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Summary of Recommendations of Regional Commissions and Major Meetings in the Near East and North Africa on: i) Policy and Regulatory Matters and ii) Programme and Budget Matters

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Published on February 24, 2014

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FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy

Summary of Recommendations of Regional Commissions and Major Meetings in the Near East and North Africa on: i) Policy and Regulatory Matters and ii) Programme and Budget Matters

Agenda Item: NERC/14/5

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FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy Summary of Recommendations of Regional Commissions and Major Meetings in the Near East and North Africa on: i) Policy and Regulatory Matters and ii) Programme and Budget Matters Agenda Item: NERC/14/5 NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

RECOFI GFCM Year Established 1999 1949 Membership 8 member countries 23 Member Countries 1 Member Organization Secretariat FAO part-time secretariat Full-time secretariat (seven positions) Meetings and workshops organized (2009-present) 21 128 Recommendations formulated (2009-present) 1 41 Members annual contribution (2013) 40 000 USD 1 708 239 USD Last approved budget (2013) 160 000 USD 1 940 973 USD NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

The Seventh Session of the Regional Commission for Fisheries (RECOFI) was held in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, 14-16 May 2013 The Commission deliberated and made the following main considerations and conclusions on Aquaculture an Capture Fisheries in the region… NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Policy and Regulatory Matters Affirmed that priority should be given to work on shared stocks, in particular giving due consideration to species supporting fisheries of common interest Art. 7.1.3 For transboundary fish stocks, straddling fish stocks, highly migratory fish stocks and high seas fish stocks, where these are exploited by two or more States, the States concerned, ….., should cooperate to ensure effective conservation and management of the resources. This should be achieved, where appropriate, through the establishment of a bilateral, subregional or regional fisheries organisation or arrangement. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Policy and Regulatory Matters Reiterated the relevance of aquaculture as a priority, and agreed on the need for a long-term regional strategy for aquaculture development http://www.raisaquaculture.net NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Policy and Regulatory Matters Welcomed the opportunity to strengthen cooperation with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and other regional partners, emphasizing the value of effective and viable regional cooperation which should be fostered by RECOFI NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Policy and Regulatory Matters Noted the urgent need to formulate a regional management plan for the narrow-barred Spanish mackerel and management procedures to reduce shrimp trawling effort NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Policy and Regulatory Matters Did not endorse the WGFM advice related to the freeze on new fishing licenses 2012 2011 2010 Y Y 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003> Y* ~1990 Y* ~1990 Shrimp Trawl Commended the general and genuine commitment by Members to implement the Recommendation on Minimum Data Reporting (effective 1 January 2012) and recognized the need to establish a RECOFI regional database to support regional fisheries management 2-a-i Opening/closing dates 2-a-ii Number of vessels by types and size categories 2-a-iii Average tow duration by vessel type/ category Y* Y* Y* Y* Y* Y** Y** Y** Y** Y** Average number of tows per day by vessel type/ category Total number of days at sea by vessel type/ category Y Y Catch of shrimp Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Catch of narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Catch of swimming crab, cuttlefish, emperors, groupers, sharks, and rays Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Catch of other finfishes Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Total catch Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Catch of narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Catch of emperors, groupers, sharks, and rays Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Total catch Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Catch of narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Catch of emperors, groupers, sharks, and rays 2-a-iv Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 5-a Shrimp species composition 2-a-v Amount of discards 2-a-vi Species composition of bycatch and discard 2-b BRD related information Gillnets 3-a Number of days at sea Alternative annual efforts 3-b Amount of discards 5-b Species composition of discards Wire-traps 3-a Number of days at sea Alternative annual efforts 3-b Amount of discards 5-b Species composition of discards Hook-and-line 3-a Number of days at sea Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Total catch Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Catch of narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Catch of emperors, groupers, sharks, and rays Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Alternative annual efforts 3-b Amount of discards NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Programme and Budget Matters Approved a workplan for the intersessional period focusing on: i) joint assessment of the narrow-barred Spanish mackerel; ii) establishment of a regional fisheries management framework; ii) development of a regional programme to address IUU fishing; iv) formulation of national/regional strategy on aquatic animal health; v) aquaculture recirculation technologies; vi) risk analysis in aquaculture. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Programme and Budget Matters Noted that some of the major activities were only possible due to the mobilization of additional resources from the FAO regular programme. Noted with concern the existing balance of accumulated pending contributions. Reiterated that Member Countries would have to ensure adequate funding to preserve the work of the Commission, as this is becoming increasingly essential for the sustainability of shared fishery and aquaculture resources in the region. Reaffirmed the decision made at the sixth session that the Member’s annual contribution would be increased on the condition that outstanding contributions would be settled at the earliest possible date. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

www.gfcm.org Thirty-Sixth Session (Marrakech, Morocco, 14-19 May 2012) Thirty-Seventh Session (Split, Croatia, 13-17 May 2013) NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

