Published on February 26, 2014
Sustainability What Does it Mean for Ontario Agriculture? 21 January 2014 | Alliston, Ontario | Nick Betts
Sustainability “Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” (Brundtland Report, 1987)
Economically viable Environmentally sound Socially beneficial
Social Environmental Justice Resource Stewardship Local and Global View Bearable Standard of Living Education Community Development Equal Opportunity Equitable Business Ethics Workers’ Rights Sustainable Environmental Resource Use Environmental Management Pollution Prevention Viable Energy Efficiency Subsides/Incentives for Resource Use Economic Profit Cost Savings Economic Growth R&D
Atlantic Fisheries, 1992
Palm Oil, 2006
South American Soy, 2008
Input Manufacturer Wholesale Distributor Retailer Input Supplier Aggregator Consumer Producer Processor PostConsumer Green Packaging, Recyclable, Compostable
Input Manufacturer Wholesale Distributor Retailer Input Supplier Aggregator Consumer Producer Processor PostConsumer Workers’ Rights, Fair Trade, Water Use Green Packaging, Green Packaging Recyclable, Recycling Compostable
Input Manufacturer Wholesale Distributor Retailer Input Supplier Aggregator Consumer Producer Processor PostConsumer Sustainability, CSR, Carbon Cost Workers’ Rights, Fair Trade, Water Use Green Packaging, Recyclable, Compostable
» Long-term ability to deliver product ˃ ENVIRONMENT - conservation, preservation, animal welfare » Meet demand for product ˃ SOCIAL – social justice, CSR, cooperative relationships » Business viability (bottom line) ˃ ECONOMIC - income, market access, market diversity
1. Systems thinking and understanding i. ii. Long-term goals and outcomes Value association (economic, societal, environmental) – Understanding that non-financial outcomes will affect a business’ bottom line 2. Principled definition of sustainability i. For Farm – in 20 years: 1. Will I have resources available to continue business? 2. Will my business be as profitable or more profitable? 3. Will my actions cause deleterious effects on local society?
Agricultural Practices Social Issues S o i l Water Sustainable Agriculture Surface/Ground water quality Irrigation HVAs maintained Watercourses/ Natural Vegetation Conversion of Land Maintained Legal Compliance H&S Community Relations Human Rights Certified Seed NMP IPM Agrochemicals Reduced Biodiversity G H G s
- More on-farm data collection - More expensive - Strong government financial support - 3rd party verification - Governance through large corporations (Walmart) - Little 3rd party verification - Low cost - Low robustness/market acceptance - Pioneers of sustainability (RSPO, Bonsucro, RTRS) - Widely accepted and approved - Focus on “continuous improvement”
Maintain fieldSoil forest ratio Management & Fertility Runoff/Wind Erosion Contribute to Prevention Prevents Pollution Crop Protection Environmental Conservation Appropriate Tillage Reduces Costs Social Equality Energy Efficiency On-Farm On-Farm Sustainability Sustainability Grass waterway/Buffer (Water Quality) Precision Operations Health and Safety Training Maintain Biodiversity Long-Term Thinking for Business and Succession & Environment Business Planning Economically Beneficial for Farmer Marketing Plan Social Equality
Irrigation Biodiversity G H G s Water Sustainable Agriculture Surface/Ground water quality Reduced Watercourses/ Natural Vegetation Conversion of Land Maintained Legal Compliance H&S Community Relations Human Rights Social Issues S o i l HVAs maintained Agricultural Practices Certified Seed International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC) NMP IPM Agrochemicals » Market-driven, not “Sustainability-driven” » Energy market focus, moving into food (ISCC PLUS) » Goal: Decrease environmental impact of consumer product
