advertisement

swot analysias Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana

100 %
0 %
advertisement
Information about swot analysias Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana
Education
ber

Published on May 8, 2009

Author: niteshyadav12

Source: authorstream.com

advertisement

Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk ) : Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk ) SWOT ANALYSIS Swot analysis : Swot analysis Submitted to: Submitted by: Dr. D.K.Sharma Nitesh (2006AE12BIV) INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION BER (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk) is an ancient and indigenous fruit of India, China and Malaysia region. The fruits are very nutritious and are rich in vitamin C, A & B complex. The ber is one of the most common fruit trees of India and is cultivated practically all over the country. Ber fruits can be within the reach of the poor people and hence known as poor man's fruit. CLIMATE : CLIMATE The ber is a hardy fruit and grows well all over the country under varying climatic conditions and upto an elevation of 1000 meters above sea level. For its successful cultivation, it favours a hot and dry climate. The Ber crop withstands high temperature and aridity by cessation of growth, leaf fall and dormancy phase. In high humidity conditions disease and pest problems increase especially of powdery mildew which is a serious disease. Varieties : Varieties Numerous horticultural varieties of ber are grown all over India. Some of the most popular varieties are Umran, Karaka, Gola, Seb, Chhuhara, Sanaur - 2, Ilaichi and Mehrun. In Maharashtra, cv.Umran Is being grown on commercial scale. It has excellent keeping quality and transportability but flat taste. Soil : Soil Ber plant grows on a wide variety of soils ranging from shallow to deep and from gravelly and sandy to clayey. The ber develops a deep tap root system within a short period of its growth, and as such to adverse soil conditions. Ber can also withstand alkalinity and slightly waterlogged conditions. It can, in fact, withstand and often do better than most fruits on poor soils. Propagation : Propagation The Ber was commonly propagated by seeds during earlier period. But main disadvantage of this method is of heterozygosity and variability in seedling progeny. Therefore, propagation of superior varieties by patch budding is recommended. For raising a budded plantation, it is considered best to sow ber seeds in the field itself at proper distances and use the seedlings thus raised for budding in situ. For early germination of ber seeds, breaking of endocarp (hard seed coat) gives quick germination. Planting season : Planting season Monsoon season offers best choice, for raising in situ plantation in Maharashtra and arid and semi-arid parts of our country, at a spacing of 6 x 6 m. Protective irrigation during summer months will ensure the survival and good growth of the plants. Deheading these seedlings to ground level in the month of May helps to give new shoots by July. Patch budding these shoots in July helps to convert it into choice variety.  In Northern India, planting is done either in February-March or July-September at a spacing of 7-8 months. Slide 10: After the layout, pits of 60x60x60 cm are dug. About 100 g of 10 per cent carbaryl or Aldrex dust is sprinkled on the bottom sides of pits to prevent termites. Pits are filled with top soil mixed with 20 kg farmyard manure and 1 kg super phosphates. Treated seeds or bud grafts are planted in these pits at the onset of Monsoon. Harvesting and yield : Harvesting and yield In Northern India, peak period of harvesting falls between February and April. While in Maharashtra harvesting extends from November to January. The fruits are harvested in 4 or 5 pickings since all the fruits on the tree do not mature at one time. The fruit picking is done by hand using a ladder. The fruits should be harvested at proper stage of maturity. The best index of the correct picking stage is the characteristic maturity colour and softness of particular cultivar after the fruit has attained the full size. The fruit requires about 120 days to reach maturity. Post harvest handling and marketing : Post harvest handling and marketing The underripe, overripe and damaged fruits are sorted out. The remaining sound fruits are graded in two grades -large and small according to size. Fruits are packed in gunny bags, wooden boxes, cardboard boxes or nylon knot bags. The growers generally auction their crop to the contractors. The contracts are fixed either on the share of accruing incoming basis or on the basis of a lump sum to be paid in installments to the grower. Strengths : Strengths The ber tree is an economically important species. The major production areas are in the semi-arid and arid areas of India, where it is grown on a commercial. The fresh fruit has a mild sub-acid flavour and crisp firm flesh, it can also be eaten boiled, as an addition to rice or millet, stewed or baked Culinary uses include preparation of pickles,jams, candied fruits, beverages, ber butter and cheese-like pastes The leaves are used as forage for cattle/sheep/goats and are also palatable for human consumption, used as a vegetable in couscous. The timber, though very hard, can be worked to make fine grained tools, boats, charcoal and poles for house building Strengths : Strengths Roots, bark, leaves, wood, seeds and fruits are reputed to have medicinal properties. The tree is also used as a source of tannins, dyes, silk (via silkworm fodder), shellac and nectar. The ber tree can be planted in areas for soil conservation in dune lands, as a windbreak and as living fences for stock control. Ber can provide food security, due to sustained production of the fruit, irrespective of drought, as the tree is drought and saline tolerant and can grow on poor and degraded land. Income from the fruit, fruit products and pruned wood sold for fuel and fencing is therefore consistent throughout the year weakness : weakness Most of the producing countries do not grow ber trees on a commercial scale and fruits are collected from trees that grow in home gardens and in the wild. Ripe fruits, have a short storage life and should be stored in a cool dry place. Increase in yield diminishes the quality of fruit. Opportunities : Opportunities The Ber fruit, has a high sugar content and a high level of vitamins A & C, carotene, phosphorus and calcium. The leaves contain 6 % digestible crude protein, which is an excellent source of ascorbic acid and carotenoids. Ber can provide food security, due to sustained production of the fruit, irrespective of drought, as the tree is drought and saline tolerant and can grow on poor and degraded land. Income from the fruit, fruit products and pruned wood sold for fuel and fencing is therefore consistent throughout the year. The ber tree can produce an annual fruit yield in the range of 50 -250 kg/tree and is relatively easy and cheap to cultivate. Intercropping can be practiced up to 3 years of age. Ber trees begin bearing at 3-5 years. Threats : Threats Under-ripe fruits have an acrid flavour. The growers generally auction their crop to the contractors. The contracts are fixed either on the share of accruing incoming basis or on the basis of a lump sum to be paid in installments to the grower. Ber fruitfly is one of the important pests of ber, which is widely distributed throughout India. The infested fruits turn brown, rot and smell offensively. Slide 18: Thank you

Add a comment

Related presentations