Survey of Streamside Landowners in the Hudson Valley

50 %
50 %
Information about Survey of Streamside Landowners in the Hudson Valley
Environment

Published on June 24, 2014

Author: Shorna_Allred

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This is a May 6, 2014 presentation summarizing results from a 2013 survey of riparian landowners in the Hudson Valley region of NYS. The study was conducted by the Human Dimensions Research Unit at Cornell University.

Survey of Streamside Landowners in the Hudson Valley Results

Presentation Outline  Survey Purpose  Methods  Response  Non-bias telephone survey  Results

Purpose 1. Understand how and why streamside landowners in the Hudson Valley manage their streams and streamside land, especially in relation to flooding 2. Investigate flood risk perception of Hudson Valley streamside landowners 3. Determine the flood and stream management education needs communication preferences of streamside landowners in the Hudson Valley

Methods Target watersheds within the Hudson Valley, NY

Methods  2,000 private property addresses with at least 1 acre of streamside land (within 100 feet of a stream)  Survey and reminders sent via 4 mailings in October & November, 2013  Phone survey non-response bias data collection conducted by SRI in December 2013

Non-respondent phone survey Phone survey included a subset of items from the mail questionnaire to compare respondents and non-respondents:  Feet of streamside land owned  Primary use of streamside land  Amount of flooding experience  Perceived causes of flooding  Communication preferences  Membership in a wildlife conservation organization  County of primary residence

Survey Response  2000 surveys sent  Adjusted response rate: 29.1%  534 completed the survey  126 undeliverable  36 ineligible  19 refused  No significant difference in response rate between incentive & non incentives  50 non-respondents surveyed via phone

Results

Phone Survey of Non-respondents Results 1. Primary uses for streamside land Significantly fewer respondents of the mail survey than the phone survey use their property for woodland or monetary investment. 2. Causes of flooding Respondents of the mail survey agree significantly more than respondents of the phone survey that structures near my land and hard surfaces caused the most recent flood event 3. Communication preferences The following are significantly more effective for communicating information to respondents of the mail survey than the phone survey:  Email newsletter  Information in the mail  A website  A site visit 4. Significantly more respondents of the phone survey than the mail survey live in counties other than what we listed on the survey

Mail Survey Results

Q21. In which county is your primary residence? n=537 RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS County N Percent Ulster 122 23% Columbia 86 16% Other 58 11% Greene 56 10% Rensselaer 52 10% Dutchess 52 10% NYC 34 6% Orange 29 5% Albany 27 5% Putnam 13 2% Schoharie 8 2%

Q22. What is your race? (Check all that apply.) 85% 1% 3% White Black/African American Native-American Asian Other RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS

Q20. What is your age? n=490 0.4% 0.4% 4% 17% 34% 45% 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 54-65 65+ 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Age PercentofRespondents RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS

Q23. What is your political ideology? n=461 Political Ideology was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = very liberal and 7 = very conservative 13% 14% 13% 25% 12% 13% 10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% PercentofRespondents Political Ideology RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS

Q19. Are you a member of a conservation organization? n=480 24% 76% Yes No RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS

Q19. Are you a member of a conservation organization? Responses with frequency > 3 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Adirondack Council Appalachian Mountain Club Greenpeace Open Space Institute Renssselaer Plateau Alliance Trout unlimited Wallkill Valley Land Trust Arbor Day Foundation Hudson Highland Land Trust Rondout Esopus Land Conservancy Audubon Mohonk Preserve National Wildlife Federation Scenic Hudson Columbia Land Conservancy NY Forest Owners Association Sierra Club The Nature Conservancy Frequency of response Organization RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS

Q1. How many feet of streamside land do you own? n=527 5% 25% 69% < 100 feet 101 to 500 feet > 500 feet RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS

Q2. How long have you owned your streamside land? n=531 0.2% 15% 85% < 1 year 1 to 10 years > 10 years RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS

Q3. Please indicate the primary uses for your streamside land. (Check all that apply) Note: Percentages are of responses, not respondents, because respondents could choose more than one response. 50% 41% 20% 19% 12% 7% 6% 5% 2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% PercentofRespondents Primary uses RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS

Q3. Primary uses for your streamside land: “Other” responses. n=40 Note: Not all respondents chose this response and some respondents listed more than one “other” use. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A place to "escape" Art studio Birding Building lot Lumber Nursery Outlet for lake Pressure Mowed fields Non-water recreation Camping No present use Business Conservation Home for wildlife Hunting/fishing Frequency of response Primaryuses RESPONDENT CHARACTERISTICS