GFCM binding recommendations on:  Multiannual management plan for fisheries on small pelagic stocks in the Adriatic Sea;  Further measures for the exploitation of red coral;  Mitigation of incidental catches of cetaceans;  Fisheries management measures for conservation of sharks and rays;  Resolution GFCM/36/2012/1 on Guidelines on Allocated Zones for Aquaculture (AZA); NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

GFCM decisions included:  Establishment of a Task Force aimed at spearheading a reform of the GFCM. An Extraordinary Session of the Commission has been tentatively scheduled in 2014 to adopt a new set of its constitutive texts;  Endorsement of the first GFCM Framework Programme which was proposed as an instrument to collect extrabudgetary resources in support of the field programme;  Strengthening of the Secretariat by recruiting four additional staff members.  The Commission adopted its 2012 and 2013 autonomous budgets at the level of USD 1 805 027 and USD 1 940 973 respectively and endorsed the programme of work of its subsidiary bodies for the same years. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Selected Issues of Relevance for Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture Management and Development in the Region Total Fisheries and Aquaculture Production (RNE) Tonnes 5000000 4500000 4000000 3500000 3000000 2500000 2000000 1500000 1000000 500000 0 1950195219541956195819601962196419661968197019721974197619781980198219841986198819901992199419961998200020022004200620082010 Total Capture Fisheries Production (RNE) Tonnes Total Aquaculture Production (RNE) Tonnes 1400000 3500000 1200000 3000000 1000000 2500000 800000 2000000 600000 1500000 400000 1000000 NERC-32: For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 1995 1992 1989 1986 1983 1980 1977 1974 1971 1968 1965 1962 1959 1956 1953 1950 2010 2007 2004 2001 1998 1995 1992 1989 1986 1983 1980 1977 1974 1971 1968 1965 1962 1959 0 1956 0 1953 200000 1950 500000

Apparent fish consumption in 2010 (per capita supply, kg/year) Global Average: 18.9 kg/person/year Regional Average: 11.08 kg/person/year NERC-32: For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Fisheries Management: sustainability issue Landings of Sea Cucumbers in Mauritania 100 80 60 40 20 0 2007 Landings of Sea Cucumbers in Yemen 250 200 2009 2010 2011 Landings of sea cucumbers in Egypt (Red Sea) 350 300 2008 3000 2000 150 100 1000 50 0 0 2000 NERC-32 2002 2004 2006 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region 2008 2010

New and emerging fisheries Landings of jellyfish 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 2004 2005 2006 Bahrain 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Iran (Islamic Rep. of) Landings of Portunus pelagicus tonnes 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Bahrain Kuwait Qatar NERC-32 Iran (Islamic Rep. of) Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Food Security and Income Generation through Reduction of Loss and Waste in Fisheries NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Initiative on Fisheries Management Cooperation in the Northern Area of RECOFI (Iran IR, Iraq and Kuwait)  Jointly assess marine    NERC-32 fisheries and marine and brackish water aquaculture; Coordinate research and management work on the shared stocks of silver pomfret, hilsa shad and penaeid shrimps; Work on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing; Harmonisation and simplification of trade and market regulations. For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

1st Regional review of the fisheries and aquaculture activities in the Tigris-Euphrates Inland fisheries and aquaculture provide an important source of employment and income for rural communities in the region; The fisheries and aquaculture natural resource base is deteriorating; Illegal fishing is an important issue of concern; Fishermen’s and fish farmer’s associations/cooperatives either do not exist or lack the capacity to effectively provide services, and participatory management needs to be established. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

A framework for regional cooperation  Fisheries and aquaculture resources sustainability;  Fisheries and aquaculture management and planning;  Participatory management through resource users and stakeholders involvement;  Promotion and establishment of regional technical cooperation and dialogue with the purpose of establishing regionally harmonized fisheries and aquaculture management and development actions. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Regional Fisheries Management and Aquaculture Development Mechanism for the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden FAO/PERSGA Partnership established to assist coastal countries 2nd Regional Intergovernmental Meeting to Initiate the Establishment of a Fishery Management Arrangement in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden will be held in 2014. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Knowledge of Natural Resources for sustainable fisheries and aquaculture development NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

Thanks for your attention NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

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