Subjectivism1

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Published on January 24, 2008

Author: Domenica

Source: authorstream.com

Subjectivism:  Subjectivism Introduction The Skeptical Speech:  The Skeptical Speech It’s all relative. And that’s especially true when it comes to ethics. Different people have different beliefs when it come to morality, but these beliefs aren’t really “correct” or “incorrect” since there are no facts when it comes to values. It’s just a matter of personal feeling… The Skeptical Speech:  The Skeptical Speech Back in the old days people believed in objective truth when it came to morality, but now we know that every culture has a different set of moral standards – sometimes the differences across cultures are small and sometimes they’re quite drastic. But the bottom line is that morality is nothing more than a social construction… The Skeptical Speech:  The Skeptical Speech Of course, we can certainly ask why a particular society has the moral code it does. We can ask, for example, why some cultures believe polygamy is acceptable and others don’t. That kind of question does have an answer and it’s up to the anthropologist or the historian to try and figure it out… The Skeptical Speech:  The Skeptical Speech But it doesn’t make any sense to go beyond that and ask whether polygamy is really right or wrong – that kind of question doesn’t have an answer since we could never determine what it would be. Nobody has the answers. Only fundamentalists believe they have the answers and everyone knows that fundamentalism is wrong – nobody has the right to go around telling other people what they should or shouldn’t believe. The Skeptical Views:  The Skeptical Views 1. No one has the right to judge what is right or wrong for another person. Strongly agree 16.08% Agree 29.99% Neutral/undecided 16.41% The Skeptical Views:  The Skeptical Views 2. What is right depends on the culture you are in. Strongly agree 14.58% Agree 34.64% Neutral/undecided 11.53% The Skeptical Views:  The Skeptical Views 3. No one has the right to intervene when they think someone else has done something morally wrong. Strongly agree 3.3% Agree 8.26% Neutral/undecided 12.85% The Skeptical Views:  The Skeptical Views Relativism: “It’s all relative.” Subjectivism: “It’s just a matter of personal feeling. Conventionalism: “Morality is nothing more than a social construction.” Skepticism: “Nobody has the answers.” Subjective and Objective Truth:  Subjective and Objective Truth Example #1: Mars Reports AL: There was life on Mars. BILL: There was never life on Mars. They can’t both be correct. It makes sense to ask: Was there really life on Mars? Subjective and Objective Truth:  Subjective and Objective Truth Example #2: Taste Reports AL: Pudding tastes good. BILL: Pudding doesn’t taste good. They could both be correct. It doesn’t makes sense to ask: Does pudding really taste good or not? Subjective and Objective Truth:  Subjective and Objective Truth Example #2: Taste Reports AL: Pudding tastes good to me. BILL: Pudding doesn’t taste good to me. They could both be correct. It doesn’t makes sense to ask: Does pudding really taste good or not? Subjective and Objective Truth:  Subjective and Objective Truth Example #3: Moral Reports AL: Homosexuality is wrong. BILL: Homosexuality isn’t wrong. Could they both be correct? Does it make sense to ask: Is homosexuality really wrong? Objectivism and Subjectivism:  Objectivism and Subjectivism An objective truth is one that is true independently of how people happen to think or feel about it. Objectivism: There are at least some objective moral truths. Subjectivism: There are no objective moral truths. “X is right” means “I approve of X”. “X is wrong” means “I disapprove of X”. Objectivism and Absolutism:  Objectivism and Absolutism Objectivism: There are at least some objective moral truths. Absolutism: Some types of actions are wrong (or right) in every circumstance. The Toleration Argument:  The Toleration Argument Gore… recently praised the lesbian actress who plays 'Ellen' on ABC Television...I believe he… put children, young people, and adults in danger by his public endorsement of deviant homosexual behavior...Our elected leaders are attempting to glorify and legitimize perversion. -Jerry Falwell Many of those people involved in Adolf Hitler were Satanists, many of them were homosexuals, the two things seem to go together, it is a pathology it is a sickness. -Pat Robertson The Toleration Argument:  The Toleration Argument Objectivism requires us to be intolerant. Intolerance is wrong. Objectivism is incorrect.

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