SummerB2016PoliticalPartiesWeek3Lecture12PartiesandPresidencypart1

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Published on July 13, 2016

Author: AmericanPoliSciProf

Source: authorstream.com

Week #3 lecture #12 parties & the presidency part 1: Week #3 lecture #12 parties & the presidency part 1 Political parties (& elections) PROFESSOR SHASTRI Summer b 2016 Outline of political parties & the presidency #1: Outline of political parties & the presidency #1 PARt 1a) the president’s partisan roles and conflicting demands PART 1b) historical review of presidents & political parties PART 1c) 3 rd party/independent presidential candidates PART 1D) partisanship levels and the president’s place in history Part 1a) the president’s partisan roles & conflicting demands : Part 1a) the president’s partisan roles & conflicting demands Partisan roles: Partisan roles HEAD OF POLITICAL PARTY LEADER OF POLICY AGENDA/IDEOLOGICAL FACE CENTRAL FUNDRAISER FOR PARTY PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE CAMPAIGNER FOR REELECTION OR PARTY’S SUCCESSOR CANDIDATE-CENTERED-POLITICO Conflicting demands: Conflicting demands Paradoxes of the American presidency #4: We admire an “above politics,” nonpartisan, bipartisan, or “ postpartisan ” style of leadership, & yet the presidency Is perhaps the most political office in the American political system: it requires an entrepreneurial master politician. Similarly, we want presidents who can both unify us and take the bold unpopular decisions that are likely to upset us. Part 1b) historical review of presidents & political parties : Part 1b) historical review of presidents & political parties FDR & NEW DEAL POLITICS’ PARTY SYSTEM: FDR & NEW DEAL POLITICS’ PARTY SYSTEM NEW DEAL TRANSFORMED PARTY INTO A NAT’L, EXECUTIVE ORIENTED ONE FDR DOMINATED, & RELEGATED DEM CONGRESS TO SUBORDINATE STATUS BOOK DOESN’T REALLY EXPLAIN IS IDEOLOGY’S ROLE, FDR WELL LEFT OF MOST DEMOCRATS, ESPECIALLY THE LARGE SOUTHERN WING OF THE PARTY 1939 Executive reorganization act LBJ’S GREAT SOCIETY & PARTISAN POLITICS: LBJ’S GREAT SOCIETY & PARTISAN POLITICS PUSHED FOR THE GREAT SOCIETY; TRANSCEND POLITICS ATTACKED THE DNC & CURBING ITS POWER IN A VARIETY OF WAYS DIFFERENT EXPLANATIONS FOR LBJ’S LACK OF SUPPORT FOR PARTY ORGS. BUT FAILS TO INCLUDE HIM BEING FAR MORE LEFT-WING THAN MOST DEMOCRATS CIVIL RIGHTS & LOCAL ORGS/GOVT, DIMINISHING OF LBJ’S CAPITAL NIXON TO REAGAN & THE FALL & RISE OF PARTIES IN PRESIDENTIAL POLITICS: NIXON TO REAGAN & THE FALL & RISE OF PARTIES IN PRESIDENTIAL POLITICS NIXON RANKED #1 ON VIEWING PARTIES AS OBSTACLES TO EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE REAGAN & RISE OF NAT’L PARTY ORGS, ISSUED-ORIENTED, HE STRENGHENED $$-RAISING & REALIGNING CAUSED PARTISANS TO ATTACH TO HIM DIVIDED GOVERNMENT ENCOURAGED EXPLOITATION OF ETHICS OF GOVERNMENT ACT OF 1978 Bill CLINTON & UNIFIED TO DIVIDED GOV’T.: Bill CLINTON & UNIFIED TO DIVIDED GOV’T. HOW THE 3 RD WAY & DLC HELPED THE DEM PARTY, BUT CAUSED PARTY DIVISIONS, SOME VIEWS WERE RIGHT OF MOST DEMS 1 ST TWO YRS., GOVERNED FROM THE LEFt , EXCEPT NAFTA, & 1994 republican BUT THE REPUBLICAN OVERRREACH ALLOWED HIM TO BE MORE LIBERAL, YET HE WENT BACK TO THE CENTER TOO IMPEACHMENT SENT HIM BACK TO REVIVE THE PARTY FAITHFUL Gwb, 9/11, executive-parties: Gwb , 9/11, executive-parties In 2000, parties far apart, yet gwb & gore both ran center.. Exceptions, gore goes econ populist & secular, gwb econ & religion Republicans go right, Jeffords defects, but 9/11 gave gop power back Iraq war and change from a uniter to a divider 2004 ground game Post-2006 & democratic control of congress obama & the gwb template he used: obama & the gwb template he used Campaigned bridging different strands of America, his background & oratory skills Refused public-$$, howard deane , & “Obama party” 2010 backlash How Obama used gwb’s 2004 strategy in 2012 Obama’s ambitious 2 nd term PART 2c) 3rd party/independent presidential candidates : PART 2c) 3 rd party/independent presidential candidates Reasons for arising: Reasons for arising usually arise because 2 main parties’ views are either 1) too close to middle 2) Both same side, so no advocate for an opposing view 3) Not addressing a major issue 4) Wing and candidate views nominee as extremist or unqualified Recent important 3rd party candidates: Recent important 3 rd party candidates George Wallace John Anderson Ross perot Ralph nader their impact: their impact Spoiler Foreshadower of a realignment Both Temporary deviator WHY each one has no long-term electoral success : WHY each one has no long-term electoral success 1) Negligible chance of winning 2) Institutionalization of the two-party system 3) Media coverage and $$ 4) shastri’s demographic & ideological homogeneity PART 2D) PARTISANship levels & the president’s place in history : PART 2D) PARTISANship levels & the president’s place in history Highest ranked presidents generally quite partisan: Highest ranked presidents generally quite partisan Franklin Roosevelt Abraham lincoln New right’s Ronald reagan Even less ideological were quite partisan Reasons why : Reasons why Most partisan tend to be quite powerful (& power abusing), strong leadership qualities Their own party loves them providing a strong base Less partisan presidents get hit from both sides But that doesn’t mean all strongly partisan presidents are highly ranked (square & rectangle)

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