messengers and wish to make distinction between Allah and his Messengers (by believing In Allah and disbelieving in His Messengers) saying, "We believe in some but reject others," and wish to adopt a way In between. They are in truth disbelievers, and we have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating torment. [An-Nisaa; 4:150-151] • Whoever believes in Allah (swt) and believes in all the Messengers but rejects the Prophet (saw), they have disbelieved. Allah (swt) made belief in all the Messengers conditional to belief in Allah (swt). • We mentioned previously that Allah (swt) only sent Nuh (as) to his people, however when they rejected him, Allah (swt) described them as having rejected all the Messengers. Allah (swt) says: ∩⊇⊃∈∪ tÎ=y™ößϑø9$# ?yθçΡ ãΠöθs% ôMt/¤‹x. The people of Nuh rejected the Messengers. [Ash-Shu’araa; 26:105] • Thus whoever rejects one Messenger has rejected all the Messengers. Allah (swt) says: Ÿω Ï&Î#ß™â‘uρ ÏµÎ7çFä.uρ ÏµÏFs3Í×≈n=tΒuρ «!$$Î/ ztΒ#u™ <≅ä. 4 tβθãΖÏΒ÷σßϑø9$#uρ ÏµÎn/§‘ ÏΒ Ïµø‹s9Î) tΑÌ“Ρé& !$yϑÎ/ ãΑθß™§9$# ztΒ#u™ Ï&Î#ß™•‘ ÏiΒ 7‰ymr& š÷t/ ä−Ìhx çΡ
The Messenger (Muhammad) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers, each one believes in Allah, His angels, His Books, and His Messengers; they say: "We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers" - and they say, "We hear, and we obey, (we seek) your forgiveness, our Lord, and to you is the return (of all)." [Al-Baqarah; 2:285] • How then do we reconcile between verse 285 in Surat Al-Baqarah and verse 253 in the same sura? <Ù÷èt/ 4’n?tã öΝßγŸÒ÷èt/ $oΨù=Òsù ã≅ß™”9$# y7ù=Ï? Those Messengers! We preferred some to others ... [Al-Baqarah; 2:253] • The answer is that we do not differentiate between the Messengers in terms of our belief in them, however we believe that some of them have been preferred over others, as Allah (swt) and His Messenger have outlined to us. • For example in the authentic hadith in Bukhari & Muslim, that the Prophet (saw) said that he had been given preference over the other Messengers in six matters: Eloquence in speech, victory with fear spanning a month, spoils of war have been made permissible, the entire earth has been made a place of prayer, that he was sent to all of mankind and that he was the seal of all the messenger. • Allah (swt) gave preference to the Prophet (saw) amongst ‘Ulu Al-Azm’ from the Messengers and they were Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa Eisa (as) and Muhammad (saw). He was even given preference over the friend of Allah, Ibrahim (as). Thus he is the leader of the Messengers and of the ones whom Allah (swt) has purified and chosen. Evidence from Surat at-Tawbah • The Sheikh (ra) then gives evidence for the testification that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah (swt): Νà6ø‹n=tæ ëÈƒÌym óΟšGÏΨtã $tΒ Ïµø‹n=tã î“ƒÍ•tã öΝà6Å¡à Ρr& ôÏiΒ Ñ^θß™u‘ öΝà2u™!%y` ô‰s)s9 ∩⊇⊄∇∪ ÒΟŠÏm§‘ Ô∃ρâ™u‘ šÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑø9$$Î/ Verily, there has come to you a Messenger (Muhammad) from amongst yourselves (i.e. whom you know well), it grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty; he (Muhammad) is anxious over you (to be rightly guided), for the believers he is full of pity, kind, and merciful. [At-Tawbah; 9:128] • In this verse, Allah (swt) mentions His favours upon the believers in that He sent the Messenger (saw) to them, and that he was from amongst them and they know him and recognise him. He did not send him as a king so that he was unapproachable, rather he was an accessible human, whom the sahabah could turn to in the matters of their religion. • The characteristics of the Prophet (saw) as mentioned in this verse, is that he is grieved by whatever grieves the believers. He is eager and anxious that the believers should attain that which is beneficial to them and that any harm should be repelled from them. • He (saw) is compassionate and merciful towards the believers, and this characteristic is particular to the believers, since the Prophet (saw) was ordered to fight jihad against the disbelievers and hypocrites. • These attributes of the Messenger (saw) prove that he was truly the Messenger of Allah. Allah (swt) says:
