Supporting Evaluation with Unique and Persistent Identifiers

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Information about Supporting Evaluation with Unique and Persistent Identifiers

Published on February 16, 2014

Author: ORCIDSlides



Presentation at AAAS, Feb 16, 2014.

Supporting Evaluation with Unique and Persistent Identifiers for Researchers   16 February 2014 AAAS Annual Meeting, Chicago Rebecca Bryant, PhD Director of Community, ORCID @ORCID_ORG Contact Info: p. +1-301-922-9062 a. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817 USA

What is the problem? The research community has lacked the ability to link researchers and scholars with their professional activities. •  •  •  •  15 February 2014 Discoverability within and across databases Acknowledgement and citation of contributions Author, grantee, and faculty record management Research reporting and impact assessment 2

Why so difficult? Relying on author names is inadequate for identification 15 February 2014 3

Common Names “Estimates by China's Ministry of Public Security suggest that more than 1.1 billion people — around 85% of China's population — share just 129 surnames. Problems with abbreviations, ordering of given names and surnames and inconsistent journal practices heighten the confusion.” 15 February 2014 4

Multiple Names An illustrative example: Jens Åge Smærup Sørensen •  J. Å. S. Sørensen •  J. Åge S. Sørensen •  J. Åge Smærup Sørensen •  J. Aa. S. Sørensen •  J. Aage S. Sørensen •  J. Aage Smaerup Sørensen •  J. Å. S. Sorensen •  J. Åge S. Sorensen •  J. Åge Smarup Sorensen •  J. Aa. S. Sorensen •  J. Aage S. Sorensen •  J. Aage Smarup Sorensen •  J. Å. S. Soerensen •  J. Åge S. Soerensen •  J. Åge Smaerup Soerensen •  J. Aa. S. Soerensen •  J. Aage S. Soerensen •  J. Aage Smaerup Soerensen •  Jens Å. S. Sørensen •  Jens Åge S. Sørensen •  Jens Åge Smærup Sørensen •  Jens Aa. S. Sørensen •  Jens Aage S. Sørensen •  Jens Aage Smaerup Sørensen •  Jens Å. S. Sorensen •  Jens Åge S. Sorensen •  Jens Åge Smarup Sorensen •  Jens Aa. S. Sorensen •  Jens Aage S. Sorensen •  Jens Aage Smarup Sorensen •  Jens Å. S. Soerensen •  Jens Åge S. Soerensen •  Jens Åge Smærup Soerensen •  Jens Aa. S. Soerensen •  Jens Aage S. Soerensen •  Jens Aage Smaerup Soerensen And on and on it goes …

Name Changes 15 February 2014 6

Why so difficult? Contributions are also complex—more than journal articles 15 February 2014 7

Many different research outputs Funding Grants Contracts Seed Funding Coop Agreements Service Activities Peer Review Working Groups Leadership Positions Training and Mentoring Affiliations Employer Professional Associations Publications Journal Articles Books Patents Legal Briefs Algorithms Software Code idea People Team Collaborations Trainees 15 February 2014 Datasets Physical Objects Electronic Files Protein Structures Genetic Sequences Impacts Policy Legal Health Environment Education Product Development Spin Off Workforce 8

Multiple Disciplines Narcolepsy Hibernation Stanford Univ. 1988-1991 Circadian Rhythms Glutamate Receptors Stanford Univ. 1997-2006 ?? ?? Postdoc Policy AAAS 2001-2003 One person or many Calcium Sparks Neuron-Glial Signals Potassium Channels NIH 1997-2002 15 February 2014 Science Workforce Women in Science Interdisciplinary Research NAS 2003-2007 Research Policy Evaluation Metrics Infrastructure Discovery Logic 2007-2012 9

Understanding Impact We all have questions: v How can we reliably connect v Funders v Universities & research organizations v Publishers v Professional societies v Researchers researchers to their contributions? v Can we expand our view of what is considered a contribution? v How do we track research activities across careers? Databases? Organizations? v How can we measure the impact of our training program? Funding program? Department? Project? 15 February 2014 10

Identifiers for Researchers Effective evaluation requires: v Unique and persistent personidentifier that can be used throughout one’s research career, across professional activities, affiliations, nations and languages v IDs that are integrated in standard workflows, embedded in works metadata, independent of platform, and can be linked with other IDs v Data exchange standards, accessible data, and links to source docs 15 February 2014 11

