Published on March 2, 2014
Students with dyslexia learning English?? Yes, they can!! Lic. Silvia Rovegno
Agenda • What does it feel like to be dyslexic? • 4 areas of intervention • Practical activities to tackle each of them
But before we start
What does it feel like to be dyslexic?
Main problems described in the video • • • • • • • • • • It takes them longer to copy from board They invert numbers They are slow readers, esp. when reading aloud It takes them longer to do homework but with not a good result They have low motivation for academic activities They can’t get spelling right even when copying They are often victims of bullying They are disorganised They tend to be forgetful They have low self-confidence
4 key areas which require direct intervention Orthographic awareness Morphological awareness Phonological awareness Grammatical awareness
Phonological awareness • What is it? Phonological awareness is the understanding of different ways that oral language can be divided into smaller components and manipulated.
• Phonemic awareness is a subset of phonological awareness in which listeners are able to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes, the smallest units of sound that can differentiate meaning. Separating the spoken word "cat" into three distinct phonemes, /k/, /æ/, and/t/, requires phonemic awareness. • Phonemic awareness is the understanding that words are made up of sounds which can be assembled in different ways to make different words. • Phonemic Awareness is a critical Pre-Reading Skill.
Identifying initial and final sounds in words
Manipulating sounds (deleting, adding, substituting)
Recognizing and creating rhymes
Segmenting and blending individual sounds in words
Segmenting and blending onsets and rimes
Segmenting and blending syllables
Segmenting compound words and sentences into words
Orthographic awareness • What is it? The knowledge of the form of letters and the spelling patterns of words. • It refers to the visual aspect of reading.
Short and long vowels comparison
Auditory differentiation between short and long vowel sounds
‘Magic, silent or lengthening e’ rule
Auditory/ visual integration
Find the odd one out
Consolidation: spelling board game ‘Battleships.
Morphological awareness • What is it? The ability to recognize the parts of words and word segments that convey meaning. • Understanding the morphological structure of words is crucial to developing reading fluency. • Don't get stuck! Phonics programs are designed for beginning readers.
Choose the odd one out
Sort the cards to form two word families
Divide the words into two families
Do the following pairs of words belong to the same family
Split the words into its constituent morphemes write them on cards
Split the words into its constituent morphemes
Grammatical awareness • What is it? Syntactic awareness / Grammatical Awareness suggests that the reader is able to recognize “grammatical patterns or structures
Demonstration with movement
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