Q17. Is all or part of your property in a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)-designated 100-year floodplain? n=487 16% 32% 52% Yes No I don't know EXPERIENCE WITH FLOODING

Q18. Do you have flood insurance? n=491 5% 80% 7% Yes No I don't know EXPERIENCE WITH FLOODING

Q4. How often have you experienced flooding on your land? n=523 28% 46% 15% 11% Never Once every few years Yearly More than once per year EXPERIENCE WITH FLOODING

Q5. What kind of flood-related damage have you experienced? (Check all that apply.) Note: Percentages are of responses, not respondents, because respondents could choose more than one response. 28% 25%11% 8% 7% 7% 7% 5% Yard flooding None Flooding of structure other than primary residence Flooding in the primary residence Field/ pasutre flooded Erosion Access* Other EXPERIENCE WITH FLOODING *Access includes: driveway, road, and bridge damage

Q5. What kind of flood-related damage have you experienced: Other responses n=176 Note: Some respondents listed more than one “other” type of damage. 0 5 10 15 Beach flooding Business damage Damage to spillway Loss of residence Saturated land Pond damage Flood plain Culvert damage Loss of land Stream blocked/ water backup Flooded woodland Stream course change Below ground/basement Debris/Flotsam Crop/ agriculture damage Damage to trees or shrubs Structure or equipment damage Frequency of response Typeofdamage EXPERIENCE WITH FLOODING

Q6. How much money have you spent in the last 5 years for repairs of flood damage? n=356 51% 30% 20% None < $5000 > $5000 EXPERIENCE WITH FLOODING

Q7. To what extent do you agree or disagree that each of the following was a cause of the most recent flood event on your property? Agreement was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = disagree and 7 = agree 1.9 2.1 2.5 2.6 3.4 4.1 6.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hard surfaces Uncertain of the cause Upstream activities Structures near my land Debris in the water Ice/snow spring runoff Heavy rains Mean agreement Causeofflooding EXPERIENCE WITH FLOODING

Q7. Flood causes: “Other” described responses n=93 Note: Some respondents listed more than one “other” cause of flooding. Cause of flood N Hurricane/ Storms 19 Beaver activity 15 Sediment in stream 5 No flood 4 Stream back up 4 Activity on neighboring land 3 Bridges 3 Roads 3 Climate change 2 Creek bank erosion 2 Ice 2 Logging 2 Natural causes 2 Releases 2 Runoff 2 Lakes not lowered during storms 2 DEC Activities 1 Discharge from reservoir 1 Downstream 1 Eroded stream bank 1 Ground saturation 1 High water table 1 Highway Superintendent 1 Lowland 1 Natural ponds 1 Off-road vehicles cause erosion 1 Storm surge 1 Unauthorized dumping 1 EXPERIENCE WITH FLOODING

Q8. Please indicate to what extent you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. Agreement was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = disagree and 7 = agree 3.9 3.6 3.4 1.7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 My property is at risk for flooding Flooding impacts my property value My property will be damaged if it floods I am in physical danger if my property floods Meanagreement Risk perception FLOOD RISK PERCEPTION

Q8. Please indicate to what extent you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. Agreement was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = disagree and 7 = agree 4.4 4.2 3.2 3.0 2.4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I consider how actions on my land may affect flooding on my land I consider how actions on my land may affect flooding on my neighbors' land Culverts near my property increase my risk for flooding I do activities on my land that decrease impacts of flooding on my land A dam near my property increases my risk for flooding Mean agreement Riskperception FLOOD RISK PERCEPTION

Q9. Please indicate to what extent you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. Agreement was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = disagree and 7 = agree 3.1 3.6 3.8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Flooding is a problem on my land Flooding will be a problem in the future on my land I have flooding, but it's not currently a problem on my land Meanagreement Risk perception FLOOD RISK PERCEPTION

STREAM MANAGEMENT BEHAVIORS Qs 10&11 Stream Management Behavior Mean attitude* Done in past %(n) Likelihood in future** Remove debris from stream 5.3 30% (161) 3.9 Plant/maintain streambank vegetation 5.2 20% (107) 3.0 Participate in a watershed organization 4.1 4% (21) 2.6 Remove sediment from stream 3.4 7% (36) 1.7 Remove vegetation from streambank 3.3 18% (96) 2.3 Straighten streambank 3.1 6% (34) 1.5 Mow to edge of stream 3.0 13% (67) 2.3 Collect runoff 3.0 3% (17) 1.4 Extract water from stream 2.9 7% (36) 1.8 Dam stream 1.9 3% (15) 1.2 *Attitude was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = negative and 7 = positive **Likelihood was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = not at all likely and 7 = very likely

