Published on February 20, 2014
Assessment of Syncope Registrar Teaching Emergency Department Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital 01.08.2013 Mohamed Gaber Registrar in Emergency Medicine 16.06.2010 M & M Meeting
Talk outline Case Presentations with ECGs. Any question in Italics is for open audience discussion. Some discussion syncope decision rules and interesting ECGs. Feel free to interrupt with remarks and questions.
Case Presentation A 64 year old man presents to ED, brought in by wife at 20:00. Was dusting shelf before dinner time, fell back onto couch. Wife says was clammy and sweaty, patient remembers passing out. Prior to passing out, he felt palpitations. Nil chest pain, shortness of breath, bowel/bladder control issues. Currently looks well and would like to go home. PMHx – NSTEMI --- on Aspirin, β-blocker and statin. Vitals – pulse 82, BP 142/87, RR 14, SpO2 98% RA, Temp 37.4, BSL 6.2. Unremarkable chest, abdominal, neurological exam. No postural drop, UA negative, CXR normal. Bloods including Troponin normal. Would you send this patient home?
Case A ECG
Case Presentation B 36 year old lady presents to ED from her place of work at 07:20 AM. Was at the gym earlier in the morning, then rushed to work. Feeling lightheaded and flushed on bus during journey to work. Increased BMI noted, has been trying to lose weight. Started exercising recently as GP confirmed hypercholesterol on bloods. Nil other cardiac risk factors, nil contraception. PMHx – hypercholesterol, nil medications. Vitals – pulse 94, BP 110/73, RR 16, SpO2 98% RA, Temp 36.2, BSL 5.8. Unremarkable chest, abdominal, neurological exam, large BMI noted. No postural drop, UA negative, CXR normal. Bloods including Troponin normal. Would you send this patient home?
Case B ECG
Differential is wide
Don’t forget drugs
Work up algorithms
San Francisco Syncope Rule (SFSR)
Validation of the SFSR
NNT of the SFSR
OESIL Epidemiological Observatory on Syncope in Lazio No prodromal symptoms Age > 65 History of cardiac disease Abnormal ECG
ROSE Risk Stratification of Syncope in the ED
Lets put them all together
This is beautiful
Thank you and Questions
Management of syncope in general practice; Management of syncope in the emergency department; Syncope (T-LOC) management unit . About the ESC. Governance;
Prehospital management of syncope covers a wide spectrum of acute care and includes rapid assessment of airway, breathing, circulation, and neurologic status.
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Introduction. The first ESC Guidelines for the management of syncope, were published in 2001, and reviewed in 2004. 1 In March 2008, the CPG considered ...
Its role in the initial evaluation of syncope ... Clinical Efficacy Assessment Project ... Task Force for the Diagnosis and Management of Syncope; ...
Freed LA, Eagle KA, Mahjoub ZA, et al. Gender differences in presentation, management, ... Value and limitations of noninvasive assessment of syncope.
Syncope is a transient loss of consciousness caused by transient global cerebral hypoperfusion characterised by rapid onset, short duration, and spontaneous...