$èŠÏΗsd öΝà6ö‹s9Î) «!$# ãΑθß™u‘ ’ÎoΤÎ) ÚZ$¨Ζ9$# $yγ•ƒr'≈tƒ ö≅è% Say (O Muhammad ): "O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah [Al-Araaf; 7:158] • The verses in the Quran like this one which are many. Meaning of the Second Testification • The meaning of the testification that ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’ is to affirm with the tongue and to truly believe with the heart (like the first part of the shahadah) that Muhammad ibn Abdullah alQurashee al-Hashimi is the Messenger of Allah (swt), to the jinn and mankind alike. • There cannot be any worship for Allah (swt) except by way of the revelation which Muhammad (saw) came with, as Allah (swt) says: ∩⊇∪ #ƒÉ‹tΡ šÏϑn=≈yèù=Ï9 tβθä3u‹Ï9 ÍνÏ‰ö6tã 4’n?tã tβ$s%öà ø9$# tΑ¨“tΡ “Ï%©!$# x8u‘$t6s? Blessed be He who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this Qur'ân) to his slave (Muhammad) that he may be a warner to the 'Alamîn (mankind and jinns). [Al-Araaf; 25:1] • This testification necessitates that a person believes whatever the Prophet (saw) informed us of (e.g. signs of the hour), that they obey him in whatever he orders, keeps away from whatever he forbade and prohibited, and they do not worship Allah (swt) except with that which he prescribes. • This testification also necessitates that a person does not believe that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) does not have any share of Lordship over the creation, nor any right to be worshipped in any way. Rather, he is a slave and worshipper, and he is a messenger who is not to be rejected or belied. • He does not possess, either for himself or for anyone else, the power to bring harm or benefit, except as Allah (swt) wills: ÷βÎ) ( î7n=tΒ ’ÎoΤÎ) öΝä3s9 ãΑθè%r& Iωuρ |=ø‹tóø9$# ãΝn=ôãr& Iωuρ «!$# ßÉ!#t“yz “Ï‰ΖÏã óΟä3s9 ãΑθè%r& Hω ≅è% ¥’n<Î) #©yrθãƒ $tΒ ωÎ) ßìÎ7¨?r& Say (O Muhammad ): "I don't tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor (that) I know the unseen; nor I tell you that I am an angel, I but follow what is revealed to me by inspiration." [Al-Ana’am; 6:50] • He is a slave who acts as he is commanded. We do not give him a status above that which Allah (swt) gave him as the Christians did with Eisa (as). • The right of the Prophet (saw) is that you give him the position and the standing which Allah (swt) gave to him. This status is that he is the slave of Allah (swt) and His messenger. Allah (swt) says: ßN÷sYò6tGó™]ω |=ø‹tóø9$# ãΝn=ôãr& àMΖä. öθs9uρ 4 ª!$# u™!$x© $tΒ ωÎ) #…ŸÑ Ÿωuρ $Yèø tΡ ©Å¤ø uΖÏ9 à7Î=øΒr& Hω ≅è% ∩⊇∇∇∪ tβθãΖÏΒ÷σãƒ 5Θöθs)Ïj9 ×Ï±o0uρ ÖƒÉ‹tΡ ωÎ) O$tΡr& ÷βÎ) 4 â™þθ¡9$# z©Í_¡¡tΒ $tΒuρ Îöy‚ø9$# zÏΒ
Say (O Muhammad ): "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills; if I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched Me; I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings to people who believe." [Al-Ana’am; 7:188] • From this magnificent verse we can derive that nothing from the creation has the right to be worshipped, not Muhammad (saw) or anything lesser than him, and that worship is only for Allah (swt) alone! Summary • In summary, the first ‘rukn’ of Islam is the testification that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah (swt) and that Muhammad (saw) is His Messenger. • This testification is not simply an utterance of the lips a person makes, like smoke which is blown away in the wind. It must be established in the heart, uttered upon the tongue and verified in action. • If a person gives the shahadah its full right in terms of belief and action, his blood, honour and wealth become sacred in this world. • If however they simply utter it upon their tongue, yet reject it in their heart and in their actions, then they have fallen into hypocrisy of belief (the greater hypocrisy). • Thus, the first ‘rukn’ of Islam if given its full right will save a person both in this world and in the hereafter. Review questions 1. What is the meaning of ‘... come to a word of justice between us ...’ in the verse in Surat Al-Imran used by the Sheilh as evidence? In your explanation mention what the word is. 2. What concept do verses 150-151 in Surat Al-Nisaa support in relation to the shahadah? 3. What are some of the attributes of the Prophet (saw) mentioned in Surat at-Tawba which prove that he was truly the Messenger of Allah (swt)? 4. What are the four things mentioned by the Sheikh which the testification that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah necessitates? 5. In your own words, explain the importance of not giving the Messenger (saw) a status above or below that which Allah (swt) gave him. Give evidence to support your answer.
1. atMusallah at-Taqwa Saturday December 19, 2009 Islamic College of Canberra Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles Class ...
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