ATTITUDE Q10. The following are activities some people do with their streamside land. Please indicate how positive or negative you feel about each of the activities, whether you have done them or not. Attitude was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = negative and 7 = positive 1.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.4 4.1 5.2 5.3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Dam stream Extract water from stream Mow to edge of stream Collect runoff Straighten streambank Remove vegetation from streambank Remove sediment from stream Participate in a watershed organization Plant/maintain vegetation along streambank Remove debris from stream Mean attitude Activity STREAM MANAGEMENT

78% 18% 3% 1% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% None 1 2 3 Percentofrespondents Number of beneficial behaviors* performed *Beneficial behaviors: Plant/maintain vegetation along streambank; Collect runoff; Participate in a watershed organization STREAM MANAGEMENT Q10. The following are activities some people do with their streamside land. Please indicate if you have done (or have had someone do) the following on your streamside land or in the water in the past two years. SUMMATED SCALE: BENEFICIAL PAST BEHAVIORS MEAN = 0.27

59% 18% 12% 7% 2% 2% 1% 0% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% None 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Percentofrespondents Number of detrimental behaviors* performed *Detrimental behaviors: Remove debris from stream; remove vegetation from streambank; mow to edge of stream; extract water from stream; straighten streambank; dam stream; remove sediment from stream STREAM MANAGEMENT Q10. The following are activities some people do with their streamside land. Please indicate if you have done (or have had someone do) the following on your streamside land or in the water in the past two years. SUMMATED SCALE: DETRIMENTAL PAST BEHAVIORS MEAN = 0.83

FUTURE BEHAVIORAL INTENT Q11. The following are activities some people do with their streamside land. Please indicate how likely you are to do (or have someone do) each of the following on your land or in the water within the next year. Likelihood was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = not at all likely and 7 = very likely 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.8 2.3 2.3 2.6 3.0 3.9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Dam stream Collect runoff Straighten streambank Remove sediment from stream Extract water from stream Remove vegetation from streambank Mow to edge of stream Participate in a watershed organization Plant/maintain vegetation along… Remove debris from stream Mean likelihood MgmtActivity STREAM MANAGEMENT

SUMMATED SCALE – FUTURE BEHAVIORS Likelihood was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = not at all likely and 7 = very likely 2.3 2.1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Beneficial behaviors* Detrimental behaviors** MeanLikelihood Future behavioral intent *Beneficial behaviors: Plant/maintain vegetation along streambank; Collect runoff; Participate in a watershed organization **Detrimental behaviors: Remove debris from stream; remove vegetation from streambank; mow to edge of stream; remove water from stream; straighten streambank; dam stream; remove sediment from stream STREAM MANAGEMENT

Q12. Please indicate to what extent you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. Agreement was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = disagree and 7 = agree GROUP MEAN = 4.3 4.8 4.6 3.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 People in my household believe that stream management to reduce flooding is important People I know believe that using stream management to reduce flooding is important The stream management activities my neighbors conduct on their land influences what I do on mine Mean Agreement NormativeStatement SOCIETAL NORMS

Q12. Please indicate to what extent you agree or disagree with each of the following statements. Agreement was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = disagree and 7 = agree GROUP MEAN = 4.0 4.9 3.9 3.9 3.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Doing flood management activities on my property is completely up to me. I am able to get information and I need to help manage flooding on my land I am aware of the rules, laws, and regulations pertaining to how I may use my streamside land. I am aware of where to get information I need to help manage flooding on my land Mean Agreement BehavioralControlStatement BEHAVIORAL CONTROL

Q13. To what extent does each of the following reasons limit the activities you do on your streamside land to control or prevent flooding? Limitation was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = not limiting at all and 7 = very limiting 1.9 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I don’t have enough land I don’t have enough interest I don’t know why I should Lack support from fam/friends It wouldn't make a difference I don’t feel there is a need to I don’t know how The government prevents me I don’t have enough time I don’t have technical support I don’t have enough money Mean limitation Barrier BARRIERS