Calculator No certification/label value Practice-focussed Goal: Continuous Improvement Irrigation Biodiversity G H G s Water Sustainable Agriculture Surface/Ground water quality Reduced Watercourses/ Natural Vegetation Conversion of Land Maintained Legal Compliance H&S Community Relations Human Rights Social Issues S o i l HVAs maintained Agricultural Practices Certified Seed NMP Conformity through Field To Market (FTM) IPM Agrochemicals » » » »
» Promotes “credible, scalable, transparent process” » Working Groups: Watercourses/ Natural Vegetation Conversion of Land Biodiversity G H G s Water Sustainable Agriculture Surface/Ground water quality Irrigation S o i l Reduced Social Issues Maintained Legal Compliance H&S Community Relations Human Rights Certified Seed NMP IPM Agricultural Practices HVAs maintained » Goal: Continuous Improvement through FTM Agrochemicals ˃ Clothing, Footwear & Textiles ˃ Electronics ˃ Food, Beverage, & Agriculture ˃ General Merchandise ˃ Home & Personal Care ˃ Paper, Pulp, & Forestry ˃ Packaging ˃ Measurement Science ˃ Retail The Sustainability Consortium (TSC)
Irrigation Biodiversity G H G s Water Sustainable Agriculture Surface/Ground water quality Reduced Watercourses/ Natural Vegetation Conversion of Land Maintained Legal Compliance H&S Community Relations Human Rights Social Issues S o i l HVAs maintained Agricultural Practices Certified Seed Round Table on Responsible Soy (RTRS) NMP IPM Agrochemicals » Built on RSPO/Bonsucro Multi-Stakeholder model » Strong market acceptance in EU » Product and Credit Trading » Goal: sustainable production of soy
“Market Goal” of Sustainable Sourcing Advanced Operation Developed Operation Developing Operation
How does your production compare to ISEAL Principles?
International non-profit organization that codifies best practice for the design and implementation of social and environmental standards systems » Facilitates development of BMP for social and environmental standards » Market-developed » Scope includes Producers to Retailers – Multi-Stakeholder
STANDARDS Assured Food Standard (AFS) EISA Environmental Farm Plan Food Alliance Global G.A.P. LEAF Marque Protected Harvest Rainforest Alliance - SAN SCS 001 RTRS GOVERNANCE & REGULATION OF SYSTEM SYSTEMS ENHANCEMENT CRITERIA FARMING SUSTAINABILITY ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY Meets SAI Platform Principal Easy, Low Partially meets SAI Platform Principal Moderate Criteria lacking Does not meet SAI Platform Principal COSTS TO FARMER Does not apply INTEGRATION INTO ONTARIO SYSTEM CURRENTLY UN-RECORDED REPORTING REQUIREMNETS EASE OF USE AIR CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION INTEGRATED WASTE AND CROP BY-PRODUCT MANAGEMENT WATER CONSERVATION SOIL CONSERVATION STRENGTHENING LOCAL ECONOMY TRAINING LABOUR CONDITIONS DIVERSIFICATION RELATION TO MARKET FINANCIAL STRUCTURE SAFETY, QUALITY AND TRANSPARENCY ACCESS TO INFORMATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES SUSTAINABILITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INTEGRATED CROP MANAGEEMNT PLANTING MATERIAL SITE SELECTION AND MANAGEMENT STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT CAPACITY BUILDING AND TRAINING CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS LOGOS AND CLAIMS ACCREDITATION CONFLICT OF INTEREST AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION GOOD GOVERNANCE MULTI-STAKEHOLDER PROCESS Criteria meets rigorous detail Criteria has some detail but lacking public info Difficult, High Unavailable ONTARIO CONTEXT
Plan - Data/metrics available - Goals set Act - Do Evaluate process - Note changes - Implement plan - Assess new areas to improve business - Record data/metrics Check - Verification (unbiased source) Continuous Improvement
» More Retailers-Farmer relationships » Unification of corporate strategies » Strong focus on 3rd-party verification » Likely little/no premium, but, costs likely absorbed by processor Forecast
Nick Betts, P.Ag. | Market Development, Sustainability Grain Farmers of Ontario email@example.com | @SustainingAg Sustainability
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