Supply Chain Hurdles

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Information about Supply Chain Hurdles
Health & Medicine

Published on November 5, 2008

Author: restaurantdotorg

Source: slideshare.net

Description

From Food Safety in the 21st Century Marketplace: Best Practices Throughout the Supply Chain, http://www.restaurant.org/events/foodsafety.

National Restaurant Association Supply Chain Hurdles 10/23/08

History Industry programs Third Party Audits Future

When did this attention start? In 1997, McDonald’s was found “culpably responsible” in the British High Court in London for cruelty to animals On December 11, 1998 McDonald’s and Temple Grandin meet with PETA to discuss animal welfare in the United States

In 1997, McDonald’s was found “culpably responsible” in the British High Court in London for cruelty to animals

On December 11, 1998 McDonald’s and Temple Grandin meet with PETA to discuss animal welfare in the United States

McDonald’s = Oct. 99 – Sept. 00 (11 months)

Burger King = Jan. 01 – June 01 (5 months)

Wendy = July 01 – Sept. 01 (2 months)

KFC = Jan. 02 - ????

PETA ( People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) Purchased stock in companies Jack in the Box Denny’s Outback Chili’s Applebee’s McDonald’s Wendy’s Burger King Krogers Super Valu Winn Dixie Safeway

Jack in the Box

Denny’s

Outback

Chili’s

Applebee’s

McDonald’s

Wendy’s

Burger King

Krogers

Super Valu

Winn Dixie

Safeway

Customer request What programs are in place to evaluate and assure proper animal handling procedures are in place and followed in the slaughter facilities?

What programs are in place to

evaluate and assure proper

animal handling procedures

are in place and followed in

the slaughter facilities?

Customers assurances Formalize animal handling Formal training programs Formal self assessments Documentation on file Training Self assessment results Corrective actions Third party outside audits

Formalize animal handling

Formal training programs

Formal self assessments

Documentation on file

Training

Self assessment results

Corrective actions

Third party outside audits

Develop an animal welfare program Satisfy the company mission statement Outline procedures and goals Follow AMI or NCC guidelines Training requirements & frequency Auditing requirements & frequency

Satisfy the company mission statement

Outline procedures and goals

Follow AMI or NCC guidelines

Training requirements & frequency

Auditing requirements & frequency

Programs and Policies Animal handling statement (mission) Non-ambulatory animals Injured or fallen stock Transporter manual Procedures for stressed and overheated animals

Animal handling statement (mission)

Non-ambulatory animals

Injured or fallen stock

Transporter manual

Procedures for stressed and overheated animals

Training Written materials and manuals Videos illustrating proper procedures Certification Compliance statement Re-certification frequency (annual)

Written materials and manuals

Videos illustrating proper procedures

Certification

Compliance statement

Re-certification frequency (annual)

Developing Internal Audits Simple to conduct Criteria measure a multitude of potential issues Frequency of internal audits Recommended weekly at random times Targets are reasonably achievable Snapshot in time (variables may influence) Scores below acceptable levels require interventions

Simple to conduct

Criteria measure a multitude of potential issues

Frequency of internal audits

Recommended weekly at random times

Targets are reasonably achievable

Snapshot in time (variables may influence)

Scores below acceptable levels require interventions

Beef/Pork Criteria Truck Unloading (Prods) Facilities (Yards) Egregious Acts of Abuse Electric Prod Usage (25/100) Slips and Falls (3 and 1/100) Vocalization (Beef 3, Pork 5/100) Stunning (Beef 5, Pork 1/100) Sensibility (0/100)

Truck Unloading (Prods)

Facilities (Yards)

Egregious Acts of Abuse

Electric Prod Usage (25/100)

Slips and Falls (3 and 1/100)

Vocalization (Beef 3, Pork 5/100)

Stunning (Beef 5, Pork 1/100)

Sensibility (0/100)

Poultry audit areas Hatchery Catching Grow out Plant

Hatchery

Catching

Grow out

Plant

Poultry Slaughter Criteria Damaged transport modules Hanging Loose birds in yards Broken/dislocated wings (50/500) Stunning (10/500) Automatic kill knife (10/500) Sensibility at scald (0/500) Egregious Acts of Abuse

Damaged transport modules

Hanging

Loose birds in yards

Broken/dislocated wings (50/500)

Stunning (10/500)

Automatic kill knife (10/500)

Sensibility at scald (0/500)

Egregious Acts of Abuse

Third Party audit Performed by independent auditor Customer themselves Professional auditing company hired by the customer or the packer

Performed by independent auditor

Customer themselves

Professional auditing company hired by the customer or the packer

PAACO (Professional Animal Auditor Certification Organization) Federation of Animal Science Societies (FASS) Am Registry of Professional Animal Scientists (ARPAS) Am Assn of Bovine Practitioners (AABP) Am Assn of Swine Veterinarians (AASV) Am Assn of Avian Pathologists (AAAP)

Federation of Animal Science Societies (FASS)

Am Registry of Professional Animal Scientists (ARPAS)

Am Assn of Bovine Practitioners (AABP)

Am Assn of Swine Veterinarians (AASV)

Am Assn of Avian Pathologists (AAAP)

PAACO – Services and Goals Quality, professional auditors Minimum standards of livestock experience and education Third-party, peer reviewed, quality audits Improved auditor performance Reduce need for multiple audit instruments & audits

Quality, professional auditors

Minimum standards of livestock experience and education

Third-party, peer reviewed, quality audits

Improved auditor performance

Reduce need for multiple audit instruments & audits

PAACO Activities Education/training auditors Meat Plant (cattle, swine, sheep) welfare Poultry (broiler, turkey, layer) welfare Dairy (oversight based on PAACO standards) Audit Certification Dairy – Validus Dairy, layers & others – American Humane Association Slaughter -- American Meat Institute Others