ORCID v  ORCID provides a non-proprietary registry of persistent unique identifiers for researchers v  ORCID iDs are embedded in research systems and ORCID provides an API that enables the interoperable exchange of information between systems v  ORCID record data marked public by researchers is published annually v  ORCID code is open source and we support community efforts to develop tools and services v  ORCID links research information across systems through persistent identifiers 15 February 2014 12

Interoperability ORCID works collaboratively with the research community to ensure use and adoption of research information exchange standards 15 February 2014 13

ORCID is a hub Other identifiers Publishers Funders Repositories Universities Professional associations 14

120 members and growing Publishing* AIP$Publishing,$AIRITI,$Aries,$Atlas,$Cactus,$Copernicus,$EBSCO,$Elsevier,$EDP$Sciences,$ eJournal$Press,$eLife,$Epistemio,$Flooved,$Hindawi,$InfraFM$Academic$Publishing,$Jnl$Bone$ and$Joint$Surgery,$Karger,$Landes$Bioscience,$National$Academy$of$Sciences,$Nature,$ Oxford$University$Press,$Peerage$of$Science,$PLOS,$Rockefeller$University$Press,$RNAi,$ ScienceOpen,$Springer,$Taylor$&$Francis,$Wiley,$Wolters$Kluwer$ Associations* American$Astronomical$Soc,$American$Chemical$Soc,$ACSESS,$AAAS,$American$Geophysical$ Union,$American$Mathematical$Soc,$American$Psychological$Assn,$American$Physical$Soc,$ American$Soc$Microbiology,$American$Soc$Civil$Engineers,$Assn$Computing$Machinery,$ Electrochemical$Society,$IEEE,$IOP,$Modern$Language$Assn,$OSA,$Royal$Soc$Chemistry,$Soc$ Neuroscience$ Funders* Autism$Speaks,$US$Department$of$Energy,$US$Food$and$Drug$Administration,$Fundação$ para$a$Ciência$e$a$Tecnologia,$Japan$Science$and$Technology$Agency,$Qatar$National$ Research$Foundation,$US$National$Institutes$of$Health,$UK$National$Institute$of$Health$ Research,$Wellcome$Trust$ Universities* Boston$Univ,$CalTech,$Cambridge$Univ,$Chalmers$Univ$Technology,$Charles$Darwin$Univ,$ and*Research* Chinese$Academy$of$Sciences$Library,$CERN,$Cornell$Univ,$EMBL$(EBI),$FHCRC,$Glasgow$ Organizations* Univ,$Harvard$Univ,$IFPRI,$KACST,$KISTI,$Consorcio$Madroño,$Forschungszentrum$Jülich,$ KTH$Royal$Inst$Tech,$$MIT,$MSKCC,$National$Institute$of$Informatics,$National$Taiwan$Univ$ College$of$Medicine,$National$Taiwan$Normal$Univ,$NYU$Langone$Medical$Center,$Oxford$ University,$Penn$State,$Purdue$Univ,$Riga$Technical$Univ,$SUNYFStonybrook,$Texas$A&M$ Univ,$Univ$Bern,$Univ.$Cadiz,$Univ$Carlos$III$de$Madrid,$Univ$Oviedo,$Univ$Zaragoza,$Univ$ College$London,$Univ$Colorado,$Univ$Hong$Kong,$Univ$Kansas,$Univ$Manchester,$Univ$ Michigan,$Univ$Missouri,$Univ$Politécnica$Madrid,$Univ.$Waikato,$Univ$Washington$ Repositories* Altmetric,$Association$of$Users$of$Ukranian$Research$and$Academic$Network,$Australian$ and*Profile* National$Data$Service,$AVEDAS,$British$Library,$Copyright$Clearance$Center,$CrossRef,$ Systems* DataCite,$Dryad,$F1000$Research,$Faculty$of$1000,$figshare,$Impact$Story,$Knode,$ M2Community,$OCLC,$PubMed$Europe$(EBI),$Symplectic,$Thomson$Reuters,$Überresearch$$ ! Repositories and Profile Systems Universities and Research Orgs Publishers Associations Funders EMEA 37% Americas 50% AsiaPac 13% 15

Registrations growing steadily  500,000      450,000      400,000      350,000     ORCID has issued over 525,000 identifiers since our launch in October 2012  300,000     Member  Creator    250,000     Website    200,000     Trusted  party    150,000      100,000      50,000      -­‐         Oct   15 February 2014 Nov   Dec   Jan   Feb   Mar   Apr   May Jun   Jul   Aug   Sep   Oct   Nov   Dec   16

