Published on March 17, 2014
Supply Chain Management PRESENTED BY: ANKIT DABRAL
Supply Chain Management Supply chain management is the management of network of interconnected businesses involved in the ultimate provision of goods and services required by the end customer. Supply chain management spans all movement and storage of raw materials, work-in-process inventory and finished goods from point-of-origin to point-of- consumption.
Critical Aspect: Everyone is involved Systems approach to reducing costs Integration being the key
SCM in nutshell Fundamentally, supply chain management helps a company Get the right products To the right place At the right time In the proper quantity At an acceptable cost
SCM is all about effective integration of… Right Product Right Quantity Right Quality At Right Place At Right Time At Right Value
Goals of SCM The goal of SCM is to efficiently: Forecast demand Control inventory Enhance relationships with customers, suppliers, distributors, and others Receive feedback on the status of every link in the supply chain
Components of Supply Chain Plan Source Make Deliver Return
PROCESS OF SCM Customer Service Management : determine mutually satisfying goals for organization and customers establish and maintain customer rapport induce positive feelings in the organization and the customers Procurement: Strategic plans are drawn up with suppliers to support the manufacturing flow management process and the development of new products.
Cont….. Product development and commercialization: coordinate with customer relationship management to identify customer-articulated needs; select materials and suppliers in conjunction with procurement; and develop production technology in manufacturing flow to manufacture and integrate into the best supply chain flow for the given combination of product and market Manufacturing flow management/support: This process manages activities related to planning, scheduling, and supporting manufacturing operations, such as work-in-process storage, handling, transportation, and time phasing of components, inventory at manufacturing sites, and maximum flexibility in the coordination of geographical and final assemblies postponement of physical distribution operations.
Cont…. Physical distribution: This concerns the movement of a finished product or service to customers. It links manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers Outsourcing / partnerships: This includes not just the outsourcing of the procurement of materials and components, but also the outsourcing of services that traditionally have been provided in house
Cont….. Performance Measurement: As logistics competency becomes a critical factor in creating and maintaining competitive advantage, measuring logistics performance becomes increasingly important, because the difference between profitable and unprofitable operations becomes narrower. Warehousing Management: To reduce a company's cost and expenses, warehousing management is carrying the valuable role against operations. In the case of perfect storage and office with all convenient facilities in company level, reducing manpower cost, dispatching authority with on time delivery, loading & unloading facilities with proper area, area for service station, stock management system
Goals and Objectives of SCM
Planning & Execution Functions of SCM Planning Supply chain design Collaborative demand and supply planning Execution Materials management Collaborative manufacturing Collaborative fulfillment Supply chain event management Supply chain performance management
Electronic Data Interchange One of the earliest uses of information technology for supply chain management The electronic exchange of business transaction documents between supply chain trading partners The almost complete automation of an e- commerce supply chain process Many transactions occur over the Internet, using secure virtual private networks 15
Drivers of SCM 1. Facilities 2. Inventory 3. Transportation 4. Information SCM provides metrics by which we can measure efficiency IT metrics and effectiveness IT metric These metrics are driven by the 4 drivers
Benefits of SCM Key Benefits Faster, more accurate order processing Reductions in inventory levels Quicker times to market Lower transaction and materials costs Strategic relationships with supplier
Challenges of SCM Key Challenges Lack of demand planning knowledge, tools, and guidelines Inaccurate data provided by other information systems Lack of collaboration among marketing, production, and inventory management SCM tools are immature, incomplete, and hard to implement
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