Education/training auditors

Meat Plant (cattle, swine, sheep) welfare

Poultry (broiler, turkey, layer) welfare

Dairy (oversight based on PAACO standards)

Audit Certification

Dairy – Validus

Dairy, layers & others – American Humane Association

Slaughter -- American Meat Institute

Others

Who Attends training? Academia Professional auditors/companies Veterinarians Foodservice Retail/grocery Packers/processors Service sectors Government

Academia

Professional auditors/companies

Veterinarians

Foodservice

Retail/grocery

Packers/processors

Service sectors

Government

Training Structure Two to Three Days Lecture “ Field Demo” Auditor protocol Testing Shadowing Certification (annual) Continuing Ed Standards of Conduct

Two to Three Days

Lecture

“ Field Demo”

Auditor protocol

Testing

Shadowing

Certification (annual)

Continuing Ed

Standards of Conduct

Future Customers will require the development of programs and audit requirements for the phases of animal production and slaughter.

Customers will require the development of programs and audit requirements for the phases of animal production and slaughter.

Future Issues Controlled Atmosphere Stunning Cage Free Eggs Gestation Stalls Feedlot management Transportation

Controlled Atmosphere Stunning

Cage Free Eggs

Gestation Stalls

Feedlot management

Transportation

THANK YOU Kellye Pfalzgraf DVM Director, Office of Animal Well-Being Tyson Foods

THANK YOU

Kellye Pfalzgraf DVM

Director, Office of Animal Well-Being

Tyson Foods

QUESTIONS

 

Humane Slaughter Act All animals are rendered insensible to pain by a single blow or gunshot or an electrical, chemical or other means that is rapid and effective, before being shackled, hoisted, thrown, cast or cut.

All animals are rendered insensible

to pain by a single blow or gunshot

or an electrical, chemical or other

means that is rapid and effective,

before being shackled, hoisted,

thrown, cast or cut.

USDA Animal welfare FSIS has 17 District Veterinary Medical Officers (one for each district in the U.S.) Conduct welfare data collection in the plants Create a set of standards for FSIS Current evaluation at plants is at the discretion of the inspector Limited training in animal welfare evaluation

FSIS has 17 District Veterinary Medical Officers (one for each district in the U.S.)

Conduct welfare data collection in the plants

Create a set of standards for FSIS

Current evaluation at plants is at the discretion of the inspector

Limited training in animal welfare evaluation

9 CFR PART 313 Humane Slaughter of Livestock Livestock pens, driveways and ramps Handling of livestock Chemical; Carbon dioxide Mechanical; captive bolt Mechanical; gunshot Electrical; stunning or slaughtering Tagging of equipment, alleyways, or pens

Livestock pens, driveways and ramps

Handling of livestock

Chemical; Carbon dioxide

Mechanical; captive bolt

Mechanical; gunshot

Electrical; stunning or slaughtering

Tagging of equipment, alleyways, or pens

Directive 6900.1 Humane handling of disabled livestock Antemortem inspection procedures Inside transport vehicle Movement of ambulatory disabled stock Movement of non-ambulatory stock Equipment and restraints Notification Documentation

Antemortem inspection procedures

Inside transport vehicle

Movement of ambulatory disabled stock

Movement of non-ambulatory stock

Equipment and restraints

Notification

Documentation

Directive 6900.2 Humane handling and Slaughter of Livestock Livestock pens, driveways and ramps Humane handling of livestock Stunning methods Ritual slaughter of livestock Enforcement and documentation District Veterinary Medical Specialists (DVMS)

Livestock pens, driveways and ramps

Humane handling of livestock

Stunning methods

Ritual slaughter of livestock

Enforcement and documentation

District Veterinary Medical Specialists (DVMS)

Notice 35-04 ( Documentation of Humane Handling Activities) Information required for: Humane-handling Activities Tracking (HAT) Data on the time FSIS spends verifying Non-compliance reports Nine categories for documentation (time & NR)

Information required for:

Humane-handling Activities Tracking (HAT)

Data on the time FSIS spends verifying

Non-compliance reports

Nine categories for documentation (time & NR)

HIKE ( Humane Interactive Knowledge Exchange) Educational and correlation tool Enhance and improve knowledge & understanding FSIS field personnel and plant management Fictional scenarios generated monthly Review FSIS requirements & their application

Educational and correlation tool

Enhance and improve knowledge & understanding

FSIS field personnel and plant management

Fictional scenarios generated monthly

Review FSIS requirements & their application

FMI/NCCR animal welfare goals Consistency across the US retail sector Implement practical and attainable guidelines based on science A measurable audit process An ongoing advisory council of third party, independent animal welfare experts Improve communications across the supply chain on animal welfare issues

Consistency across the US retail sector

Implement practical and attainable guidelines based on science

A measurable audit process

An ongoing advisory council of third party, independent animal welfare experts

Improve communications across the supply chain on animal welfare issues

Audit scoring Audits consist of a list of “Yes/No” questions Audit results are posted on secure website Customers view results and determine approval of the facility Carcasses and products may have to be segregated

Audits consist of a list of “Yes/No” questions

Audit results are posted on secure website

Customers view results and determine approval of the facility

Carcasses and products may have to be segregated

Regulation 381.65© “ Poultry shall be slaughtered in accordance with good commercial practices in a manner that will result in thorough bleeding of the carcasses and assure that breathing has stopped prior to scalding.”

“ Poultry shall be slaughtered in accordance with good commercial practices in a manner that will result in thorough bleeding of the carcasses and assure that breathing has stopped prior to scalding.”

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