Broad international usage Country   USA   China   Portugal   UK   India   Spain   Italy   Brazil   Germany   Japan   Australia   France   Canada   Iran   Russia   South  Korea   Turkey   Sweden   Netherlands   Malaysia   Taiwan   Egypt   Poland   Switzerland   Mexico   Vietnam   Belgium   Saudi  Arabia   Greece   Denmark   •  36 countries >10,000 unique visitors •  84 countries >1,000 unique visitors •  Registry supports multiple character sets •  Content in Spanish, French, English, and Chinese (adding Portuguese, Korean, Japanese, and Russian in 2014) 15 February 2014 Visits   370082   230908   155445   127906   126960   104542   88814   84693   83155   75587   63133   61973   50670   44592   44061   42598   36496   33458   31583   31516   30983   27373   22350   22043   21973   16820   16011   15875   15302   13152   %   15.5%   9.7%   6.5%   5.4%   5.3%   4.4%   3.7%   3.6%   3.5%   3.2%   2.6%   2.6%   2.1%   1.9%   1.8%   1.8%   1.5%   1.4%   1.3%   1.3%   1.3%   1.1%   0.9%   0.9%   0.9%   0.7%   0.7%   0.7%   0.6%   0.6%   17

Funding policy “Greater precision and transparency of the research outputs linked to a particular funder or grant is vital to help us better understand the impact of our funding.” Liz Allen, Head of Evaluation, Wellcome Trust “Where possible, it is also recommended that contributors be uniquely identifiable, and data uniquely attributable, through identifiers which are persistent, non-proprietary, open and interoperable (e.g. through leveraging existing sustainable initiatives such as ORCID for contributor identifiers and DataCite for data identifiers).” --European Commission Grantee Guidelines grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-pilot-guide_en.pdf 18 National adoption 15 February 2014 19

Who is Integrating and How? •  •  •  •  •  Research Funders Professional Associations Publishers Universities and Research Orgs Repositories, CRIS, Metrics Sites For a list of organizations and integrations see 20

Grant applications: NIH SciENcv Import iD from ORCID record Link ScienCV record to ORCID using OAuth 15 February 2014 21

Grant applications v The US Department of Energy has integrated ORCID iDs into their E-Link and Announcement Notices. v The Australian NHMRC has integrated ORCID identifiers into their RGMS grant application system. research-tracker/2013/nhmrc-researchtracker-28-june-2013 v The Wellcome Trust has integrated ORCID iDs into its eGrants application system. 15 February 2014 22

Professional associations “AGU is implementing ORCIDs in our member records, editorial databases, and papers. Having the ability to uniquely identify scientists helps the society, editors, authors, and members in many ways, from improving efficiency to providing services and support.”   Brooks Hanson, Director of Publications, American Geophysical Union 15 February 2014 23

Publishing 15 February 2014 24

How are Universities Engaging? •  Encouraging ORCID adoption by faculty, researchers, and grad students •  Record creation •  Embedding in repositories, theses and dissertations •  Tying to university identifiers/directory information •  Incorporating in researcher information/ CRIS systems For more on university integrators see 25

“We want to use ORCIDs to simplify the life of Oxford’s researchers for working with institutional systems and publishers’ systems by re-using already available information for publication data management and reporting. The motto is: Input once – re-use often.”   Wolfram Horstmann, Associate Director, Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford 15 February 2014 26

Career Life Cycle 15 February 2014 27

Third party tools: Metrics Use your ORCID iD to obtain usage metrics for your public works 15 February 2014 28

What’s next? •  Grants & account delegation (Q1) •  Triple the registry to 1.5 million users in 2014 •  Build membership & support adoption: support national memberships, reduce barriers to using authentication, document use cases •  Support adoption: Increase international reach: more languages, ambassadors, & community partners 29

Need more information? Thank you! •  Find out more at •  More on membership at •  Learn about tools to embed ORCID iDs at http:// •  Subscribe to our blog at and follow @ORCID_Org on Twitter •  Attend an Outreach Meeting, •  May 21-22, Chicago •  November 5, Tokyo 15 February 2014 30

Supporting Evaluation with Unique and Persistent Identifiers for Researchers   16 February 2014 AAAS Annual Meeting, Chicago Rebecca Bryant, PhD Director of Community, ORCID @ORCID_ORG Contact Info: p. +1-301-922-9062 a. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817 USA

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