FACTOR ANALYSIS Limitation was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = not limiting at all and 7 = very limiting 3.6 2.6 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Lack of resources* Lack of interest** Meanlimitation Barrier *Scale includes: I don't have enough money; I don't have technical support; I don't have enough time; I don't know how; the government prevents me; I don't have enough support from fam/friends; Cronbach’s Alpha = .783 **Scale includes: I don't know why I should; I don't think it makes a difference; I don't have enough interest; I don't feel there is a need; I don't have enough land; Cronbach’s Alpha = .783 BARRIERS

Q13. Responses in “Other” category Limitation Frequency of mention Government 14 No need 8 Access 5 Age/ Health 4 Cost 3 Culvert 1 Damaged property 1 DEP is Responsible 1 Done everything I need to 1 Don't know 1 Don't know if I should 1 Don't know what is allowed 1 Don't know what to do 1 ENCON 1 Erosion undermining trees 1 Flooding is beyond my control 1 Howard Commander and LV racetrack 1 I've had it. Done. Spent thousands. Made it worse. 1 Letting our land flood helps keep Wappinger Creek from flooding worse. 1 No desire to control nature 1 No help from neighbors 1 No local support 1 No potential 1 Poison ivy 1 Risk versus cost trade-off once every 50 years--is it worth it? 1 Stream feeds reservoir 1 Too much work 1 Water is v far from res. 1 BARRIERS

Q14. How effective would each of the following be in communicating information to you regarding stream management and flooding? Effectiveness was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = not at all effective and 7 = very effective 5.2 4.6 4.5 4.2 3.1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Information in the mail Website Site visit Email newsletter Telephone Meaneffectiveness Communication type COMMUNICATION PREFERENCES

Q15. How likely would you be to participate in a program such as Trees for Tribs in the future? Likelihood was measured on a 7-point Likert-type scale where 1 = not at all likely and 7 = very likely 28% 8% 4% 12% 12% 10% 25% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Not at all likely 2 3 4 5 6 Very likely Percentofrespondents Likelihood of participation EDUCATION PREFERENCES

Q16. What kind of educational programs might you be interested in about flood management on your land? (Check all that apply.) Note: Percentages are of responses, not respondents, because respondents could choose more than one response. 31% 29%29% 32% Not interested in educational events In-person workshop Hands-on technical training in the field Online learning EDUCATION PREFERENCES

Q16. What kind of educational programs might you be interested in about flood management on your land? n = 25 Other responses 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Educate local land trust Education won't help Educational events Films Info affecting community Landscaping Money Neighbors by creek Specific to my stream profile Stewardship Mailings Phone call Technical assistance Site visit Literature Frequency of response EducationInterest EDUCATION PREFERENCES

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Needs Assessment of Hudson River Estuary Streamside ...

Needs Assessment of Hudson River Estuary Streamside Landowners: ... Wallkill Valley Land Trust ... SURVEY OF STREAMSIDE LANDOWNERS IN THE HUDSON RIVER ESTUARY
Read more

Needs Assessment of Hudson River Estuary Streamside ...

... to streamside landowners Hudson ... the Hudson River Valley that can aid landowners in ... survey instrument asked about landowner 1) ...
Read more

Cornell Survey Research Institute: Projects

NEW ENGLAND COTTONTAIL SURVEY: A SURVEY OF LANDOWNERS IN THE EASTERN HUDSON VALLEY; ... Survey Of Streamside Landowners In The Hudson Valley;
Read more

Hudson Valley | LinkedIn

View 45945 Hudson Valley posts, presentations, experts, and more. Get the professional knowledge you need on LinkedIn. LinkedIn Home What is LinkedIn?
Read more

Cornell Survey Research Institute: Projects

Survey Of Streamside Landowners In The Hudson Valley; ... Northwestern University Perceptions of University Life and Student Experiences (PULSE) Survey of ...
Read more

co11109it Phase IV cover final Survey Report d2

aspects of streamside landowner survey development and formulate this report. The geography analyzed encompasses three valleys within the Catskill Park and ...
Read more

DEP launches new initiative to help streamside landowners

DEP launches new initiative to help streamside landowners. ... will help landowners obtain permits for a ... Hudson Valley's only ...
Read more

Hudson Estuary Trees for Tribs - NYS Dept. of ...

... feet of streamside buffer through native trees ... New York's Hudson River Valley. ... landowner or community projects: the Hudson ...
Read more

Hudson Valley | Day of Archaeology

Hudson Valley. Shawangunk ... returned to the landowner with a ... Faunal Team Catalhoyuk 2012 Hengistbury Head Survey Project 2012 Spanish Mission ...
Read more